How to choose a burner – expert advice

For tourists, a gas burner has long become a real helper, solving many problems at the same time. Power source for these devices acts natural gas in various aggregate states, and due to their compact size, these devices do not take up a lot of space in a backpack. All that remains is to pick up a suitable burner based on operating conditions and requirements, presented to her.

How to choose a burner

Top gas burner manufacturers

Gas burners – fire hazardous devices, select models made by well-known manufacturers of household and industrial gas equipment. Despite other specifics production, compact models of burners are present in the catalog each of them:

  1. Indesit

  2. Primus

  3. Bosch;

  4. Kovea;

  5. Ariston;

  6. Fire Maple

Having decided on a specific burner model and reading characteristics, it is necessary to compare them with the conditions in which operation will be carried out. It’s easier to do this given user reviews that are featured in forums and social networks on the Internet.

Types of gas burners

Modern burners for sale in the present moment, are divided into several conditional categories depending on operating principle, type of fuel and functional purpose.

Classic atmospheric gas burners

Classic gas burners

Devices based on the principle of burning natural gas – the most common and cheapest type of fuel. Process combustion occurs due to the supply of fuel through the regulator in a special burner whose appearance resembles a classic gas stove. It acts as a liquefied power source gas sold at gas stations in five-liter cylinders, and miniature disposable spray cans of gas that can be purchased at tourist equipment stores. Advanced models are equipped with a special gearbox that allows you to work from stationary gas network.

Advantages

  • Compact size;

  • Consumables are extremely cheap and sold everywhere;

  • They give an even flame in any conditions;

  • Affordable cost;

  • High functionality;

disadvantages

  • Some models are bulky enough;

  • Fire hazard, require careful handling;

Supercharged gas burners

Devices whose principle is similar to the above, however, the method the supply of the oxidizing agent to the combustion site differs dramatically. These models suggest a special blower fan air to the source, making the flame stable and powerful. The amount of air supplied is adjustable, and with it both the power and intensity of combustion change.

Advantages

  • Steady flame;

  • High efficiency;

  • Suitable for performing various operations – both domestic and industrial;

  • Ability to work even in adverse conditions;

disadvantages

  • Noisy;

  • Design complexity;

  • Palpable dimensions and weight;

  • More expensive than atmospheric counterparts;

Injector burners

Injector burners

Devices that provide a powerful and uniform flame, allowing you to perform serious technological operations, up to metal cutting. The principle of their action is to mix by supplying compressed air under pressure through a special injector, which significantly increases the efficiency of such a device. The source of compressed air is almost always cylinders with oxygen or compressor, which increases the dimensions of the device and makes it stationary.

Advantages

  • Stable and powerful flame in all operating conditions;

  • Simple design, unpretentious to maintenance and care;

  • They allow you to perform a huge number of technological operations;

disadvantages

  • Requires a source of compressed air nearby;

  • Expensive;

  • Heavy and overall;

Piezo burners

Piezo Burners

Almost always compact and miniature devices, used for domestic purposes. The source of such devices is compact gas collet for compact dimensions and allowing you to take with you on a hike. To light a fire a piezoelectric element is used, which significantly improves the possibilities devices and guarantees ignition even in humid conditions and on strong wind.

Advantages

  • Compact size;

  • Low cost;

  • Ideal for tourism purposes;

  • Reliable and simple design;

  • The ability to light even in harsh conditions;

  • Light weight;

disadvantages

  • One collet balloon is not enough for a long time;

  • The piezoelectric element tends to fail;

Gas burner selection options

Criterias of choice

After the type of device and its functional features, as well as operating conditions are determined, it is necessary to carefully to study its characteristics and compare with the nearest analogues. It is necessary to pay attention to the following technical moments.

Battery Type

All of the above burner models are liquefied gas. – propane or butane, which, in turn, can be supplied in completely different containers.

The most compact and portable burners used in domestic and tourist purposes, used as an element power compact collet sprays with gas. Some devices have a separate compartment for such a spray can, others fixed on top of it.

Classic tourist burners with one or two burners work from five-liter gas cylinders connected through special gearbox. Such devices are widely used both for cooking, and for heating;

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Preference should be given to models that allow use multiple power supplies with the same efficiency, and also have the ability to connect to stationary gas pipeline.

The gas used to power the burner

  1. Isobutane mixture – the most common and versatile type of fuel. Provides clean burning without much emissions and high heat dissipation;

  2. Propane – a gas prone to clean combustion and not having the property emit harmful substances during combustion. Found on sale less often than isobutane mixture;

  3. Butane has properties similar to propane, but its process the combustion is less clean, in addition, it is quite unstable in cold season.

How to choose the power of a gas burner

Gas burner power – parameter displaying efficiency its work and efficiency. 100% effect gas burning is impossible to achieve, however many modern models have an efficiency factor of 80-90%. Power measured traditionally in kilowatts and is indicated in technical characteristics. In the field, the burner power is calculated simple enough – one kilowatt of energy is enough to to cook one liter of food. For example, a company of four people need to cook about 2-2.5 liters of food, and therefore a burner capable of delivering power to 2.5-3 kilowatts. The same principle is used to define power of a gas burner used for other needs – heating tents, water heating.

Type of ignition

  1. Inexpensive gas burners in this regard are devoid of all amenities – the valve opens the gas supply to the nozzles, ignition is carried out using matches or a lighter. This principle is both reliable, and no – there are no mechanical elements that can give failure, but matches tend to dampen, and the lighter fail at the most inopportune moment;

  2. Piezo ignition is used in advanced devices. is he is a compact piezoelectric element that produces a spark and flammable gas-air mixture at the push of a button. It should be remembered that such ignition requires careful handling and periodic care, as well as the fact that it may not work on altitude over 4 kilometers. Even if your burner is equipped pyezorozzhigami, matches will never be superfluous;

Choose a gas burner for a hike

tourist gas burner

Marching gas burner designed to solve many cooking and heating tasks. Preferred are standard atmospheric burners either tourist tiles, whose power is 3-4 kW, and the source of nutrition is isobutane mixture. The ignition mechanism is not plays a significant role, and therefore overpay for models with there’s no point in burning.

Choose a gas burner for spray

Collet-mounted burners – compact and miniature devices designed to perform local operations like lighting a fire. To some extent, such devices are an advanced analogue of a lighter with where great resource. Compact models with piezo ignition and power in 1-1.5 kW – this is the ideal option for such a burner.

Select a gas torch with piezo ignition

Piezo ignition is a pretty useful feature that allows you to light burner in the absence of matches or lighters. This is installed system in all modern types of burners, and their selection is carried out depending on the tasks set for the device.

Choosing a soldering torch

Choosing a soldering torch

Solder or cut using ordinary gas burners will not work. For this purpose, powerful and productive devices equipped with an air blower or injector. By adjusting the composition of the feed mixture, you can achieve the desired flame strength and perform the necessary work regarding the soldering of metals or other materials. Professional torches used for soldering, roads, and therefore they need a narrow circle of specialists. Power such devices is 10-15 kW.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose tourist backpack and the secrets of choosing a thermos.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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