How to choose a mattress

The health, mental activity and mood of a person depends on the quality of sleep. The better we get enough sleep at night, the better we feel. yourself during the day. Therefore, it is so important to create comfortable conditions during sleep and take care of choosing a good mattress.

choose a mattress

The best mattress manufacturers – which company to choose

A quality mattress is made from safe, environmentally friendly clean materials and ensures proper posture during sleep It does not collect dust, does not accumulate static electricity and does not cause allergic reactions. Therefore a person wakes up in the morning “as good as new.”

The following mattresses comply with these requirements. manufacturers:

  1. Consul;

  2. Ascona;

  3. Ryton;

  4. Torix;

  5. Magnifex;

  6. Vegas

  7. Plitex

  8. Ormatek.

Some mattresses may be equipped with additional features, for example, automatic drying or product heating technology. But when buying a product, you need to consider that the quantity “bells and whistles” depends on the price of the goods.

Types and arrangement of mattresses

Mattresses can be spring and springless, as well as inflatable and water. We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.

Spring mattresses

The basis for spring models is dependent or independent spring unit. It is “wrapped” in several layers filler, which in turn is covered with a cover. More than layers, the better the mattress. As filling can be applied various materials: polyurethane foam, latex, coconut fiber walnut (coir), etc. Latex, for example, is used to give softness of the mattress, and coir – to make it harder.

Dependent spring unit mattresses

Mattresses with dependent spring unit

The springs in the dependent spring unit are connected to each other. Therefore, if you push one of them, it will affect rest. The number of springs in the product must be at least 120 per m2.


  • Low price;

  • Durability.


  • Such mattresses do not provide the proper orthopedic effect – they do not adjust well to the bends of our body;

  • Over time, the product sags;

  • Not recommended for children. Sleep on such a mattress may cause malformation of the spine;

  • Not suitable for couples with a large difference in weight. Man with light weight will slide to a heavier partner;

  • During operation, the springs loosen and begin creak;

Mattresses with independent spring unit

Mattresses with an independent spring block

The springs in such a product are not connected to each other. Each the spring is placed in a special case and functions independently of “neighbors”. The optimal number of springs in the product is 256 pcs. per m2 but it can be 1,700. per m2 in multipacks. Higher this value, the better and more comfortable the mattress.


  • The spring block adjusts well to the bends of the body and properly distributes the load;

  • Products withstand heavy loads;

  • Long service life;

  • Silent during operation;

  • Mattresses can be used for couples with a large difference in weight and children


  • High price;

  • Over time, the springs begin to creak (but later than in models with dependent spring unit).

Springless mattresses

Springless mattresses

The basis for springless mattresses can be monoblocks from latex, felt, sheep wool, etc., which are covered a special case. The main properties depend on the properties of the filler product specifications. For example, coir mattresses are characterized increased rigidity, so they are often recommended for children, and wadded models do not have any orthopedic properties, so their should be used only as a temporary measure.


  • They do not emit any sounds during their entire life;

  • Easy to carry;

  • Light weight;

  • A wide range of. You can choose a springless mattress for anyone: a small child, a person with a lot of weight, matrimonial a couple or a person suffering from musculoskeletal problems apparatus;


  • The disadvantages of springless mattresses depend on the properties of the filler (see “The main criteria for choosing a mattress”).

Water mattresses

Water mattresses

As a filler for a water mattress is used special fibers and water, which is constantly heated. The product heater must always be connected to an electrical network (per month it consumes about 10-15 kilowatts), but even if you They will turn off the electricity for a day, the mattress will not have time to cool.

Water mattresses can be single-chamber and multi-chamber. Single chamber products are not suitable for couples, as partners feel everything each other’s movements. In addition, with a large difference in weight, one a man sleeps comfortably in a water hole while the second is balancing on swollen surface. Recommended for couples mattress with two independent parts or multi-chamber model.


  • Adjust to the contours of the human body, distributing correctly load;

  • Mattresses are equipped with a special heating function;

  • Long term of operation (15–20 years);

  • Mattresses are not electrified, do not accumulate dust and do not cause allergic reactions;

  • They have orthopedic and medicinal properties: they help with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, inflammation of the joints, rheumatism and cardiovascular diseases;


  • Big weight (from 100 to 900 kg). This makes it very difficult. transportation of the mattress when moving, as well as rearrangement in the house and repairs;

  • Not suitable for lovers of sleep on a hard surface;

  • Every two to three years, water should be changed and used annually. special antifungal conditioner.

