When choosing a monitor, you need to focus on four main parameters – diagonal, resolution, aspect ratio and type of matrix. In addition, it is important to consider the connection standard.
How to choose a monitor: regular or curved?
In 2017, with a decrease in prices for curved OLED matrices monitors have become quite popular. However they remain more expensive than ordinary. However, curved monitors get a lot of rave reviews from satisfied users, why many are inclined to choose just such devices.
Before you go in search of a monitor, you must decide for what purposes it will be used.
Curved is good in the following cases:
- Computer games (provides a deep effect immersion);
- Editing audio and video clips (easy to browse timelines);
- Image editing (better achieved color rendering).
At the same time, it is not well suited for the following purposes:
- Editing, typing, creating presentations (accounted for do too many movements with the eyes and neck);
- Web browsing;
- Watching films.
Thus, for home use, the usual one is better flat monitor. If you choose equipment for the studio, then It is recommended to take a curved one – it is really more convenient with it work.
Choose the diagonal of the monitor
Diagonal is a traditional measure of the physical size of a monitor, measured from one corner of it to another located that unsurprisingly diagonally. Screen size determines usability use.
For home use, it is advisable to buy a 21-inch monitors. Smaller screens may be uncomfortable. especially for viewing multimedia content. You can take a little larger monitor. For screens that are 21-24 inches in size, Now the diagonal-price ratio is better.
Nevertheless, it’s more convenient to play or watch movies on a larger screen. The optimal diagonal for working with multimedia content – 24-32 inches. In addition, on such screens it is convenient to run immediately several program windows.
Monitors that have a larger diagonal than 32 inches are usually used for professional activities – 3D modeling, designing, processing graphics and multimedia.
What monitor resolution to choose
The resolution of the matrix is the number of pixels that are on it. fit in. The higher it is, the smoother the image seems, and the more small details can be displayed on it. In the same time, It’s worth remembering that the size of many functional elements (buttons, text, images, blocks on websites) is measured in pixels, and therefore, with an increase in resolution, they become visually more small.
Therefore, buying small screens of high resolution is not recommended. It is desirable that the number of pixels on the display corresponded to its diagonal. So, for screens up to 24 inches optimal resolution – 1920 × 1080 pixels (which also called Full HD). A more affordable option is also suitable – 1600 × 900 points. With these resolutions, the image will retain its readability and optimal sizes.
For screens with a diagonal of 27 to 32 inches, the optimum Resolution – 2560 × 1440 pixels, also called QHD. FullHD, which is found in more budget models, will also be quite convenient, although some objects on the display may seem unusually large.
For screens with a diagonal of more than 32 inches, the optimal resolution – 3840 × 2160 pixels, also called 4K. Budgetary the QHD option is also suitable, however some objects may seem too big.
Aspect ratio is a parameter showing the length horizontal and vertical monitor. However it displays their mutual proportions. Almost all modern monitors are widescreen, which have an aspect ratio of 16: 9 or 16:10.
Monitors with an aspect ratio of 16: 9 are great for playback of multimedia content – films, videos, TV shows, etc. On screens from 16:10 you can also watch all this, however, it is worth considering that black will appear at the bottom and top of the image stripes.
Also 16: 9 is often the “native” ratio for computer games. However, most modern projects are also excellent “go” and at 16:10.
If you plan to watch high-quality films on the monitor with Blu-ray, you should take a screen with an aspect ratio of 21: 9 – it “native” for such content. However, most even modern games do not support this format.
“Square” monitors with an aspect ratio of 4: 3 today practically not available. At the same time, they do not fit well. both for playing video content, and for computer games. On monitors with a ratio of 4: 3, it’s convenient only with documents work or browse web pages – their content is usually centered horizontally, and on widescreen displays on the left and Too much empty space appears to his right.
Recently, another, more exotic format – 3: 2. It is very convenient for working in professional graphic editors, because it allows you to conveniently center work area and place toolbars so that they didn’t have to reach for them with the mouse – but they didn’t close picture. However, a 3: 2 format is not good for everything. the rest – watching videos, web surfing, computer games and etc.
Which matrix to choose
The matrix is a block of LEDs, which, in fact, outputs picture. Parameters such as color rendering, contrast, saturation and response speed. Today, the most widely distributed are three types of matrices – TN, VA, and IPS
TN matrices (also called TN + film) are good suitable for playing dynamic scenes, as they have short response time. Therefore, such monitors will appeal to gamers. However, TN matrices have a fairly low color rendering and relatively small viewing angles.
VA matrices (also called MVA or PVA) differ from TN in increased color rendering in terms of quantity displayed shades and viewing angles. However, such screens pretty low response speed – for fast-moving objects on the screen remains a “loop”. They are well suited for image editing, web browsing and the like operations.
IPS matrices (also called SFTs) differ the widest viewing angles – up to 180 degrees – and excellent color reproduction in tens of millions of shades. Not less, they also have a relatively short response time, which expressed in microfreezes of the image. Therefore, they are also not too Good for gamers. IPS screens are a great solution for working with images and viewing multimedia content though due to the backlight of the entire matrix, the black color does not look enough deep.
There is also a modification of this technology called H-IPS. These screens have increased response speed and contrast images, making them better suited for gaming.
If a deep black color is required (which is equally important for multimedia content lovers and designers), a good solution will become OLED monitors. They are distinguished by excellent saturation. colors, a wide range of shades and fast response time. The topics however, such monitors are distinguished by “burnout” – in the process operation they lose their characteristics. They have one more disadvantage – they are extremely rare and are highly at the price.
Modern monitors connect to a computer in one of Four standards – VGA, DVI, HDMI and DisplayPort.
- VGA is an outdated standard. This is one of the first connection types. monitor to the motherboard. Unlike everyone else, he transmits an analog signal, resulting in maximum resolution The attached screen can be very small. Use vga only makes sense if neither the monitor nor the motherboard the board (or video card) is not equipped with another standard.
- DVI is an outdated standard. Unlike VGA, it transfers data on the “figure”. That is why both resolution and frequency image updates are significantly enhanced compared to analog signal. A few years ago DVI was the standard connecting the monitor to the PC, but now it is gradually being squeezed out more versatile HDMI.
- HDMI is the modern multimedia standard. is he can transmit not only video, but also audio. Overwhelming most “universal” monitors are connected through him. In addition, via HDMI, you can connect to a computer TV.
- DisplayPort – The Most Modern Transfer Standard video signal. It can transmit images with a resolution of 4K and higher, as well as with a refresh rate of 120 Hz. Gaming and professional monitors connect to a computer through DisplayPort.
Before buying a monitor – in fact, like many others computer components – necessary first decide what it will be used for. Only in this case you can avoid overpaying for unnecessary features like too high resolution. Or, on the contrary, prevent problems with insufficient color rendering.
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Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.