How to choose a winch

Preparing for a car expedition and cross-country travel terrain on off-road vehicles requires an appropriate level training and the availability of special tools to the car to get out of a difficult situation, even alone. As such the tool is a winch, with which you can not only to overcome any, even the most impassable impassability, but also pull out a comrade if necessary. All that is required motorist – determine the criteria and choose the right winch for your own needs.

choose a winch

Top car winch manufacturers

The release of auto accessories is carried out by many eminent manufacturers. Their products are not only sold in free access, but also installed on SUVs “from the factory”, while being a structural element. Similar state of affairs significantly simplifies the selection and purchase of a winch – functionality, technical parameters and even regular mounting points are often defined by the manufacturer. You can recommend to buy products of the following brands:

  1. T-Max;

  2. Come-up;

  3. Warn;

Products of the above brands, many “jeepers” by right consider worthy, she is preferred in preparation cars for professional off-road. When choosing a specific models regardless of the purpose pursued by the buyer, should be guided not only by technical characteristics, but also real customer reviews that are presented in the internet.

The principle of operation of winches and their types

The main function of the winch is to move loads in vertical plane. The mechanism of such a device consists of the following items:

  1. A drum on which a strong steel cable is wound;

  2. Frame designed for mounting the winch to the car;

  3. The mechanism that drives the drum;

The principle of operation of a winch can be either mechanical or advanced – hydraulic and electric, not requiring special cost and physical effort. Depending on what type one or another winch is equipped with a drive, and they are divided into kinds.

Mechanical winch

Mechanical winch

The most simple and unpretentious type of device in operation. It is set in motion with the help of muscle strength, and therefore all sorts of controls and complex mechanisms are missing as a class. Shows efficiency in difficult field conditions and where the operation of other types of winches is limited. In view of simplicity design, allows installation on almost any type modern cars.

Advantages

  • Simple construction;

  • The ability to install on all types of cars without exception;

  • Inexpensive

  • They function even in the most difficult conditions;

  • Unpretentiousness in service and leaving;

disadvantages

  • They require physical preparation to perform functions;

Hydraulic winches

Hydraulic Winches

Hydraulic winches according to their functional features much more productive than mechanical counterparts. Have a high power and perfectly cope with the tasks assigned to them. Integrate into the standard hydraulic system of the car and do not require no physical effort when performing mechanical operations.

Advantages

  • High drag;

  • The ability to perform various technological operations;

  • Acceptable for many cost;

  • Wide range of work and its smooth adjustment;

disadvantages

  • The complexity of installation and installation due to the need for implementation in full-time hydraulics of the car;

  • Do not work on a muffled engine;

Electric winches

Electric

The most common devices with decent functionality and powerful traction. Embed in the vehicle’s onboard network and are powered by electricity, generated by the generator. Traction motor lying in her basis, creates effort up to 4 kilowatts, allowing pulling even full-size SUVs and trucks. One more an integral advantage is the presence of a remote control that allows you to control the device and its operation on distance.

Advantages

  • High traction;

  • The presence of a remote control allows you to control the device on distance

  • Work from a regular on-board network of the car;

  • Relative simplicity of installation and connection;

disadvantages

  • Expensive devices;

  • They cause current leakage and battery discharge as consequence;

  • Indications in the on-board network;

Main winch selection criteria

winch selection criteria

Winch design

Modern models of this class are available in two types performances. This parameter correlates with the type of drive, however slightly different in its features.

  1. Drum winches include all kinds of devices. how noted above, the cable is wound on a special drum, which and set in motion by one mechanism or another;

  2. Lever type winch – a private type of similar mechanisms, compact and easy to install. Snare drum with cable driven here too however the main element is ratchet gear driven exclusively by manual strength.

Pulling force

Everything is quite simple here – the higher the thrust of one or another Winches – the more powerful this device is and the more heavy it is able to handle. Generally, most amateur models has a pulling force in the region of 3-5 tons. Professional models, hydraulic or electric, can develop traction in 10-15 and even more tons, thus allowing to cope even with powerful and bulky equipment, like GAZ-66 or URAL.

Here we should also note such a thing as an index carrying capacity. This parameter indicates the maximum the static force that a particular winch model is capable of move from the point. This parameter is measured in pounds (1 pound – 0.45 kilograms) and the larger this parameter, the correspondingly this or that winch is more powerful and prepared. However for most amateur tasks, as well as for semi-professional jeep trials unnecessarily powerful winches are not required, quite enough models with a load index of 6000-8000.

Do not forget that the more powerful the device, the higher it reliability and wear resistance, as well as larger overall dimensions and thicker cable. All this directly affects the overall weight of the winch and directly affects the functioning of hydraulics or electrics a car. In addition, overpaying in such a situation is a pleasure very doubtful, since the more powerful the device – the higher it price.

The material of which the cable is made, as well as its length

Modern cables for cars are divided into two conventional categories:

  1. Metal cables are well known to everyone. Powerful and hardy It allows you to cope with heavy and oversized loads. The disadvantages of such a load are the tendency to creases, excessive rigidity and very heavy weight;

  2. Synthetic cable – a modern analogue of steel, represents a weave of thousands of nylon fibers. Such a cable is excellent suitable for everyday use, it is not afraid of moisture and corrosion, much softer and more flexible, not prone to creasing and does not burden the weight of the mechanism. “Reward” for such benefits low dynamic strength becomes;

As for the length of the cable, the optimal value is considered 20-40 meters. Only in lever models, length can very often exceed the 50-meter mark, thereby significantly expanding functionality.

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In the next article, we will reveal all the secrets of the right choice. trailer for the car.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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