How to choose summer tires

Predictability of behavior on the road, dynamic characteristics acceleration and braking, stability on rough roads and ruts, ability to keep track of movement – these and many others features depend on the right choice of summer tires in a direct way. It’s not enough just to go to the market and get the first wheels you get – the choice should be conscious, and their characteristics – fully comply with the conditions operation, type of vehicle and driving mode.

how to choose summer tires

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We recommend reading an article from an expert on choosing winter tires and the secrets of choosing the right antifiraze.

The best manufacturers of summer tires for cars

Despite the fact that at present almost every country of the world mastered the production of wheels for a car, preference should be given products exclusively well-known concerns with world-famous whose products are highly regarded among active drivers and motorsport fans:

  1. Michelin

  2. Hankook

  3. Nokian

  4. Goodyear

  5. Dunlop

The assortment of the above companies includes a huge the number of models with a diameter of 13-14 and up to 22-23 inches, installed on the most expensive and prestigious business cars –Class. Those who do not need to purchase large-sized either high-speed wheels and is limited to models with a diameter of 14-15 inches, best to pay attention to the budget tires of domestic manufacturers – “Kama”, “Matador”, “Belshina”, “Omskshina”. For urban operating conditions and low speeds of their products more than enough.

Types of summer tires

Summer tires designed for use at temperatures outdoor air from +7 degrees and above. Its application legislatively fixed in many countries of the world. At her the manufacture uses special rubber materials, providing the necessary traction characteristics, resistance to mechanical stress and moisture resistance, temperature extremes and ultraviolet exposure. Necessary stiffness provides cord – special metal frame located over the entire inner surface of the tire, preventing rolling and maximizing its rigidity under any conditions operation.

Symmetrical tires

symmetrical tires

The tread pattern of such tires has a pronounced design, more often just reminiscent of a “herringbone”. Due to their shape they are beautiful remove moisture from the contact spot, and therefore such tires are designed for use on wet surfaces. Developed tread with wide and deep lamellas. When installed on a car requires compliance with the direction of rotation.

Advantages

  • Designed for use in wet weather;

  • They hold the road well, do not have a pronounced “rut”;

  • They remove moisture from the contact patch of the tire with asphalt;

disadvantages

  • Tread lamellas quickly become clogged with dirt and sand, thereby deteriorating most grip;

  • Show very mediocre results of dynamics and braking on dry surfaces;

Asymmetric tires

Asymmetric

Differ in different patterns on the left and right side wheels, due to which they well remove moisture from the contact spot, and also perform well on dry pavement. Perfectly “holds” road, allowing you to confidently get under way and effectively slow down, as well as well keeps the car from skidding at high-speed maneuvering. This type is most often installed on all kinds of “charged” cars of famous brands.

Advantages

  • Good road holding;

  • A variety of models on sale;

  • High braking performance;

  • Perfectly cling to asphalt with a dynamic start;

disadvantages

  • Expensive;

  • On wet pavement they behave worse;

Off-road tires (All-terrain or Mud)

Off-road tires

Wheels designed exclusively for use in off-road conditions. Possess a widely developed tread, in literally “biting” into the mud and allowing you to overcome deep puddles, wetlands, sand mounds, climb on a serious bias.

Advantages

  • Maximum passability;

  • A wide variety of models for a disk of any diameter;

  • Hardy and unpretentious in service;

  • Powerful tread;

disadvantages

  • Suitable exclusively for off-road operation;

  • Expensive;

  • You can install far from every car;

  • Not suitable for city driving;

The main criteria for choosing summer tires

summer tire selection criteria

Tire dimension

  1. Wheel diameter Matched to the specific size of your drives a car. Measured in inches;

  2. The width of the rubber. It is measured in millimeters, the choice should be given manufacturer recommended models a car;

  3. Tire height is measured as a percentage of width wheels and is indicated on the side of the tire. For example, the inscription 225 \ 45 \ R17 states that the tire diameter is 17 inches, width – 225 millimeters, and its height is 45% of the width;

Speed ​​index

A parameter that determines the suitability of specific tire models for use at high speeds. It is denoted by the Latin letter characterizing the maximum speed that can withstand tires while actively moving along the highway. Most often The following types of rubber are found:

  1. U – maximum speed up to 200 kilometers per hour;

  2. H – allow acceleration to 210 km \ h;

  3. V – limited to 240 km \ h;

  4. Y – make it possible to accelerate to 270 km \ h;

  5. Z– the limit is 300 km \ h;

date of manufacture

Like any other material, rubber is prone to aging. At improper storage it cakes and is covered by numerous microcracks and other artifacts. Even if the tire is new and not exploited before, use it is very dangerous – no one Doesn’t know how such a wheel will behave in an extreme situation. For this reason, the choice should be given exclusively “fresh” wheels, from the moment of release of which no more than 1-2 have passed years old. It is for this reason that in many European countries the “old” 3-4 year old tires cost 40-50% cheaper than fresher analogues.

Type of construction of the air chamber

  1. Chamber tires. Models known since the USSR. Tire here represents only the outer shell inside which is located thin-walled air chamber;

  2. Tubeless tires. Modern models, tightly fixed due to its design on the disc;

  3. Tires made using RunFlat technology. Special case tubeless tires, not afraid of punctures. Thanks to reinforced side cord, allow you to move up to 50-60 kilometers from at a speed of not more than 70 kilometers per hour, even on a punched wheel. It’s hardly possible to move freely on an empty tire, but you can easily reach the nearest tire fitting.

Tire design

  1. Diagonal tire (D) is an obsolete wheel type characterized by decent protection against cuts and punctures, as well as maintainability;

  2. Radial tire (R) is a modern type of tire with a large number of operational benefits. Provides the best grip, increases rolling and patency, different heat resistance and resistance to temperature extremes;

Features of choosing summer tires for the crossover

Crossover implies not only route operation, but also regular trips to dirt and country roads. Tires purchased for this type of vehicle must have following characteristics:

  1. The size corresponding to the diameter of the disks used and the required parameters of the car manufacturer;

  2. Type of tread – asymmetric or off-road, if installation such allows the car;

  3. The design of the tire is radial;

  4. The speed index is H or V (210-240 kilometers per hour). Due to high center of gravity, greater speed capable of developing, unless that, crossovers of premium brands, the choice of rubber for which identical to that for a car. To the owners budget crossovers overpay for tires with an index of Y or Z there is no point;

Features of choosing summer tires for a car

The operation of modern cars is almost always provides for the use of low-profile tires with following parameters:

  1. The size that will fit the hub of the car and cast or steel disc specifications;

  2. Asymmetric tread for dry weather or symmetrical for operation in places with increased humidity

  3. Radial tire cord construction;

  4. The maximum allowable speed index, Y or Z, if it is about a powerful sports coupe or sedan, in other cases you can restrict ourselves to models with the index H or V, allowing movement with speed of 210-240 kilometers per hour;

Features of the choice of tires for an SUV

The choice of tires for an SUV is based on two various scenarios of its operation:

  1. In the case when the SUV is operated as traditional city ​​car, the choice of wheels for it is no different from one for the crossover;

  2. If necessary, use the SUV in its direct destination, you should choose models of the Mud class either All-terrain equipped with a powerful tread of the corresponding form. The speed index in this situation does not play almost any roles because equipped frame SUVs are rarely accelerate faster than 100 kilometers per hour.

  3. Well, of course, when choosing tires for any car preference should be given to fresh, not older than 2-3 years from the date release, models. Only in such a situation are the declared characteristics tires will correspond to real ones.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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