How to choose a chandelier: we make beautiful lighting at home

A well-chosen chandelier and the type of lighting can transform interior, making the room more comfortable, elegant or noble. Today we will tell you how from a huge variety of goods choose a chandelier that fits your home perfectly.

choose a chandelier

What chandelier to choose for a bedroom, kitchen or hall: features glow chandelier

Choose a chandelier in the living room

The spacious living room will look good hanging massive chandelier with several bulbs or several lamps. Multilevel lighting will also be relevant. If the room has compact size and low walls, ceiling should be used chandelier.

Crystal chandeliers are often used to illuminate living rooms. exquisite glass models and luxurious chandeliers with many lamps. It is important to consider the style of the interior.

Choose a chandelier in the living room

Choose a chandelier in the bedroom

In the bedroom, chandeliers of small sizes and surface lights whose color temperature is about 3000 K. It’s good if the room has dimmer – with its help you can create as much as possible comfortable and relaxing environment. In addition to the main chandelier It is advisable to use additional light sources (floor lamps or table lamps) – in case you want to read before sleep.

Choose a chandelier in the bedroom

Choose a chandelier in the kitchen

Small kitchenettes look good on ceiling plate chandeliers, lampshade fixtures and small models shades. For larger rooms more suitable classic models, for example, products with 5-6 shades or lamps with hanging chains and candles. It is important to note that chandeliers of paper, wood, cardboard, branches, dried flowers and leaves (even if the kitchen is made in the style of “ethno”, “country” or “eco”) better not to buy. Such products are not protected from moisture and dust. and can quickly become worthless.

Choose a chandelier in the kitchen

Choose a chandelier in the bathroom

In the bathroom, you should choose closed fixtures, into which you can’t moisture and dust. It is desirable that they have a medium or high degree of IP protection. But even then they cannot be place closer than 50-60 cm to the shower stall or bathtub.

Choose a chandelier in the bathroom

Choose a chandelier in the nursery

In the nursery you need to buy a chandelier made of durable material. Do not buy crystal or glass models that may injure the little thief if he decides to check the chandelier strength or just throw the ball unsuccessfully. For the same reason Do not use massive outboard models.

It’s important that the child in the nursery is comfortable not only playing, but also read. In this case, do not forget about the design of the product – the cub should like him. Kids will be delighted with depicted on the chandeliers of cartoon characters or animals, while while older children may like ordinary products with lampshade.

Choose a chandelier in the nursery

Choose a chandelier in the hallway

Most hallways are elongated in small size. therefore They recommend choosing compact and concise chandeliers. Also You can install several built-in lights.

It is desirable that the lighting in the hallway be warm white color temperature. So, going home, it will be easier for a person tune in to rest and relieve stress.

Choose a chandelier in the hallway

How to choose the type of base of the chandelier

The lamp base must match the chandelier holder. All cap denoted by a specific letter and number. Letter indicates type base (for example, E – threaded, G – pin), and the figure – size. The most common (classic) is the base E27. Such any lamp can have a base. The second place is occupied by E14 or minion. It is smaller and is often used in combination with compact narrow lamps.

Pin bases are increasingly being used. They used in compact halogen and led lamps and decorative fixtures. Such socles may have the meanings of G4, G9, G53.

Many Chinese-made chandeliers may have lamps with unusual caps. Therefore, choose products from trusted manufacturers who indicate all the characteristics of their goods.

Choose the size of the chandelier

Determined with the power of the chandelier

The power of the chandelier is determined by the power of all the lamps. Power depends on the purpose of a room (for children, work, rest) and the size of the room.

When buying, keep in mind that each chandelier is designed for a certain capacity (indicated by the manufacturer), in excess which product may become unusable. Should also be taken in attention that different types of lamps emit the same power different amount of light.

For example, to lighten a bathroom, you need two 40-watt light bulbs or one LED lamp for 10 watts, and for indoor average size is enough for 150-200 W (about 4 incandescent lamps of 40 Watts) or two LED lamps of 12 watts each.

What are the chandeliers depending on the fixture

Depending on the type of mounting of the chandelier can be divided into:

  1. Outboard;

  2. Near-surface or ceiling.

Hanging models are suspended on a hook using a flexible suspension. They can have different sizes and different quantities. shades. The suspension length in many models can be adjusted. Chandeliers on long suspensions look beautiful in large and spacious the premises. If you use such models in small rooms with a low ceiling, this will make the room even smaller.

Ceiling chandeliers are installed using brackets and mounting strip. They are ideal for small spaces with low ceilings. Therefore, they are often used in kitchens, bathrooms rooms, corridors.

What material to choose a chandelier

  1. From the material used in the manufacture of the chandelier, depends on the quality, appearance of the product and other characteristics. For example, models with a lampshade made of fabric or paper may be fire hazard. In addition, the fabric tends to accumulate dust. Plastic products, in turn, may begin to melt when exceeding the maximum permissible power of the chandelier.

  2. Glass and crystal are very popular. models. They have a beautiful appearance and fit many styles. the interior. Crystal costs more than glass, but it creates aristocratic, refined atmosphere in the house.

