How to choose a washing machine

When choosing a washing machine, you should pay attention to technical specifications and installation features of the device.

How to choose a washing machine


We recommend that you read the rating of the best LG washing machines according to experts.

How to choose a washing machine: what to look for

When choosing a washing machine, it is most important to consider the following parameters and features:

  1. Type of installation (built-in, freestanding);

  2. Dimensions (narrow, standard, wide);

  3. Loading volume;

  4. Type of loading (frontal, vertical);

  5. Spin speed (in revolutions);

  6. Type of control (mechanical, electronic, intellectual);

  7. Classes of energy consumption, washing and spinning;

  8. Noise level;

  9. Additional functionality.

  10. The manufacturer is also important.

Types of washing machines

Washing machines can be classified by type, by option installation and method of loading linen.

Types of washing machines

By type, washing machines are divided into activator (semi-automatic) and full-size (automatic).

Activator washing machines

Activator washing machines

Activator washing machines are the most classic the configuration of such household appliances. Structurally, they are a tank in which a screw is installed that rotates water and therefore removing contaminants from the fabric by friction of one web about another, and also due to the passage of flows through the material. Washing and rinsing take place in one container.

The owner has to be constantly present at this car in the washing process – put clothes in the tank, change the water in it and etc. But it’s still better than handwashing.

Some models are also equipped with a separate centrifuge, in which is the squeezing of moisture from clothes.

Activator-type washing machines are not the best solution for use in apartments and just everyday care clothes. However, they are great for use on cottage.


  • The minimum price (from several thousand rubles);

  • You can wash even very dirty clothes;

  • No installation needed;


  • High complexity of the washing process;

  • Large dimensions of the device;

  • Not suitable for delicate fabrics;

  • Lead to deterioration of the fabric with regular washing;

  • The washing quality directly depends on the powder, temperature and softness of water;

Full-size washing machines

Full-size washing machines

Full-size – the most common type of washing machine. They can work in fully automatic mode, from the user only needs to load clothes and remove them end of cycle.

The convenience and practicality of such washing machines are directly dependent from their functionality. Modern models do a great job delicate fabrics, squeeze and dry clothes, turn on Schedule and remove even the most difficult pollution.

Full-size washing machines are the best choice for the home, apartments and daily use.


  • Fully automatic wash;

  • Compact dimensions;

  • Wide functionality;

  • Maximum usability;


  • High cost (especially for multifunctional models);

  • The complexity of the repair;

  • The need for installation and connection to all engineering communications (cold and hot water, sewage, electricity);

Varieties of washing machines according to the installation option

According to the installation option, washing machines are divided into freestanding and built-in.

Freestanding washing machines

freestanding washing machines

The most common type of washing machine. They differ ease of installation – just connect the device to the engineering communications and can be used. Such washing machines may have a variety of dimensions.

It is understood that they will stand alone in the bathroom or kitchen. However, with some engineering skills, their can be integrated into a furniture set. But it will reduce operating period due to improper heat transfer.


  • A variety of models, colors, dimensions, types, options downloads and other parameters;
  • Easy to install and connect to engineering communications;
  • Relatively simple maintenance and repair;
  • Increased power through passive heat transfer.


  • They take up a lot of space, which is critical for small bathrooms rooms;

  • May not fit into bathroom design concept.

Built-in washing machines

Built-in washing machines

As the name implies, these washing machines are intended for installation in special niches of a furniture set. Just such devices should be used if you plan to place this appliances in the kitchen.

It is clear that such washing machines exist exclusively full size type. And they are recommended for purchase, if It is planned to install this device in the kitchen.


  • They can be built into a furniture set;

  • Take up less space than freestanding.


  • Difficulty in installation;
  • It is necessary to carefully select the dimensions;
  • Slightly less power than freestanding;
  • Difficulty in maintenance.

Type of loading washing machines

According to this parameter, washing machines are divided into two type – with vertical and horizontal loading.

Top-loading washing machines

Top-loading washing machines

The lid of the tank in such washing machines (we are talking about full-size models) is located in the upper part, and they open like book or drawer. They also feature a garment tank design. Firstly, it is mounted on a special axis (i.e. two points fixation), and secondly – is equipped with a special additional a lid that must be closed after loading.

Such washing machines are an ideal solution for small-sized apartments with narrow bathrooms.

Activator washing machines mean exclusively vertical loading, but without advantages and disadvantages full-sized (described above).


