How to choose an electric dryer for vegetables and fruit

When choosing an electric dryer, you should first of all pay attention to its type, since it is he who determines the taste quality of the finished product.

content

  1. How to choose an electric dryer for fruits and vegetables: basic the criteria
  2. The benefits of an electric dryer
  3. Types of Electric Dryers
  4. Parameters for choosing an electric dryer
  5. Additional functionality
  6. Summary: how to choose an electric dryer for fruits and vegetables
  7. Top manufacturers
  8. Video for choosing fruit and vegetable dryers

How to choose an electric dryer for fruits and vegetables

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We recommend that you review the rating of the best dryers for vegetables and fruit.

How to choose an electric dryer for fruits and vegetables: basic the criteria

When choosing an electric dryer, pay attention to the following Its technical characteristics and functional features:

  1. View (infrared, convection, heating, tablecloth dryer);

  2. Power;

  3. Number and depth of trays;

  4. Location of trays;

  5. Material of the case and trays;

  6. Temperature operating conditions;

  7. The ability to smoothly adjust the temperature;

  8. Type of control (electronic, mechanical);

  9. Additional functions.

  10. The manufacturer of electric dryers is also important.

Benefits of an Electric Vegetable Dryer

benefits of electric dryers

Modern electric dryers for vegetables, fruits and others products have several advantages over classical methods preparation of such dishes (namely, suspended drying, drying in oven or in the sun).

  1. The main advantage is high drying speed while maintaining palatability of the product. For example, for cooking apples it will take only a few hours while under the straight they would lie in the sun for a couple of days. And in the oven, these fruits just baked.

  2. The second advantage is weather independence. Dry fruits vegetables, meat and other products can even be on a rainy day.

  3. The third advantage is the lack of contact with insects. Indeed, hanging fruits, vegetables or mushrooms on the balcony, you can attract flies from all over the city to them. And meat and fish all the more collect flocks of midges. Thus, products cooked in electric dryer, become so hygienic that they can eat without prior washing.

Also worth mentioning is the ability to control the temperature. it allows to dry both very quickly and gradually. Of course taste qualities cooked in different temperature conditions Products will vary.

Types of Electric Dryers

Structurally and by the principle of operation, electric dryers for There are four types of fruits – heating, convection, infrared, tablecloth-driers.

Dryers

Heating – the simplest construction and the most inexpensive dryers. They simply installed a heater, which creates a high temperature. Under its action, the products are dried.

Advantages

  • Simple and durable construction.

  • High power consumption.

disadvantages

  • High power consumption.

  • The deterioration of the taste of the product is a major drawback heating dryers. That is why they are now on the market practically not represented.

  • Strongly spoil the taste of dried foods due to lack of artificial air convection.

Convection dryers

Convection Dryers

Convection – the logical development of heating dryers. In addition to the heater, they have a fan installed, which provides movement of hot air. Such dryers are different versatility and are suitable for almost all products – from fruits to mushrooms or meat.

Advantages

  • Natural tastes of products ;.

  • You can dry several different types of foods in one device.

  • Universality.

  • High drying speed.

disadvantages

  • High power consumption;

  • Hot air can destroy some vitamins and other beneficial micronutrients in fruits.

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However, convection dryers are one of the best options. for home use.

Infrared dryers

Infrared Dryers

Infrared dryers affect the cooked in them products by a stream of directed infrared radiation. therefore moisture from fruits and vegetables evaporates, but their color, taste qualities, even in some cases size and vitamins with beneficial trace elements are saved.

Infrared dryers are suitable for infrequent home use. They will be a great option for people who strive to maintain superior palatability and utility products.

Advantages

  • Natural tastes of products;

  • Preservation of vitamins and nutrients;

  • You can dry a variety of types of products, including at the same time (on some models);

  • Preservation of the natural appearance and color of products;

disadvantages

  • Long drying time (for some products, up to several days);

  • The high cost of the device;

  • Large dimensions of the device;

Tablecloth Dryers

Dryers-tablecloths

Tablecloth dryer – one of the options for implementing infrared dryers. The emitters in it are installed in a flexible, folding the substrate. The products that are planned to be laid on it to dry.

Such dryers are only suitable for products that are calm withstand a long stay outdoors. For example, apples when cooked using a similar devices may darken. But carrots or mushrooms will retain their palatability and appearance, so they can be completely dried on such a tablecloth.

