Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Submarines are the most inconspicuous of the ships. They are like marine animals moving in the water column, only occasionally going out on surface. But in size, these ships may well exceed living inhabitants of the depths. Here are the largest (by displacement) submarines that exist now.
- The largest submarines in the world
- 1st place: Project 941 “Shark” (48,000 tons)
- 2nd place: Borey (24,000 tons)
- 3 место: “Ohio” (18,750 tons)
- 4th place: Dolphin (18,200 tons)
- 5th place: “Vanguard” (15900 tons)
- 6th place: “Triomphant” (14335 tons)
- 7th place: “Ash” (13800 tons)
- 8th place: “Pike-B” (12770 tons)
- 9 место: “Condor” (10400 тонн)
- 10th place: “Seawolf” (9130 tons)
The largest submarines in the world
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||Weight|
|The largest submarines in the world||1||Project 941 “Shark” (48,000 tons)||48,000 tons|
|2||Borey (24,000 tons)||24 000 TONS|
|3||“Ohio” (18750 тонн)||18 750 TONS|
|4||Dolphin (18,200 tons)||18,200 TONS|
|5||“Vanguard” (15,900 tons)||15 900 TONS|
|6||Triomphant (14,335 tons)||14 335 TONS|
|7||Ash-tree (13800 tons)||13 800 TONS|
|8||“Pike-B” (12770 tons)||12 770 TONS|
|9||“Condor” (10400 тонн)||10 400 TONS|
|10||“Seawolf” (9130 tons)||9 130 TONS|
1st place: Project 941 “Shark” (48,000 tons)
“Shark” – the Soviet nuclear submarine, the largest of all submarines of the world. They created it in the midst of the Cold War – in In 1972, they began to work on the project, in 1976 the first instances. It was planned to build twelve such submarines, but in total, only six were released.
The length of the “Shark” is 173 meters, displacement – 48,000 tons. IN the movement of the submarine is driven by two propellers, which give energy nuclear reactors. It accelerates to 25 knots (46 km / h). Internal the device is non-standard – as many as under the steel shell two titanium cases, the design resembles a catamaran. Separately torpedo and aft compartments, as well as a control center submarine.
Between the main buildings are 20 mines with the largest missiles in the world – R-39, weighing 90 tons and range 8,300 km, each carrying 10 warheads. One such boat could launching 200 atomic bombs towards the enemy is enough to turn a whole continent into a radioactive desert.
The crew of the submarine is 160 people and can go to the sea for up to half a year. Inside there are amenities such as gym, sauna, pool and large relaxation room. Thought out evacuation in case of death of the submarine – the entire crew is placed in two rescue cameras on board. However, the threat of such damage small – two separate cases increase the margin of safety.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War “Sharks” began to be decommissioned. Only valid now one of six submarines, updated and named “Dmitry Donskoy. ”
2nd place: Borey (24,000 tons)
Borey – a modern alternative to Akule, Russian submarine boat manufactured since 2013. Now in operation three such the submarine, the first to be launched, was named “Yuri Dolgoruky. “This is a kind of symbolism – missiles with such submarines are able to reach anywhere in the North hemisphere.
The Boreya displacement is half that of the Shark – 24,000 tons, length – 170 meters. The boat has two hulls – light and durable. The latter is divided into eight compartments – torpedo, command, combat, two rocket, steam and two energy. Nuclear the reactor is in the eighth compartment. Feature of the submarine – use of a water jet engine operating as a pump instead screws. This reduces the effect on the submarine that reduces the size of stabilizers, and also reduces noise – Northwind is five times quieter than the boats of the previous (third) generation.
The submarine is armed with sixteen range Mace missiles 9300 km. Each of the missiles carries up to ten nuclear units capable of separate and move independently. Also in the bow the submarine has eight torpedo launchers.
3 место: “Ohio” (18,750 tons)
In the United States, Ohio submarines are leading in size. They produced in 1981-1997 in the amount of 18 copies, since 2002 these are the only missile carriers that America uses. Each submarines have two crews that alternately go to sea. The purpose of the submarine is combat patrol.