  3. Metal, wood and ceramics. The metal is durable, reliable, fire safety and durability, and the tree fits perfectly in any interior. Unfortunately, wooden products are not worth it. use in kitchens or bathrooms, as they do not tolerate temperature differences and high humidity. Also tree attracts insects.

  4. Products made from ceramics look great, but characterized by increased fragility. Therefore, wipe such chandeliers should be careful not to violate their integrity.

Moisture and dust protection of a chandelier

When buying a lighting device in a bathroom, a loggia or the terrace should take into account its moisture and dust protection, because it is in these rooms that small splashes can get on the product water or foreign bodies. The level of protection is determined by Ingress Protection (IP) classifications. For example, in bathtubs often luminaires with indicators IP 44, IP 65, IP 54 are used. the last two digits, the better the product is protected from dust and moisture. The minimum level of protection for residential premises is IP 20.

How to choose a lamp for a chandelier

First of all, you need to decide what type of light bulbs you will use. It can be incandescent lamps, fluorescent, halogen and LED lamps. Each of these devices has its advantages and disadvantages. Let’s consider them in more detail.

Incandescent lamps

Incandescent lamps

Incandescent lamps are a classic. They create light through heating the filament. They used to be practically everywhere, but now they are out of fashion and replaced by more effective energy-saving options.

Incandescent lamps create a warm yellow-white color, and their power is 15-200 watts. They can be opaque, transparent and colored.

These devices are very hot. For example, a 75 W bulb after half an hour of operation reaches 250 degrees, and the bulb at 200 watts – 330 degrees. If you screw the product with too high a power, can damage the chandelier.

Advantages

  • Low cost;

  • Great for lighting small rooms;

  • The brightness of the bulb can be adjusted using a dimmer;

  • It is ignited immediately after switching on;

disadvantages

  • Fragility – easy to damage;

  • The luminous efficiency of classic bulbs is about 5-15 lumens per watt. This means that they have low efficiency and profitability;

  • They quickly burn out;

Fluorescent lamps

Fluorescent lamps

Fluorescent or energy-saving light bulbs emit soft diffused light.

Advantages

  • Such products are four times more effective than incandescent lamps. If a replace a 100-watt incandescent bulb with a 22-watt energy-saving, get the same amount of light. Besides, luminescent light sources require 50–80% less energy

  • Keep a low temperature (up to 50 degrees) even after hours of work;

  • A variety of light spectrum;

  • Saving. Although such lamps have a higher cost (for compared to ordinary ones), they work 10 times longer and use only a third of the electricity. It can not but affect your electricity bills and wallet;

disadvantages

  • Lamps contain mercury. Therefore when they stop work, they must be taken to a special reception center;

  • Frequently turning the fluorescent lamp on and off may shorten its life. Therefore, it is not recommended use in rooms where the light will constantly turn on and turn off;

  • If the lamp breaks, it is necessary to ventilate the room and process surfaces of manganese solutions;

Halogen lamps

Halogen lamps

A halogen lamp is an upgraded incandescent lamp. However, the durability of such a model is 2000–4000 hours (for a typical 60 W incandescent lamp – about 1,000 hours). Range light close to natural.

These devices use 10–20% less energy than classic accumulation lamp. They are rarely used in chandeliers, more often in searchlights, car headlights and other sources of bright Sveta.

Advantages

  • Less energy consumption than its predecessor;

  • The small sizes. Halogen lamps can be very compact, and this does not reduce their power;

  • Good color rendering quality;

disadvantages

  • Heats up very much. This may damage the chandelier parts and result in to burns;

  • More expensive than ordinary incandescent bulbs;

  • Halogen lamps should not be touched with bare hands. Fat fingerprints shorten their life products;

LED lamps

LED lamps

LED or LED lamps are as effective as fluorescent lamps, but can work up to three times longer.

Advantages

  • High energy efficiency – light output is about 135 lumens / watt;

  • Also, when choosing a chandelier, you need to determine the type basement;

  • You can dispose of it, like ordinary household waste;

  • Durability (higher than luminescent);

  • Small heat radiation – they are not dangerous for the details of the chandelier, and they cannot be burned;

  • Hard to hurt;

  • Low energy consumption;

  • Environmental friendliness – do not contain mercury and other hazardous substances;

  • Excellent color rendering;

disadvantages

  • High price. But in the end, the purchase is justified, and the consumer is a plus.

  • In this regard, neutral light is best chosen for study or the place where the child does his homework, and warm white – for the bedroom, living room, nursery. Cool white lighting should be used for bathrooms and kitchens to there was a feeling of purity and freshness.

  • Neutral light best affects people’s performance, while warm white creates a feeling of comfort appeasement. Abrupt cold light (about 6,000 K) leads to increase concentration, and then increases fatigue. Such Lighting is often used in hospitals.

  • When buying a lamp, it is important to pay attention to its color temperature. It is measured in Kelvin. Depending on the Kelvin we perceive light as “warm white” (2700–3500 K) “cold white” (5000–7000) or “neutral” (3500-5000). This indicator should indicate the manufacturer to packaging or lamp instructions.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose stylish sofa, secrets of choosing a vase in an apartment and features of choice curtains for the bedroom, living room, kitchen.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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