How to choose a toothbrush? Advantages and disadvantages of different models

Each person’s personal hygiene kit is a must order includes a toothbrush. It is meant for daily oral care and plaque removal. Regular brushing with a toothbrush reduces the risk of stone formation and age spots. Incorrectly selected brush will not to cope with tasks and can even damage the gums and the tooth enamels.

Material, rigidity and dimensions of the toothbrush bristles

Material, stiffness and dimensions of the bristles for a toothbrush

The range of toothbrushes allows you to choose the option for each person. The consumer first of all looks at the stubble, which evaluated by the following parameters:

  1. material of manufacture;

  2. rigidity;

  3. dimensions and length.

Dentists are advised to choose small brushes, because they easier to manage and clean in hard to reach places. Work size surface for an adult should not exceed 30 mm, and for children stop at 18-25 mm. Such brushes are convenient in outstanding.

Production material

Natural toothbrush bristles are often an advertising move. Dentists do not recommend using such models, because in them bacteria multiply. They violate oral hygiene, so it’s better to use artificial bristles.


An important parameter that affects comfortable cleaning is stiffness. Than the larger the diameter of the fiber, the stiffer the bristles. Dentists Brushes are divided into the following stiffness categories:

  1. Ultra Soft – for people with hypersensitivity, as well as for young children;

  2. Soft – for people experiencing pain in the gums, for children from 5 to 12 years old;

  3. Medium – for adults and children over 12 years old;

  4. Hard – for those who have no problems with the gums, and have the need for quality cleaning.

The best option for an adult – brushes with stiffness Medium, and if there are problems with sensitivity, then choose soft bristles. Hardness and Extra Hard are chosen only in special cases on the recommendation of a doctor.

What are the main types of toothbrushes?

What are the main types of toothbrushes?

Products for oral hygiene are produced by Russian and foreign manufacturers. At production recommendations are considered dentists and research indicators. Thanks to this, it is selected a model that is suitable for a person taking into account his individual requirements.

First of all, toothbrushes are classified by age groups:

  1. children’s (for babies, for children under 12 years old);

  2. teenage (12 to 18 years old);

  3. adults.

Hygiene products for different ages differ from each other. other dimensions, stiffness of the bristles and design.

Brushes are divided into separate groups depending on the purpose. use:

  1. hygienic;

  2. periodontal;

  3. specialized (for prostheses).

They are similar in appearance, but differ in features and effects. on the teeth.

Hygiene brushes

Hygiene brushes

Most people use traditional hygiene brushes to care for healthy teeth. Use them every day 2-3 times to get rid of plaque and protect oral cavity from bacteria.


  • simple construction;

  • affordable cost;

  • long operation.


  • It is necessary to brush your teeth thoroughly and for a long time.

Such brushes are called classic. They are sold literally anywhere a supermarket.

Periodontic brushes

Periodontological brushes

Periodontic toothbrushes recommended by professional dentists to get rid of diseases. They help delicately clean plaque when already observed Problems.


  • A special shape of the brush field, providing better cleaning;

  • different stiffness of the bristles to choose from;

  • voluminous bristles creating a massage effect.


  • difficulty in choosing;

  • high price.

Such brushes are diverse, so they are selected individually for yourself, but the cost can be high.

Special brushes

Special brushes

Specialty toothbrushes for care are separately offered. for dentures and orthodontic constructions. Them also sometimes recommend use for cleaning twisted and damaged teeth.


  • wear-resistant bristles;

  • ergonomic shape.


  • it is advisable to choose according to the recommendations of dentists.

Such brushes should be used only by those who wear ортодонтические конструкции или протезы.

Деление по классам и принципу действия включает следующиеgroups:

  1. mechanical;

  2. electric;

  3. ultrasound

  4. ionic.

Mechanical brushes

Mechanical brushes

A mechanical brush is a common option. Many people use it in the vast majority of cases, providing necessary oral hygiene. Such models are different from each other primarily in the dimensions and stiffness of the bristles, and some are equipped with rubber inserts for cleaning language.


  • ease of use;

  • affordable cost;

  • pressure and pressure control.


  • it is necessary to monitor the cleaning time;

  • to achieve a result, you must have the skills to cleansing.

These are again simple classic brushes, convenient and inexpensive.

Electric brushes

Electric brushes

Advanced models – electric brushes designed for the most effective dental care. They are equipped with a motor and offer several modes of operation.


  • quick toothbrushing – no more than 2 minutes;

  • no effort required;

  • cleaning and massage of the gums.


  • not recommended for serious problems with teeth

  • high price.