The robust hull of the submarine consists of four compartments. The first (bow) accommodates the crew, there are control systems a submarine, as well as facilities for recreation. Second compartment designed for missiles, also there are sleeping places for combat crew missile system. In the third lies a nuclear reactor and steam generators, and in the fourth – turbine units. Lightweight body Covers the top of the durable and has a small area.
The impetus for the creation of such missile carriers was the appearance nuclear weapons in the USSR. Then it became clear to US military analysts that a preventive strike completely disarming is no longer possible enemy – it’s impossible to hit all strategic goals, and inevitably, the enemy side will retaliate against the aggressor. Then it was decided to move from the strategy of “massive retribution “to” realistic intimidation. ”
The embodiment of this “deterrence strategy” are, among other things, the Ohio submarine. Despite the fact that their displacement is a quarter smaller than the Borea, the armament surpasses all the missile carriers of the world. 24 Trident missiles carrying 6-8 warheads are deployed in the mines each one.
Currently 4 out of 18 boats are converted to cruise Tomahawk missiles. This is done as part of the reduction agreement. weapons permitting only 14 ballistic boats rockets.
4th place: Dolphin (18,200 tons)
Submarines of the Dolphin project were produced in the late USSR. Behind 1984-1990, seven copies were launched. Layout These submarines are typical of missile carriers: movement is provided two screws operating at the expense of a nuclear reactor, rocket mines are located behind the cabin and fenced, torpedo tubes placed in front (at the bow of the boat). Lightweight and durable enclosures made made of steel, they are applied sound-absorbing coating.
The submarine is armed with 16 R-29RM missiles. Each of them can carry 10 small warheads or 4 large warheads. Rockets can be launched when the submarine is at a depth of 55 meters and moves at a speed of 6-7 knots, their range is 8300 km. Now “dolphins” changed weapons – now they carry missiles “Blue”.
One of the submarines of this project, Novomoskovsk, participated in military training operation “Hippo-2”, involving the development of action in the event of the worst outcome of the Cold War. The crew released the entire missile carrier ammunition, with an interval between launches of 14 seconds. Used boats of this project and for peaceful purposes: from the “Dolphins” launched two artificial satellites into near-earth orbits.
5th place: “Vanguard” (15900 tons)
“Vanguard” (translated into Russian – avant-garde) – the name of the series British submarines released in the 1990s. Total exists four such boats. They replaced the same number of submarines. “Resolution”, ceased to meet the requirements of the time.
The Resolution submarines were armed with Polaris missiles, able to overcome 4500 km. Such a range required that the submarines were unacceptably close to the Soviet border. When Trident rockets were created in the USA, covering 7400 km, Great Britain needed missile carriers adapted for them. Such boats could retreat further from the Soviet borders, in Irish Sea, under the protection of the NATO fleet.
The embodiment of the missile carriers mentioned above were submarines Wangard. These are submarines of single-hull architecture. Body made made of steel, 16 missile silos are located in it. They are covered by a superstructure. in the form of a dome, sheltering from sea water. Rockets can be released from a depth of 30 meters.
It was originally planned to create 6-7 such submarines, but after collapse of the USSR, this was no longer necessary, and only released four. Now the alert duty in the Atlantic Ocean is constantly leads one of these submarines.
6th place: “Triomphant” (14335 tons)
Le Triomphant – the name of the class of French submarines, created in 1989-2009 in the amount of four pieces. They are created as a replacement for the older Redoubtable submarines. Design Triumph began in 1982. The main requirements that the submarine had to fit – high stealth and fast detection of enemy anti-submarine defenses.
To solve the first of the problems, studies were conducted, which showed that the easiest way to detect a submarine is by its acoustic field. To reduce the noise it was equipped water-water reactor, characterized by low noise, and installed a jet propulsion instead of a traditional propeller. Besides In addition, the immersion depth was increased to 300 meters.
