The baby’s health depends on her mother’s lifestyle and diet. Nutrient deficiency in girls of reproductive age negatively affects the well-being of the baby and his predisposition to diseases, and the right lifestyle during pregnancy is not can always solve this problem. Therefore, even before conception, you need normalize your diet and start taking vitamins.
Who needs vitamin supplements?
Additional intake of nutrients may be needed. to both parents. The fairer sex should start intake of vitamins 4-16 weeks before the planned conception. it prepare them for pregnancy, because during gestation the body’s need for nutrients rises in repeatedly.
Men are often advised to take vitamins if they:
Often get sick (which means the immune system does not function well);
Have problems with potency;
Often drink alcohol and smoke.
What vitamins should women take
It plays a major role in the development of the fetus. With her help occurs the formation of the nervous system and brain of the unborn baby. Disadvantage folate is often the cause of:
Underweight at birth;
Neural tube defects (DNT);
Underdevelopment of the embryo;
Scientists have proven that consumption of this substance before pregnancy reduces the chance of DNT by 46%. This is due to the fact that the nervous the fetal tube closes at 3–4 weeks of gestation (between 21–28 day after conception), when the expectant mother does not yet know about her new status.
Unfortunately, the diet of most women is not provides sufficient saturation of the body with vitamin. therefore experts recommend that women start taking folic acid for one to three months before conception and continue the course at least until the end first trimester. Daily intake of vitamin for girls reproductive age is 400 mcg.
It should be noted that some women are assigned more than 400 mcg of vitamin a day. The likelihood of a deficiency of this substance is increased in the fairer sex, suffering from:
Syndrome of malabsorption (malabsorption).
In addition, folic acid deficiency is often observed in women smokers who regularly drink alcohol and / or take oral contraceptives and some diuretics.
Vitamin E is prescribed when a woman has problems with cycle and conception, usually in an amount significantly exceeding the daily norm – about 200 IU / day. He normalizes hormone production, helps to get pregnant and endure the baby. This vitamin plays an important role in the formation of healthy cells, metabolism substances between mom and baby, the development of the child.
Vitamin E deficiency is a rare occurrence. Bigger problem is an uncontrolled intake of this substance. Consumption excess vitamin during pregnancy may lead to complications during childbirth and increase the likelihood diseases of the cardiovascular system in the baby in the future of life.
Vitamin E supplements should be taken only as directed. a doctor.
An additional intake of this substance is usually prescribed overweight women (BMI more than 30 kg / m2), because obesity reduces the ability of the vitamin to be absorbed in the body. In Group future mothers who spend little time are also at risk under the open sky and do not eat fish.
A child receives vitamin D from maternal reserves, so It is important to provide it with the necessary amount. This substance necessary for the formation of the musculoskeletal system, head brain and fetal immunity.
Vitamin deficiency can cause disease bones (in particular, osteoporosis), regardless of the amount of this substances in the body of the baby after childbirth. He can also:
Slow down fetal development;
Increase the risk of diabetes, cancer, hypokalemia and future cardiovascular disease;
Lead to premature birth;
Become a cause of gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
It is necessary for the formation of the mucous membranes of the fetus, respiratory pathways, skin, bone, immunity and vision. However its excess consumption is extremely dangerous – it can lead to abnormalities in the development of the cub. Therefore taking vitamin a or retinol must be discontinued before conception.
Like folic acid, in most cases iodine is needed take for three months of conception, during pregnancy and lactation. A woman should receive about 150-250 micrograms of this substance per day. Therefore, when planning pregnancy, vitamin supplements with potassium iodide. The dangerous dosage of iodine is 1100 mcg / day or more.
This substance affects the development of the central nervous system of the fetus. With its deficiency in cognitive and behavioral problems, violations are observed brain formation and other abnormalities.
Iron deficiency leads to iron deficiency anemia. Anemia before pregnancy and in the early stages leads to developmental disorders of the baby, premature birth and birth low weight baby. Therefore, iron is recommended to be taken before conception.
The need of mother and baby for iron increases in recent four months. If at this time the woman does not receive enough the amount of this substance, the likelihood of development increases infectious diseases, cognitive disorders, and likelihood maternal mortality and placental abruption.
In rare cases, usually for medical reasons, the doctor prescribes additional vitamin B12 supplementation to women (often vegetarians), ascorbic acid, K or copper.
What vitamins should men take
As a rule, additional intake of vitamins by men increases the quality and quantity of male germ cells improves potency and promotes trouble-free conception. In addition, it strengthens immunity and overall health of the body.
In most cases, men are assigned:
Folic acid – necessary for the formation and increase male germ cell activity.
Vitamin E – makes sperm more mobile and sturdy, helps with violations of the reproductive system.
Ascorbic acid – increases sperm count and regulates the concentration of testosterone.
Zinc – normalizes hormones, helps with impaired sexual function.
Selenium – supports the work of the genitals, is used for male infertility.
Remember that vitamins should only be started after doctor’s prescription.
In the next article, our experts will tell you how to to choose a bandage for pregnant women and which model to give preference.
Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.