Such brushes, thanks to interchangeable heads, can use all family members, but the cost is significantly higher than conventional mechanical products.

Ultrasonic and ionic brushes

Ultrasonic and ionic brushes

The category of electrical models include ionic and ultrasonic brushes. They differ only in the principle of work. IN these bristle devices are driven by high-frequency sound, which ensures the speed of oscillation.


  • cleaning efficiency;

  • simplicity in work;

  • rapid disposal of plaque.


  • limited range;

  • high price.

How to choose an electric toothbrush?

How to choose an electric toothbrush?

Electric models are popular, as among adults and children alike. They are equipped with a special worker. a unit in which the bristles move due to vibration up and down or round. The movement is provided by an electric motor and a source nutrition.

The cleaning process with such a device becomes much easier because you just need to bring the bristles to your teeth to start the process. It is useful for children not yet sufficient oral care skills. Due to speed vibration can quickly remove plaque on the teeth.

Nozzles are supplied with these devices, thanks to which additional functions appear:

  1. massage;

  2. polishing

  3. deep cleaning;

  4. cleaning in hard to reach places.

A specific model is selected depending on your own preferences and individual characteristics of the teeth to achieve result.

Modern models have a 3D cleaning function, allowing to make both reciprocating movements and ripple. Due to the volumetric movements of the hairs It appears immediately on all sides of the tooth.

Dentists warn of some contraindications to use of electric brushes:

  1. diseases of the oral cavity;

  2. stomatitis, gingivitis;

  3. consequences of operations;

  4. high tooth mobility and so on.

In these cases, a high bristle speed can only hurt your teeth, so it’s best to use a classic brush to completely getting rid of the problem.

When choosing a specific model, pay attention first on the head with bristles. It should not be too big so as not to difficulties arose. As wear and tear is replaced, the appliance continues to serve. Mass of electric toothbrush is 150-200 grams.

Advanced brush models have special spray nozzles from silver or gold. These materials provide additional cleaning and preventing the spread of bacteria in the oral cavity. When choosing budget models it is better to pay attention to the following specifications:

  1. number of speed modes;

  2. type of power source;

  3. features of work and additional functions;

  4. available nozzles.

Thanks to nozzles, all members use one electric brush family – just change the heads themselves.

For convenience, the brushes are equipped with LED and sound indicators. A beep sounds when it ends teeth cleaning. The indicators show the battery level and control the force of pressure on the tooth surface to prevent damage.

Dentists warn of caution when using an electric toothbrush. Better to have in stock mechanical brush.

What are the benefits of ultrasonic toothbrushes?

What are the benefits of ultrasonic toothbrushes?

Today, manufacturers offer ultrasonic toothbrushes, created using advanced technology. They differ as ease of use and high efficiency with regular use. Ultrasonic brushes help fight tooth stone, gently affect the gums and prevent irritation.

The principle of operation is as follows:

  1. the built-in motor generates a sound wave;

  2. the sound makes the bristles oscillate with a frequency of 1.6 MHz;

  3. the working head carries out cleaning even in hard-to-reach places.

The advantages of this cleaning method is its complete safety for the oral cavity and the human body. Impact ultrasonic waves do not affect other organs. Instead of this such a high-frequency sound helps fight bacteria and inflammatory processes. A large number of nozzles available expands standard features even further.

Restrictions on the use of such a brush, unlike electrical does not exist. Dentists only warn people with gum problems or who have experienced any dental implant surgery.

Advantages of Ionic Toothbrushes

Advantages of ionic toothbrushes

Ionic toothbrush embodies the achievements of recent years, appeared in the dental industry. These models are large produced in Japan in technology factories, after which they shipped worldwide.

The principle of operation is as follows:

  1. the housing contains a rod of special metal;

  2. after activation, a light charge is passed through the rod and creates different polarity;

  3. due to different polarity, the attraction of the tooth is ensured plaque and removal of microbes in the oral cavity.

The effect of ionic toothbrushes is to whiten toothbrushes. surface. Over time, you can get rid of the effects of copious drinking coffee and smoking. As another benefit complete elimination of harmful bacteria is observed.

Such brushes work easily because cleaning is not required even touch the teeth directly. In this case, provided safety and protection from irritation and pain.

Each toothbrush has advantages and disadvantages. It is important to follow the recommendations of dentists and regularly clean teeth. Mechanical brushes, electric, ultrasonic and ionic models are available to everyone at attractive prices. But remember the importance of visiting a doctor and consulting with him on dental care.


In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose an electric toothbrush and the secrets of choosing an irrigator for the oral cavity.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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