  • High price;

Air mattress

Air mattress

These products are great for temporary use. For example, they can be used during the arrival of guests in the country or the beach. About some orthopedic properties of these mattresses I don’t have to say – if you sleep on them for a long time, it will negatively affect the health of the musculoskeletal system apparatus.

However, it is worth noting that there are special orthopedic mattresses. Manufacturers claim to be tough surface and multi-chamber structure of these inflatable products provides optimal muscle relaxation and maintenance natural position of the spine. But such mattresses designed only for sleep – they can not be floated.


  • Light weight;

  • Affordable price;

  • Easy to transport;


  • Over time, they are blown away, so they need to be regularly pump up;

  • Not durable. Although manufacturers declare that the term The operation of air mattresses is about 10 years, in practice most products withstand no more than two to three years;

  • Many models have an unpleasant chemical smell, which time passes;

  • Air quickly cools in the mattress and it’s cold to sleep on it;

  • Pets can bite or pierce with claws mattress surface;

  • The upper side of the product is often covered with flock – material, which collects dust and debris from all over the apartment. Therefore clean it follows a special sticky roller. The bottom of the mattress is easy wiped with a cloth.

  • Sleeping on ordinary air mattresses is uncomfortable – there are pains in back and neck;

The main criteria for choosing a mattress

mattress selection criteria


Coconut Coir

This material gives rigidity to mattresses. Therefore, products with coconut coir filling recommended for young children, in including newborns, as well as people with a lot of weight. They keep their shape well, let in air and do not cause allergic reactions.

If coconut coir is used as a candy bar for springless mattress, the product is characterized by increased rigidity. Then there, the sensations will be as if you are sleeping on flexible boards.


This material is made from sheep’s wool, which is sometimes combined with synthetic fibers. It can be used in as a packing between the springs and / or one of the layers of the mattress. Felt increases the rigidity of the product and protects the external the filler layer from the physical impact of the spring block. This extends the life of the mattress.


Often used as the main filler in springless models. It makes the mattress softer and more resilient. Latex products follow the contours of the human body, providing it the correct position during sleep. They are also good ventilated and quickly evaporate moisture.

Latex can be natural and synthetic. Synthetic the material is cheaper than natural, but it is more rigid and less wear resistant. Natural product will serve you much longer.

When using latex-filled mattresses, some users note that:

  1. The product is too heavy (average weight is about 35–45 kg for double size);

  2. A few years later, the mattress sags in the place where the person likes to sleep;

  3. The mattress smells unpleasant, but over time the smell disappears.


Cotton mattresses are easy to transport and convenient to store. They have low cost and great for arranging temporary the bed. Therefore, they are often used in hospitals, buildings temporary construction, dormitories, etc.

Unfortunately, cotton mattresses have many disadvantages:

  1. They do not have the proper orthopedic effect on the skeleton and muscle tissue sleeping;

  2. Quickly roll down and become worthless;

  3. Cotton mattresses often become a “home” for dust mites and fungi.

Shape memory foam (memorix)

Shape memory foam was created by NASA researchers to reduce the load on the human body when flying into space. Material “remembered” the bends of the body and repeated them. But subsequently NASA refused to use it, and memorics began to be applied in as a filler for mattresses.

Products made from this material provide the right support. musculoskeletal system, adapting to the bends of the body. They reduce the load on the body of the sleeping person and prevent squeezing vessels. After the pressure on the mattress stops, the surface restores its former shape.

However, memorial products are not popular with everyone. Users note that mattresses have an unpleasant chemical smell. Besides In addition, some report allergic reactions, headache, fatigue arising after purchase products with memorix. These health problems can be caused by purchase of low-quality mattresses.

Synthetic winterizer

Springless products with sintepon filler have a small weight and affordable cost. They are soft and comfortable, their easy transport and store – they fit in a backpack or trunk cars. But such mattresses do not provide normal support. musculoskeletal system, so they are not recommended use over time.

Polyurethane foam

This material is breathable due to its porous structure and can be used by people prone to allergies. The rigidity of the mattress depends on the rigidity of the polyurethane foam. For example, ordinary foam mattress is not very durable, but polyurethane derivatives such as shape memory foam and artificial latex make the product more durable, wear-resistant and convenient.


This material has excellent hygroscopic properties and provides good air circulation. But if the filler the mattress consists only of wool, due to the orthopedic effect will not be.