Advantages

  • Natural taste, appearance and color products

  • Relatively low power consumption

  • You can dry different types of products (including at the same time tablecloths of a large area);

disadvantages

  • Very long drying time;

  • Relatively low efficiency;

  • They take up a lot of space on the table;

Parameters for choosing an electric dryer

criteria for choosing a dryer for vegetables

When choosing an electric dryer, pay attention to the following device specifications:

  1. Power (for heating and convection dryers);

  2. Number and depth of trays (determine practicality devices);

  3. Location of trays (vertical or horizontal);

  4. Device body material (plastic or metal);

  5. Temperature conditions;

  6. The ability to smoothly adjust the temperature.

The practical and operational qualities of the dryer are also affected. additional features like pastilles or auto shutdown timer.

Power

The power of the heating element is the most important parameter, which determines the speed of cooking products in dryers heating and convection type. For infrared devices, he it doesn’t really matter, because in this mode the intensity processing of fruits and vegetables depends more on the parameters of work emitter.

The vast majority of household dryers for fruits and vegetables have power up to 1 kW. But such performance similar devices just don’t need it. In most cases for drying 400-500 watts is enough for herbal products. But this valid for devices with 3-5 trays.

But if you plan to use a dryer for drying meat, fish, some types of fruits or berries with a high amount of moisture in composition, it is worth paying attention to more productive models, rated at 700-1000 watts. Similarly, this is true for dryers. with 6 or more trays.

It is worth remembering that the more powerful the dryer, the higher the consumption electricity.

Number and depth of trays

The volume of products that directly depends on the number of trays can be processed in a dryer at the same time. For periodic home use models that are designed for 5-7 capacities. But on farms such productivity dryers are not enough, you will need a device with 15-20 trays. But they should be equipped with powerful heating elements for 3-5 kW, which will lead to increased energy consumption.

The depth of the trays determines the size of the pieces of food that can be placed in such a dryer. For most households there will be enough models, the height of the containers in which is designed for 3-5 cm

In addition, large pieces of food dry worse – in the finished they may have a heterogeneous texture when the edges are redundant “fried”, but inside there are still moist areas. They are bad stored and may deteriorate over time.

As a result, choose dryers with extremely deep trays not recommended, as well as processing very large pieces products.

Tray location

Despite the fact that the structural trays in the dryers are practically always placed “in a column”, depending on the location heating element or convector they differ by vertical and horizontal.

Vertical tray dryers

In dryers with vertical trays the element is located above or below the column of containers, and the flow air passes through them. This is one of the most common. design options.

Advantages

  • Low price;

  • Compactness.

disadvantages

  • Not suitable for simultaneous drying of several types of products with vivid tastes or aromas as they “mix”;

  • For quality drying, you will need to periodically rearrange trays.

  • To assess product readiness construction;

In addition, dryers with lower heating element or convector requires careful handling. You can’t spill or spill anything. Therefore they are not suitable for drying juicy vegetables or fruits (such as chopped tomatoes).

Dryers with a horizontal arrangement of trays

In dryers with horizontal trays an element or convector is mounted on one of the walls, and blowing occurs in the same plane as the products (and not perpendicular to them, as in a vertical structure).

Such dryers are an ideal solution if you plan to process they contain various juicy foods like tomatoes and some types fruit.

Advantages

  • Extremely low risk of damage to the convector;

  • You can cook pastille or other products on a “liquid” basis due to the lack of holes in the trays;

  • Easy access to lower trays;

  • Lack of “mixing” of product tastes;

disadvantages

  • High cost;

  • Inability to scale by adding new trays.

Body material

The material of the dryer body is not has a direct impact on performance devices. But its practicality depends on it. Dryer body can be made of plastic or metal.

Plastic cases are most often found in dryers with vertical arrangement of trays. After all, in fact, it is these capacity and form the body of the device. And so as not to overheat, they are made of plastic.

Plastic case

Models whose case is made of transparent plastic, allow you to visually assess the readiness of products without disassembling designs. However, over time, they additionally lose attractive appearance due to scratches and similar damage.

Advantages

  • Low price;

  • Low weight;

  • Easy to wash;

disadvantages

  • Low resistance to mechanical stress such as impact or similar damage;

  • Not always attractive appearance.

Metal case

The metal case does not make the dryer more durable, however it improves some other practical qualities. In metal dryers with horizontal the location of the trays.

