Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Fish are animals that almost anyone has dealt with. person. No one will be surprised by the sight of river bass or salmon, we all saw aquarium fish, among which there are exotic kinds. However, both the sea depths and the waters of rivers and lakes around the world contain in themselves and such inhabitants who are quite capable to surprise, delight or terrify the one who sees them for the first time. ABOUT them – the most unusual fish on our planet – and we will talk about this article.
- Rating of the most unusual fish in the world
- 1st place: Latimeria
- 2nd place: Deciduous sea dragon (Phycodurus eques)
- 3rd place: Scorpion Ambon (Pteroidichthys amboinensis)
- 4th place: Pelican fish (Eurypharynx pelecanoides)
- 5th place: Psychedelic frog fish (Histiophryne psychedelica)
- 6th place: Drop-fish (Psychrolutes marcidus)
- 7th place: Lesser Macropinna (Macropinna microstoma)
- 8th place: Fish-sackcloth (Chiasmodon niger)
- 9th place: Butterfly fish (Pantodon buchholzi)
- 10th place: Goliath fish (Hydrocynus goliath)
Rating of the most unusual fish in the world
|Rating of the most unusual fish in the world||1||Latimeria||5.0|
|2||Deciduous Sea Dragon (Phycodurus eques)||4.9|
|3||Scorpion Ambon (Pteroidichthys amboinensis)||4.8|
|4||Pelican fish (Eurypharynx pelecanoides)||4.7|
|5||Psychedelic Frog Fish (Histiophryne psychedelica)||4.6|
|6||Drop Fish (Psychrolutes marcidus)||4.5|
|7||Lesser Macropinna (Macropinna microstoma)||4.4|
|8||Sackcrest Fish (Chiasmodon niger)||4.3|
|9||Butterfly Fish (Pantodon buchholzi)||4.2|
|10||Goliath Fish (Hydrocynus goliath)||4.1|
1st place: Latimeria
Opens rating only representative of brushfish, not extinct today – coelacanth, or coelacanth. Her chief distinctive feature – muscular fins, similar to paws land animal. They allow coelacanth crawling on the ground. Scientists believe that it is her ancestors who have the same limbs, as well as those capable of air breathing, at one time climbed to land and gave rise to terrestrial vertebrates.
The unique structure of the fins is not the only feature which coelacanth boasts. Scales are also unusual. coelacanth, which has no analogues in other modern fish. It covers the body with a triple layer of “armor”, its surface resembles emery and can be used as such. Durable Scales allows the coelacanth to live among the reefs and crawl on sharp stones.
The jaw is armed with powerful teeth – coelacanth is a predator, who is waiting for his prey in shelter, and then a quick throw catches up and grabs her. The coelacanth itself has no natural enemies – no fish can control it and bite through its shell. Not it is of food interest and for humans – meat is unpleasant it tastes and is almost inedible.
There are two types of coelacanth – Indonesian and Comorian. They live off the coast respectively of the Indonesian and Comorian islands. Despite its antiquity and primitiveness of the structure, coelacanth is well adapted to life in the seas now. Threaten her can only be people catching outlandish fish for their collections.
2nd place: Deciduous sea dragon (Phycodurus eques)
Deciduous dragon, or seahorse-rag in appearance very little like a fish and more like an aquatic plant. Such the appearance of it is given to the leaf-shaped processes covering the entire body. They are not participate in the movement of fish and are needed only for disguise. Find this one view is possible only off the coast of Australia.
The rag is small in size – even along with its “leaves” length does not exceed 40 cm. It has no means of protection against natural enemies and the ability to swim quickly, because the dragon relies only for disguise. In addition to the body structure, patronizing color is important, which may vary depending on the setting. The dragon himself is also a predator, sucking his toothless the mouth of small fish and shrimp, without fish can cost and seaweed.
To get an unusual “seaweed” is a dream of many collectors. There are other threats to the species: dragons are very sensitive to water pollution, and also often die in a storm throwing them ashore. To prevent the rag from disappearing completely, the Australian government has taken steps to protect it.
3rd place: Scorpion Ambon (Pteroidichthys amboinensis)
At the bottom of the coastal zone of the Pacific and Indian Ocean lives very strange and dangerous fish. The main hallmark of scorpion Ambona – “eyebrows”, huge spiky growths above the eyes. They able to move and change their shape, rising vertically or forming arcs. Poisonous spikes cover the whole body of the fish, one injection which is able to kill a person.
Scorpene is a predator that feeds on other fish, as well as crustaceans and mollusks. She is able to change color, merging with bottom surface. Potential production without noticing the threat, swims close enough so that the scorpion can with a sharp movement grab her. From being eaten by larger ones marine inhabitants, this fish is reliably protected by its poisonous cover.
Scorpena Ambona is not a threatened species. extinction. It is quite widespread and represents interest not only for collectors, but also for gourmets. Before By cooking, fish get rid of tough poisonous skin. Meat has Red color.
4th place: Pelican fish (Eurypharynx pelecanoides)
Pelican-shaped bolsherot, or pelican fish, is an inhabitant of large depths of the oceans of the temperate and tropical zones. Stand out form mouth and a leathery bag in its lower part into which it collects prey. Bolsherot has no scales and has black skin, masking him in the darkness of deep waters.
Bolsherot food – fish, crustaceans and squids. Their predator collects in a mouth bag and then filters out water and swallows. It is believed that the pelican fish lures when the luminous process on the tail is a photophore, however nobody has observed the process so far. Bag can inflate to sizes several times larger than the body volume of the Bolsherot.