  • Occupy a minimum of area;

  • In case of incomplete loading, especially with dense materials, the risk of damage is minimal;

  • The door does not open into the passage;


  • Cost more than front-loading;
  • The range of models is limited;
  • It is required to securely fix the inner tank cap;

Front-loading washing machines

Front-loading washing machines

Almost all models of full-size washing machines mean horizontal loading of laundry through the hatch on the front panels.


  • A wide range of models, sizes and design options;

  • Easy to manage and load laundry;

  • The washing process can be observed (to stop it when necessity – if, for example, documents are forgotten in clothes or flash drive);


  • The hatch must always fit snugly. If, for example, a membrane dry, it will lead to leakage;

  • Some models cannot be washed with minimal load, because it leads to vibrations in the drum.

  • The door may open into the passage or be accidentally damaged. man with awkward movement;

  • However, these shortcomings are not critical, since it is easy corrected by replacing the membrane or manhole cover, or an additional loading things.

Which washing machine to choose

Which washing machine to choose

When choosing the type of washing machine it is worth starting from budget, planned use cases and features mounting:

  1. For a summer cottage that is planned to be visited infrequently or where not well-developed engineering communications suitable machine activator type;

  2. With a very limited budget, excluding wear and tear difficulties in installation, it is also worth buying an activator;

  3. With small bathroom sizes – full-size with vertical loading or full-size embedded which will be placed in the kitchen;

  4. With very small bathroom sizes (e.g. in studio apartments) – full-size built-in for placement on the kitchen;

  5. In all other cases – a full-sized freestanding with front loading.

It is worth remembering that it is recommended to purchase activator machines only in very extreme cases. They really require active human participation in the washing process, take up a lot of space and wear clothes.

Washing machine selection options

When choosing a washing machine, you should pay attention to following parameters:

  1. Dimensions (standard, narrow, wide);

  2. Loading volume;

  3. Type of drive (belt, direct);

  4. Class of washing, spinning and energy consumption;

  5. Type of control (mechanical, electronic, intellectual);

  6. The number of revolutions during the spin cycle;

  7. Noise level;

  8. The presence of a digital display;

  9. Additional functionality.

Dimensions and volume of loading

The width of washing machines is divided into three types – standard, narrow and wide. They differ not only in size, but also with capacity.

Narrow washing machines include devices with a width of from 32 to 47 centimeters, with an effective loading depth (tank depth) is an average of 25-40 cm. Such devices due to the small dimensions of the laundry containers are designed for 3-4 kg linen and are not designed to handle large items. But they can even accommodate in a very small bathroom.

There are also “ultra-narrow” washing machines – a width of 30 cm and less. Due to the extremely limited tank volume, they are suitable for processing only a very small amount of laundry and therefore not recommended for use. In fact, in such a washing machine only one jeans can be washed, for example, as a result of which the process of cleaning several items of clothing takes too much time and requires the use of an unreasonably huge amount water.

Standard washing machines have a width of 47 to 60 cm. How consequence, they are designed to load a large number of clothes – 4-7 kg. It is these devices that are best suited for everyday use.

Wide washing machines (from 60 to 78 cm) are equipped with a tank, designed for 7-12 kg of linen. They can handle jackets, blankets, small pillows, voluminous soft toys and the like. However, such washing machines take up a lot of space in the bathroom and therefore are recommended for purchase only if in this is a direct necessity.

type of drive

The drive in washing machines is a way of connecting electric motor with a laundry tank. It can be implemented in two design options – belt and straight.

In the first case, the engine is installed in the lower or upper parts of the machine, and a special wheel is placed on the tank. Contact They are a special belt that transmits torque.

Direct drive means placing an electric motor on same shaft as the drum for washing. This allows you to transfer torque “without intermediaries.”

Belt drive


  • Less risk of engine damage due to moisture in the washing machine. a car;

  • Low cost;

  • Easy to repair;


  • Lower efficiency (part of the energy is lost during transmission);

  • The appearance of vibrations and noise during incomplete loading and during spin cycle.

  • The instability of the transmission of high torque at spin;

  • High risk of belt damage due to drying out (however it is easy to replace);


Direct drive (it is invertor, as well as having a patented name Direct Drive) was created to solve the above described disadvantages.