Advantages

  • Attractive appearance;

  • Resistance to mechanical damage.

disadvantages

  • High cost;

  • Any dirt on it is very noticeable and poorly washed;

  • High mass;

Temperature conditions

To provide the most vivid tastes of the products, and also preserve vitamins and other beneficial substances, it is recommended dry them under various temperature conditions. therefore it is desirable that the dryer be equipped with an appropriate regulator.

However, an extremely large number of temperature conditions for dryers are simply not needed. Enough basic:

  1. 30-35 degrees – for drying chopped herbs;

  2. 50-55 degrees – for drying vegetables;

  3. 55-60 degrees – for drying fruits;

  4. 65-70 degrees – for drying meat, fish, and also some types bulk products.

It’s self-evident that if, for example, you don’t plan to dry the meat, fish and grass, a very simple device with one or two is enough temperature conditions in the range of 50-60 degrees. But for more the number of possible applications is worth paying attention to models with extended range of heating intensity options.

Infinitely adjustable temperature

If the dryer will be used for processing several types products at the same time, as well as for drying some dishes, it is recommended to choose a model with a function of smooth adjustment temperature.

In this mode, the heating intensity increases or decreases. gradually, providing the best preservation of taste and other organoleptic characteristics of the product.

If it is not planned to use the dryer in the above options, the corresponding function is simply not needed.

Additional functionality

additional functionality

Among the most practical additional functions of the dryer, you can highlight:

  1. The ability to prepare pastille is most often realized in dryers of horizontal type. The pallets used in them are not have holes.

  2. But in convection-type dryers, such an opportunity is more often total cannot be implemented for structural reasons. The holes in the trays are needed for mixing the air, and when closing With a layer of marshmallow, the device may simply overheat.

  3. The possibility of drying meat or fish can be realized in dryers of both types. She implies special temperature conditions and the special intensity of air convection. More often In total, it is implemented precisely “at the program level.”

  4. Hot air system directly on pallets speeds up the drying process, but changes the taste of the products. It is designed for quick processing of dishes that are “not cooked” – for example herbs or mushrooms.

  5. The material of the pallets for the horizontal type dryer does not change neither the drying speed nor the palatability of the products. Except that plastic trays do not heat up, but are more fragile – but metal, on the contrary, heat up, but they have the highest mechanical strength.

  6. Overheat protection is an important function for the vertical dryer type. If for some reason convection of heat between pallets will be broken, the heater may be damaged. Therefore dryers, equipped with this protection are more durable.

  7. Auto power off timer – a useful feature for experienced dryer users. It allows, for example, to put at night products for processing, and in the morning to receive them not overdried. Not less “guess” how long it will take to dry one or another dish does not always work.

  8. The ability to adjust the height of pallets is a useful feature if it is planned to dry bulky products. But do it undesirable for the reasons previously described. Therefore practical the benefits of adjustment are quite controversial.

Summary: how to choose an electric dryer for fruits and vegetables

The simplest and best method for choosing an electric dryer is the following:

  1. Define a budget. If it is more than 10 thousand rubles – You can safely choose a model with a horizontal arrangement of trays. If less – then with a vertical;

  2. Determine performance. If you plan to dry no more several kilograms of food per week – calculated 500-600 watts model. But for processing the entire crop of apples with grandfather’s dacha is designed dryer for 1 or more kW;

  3. Identify the type of products that you plan to process in dryer. If you want to dry several products at once with different tastes or cook pastille – you need a model with horizontal arrangement of trays. Otherwise suitable with vertical

  4. Identify the importance of preserving vitamins. If she has critical value – you need an infrared dryer. If not – convection will do.

  5. A tablecloth dryer is only suitable for very small quantities. processed products.

  6. After determining the type and power, you can pay attention to other characteristics of the device.

Top manufacturers

Among the best manufacturers of dryers are the following company:

  1. Supra, “Rotor”, “Dry wind” – produce high-quality convection dryers of a budget class;

  2. Tefal, Scarlett, Polaris, Petromash, VolTera – high-quality mid-range convection and infrared dryers;

  3. Rommelsbacher, Ezidri, Rawmid – high-quality convection and top-class infrared dryers.

  4. You can also mention the company Katrina, which produces tablecloth dryers.

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In the following articles, our experts say what’s better – juicer or juicer and the secrets of choosing a juicer for vegetables and fruits.

Video for choosing fruit and vegetable dryers


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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