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Volcanoes have always played an important role in the life of peoples living next to them. Lava flows, destroying everything in its path, caused reverence for people and often brought them death or forced to leave their homes. The very name “volcano” is a fire-breathing mountain received in honor of Volcano – the god of fire in ancient Rome.
The reason for the existence of volcanoes is the internal heat of the Earth. They were also found on other planets whose core has not yet cooled. Most eruptions occur where there are faults in the earth’s crust – there often arise mountains, including fire-breathing, which, growing in height due to flowing lava, often overtake in height others. This article is about the highest of the fire-breathing mountains on the planet. Earth.
Overview of the largest volcanoes in the world
|Rating of the largest volcanoes in the world||1||Ojos del Salado – 6893 meters||6893 METERS|
|2||Lulhaillaco – 6739 meters||6739 METERS|
|3||San Pedro – 6145 meters||6145 METERS|
|4||Cotopaxi – 5911 meters||5911 METERS|
|5||Kilimanjaro – 5895 meters||5895 METERS|
|6||El Misti – 5822 meters||5822 METERS|
|7||Elbrus – 5642 meters||5642 METERS|
|8||Orizaba – 5636 meters||5636 METERS|
|9||Popocatepetl – 5455 meters||5455 METERS|
|10||Sangay – 5230 meters||5230 METERS|
Ojos del Salado – 6893 meters
Ojos del Salado is the highest volcano in the world. Is he in South America, and partly owned by Argentina, and partly – Chile. In addition, at its feet is the Atacama Desert.
The very name of the volcano, originally written as Ojos del Salado, means the “source of a salty river.” The fact is that practically at the top of the mountain is a lake (by the way, the highest in the world). AND from it flows the Rio Salado River, whose waters are saturated with salt.
Ojos del Salado stands out from other mountains. Its slopes practically not covered with snow – the ice cap starts at around 5 km. It is believed that the volcano is already extinct, only occasionally noticeable insignificant activity. Last time sulfur and steam exited vents in 1993. The real eruption was about 1300 years old back.
For the first time Jan Shchepansky and Justin reached the very top Vojnis, climbers from Poland. They climbed the slopes of the mountains. Incas – their sacrificial altars remained. The slope is fairly gentle, and in In 2007, a Chilean Gonzalo Bravo drove through his car. He got almost to the top, climbing 6688 meters – this world record for the height cars climbed.
Lulhaillaco – 6739 meters
Ljulyaylyako – the largest volcano among the active in the world. It is part of the Western Cordillera Range, located on Chile-Argentine border. And they, in turn, are part of Andes.
The last eruption of Ljulyayljako recorded in 1877. Since then, this snow-covered giant has been sleeping. The top is covered in ice a hat.
The volcano was first conquered in 1952. Peaks reached two Climber, Juan Gonzalez and Bion Harceim. After that on Ljulyayljako was made several more ascents. During one of them, held in 1999, was discovered on a slope by two mummified bodies of Inca children. Believed to be a boy and the girl was sacrificed. The bodies lay on the surface of the volcano about 500 years.
Now the volcano is visited by tourists. Climb it by two routes – you can climb the north by car, south overcome on foot. Tourists who do not want to climb the mountain, admire it from a distance – dry air allows you to see clearly a volcano, even 200 kilometers away.
San Pedro – 6145 meters
San Pedro – another South American volcano included in the system Andes. And he, like the previous top in the ranking, is still active. His last eruption was recorded in 1960 – completely recently.
San Pedro is located in Chile, near the Atacama Desert. Beside with it is another volcano called San Pablo. His the height is only slightly less than that of the “brother”, and is 6095 meters.
Chileans respect fire mountain with respect and love telling stories about eruptions when lava flows destroyed everything in its path. San Pedro attracts many tourists in Chile. Arrivals tend to climb to the top or just watch from afar. Since the volcano erupted 7 times during the 20th century, tourists know that they can witness another eruption, and some want to be present at such an event. Come from the mountain toxic fumes, and therefore you can climb it only in special masks.
Cotopaxi – 5911 meters
Cotopaxi – an active volcano belonging to the Western Cordillera. Located in Ecuador, 50 kilometers to south of the capital of Ecuador, Quito. Often erupted during 1738-1877 years, then calmed down. A new eruption occurred after five a century and a half, in 2015. The name Cotopaxi stands for “brilliant mountain” in Quechua – the snow on the top of the mountain glistens all year round and never melts.
German geographer Alexander was the first to climb the mountain von Humboldt and French botanist Aime Bonplan in 1802. They rose only to a height of 4500 meters. The conquered volcano was 70 years later – in 1872 the German geologist Wilhelm climbed it Rice. The mountain is located in the territory of the Cotopaxi National Park. The road to the volcano is called “Avenue of Volcanoes”. Free on it various animals roam, such as llamas, deer, wild horses. IN 2015 climb to Kotopahi was suspended due to danger strong eruption.
Kilimanjaro – 5895 meters
Kilimanjaro is the largest African volcano. It is located on Masai Plateau, whose altitude is 900 meters. Kilimanjaro is currently considered extinct for the history of observations was not recorded a single eruption. Therefore, its peak, located at around 5895 meters, is covered snow and ice. This is reflected even in the name. Kilimanjaro translated from Swahili as “a mountain that sparkles.”
The Hungarian count Samuel Teleki wanted to climb Kilimanjaro. During the years 1861-1887 he made several attempts lifting, the maximum height that he reached – 5270 meters. First peaks reached by German and Austrian travelers Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller. Since then many climbing routes, which you can climb to the very top. Their passage takes 6-8 days. In order to facilitate altitude acclimatization, some travelers take up Meru volcano located nearby – its height is 4562 meters.
