How to choose a vacuum cleaner for home and apartment

When choosing a vacuum cleaner, you should first of all pay attention to its operational characteristics, especially based on intended use.

How to choose a vacuum cleaner for home and apartment


We recommend reading an article from an expert on choosing the best vacuum cleaner robot for apartment and home.

How to choose a vacuum cleaner for home and apartment: what to look for Attention

When choosing a vacuum cleaner for the home, you should pay attention to following its parameters:

  1. Suction power;

  2. Type of dust collector;

  3. The presence of wet cleaning;

  4. Construction and equipment.

  5. The device manufacturer is also important.

Types of Vacuum Cleaners

Vacuum cleaners can be classified according to two criteria – design and type of cleaning. In terms of design, they are divided on the:

  1. Ordinary;

  2. Vertical

  3. Hand held;

  4. “2 in 1” (can be used both as vertical and as manual);

  5. Vacuum cleaner robots.

By type of cleaning, vacuum cleaners are divided into:

  1. Supporting only dry cleaning;

  2. Supporting only wet cleaning;

  3. Supporting both dry and wet cleaning;

  4. Steam.

Conventional Vacuum Cleaners

Ordinary vacuum cleaners

Conventional vacuum cleaners are made in a traditional design. A dust collector and an engine that sucks in air with dirt, are in one unit to which it is connected by a flexible hose brush.


  • Usually low price and a huge number of models;

  • The minimum load on the hands during cleaning;

  • Possibility of cleaning in hard-to-reach places (for example, between close to each other pieces of furniture);


  • Low mobility of the main unit, which has to be dragged for by yourself;

  • Difficulty in cleaning heavily furnished rooms;

  • Difficulty in storage;


Conventional vacuum cleaners are the easiest and most practical option if The device purchase budget is limited.

Vertical vacuum cleaners

Vertical vacuum cleaners

The design of vertical vacuum cleaners suggests that everything main elements – dust bag, brush and drive for air suction – are on the same axis and within a single block.


  • Minimal loss of power during suction;

  • Ease of storage;

  • Minimal risk of clogging of the hose;


  • High hand pressure leading to fatigue long cleaning;

  • Vertical vacuums are suitable for use in small apartments with a small amount of furniture;

  • The difficulty of cleaning upholstered furniture;

  • Inability to remove dust from narrow slots – for example, between furniture;

Hand vacuum cleaners

Hand vacuum cleaners

Manual vacuum cleaners are extremely compact, therefore They are suitable for cleaning furniture and removing dust from various hard to reach places. But because of the low power and small volume they are useless if you need to clean the floors as a whole apartment.


  • Easy to clean upholstered and cabinet furniture;

  • Possibility of cleaning in the car or just outside the house (for models with battery);

  • Easy to clean hard to reach for ordinary or manual vacuum cleaner seats;


  • Small volume of a dust collector, as a result of which it is often required clean.

  • Handheld vacuum cleaners are more of an option for cleaning the “upper” surfaces.

“2 in 1” – manual vacuum cleaners with vertical functionality

2 in 1 vacuum cleaners

“2 in 1” is, in fact, ordinary vertical vacuum cleaners, only running on battery power. This makes them especially mobile. The topics not less than the dimensions they correspond to the usual vertical vacuum cleaners.


  • Mobility;

  • Ease of storage;

  • Battery operation


  • High load on the hands, leading to fatigue;

  • The need for charging, the inability to clean with a discharged a battery;

  • Usually a small amount of dust;

  • Inability to remove dust from narrow slots;

Vacuum cleaning robots

Robots vacuum cleaners

Robotic vacuum cleaners are structurally similar to ordinary ones, but they clean without human intervention. Being full automata, they are on their own drive around the apartment and remove dirt from the floor.


  • Fully automatic operation;

  • Almost zero noise level;

  • Possibility of daily or even multiple cleaning per day;


  • Only a few models can clean garbage in corners or in close proximity to furniture;

  • Robot vacuum cleaner – a good device for everyday cleaning, however, you must periodically vacuum and wash yourself floors;

  • Customization required;

  • Thresholds and other irregularities become insurmountable obstacles to the vacuum cleaner;

  • Dust only on the floor;

Vacuum cleaners for dry cleaning

Vacuum cleaners for dry cleaning

Dry cleaners are designed exclusively for removal dust from various surfaces, including flooring.