For the rapid detection of anti-aircraft weapons, the submarine was armed sonar system and many devices that capture radio waves and optical light. Information from the hack and these instruments handles automatic combat system management.
The first three members of the class are armed with 16 M45 missiles, capable of carrying up to 6 nuclear homing blocks, flying to 6000 km. On the fourth boat, Le Terrible, they are replaced by M51.1, whose range is 9000 km. Now all four missile carriers plan to re-equip missiles M51.2. All boats still are in service.
7th place: “Ash” (13800 tons)
Work on the Ashen nuclear submarine project began in 1977 year. At that time for various strategic goals used a huge variety of types and varieties of combat Sumbarin. This made them difficult to manufacture, repair and operate. “Ash” was to become a model of a universal submarine capable of replace many other types at once.
The design of the “Ash” one and a half body, lightweight body only in bow part. The boat is rubber-coated on all sides noise reducing material. The submarine is distinguished by the absence torpedo tubes in the bow: instead of them placed sonar complex antenna, and torpedoes moved to the middle part of the body.
The boat is powered by a single nuclear reactor increased reliability. It moves due to the screw, on small speeds – less noisy rowing electric motor. Armed the submarine 10 torpedo tubes, also has 8 missile silos, each of which holds 4-5 cruise missiles – they can be various type and caliber.
The possibility of various combinations of weapons allows use Ash submarines for various purposes. She is capable hit both other submarines and surface ships and land goals.
8th place: “Pike-B” (12770 tons)
Submarines of the project “Pike-B” were created to replace the Soviet submarines “Pike”, known for its reliability and stealth. New submarines have reduced their noise, increased displacement and crew comfort. Also new pikes differ in speed: they are able to accelerate to 33 knots.
The design of the boat is double hull. An interesting feature is block structure of internal equipment. It allowed to work over the details not inside the submarine, but in the workshops, which accelerated and facilitated the process. The blocks were also isolated from the housing. shock absorbers made of rubber, which further reduces acoustic vibrations.
Tools for the production of low-noise screws purchased from Japanese company Toshiba. Despite the secrecy of the order, about him it became known to other countries, as a result of which the United States imposed on company sanction. Armed with “pike” torpedo-missile system, in which consists of 8 torpedo tubes. Like Ash, such submarine can be used to defeat a wide variety of goals.
To date, 14 copies of Schuk-B have been produced. Of them in four submarines are in combat-ready condition.
9 место: “Condor” (10400 тонн)
Submarines “Condor” – continuation of the Soviet project “Barracuda”. Only two such submarines were built during 1982-1993, at that time it was the most silent and subtle by magnetic fields of the submarine. Like the Barracudas, they have a titanium case – they also wanted to use one for the Pike-B, but refused because of the high cost.
With the boats of the Barracuda project, these submarines are similar and armament: “Condor” has 6 torpedo tubes with 40 torpedoes and rockets. Grenade strategic cruise missiles are adapted to submarine launch and can hit ground targets at a distance reaching 3000 km.
The design of the submarine is two-hull. Rugged housing made of titanium alloy and consists of 7 waterproof compartments. In case of accident on the submarine placed a rescue capsule capable of to accommodate the entire crew and independently emerge.
10th place: “Seawolf” (9130 tons)
“Sea Wolves” – modern American submarines conceived as a response to the creation of submarines “Pike-B” by the Soviet Union. It was planned to create 30 such boats, but with the collapse of the USSR in this no longer needed, and now there are only three instance.
Submarines “Sivulf” – one of the newest, fastest and most silent in US Navy. Because most of the information about them is classified, their purpose is unknown (it is believed that the boats are multi-purpose) and internal arrangement. There is also no comprehensive information about where exactly the submarines perform their functions – they are usually referred to Pacific Fleet, but the location may well change.
In 2013, one of the “sea wolves” appeared in Norway. It is assumed that the submarine passed under the Arctic ice to to be there. This is not the first appearance of this class submarine in The Arctic Ocean – before that in the ice test a Connecticut boat involved was involved. Maybe one from the “wolves” prowls under the ice and now.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.