Mattresses vary in severity. Stiffness depends on type of filler and spring or springless used block.

  1. Soft mattresses are usually made from latex, cotton, memorix. They are often recommended for adults weighing less than 55 kg. retirees and patients suffering from spinal problems. Than the more filler is on top of the side of the springs, the softer mattress.

  2. Medium hard mattresses are often made from latex, polyurethane foam, coke coir, polyurethane foam. They fit young people 13–25 years old, as well as those who weigh 55–90 kg.

  3. Hard and medium-hard mattresses (from coconut coir, felt, with reinforced spring unit) are often used for children under 12 years old. This is necessary for the proper formation of the spine and prevention of scoliosis. They are also recommended for people with overweight.

  4. Two sides of the same mattress can have different degrees of rigidity. Therefore, wanting to change the product from hard to medium-hard, will just flip the mattress over. By the way, regular flipping mattress (every two to three months) increases its service life.

The size

The size of the mattress should be selected according to the size of the bed. Besides Moreover, the product must be 15–20 cm longer than the height of the person, and twice the width of the shoulders.

Mattresses can be single (width about 0.9 m), one and a half (1.2 m) and double (1.4–1.6 m). Dimensions standard mattresses for children are about 0.6 x 1.2 m.

Additional options

Winter summer

The surface of mattresses with this option is upholstered in two different materials. On the one hand (winter) are used thermoregulating heaters (mainly wool), and from the second (summer) – “breathable” materials (cotton). It provides the most comfortable sleep at any time of the year.

Removable covers

The case is in contact with our skin, so it should made from high quality breathable materials. When sewing used frequently:

  1. Jacquard is a dense fabric that is made from cotton and synthetic fibers. Known for her strength, durability, wear resistance and high cost. It passes air well, absorbs and releases moisture, does not cause allergic reactions.

  2. Wool is a practical and wear resistant material that provides good thermal insulation. Woolen fabrics are resistant to pollution, they practically do not wrinkle and even have healing properties.

  3. Polycotton is often used in the production of budget models. mattresses. It consists of cotton and polyester fibers, therefore possesses insignificant “breathing” properties and can accumulate static electricity. However, the polycotton practically does not wrinkle and retains its original presentation for a long time.

  4. Polyester is a cheap material that is made from synthetic polyester fibers. It does not allow air to circulate. it is electrified properly, but at the same time it is characterized by high strength and durability.

  5. Satin is made from silk or cotton. It is hygroscopic, breathable and lightweight material. He does not wrinkle and possesses good thermoregulating properties.

  6. Covers are removable and non-removable. Removable products allow check the “stuffing” of the mattress and make it easier to care for the product. However after washing, they can “sit down” and can be difficult to put on mattress.

  7. Products with fixed covers should be used with special mattress covers. This will extend the life mattress.

Which mattress to choose

which mattress to choose

  1. Before buying a mattress, lie down on it for at least 10-15 seconds. Make sure that you are comfortable on it, and also appreciate the quality case and smell of goods.

  2. Use a waterproof mattress cover over the mattress. is he protects the product from spots and damage. Thanks to this, you You can return the mattress under warranty if it does not suit you or there will be some problems.

  3. In the presence of any diseases of the musculoskeletal system consult a doctor and only then buy a mattress.

  4. If you decide to purchase a spring mattress, choose products with hardened steel springs. Hardening increases the strength of the metal and product durability.

  5. Use thin mattresses (3-5 cm) as mattress covers, to change the degree of rigidity of your berth.

  6. When choosing a mattress for two, pay attention to products with independent springs (especially if you have a large partner weight difference), or models with two degrees of rigidity on one side. Do not buy single-chamber water mattresses or products with dependent spring unit.

  7. Use inflatable, padding polyurethane, foam and cotton mattresses only as a temporary measure and do not let them sleep to children.

How much are mattresses

  1. The cost of mattresses with independent springs varies from 2000 up to 500 000 rub. Good quality product can be found for 8000-16000 rub.

  2. The prices for mattresses with a dependent spring unit are 2000–100 000 rubles, but most of these products will cost about 5000-10 000 rub

  3. The cost of springless models depends on the type of filler and number of layers. For example, latex products may cost 5000– 195 000 rubles, and from coconut coir – 2000–88 000 rubles.

  4. Inflatable models can be found for 1000-13 000 rubles, and two-season mattresses – for 10,000-60,000 rubles.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose bedding and the secrets of choosing a blanket – compare fillers.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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