  • Low price (in most cases);

  • Ease of maintenance;

  • A wide range of models;


  • To ensure maximum cleanliness after they will require to wash the floors;

  • Dry vacuum cleaners are the most common and Suitable for almost all users;

Vacuum cleaners for wet cleaning

Vacuum cleaners for wet cleaning

Vacuum cleaners for important cleaning are equipped with a water tank, which when using it is sprayed out of the brush. Then the resulting dirt (a mixture of moisture and dust) is sucked into the container by a vacuum cleaner.


  • Suitable for cleaning carpets, flooring and soft furniture;

  • Effectively remove various types of contaminants, not just dust.


  • They require the use of special filtered water;

  • Differ in high cost;

  • They differ in large dimensions;

  • Not all water is sucked in, as a result of which carpets and furniture remain moist for some time;

It is worth mentioning that vacuum cleaners designed exclusively for wet cleaning, are infrequent and are focused on professional segment.

Vacuum cleaners for wet and dry cleaning

Vacuum cleaners for wet and dry cleaning

Household washing vacuum cleaners are similar to professional ones, and therefore have the same advantages and disadvantages. In addition, they can work in dry cleaning mode.


  • They can work in dry cleaning mode;

  • Effective in cleaning;

  • Suitable for cleaning carpets and furniture;

  • They differ in compact size (slightly larger than usual);


  • Require the use of purified water;

  • Cost more than usual;

  • Not all water is sucked in;

  • They have a small volume of water tank, so you have to constantly topping up;

Vacuum cleaners for wet and dry cleaning – a great solution for daily care of a small apartment.

Steam vacuum cleaners

Steam Vacuum Cleaner

Vacuum cleaners with a steam generator are designed to clean furniture, carpets, other fabric surfaces. Steam flow efficiently knocks pollution from the surface and from the structure of the material.


  • Effective in cleaning furniture, carpets, curtains and other materials;

  • Disinfecting effect;

  • Suitable for home “dry cleaning” clothes and cars;


  • High cost;

  • Vacuum cleaner – a solution for the care of upholstered furniture, carpets and etc. They are suitable for everyday cleaning, and for single disinfection

  • A vacuum cleaner does not remove all moisture;

  • Use of purified water is required;

Which vacuum cleaner to choose

Which vacuum cleaner to choose

For most users, an ordinary vacuum cleaner is suitable. For high-quality cleaning of the apartment is worth buying two – washing and manual with a steam generator.

Vertical vacuum cleaners and 2 in 1 solutions are also a good solution. for everyday cleaning. They are suitable for use in small apartments because they require a minimum of storage space.

Vacuum cleaner selection options

When choosing a vacuum cleaner, in addition to its type and form factor, it is worth considering several other operational parameters:

  1. Type of dust bag (bag, container, water filter);

  2. Type of filtration;

  3. Power consumption and suction;

  4. Options (number and type of brushes);

  5. Storage Features.

Dust collector type

There are three types of dust collectors – bag, container and water filter.



Bags in modern vacuum cleaners are quite rare. They are disposable and reusable.


  • The lowest price among vacuum cleaners (in most cases).


  • Difficulty in cleaning the bag (for reusable), due to dust it is possible get dirty;

  • Strong emissions of dust into the air during operation;

  • Suction power drops as the bag fills;

  • It is necessary to constantly buy new bags (for disposable);


It is definitely not recommended to purchase a bag vacuum cleaner, as more modern models with collection containers cost about the same, but much more practical.


vacuum cleaner with a container

Containers are used in almost all modern vacuum cleaners. Garbage collection in such devices is carried out in special capacity. Many container configurations are such that Intensity of absorption does not depend on the level of filling.


  • Ease of cleaning;

  • Less dust than bagged vacuum cleaners;

  • Conservation of suction power as it fills;


  • The need for regular filter cleaning;

  • Lack of compatibility (if the container breaks buying a new vacuum cleaner).

Container vacuums – a universal solution that fits for use by almost all people. The exception is allergy sufferers.

Vacuum cleaners with a water filter

Vacuum cleaners with a water filter

Vacuum cleaners with a water filter – the ideal solution for people with allergies or just dust-sensitive. Flow in them sucked air passes through a layer of liquid. therefore almost all dust settles directly in the water filter, and its discharge into the room is completely absent.


  • Maximum environmental friendliness when using, no emission dust in the air;

  • Suitable for allergy sufferers, asthmatics, people with diseases respiratory system.


  • Slightly lower suction power than container ones;

  • High cost;

  • Difficulty in servicing;

It is worth purchasing a vacuum cleaner with a water filter if the house has small children, allergies and people with diseases respiratory system. However, with a sufficient budget and availability it will be an excellent option for regular maintenance for any person.