Direct drive


  • High value of efficiency;
  • Lack of vibration at incomplete loading and during spin;
  • Ability to create high torques (spin speed more than 1500 rpm) without the risk of mechanical damage washing machine components.


  • High price;

  • The complexity and cost of repairs;

  • Less effective drum capacity (while maintaining effective mass of linen);

If the surrounding drum of the tank is damaged, water may engine mechanism and cause serious damage.

When choosing a washing machine with an inverter drive is better pay attention to those models that have the maximum warranty period. For example, LG offers support similar devices for 10 years. Due to this inverter washing machines from this manufacturer are becoming more profitable decision than belts from this or any other company.

For installation in an apartment, it is also recommended to use direct drive washing machine since it has a smaller noise and vibration level.

Wash, spin and energy classes

The most objective characteristics of washing machines, showing their performance and quality of work, are classes. They are separately assigned to washing and spin modes, as well as total power consumption of the device.

The washing class is determined by the manufacturer experimentally – there is a kind of “reference machine”, which is compared with produced. Both are loaded with clothes from the same fabrics, with with the same impurities, the same powder is used. If a the machine being washed is washed better than the reference, it is assigned class A or B. If worse, C, D, E, F or G.

The best washing class is A, the worst is G. It is worth buying for a house Machines that are C, B, or A.

The spin class is also determined experimentally. He means how much water can a washing machine remove in a cycle drying. Equipment that squeezes the maximum moisture is labeled according to class A, and at least class G.


For the home, it is worth buying washing machines with spin class C, B or A.

The class and efficiency of the spin is determined based on the speed drum rotation, its volume, type of fabric and cycle time. therefore machines that best remove moisture from clothing are most likely differ in the maximum speed of work. And it can hurt delicate fabrics. Therefore, if there is no particular need, do not recommended to buy models designed for maximum spin quality.

Energy class shows how much current the washing machine spends on processing one kilogram of laundry. This is an objective indicator. So, class A + washing machines consume less than 0.17 kW per 1 kg of linen. But G is the smallest energy efficiency – consumes more than 0.39 kW per 1 kg of linen.

As a result, washing machines with highest energy efficiency – class B, A, A +, A ++ or even A +++. It is these devices that will provide the minimum consumption current.

Type of management

Controlling the functional elements of a washing machine may be implemented in one of three ways – mechanical, electronic or intellectual.

Mechanical control – the simplest and most reliable implementation. Operation modes are set via toggle switches and rotating discs that are connected to functional elements devices through a system of transmission chains and levers.

Machines with mechanical control

Machines with mechanical control


  • High resistance to moisture;

  • Simple and durable;

  • It is not damaged by power surges;


  • Minimum functionality;

  • A very limited number of models with this system implementation management;

Because modern washing machines are multifunctional devices, then mechanical control in them is practically not meets. Unable to set many modes using levers and chains. However, it can still be found in the washing activator type machines.

Electronically controlled cars

electronically controlled

E-government is the most common implementation. Almost all modern washing machines are equipped with it. budget and mid-price range. In devices with electronic control there is a special module, through which is the installation of parameters, as well as control internal functional elements of the apparatus.


  • Extended functionality

  • Fairly accurate control of the functional elements a washing machine.

  • The ability to choose what is needed (rather than recommended) mode;


  • Many parameters will need to be set independently;
  • High sensitivity of the electronic control module to moisture and electricity drops.

Intelligent Control Cars

Intelligent management – the logical development of electronic implementation. In this case, the washing machine is capable of independently set the operating mode, as well as carry out a full laundry cleaning cycle – from pre-rinsing to drying – after pressing the button once.


  • The broadest functionality;

  • Precise control over the functioning of functional elements a washing machine;

  • Almost complete automation;


  • High price;

  • High sensitivity of the control module to humidity and current differences.

  • Functionality depends on the firmware of the control module;

Spin Speed

The spin speed determines the quality of moisture removal from tissue. The higher it is, the more liquid will “fly out” of the material. But at the same time as the speed increases power consumption of the washing machine, as well as for models with a belt driven – noise and vibration.

Therefore, when buying a washing machine with a belt drive costs pay attention to models with a spin speed of 1000 revolutions drum per second or even less. For direct drive devices no limit.

However, at very high speeds, clothes made from sensitive and delicate fabrics may be damaged. Therefore, for the presence in the wardrobe of such things is not worth buying high-power device. And the ideal solution would be to purchase a washing machines with adjustable drum speed spin cycle.