Pelican fish’s habits and lifestyle are poorly understood, as and the sea depths on which she lives. It is assumed that Bolsherot breeds only once in a lifetime – before this, males gradually lose the ability to eat large amounts of food, they have reduced size of the mouth and stomach. Females have clear signs no maturity was found.
5th place: Psychedelic frog fish (Histiophryne psychedelica)
This unusual fish got its name because of the way movement, reminiscent of a frog jumping. Actually it is jet movement: water is collected in the mouth, which then with force pushed through the gills. In addition, the fish is able to “walk” along bottom with pectoral fins.
The skin of the fish is also similar to the frog: it does not have scales, but from damage to pitfalls protects the mucus layer. Coloring individual for each individual and includes white, yellow and brown spots. This set of colors allows the fish to hide among the corals. Eyes are very small, but seem noticeably larger. because of the blue border. They are located frontally, as in people – this allows you to determine the range of surrounding objects that helps when hunting.
Although the frog fish belongs to the anglerfish family, “fishing rods” for she has no lure of prey. Instead, she hides in coral, waiting for the victim, and then overtakes her with one “leap”. Great speed also helps her escape from any predators, able to detect fish despite patronizing coloring.
6th place: Drop-fish (Psychrolutes marcidus)
Not everyone believes in the existence of this fish, considering it invented in as a joke. But such a species does exist, inhabiting deep waters off the coast of Tasmania and Australia. Distinctive appearance has due to the lack of powerful muscles, which is replaced fish holding jelly-like mass afloat. She does not have a swimming bladder, since on such depths (600-1200 meters) under high water pressure it does not works.
A drop feeds on small invertebrates, which it catches your big mouth. It can hang motionless in the water, waiting while the prey itself swims up to it, and slowly move into it searches. Fish is characterized by care for offspring: after spawning a drop “incubates” eggs, and then takes care of fry.
A drop is eaten. In Asia, this fish is considered delicious, but in Europe people are not particularly keen on it to try. However, the main threat to the species is not targeted fishing, and catching crabs and lobsters with the help of nets, in which “drops” often accidentally fall. As the fish became an Internet meme, many people know that she is facing extinction, and call for measures to protect it.
7th place: Lesser Macropinna (Macropinna microstoma)
The small-sized macropin, also called barrel-eye, lives in North Pacific, at depths of 500-800 meters. Non-standard appearance of the fish gives a transparent head. Through her look cylindrical eyes, whose gaze is directed up. They are painted green in living macropin. Color gives a special pigment that reduces the brightness of light from the surface, which helps sideways to notice the bioluminescence of a possible prey.
The barrel-eyed eats zooplankton. Eyes are capable of turning for tracking prey, changing the direction of view. Also in her search paired olfactory sockets located in the head help frontally – it is they who appear underwater photographs as “eyes” fish. If it gets into the network and the pressure drop when climbing up these organs are deformed, so it takes a long time to study the structure Macropin heads failed. It only happened when fish descended into its natural habitat.
8th place: Fish-sackcloth (Chiasmodon niger)
The sackcloth, also called the “black devourer”, is known its ability to swallow fish is several times larger than it himself. This is possible due to the extremely elastic stomach, which he possesses, and the absence of edges. 4 times the production of sack mouth exceed it in length.
Lives a black devourer 700-3000 meters below the surface the ocean. Such depths are poorly studied, therefore, about the habits of the sack mouth pretty little is known. Most caught specimens were found on the surface of the water. There they were after swallowed especially large production, which they did not manage to digest. IN the result due to the decomposition processes of the eaten food became gases are formed that raise the fish up.
The sackcloth is colored close to black, body length – 19 cm. It has very large jaws, armed with sharp fangs, helping to keep prey. Propagated by caviar, which is put off in the winter. The fry are painted lighter than adults, and have small spikes, which after disappear.
9th place: Butterfly fish (Pantodon buchholzi)
This unusual fish lives in the lakes of West Africa. Body is painted in brown-silver color, its length is not more than 12 cm. fins have a longitudinal light strip and in a straightened form resemble the wings of a butterfly. Because of this appearance, the fish popular among aquarists who have known her since the beginning last century.
Butterfly fish also have other names – for example, moth fish or pantodon. The last word translated from Greek means all-tooth. Pantodons inhabit the very surface of the water, eating mosquito larvae, crustaceans, fish are even smaller. They can catch flying insects jumping out of the water. Swimming bubble of this fish adapted for air breathing.
In an aquarium, pantodon requires a high temperature (25-30 ° C), continuous aeration, plants with wide leaves under which water “moths” hide during the day. These fish because of their open fins are vulnerable to other fish, living on the surface, therefore, it is recommended to contain them only along with bottom species.
10th place: Goliath fish (Hydrocynus goliath)
Big tiger fish, or goliath, can be attributed not only to the most outlandish, but also the most dangerous. She refers to family of piranhas and is one of the largest among these ruthless predators – 180 cm in length, 50 kg of weight. Goliath inhabits in rivers and lakes throughout Africa.
The first thing that catches your eye in the shape of this fish is its powerful teeth and an overall awesome look. In the case of a goliath, such an appearance does not deceiving – it really poses a threat not only to fish its size, but also much larger aquatic inhabitants. Due to the structure of its jaws, the fish is able to tear off pieces of meat from prey, which can serve as mammals and even crocodiles. Man, fortunately, is not part of the Goliath’s food interests, but there have been isolated cases of attacks on people.
Goliath is a favorite fishing item for Africans. His hard to catch by the net as it just rips its cells with your teeth. Tiger fish are often kept in commercial aquariums where one copy requires 2000-3000 liters of water. You can only set up a goliath either with your own kind or with others large and protected species – others will quickly be eaten.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.