El Misti – 5822 meters
Misty, or El Misty, is another volcano in the Andes. Is in southern part of Peru. The peak in the cold season is snowy – earlier the snow lay on it all year round, but after the last eruption the permanent snow cap has disappeared.
El Misty last erupted in 1985. Eruption was weak, like his other eruptions in the last century. Much more he erupted violently in the XV century – then people from the nearby city Arequipes were forced to leave their homes and flee. This city located at a distance of 17 kilometers from the top of the volcano, and its also called the “white city” – the buildings in it are built of white sediments of lava flows Misty.
Tourists climb the volcano. It usually takes two days to rise only experienced travelers can climb in one day, not having difficulties with altitude acclimatization. On the slopes and the summit you can set up tents in the mountains, which many tourists.
Elbrus – 5642 meters
The highest of the Caucasus Mountains – Elbrus – is also a volcano. Vertex Elbrus is the highest point in Russia. The border passes through it Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria. From the slopes of the mountains flow down glaciers, when they melt, water flows into the rivers of the Caucasus, such as Kuban, Baksan and Malka. The mountain has two peaks, Western and Eastern, their heights are 5642 and 5621 meters, respectively. Tops connects the saddle, on it is a high-altitude shelter, where rest or take refuge from difficult environmental conditions climbers.
The first time they climbed Elbrus in 1829 – then the Russian The Academy of Sciences organized an expedition to the Eastern peak. Further travelers from different countries climbed the mountain. In 1932 the “Shelter of eleven” appeared – the highest mountain at that time hotel in Russia at an altitude of 4050 meters above sea level, in 1933 year – the alpine shelter “Saddle”, located between tops.
Now approaches the foot of Elbrus along the Baksan Gorge highway. There are several hiking trails, on which they climb to each of the peaks of the mountain. On the slopes Elbrus has stations connected by cable car – one of cable cars running from Mir station to Gara-Bashi station, rises to a height of 3874 meters.
Orizaba – 5636 meters
Orizaba is a volcano in the Mexican Highlands in the Cordilleras. Located in Mexico. Orizaba – the highest volcano in the North America. This is a sleeping, but not extinct volcano – the last time it is erupted in 1687. The name Orizaba means “joyful waters” in the Nahuatl language – this is how residents call the area, and everything behind it so a volcano was named. The mountain also has another name – Sittlaltepetl, given by the locals. It means “star mountain” – glaciers and the snow on top reflects the light of the moon or the setting sun, indicating way.
The first to conquer Orizaba were two American soldiers in 1848. IN 1873 Martin Trichler climbed to the top and installed on it mexican flag. The volcano is currently attractive for tourists who arrive most often from October to March, when not rainy season.
Orisaba Crater is large enough, its diameter is 478 meters. FROM on the inside it is quite steep and resembles an abyss. TO it is not recommended for tourists to approach it, since there are danger of falling. From the top there is a view of the territory of Mexico, including other lower volcanoes. When the sun is low over horizon, you can see the huge shadow cast by the volcano.
Popocatepetl – 5455 meters
Popocatepetl – one of the highest volcanoes among operating in Mexico. Enters – along with the previous mountain in ranking – in the Cordillera. The word Popocatepetl is translated from Nahuatl as a “smoking hill.”
Popocatepetl remains active to the present. The last recorded eruption took place in early 2020 of the year. True, it was very insignificant, therefore, local the inhabitants did not even leave their homes.
Near Popocatepetl is the extinct volcano Istaxiuatl. According to Aztec legend, these mountains are named after their lovers. Istaxiwatl was the daughter of a local ruler. Once she fell in love with Popocatepetl, warrior. Then the ruler sent him to battlefield and promised that if he comes back alive, he will be able to marry istaxiuatl. However, then the girl was deceived, and she married another man.
When Popocatepetl returned alive, the girl could not stand it – and laid hands on herself. The warrior built a pyramid in honor of her, in which rested her body. And he himself erected another one for himself, on which carried a watch. Then the pyramids turned into mountains, which are the names of lovers.
Volcanoes are located in the national park. Istaxiuatl-Popocatepetl. Tourists wishing to climb one of them, must receive special permission from the management of the park, located in the city of Amekameka.
Sangay – 5230 meters
Sangay Volcano – the highest in Ecuador. He enters the mountain Andes system. In 1934, the third time in history period of activity of the volcano. From this year, he often erupts, last seen in 2016. The volcano has three craters, all they are active – during the eruption from them stones weighing fly into the air a few tons, for which Sangay got his name, which means fearsome.
Where the volcano is located, the Sangay National Park has been created. In addition to Sangay, there are two more volcanoes here – El Altar and Tungurahua. All three are the highest volcanoes in Ecuador, Altara altitude is 5320 meters, Tungurahua – 5016 meters. Tungurahua, like Sangay, is active, The altar is extinct. This park is unique in that it has eight high-altitude zones. Below is a tropical forest with palm trees and vines, at a higher altitude it is replaced by high-mountain foggy forests where shrubs and ferns, orchids and bamboo grow. The weather here is unstable, it rains from May to August, with October to December – drought. Here are the thermal springs and Pylon del Diablo Waterfall, or Devil’s Cauldron.
Climbing Sangai is not easy – only a few tourists a year decide on it. Climbing may be affected by weather conditions. Sometimes in rise time felt the activity of the mountain. Clubs come from the vent smoke and smell of sulfur.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.