Noise level

When choosing a washing machine, you should also pay attention to noise level. The lower it is, the more comfortable the operation will be. For urban use noise limit value – 70 dB in the washing mode and 80 dB during the spin cycle. The buzz of such a washing cars, of course, will be heard outside the bathroom – but not will become intrusive.

The ideal solution would be washing machines, the maximum whose noise level is 70 dB. There are ultra-quiet models, which, even during the spin cycle, do not hum more than 60 dB, but they are very few and are expensive.

Digital display

The higher the functionality of the washing machine, the stronger the need for a digital display. The selected mode is displayed on the screen. water temperature, the remaining time until the end of the wash or start, and also other parameters.

For washing machines with low functionality digital display not needed. All the set modes are quite clear from the indication on front panel. And here are models that are equipped with a system intellectual management, they need it.

Additional functionality

Additional functionality

Among the important functions of washing machines that may be implemented on a hardware or software level, it costs highlight:

  1. Availability of quick wash programs;

  2. The mode of washing delicate fabrics;

  3. Bubble wash technology;

  4. Delayed start function;

  5. Child protection system;

  6. Drying mode.

Quick Wash Programs

Quick wash programs designed to remove uncomplicated pollution from clothes. Unlike full cleaning, they do not involve continuous exposure to materials as well as pre-soaking or similar action. Just short washing, fast spinning and – possibly – drying. Total program lasts 15-30 minutes.

Some models of washing machines (for example, budget options Samsung) are not equipped with a separate quick wash program. This the function is implemented through other modes, in particular, “Cotton”. If a need a quick wash, you should definitely clarify this when device selection.

Also, some models imply the use of mode quick wash in conjunction with other modes. In this case, the cycle takes about 30% less time. This is achieved through reduction of washing, rinsing, spin and other times operations.

Gentle Wash Mode

The washing regime for delicate fabrics means the most gentle impact on the material. It changes the speed of rotation drum, water temperature and other parameters. Therefore materials remain intact, and the wear rate does not increase.

This mode is only necessary if in the wardrobe there are a lot of delicate clothes.

Bubble wash technology

The technology of bubble washing is most effective in combating even with stubborn dirt. As the name implies, with when the bubble wash is on, rinse water-bubble mixture. Air passing through the fibers breaks down and pushes even deeply ingrained pollution. Similar the technology has a lot to do with boiling, but does not hurt lingerie.

In addition, bubble washing freshens the laundry, makes it more soft and also prevents damage due to impacts on drum.

However, it is not without flaws. First equipped In this mode, washing machines are more expensive than usual. Secondly, the water in which the laundry is rinsed should be as high as possible soft.

Delayed start function

The delayed start function is useful enough to fully automation of the washing process. For example, in a machine equipped with it you can load linen in the morning, go to work, and in the evening get it already clean. The only “but” is that deferred start must be configured.

Child lock system blocks

The child protection system blocks the control of the washing machine, hatch opening and other functions. Most often it is implemented on program level – that is, you need to press and hold one or several buttons to activate or deactivate it. Function quite useful, but people not familiar with the attached washing machine instruction, may lose control of device.

Drying mode

Drying mode involves treating clothes with hot air. after spinning. Useful function if there is nowhere to place the dryer for linen. However, delicate fabrics in this mode may be damaged.

The cost of washing machines

The price of washing machines depends on their functionality, type, volume and other parameters.

  1. Activator washing machines cost from several thousand rubles, but most models are in the range of 6-9 thousand rubles.

  2. Full-size top-loading washing machines cost from 20 thousand rubles, the vast majority of models are in the range 40-60 thousand rubles.

  3. Full-size washing machines with frontal (horizontal) loading costs from 10-12 thousand rubles, the vast majority models – in the range of 18-50 thousand rubles.

The best manufacturers of washing machines – which company choose

The best manufacturers of washing machines

Among the manufacturers of washing machines can be identified:

  1. Bosch, LG – produce high-quality, reliable and durable middle and premium class equipment;

  2. Candy, Zanussi, Vestfrost – nice washing machines budget price segment;

  3. Miele, Siemens – multifunctional and durable models premium price segment.

  4. You can also highlight the companies Beko and Asko, which sometimes there are very successful models of the budget price segment.


In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose a refrigerator for the apartment and the secrets of choosing a dishwasher cars.

Video for choosing a washing machine

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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