Types of filters

Filter Type

Three types of filters are used in household vacuum cleaners – coarse cleaning, fine cleaning and electrostatic microfilters. Water the filter is not taken into account in this list.

  1. Coarse filters are classic sponge filters that designed to remove large air from a vacuum blown out by a vacuum cleaner dust particles. They are installed in all similar devices. default “.

  2. Fine filters, also called HEPA filters by the name of the standard, designed to remove small (from 0.3 microns in diameter) of dust particles from blown air. They additionally installed in almost all modern devices.

  3. Electrostatic microfilters are designed for more thorough cleaning of blown air. They remove almost all dust from the stream.

It is best to choose vacuum cleaners that are equipped with filters of all three types. Devices with this cleaning system configuration do not only effectively remove dust from the air, but also need not too frequent maintenance.

Power consumption and suction

It is necessary to distinguish between the useful and consumed power of a vacuum cleaner. The first is usually much smaller than the second. There is no direct relationship, but in most cases, vacuum cleaners with a power consumption of 2-3 kW have a useful power (suction) of the order of 250-350 watts.

  1. A vacuum cleaner with a useful power of 250-350 W (or, accordingly, consumed 2-3 kW).

  2. For a large house, as well as carpet cleaning with tight knitting, dust removal from upholstered furniture, etc. need more powerful vacuum cleaner – from 3 to 4 kW (suction power from 350 W).


Brushes of various types can come with a vacuum cleaner.

  1. The usual brush is designed for cleaning hard floors coatings – laminate, linoleum, etc. It is ineffective in cleaning carpet and upholstered furniture.

  2. The crevice brush has a thin socket, the cross section of which is usually smaller than the diameter of the pipe, and is designed to remove dust from narrow gaps between furniture or individual blocks of upholstered furniture.

  3. The turbo brush is similar to the usual one, but equipped with a movable cleaning turbine. While spinning, it knocks out dust and larger ones pollution from the surface of the carpet and similar floor coverings, as well as upholstered furniture. Similarly, it is effective in cleaning. laminate, linoleum, etc.

  4. The oval brush is similar to a regular brush, but differs in the absence of sharp corners, so it does not scratch the bottom of the furniture.

  5. The round brush is equipped with bristles, making it suitable for cleaning upholstered furniture and carpet, as well as similar fabric coatings.

  6. A brush with natural bristles is similar to a round one. Material from which it is running, has zero electrostatic potential. Therefore, dust does not stick to the bristles. Such a brush suitable for very thorough cleaning, as well as for use in apartments where allergy sufferers live.

  7. The brush is similar in terms of performance turbo brush, but it does not lose suction power and therefore Suitable for very thorough cleaning.

Storage Features

Conventional vacuum cleaners take up a lot of space, so they require separate storage space. To reduce space consumption you can store them disassembled – but then you have to collect them every time before use.

Vertical and 2-in-1 vacuum cleaners take up a little less storage space and therefore suitable for use in small apartments.

Handheld vacuum cleaners can be stored simply on a shelf in the cabinet. AND robotic vacuum cleaners are stored in a special docking station, which should Stand on the floor and be constantly connected to a power outlet.

How much is a vacuum cleaner

The cost of a vacuum cleaner depends on its power, functionality and even type.

The price of conventional models starts from 1-2 thousand rubles, but most are in the price range of 4-10 thousand rubles. Washing vacuum cleaners are more expensive – about 4-5 thousand rubles per model for domestic use. Vertical vacuums are in similar price range.

Vacuum cleaners “2 in 1” and robotic vacuum cleaners are the most expensive – most models are in the price range of 25-40 thousand rubles.

The manufacturer is also important. For example, for ordinary vacuum cleaners from Dyson company normal price – from 30 thousand rubles.

The best manufacturers of vacuum cleaners – which company to choose

The best manufacturers of vacuum cleaners

Most Recommended Vacuum Cleaner Manufacturers:

  1. Hyundai, LG – Asian manufacturers that produce budget vacuum cleaners. The only drawback of such devices is the operational period is not more than 5-6 years;

  2. Dyson, Thomas, Bosch (middle or top class models) – European manufacturers that produce powerful, but at the same time quite expensive vacuum cleaners;

  3. Rainbow is the most famous American manufacturer. Models differ in the long operational period;

  4. iRobot is the most famous manufacturer of robotic vacuum cleaners.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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