Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Pablo Picasso – one of the most famous, “prolific” and expensive artists. A genius with his own style, creator of cubism. The famous Spaniard was not only a master of painting: he managed realize yourself in graphics, decor, ceramics and other areas art. Creative genius worked tirelessly, creating for for many years a huge number of works: on their own to Picasso’s estimates, there were more than 50,000 of them. famous paintings by a Spanish artist, some of which have become cult.
- The great genius of cubism: 9 of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso
- Avignon Maidens , 1907 год
- “Two sisters” , 1902 год
- First Communion , 1896 год
- “Old guitarist” , 1903-1904 годы
- “The girl in front of the mirror” , 1932 год
- “Crying woman” , 1937 год
- “Dora Maar with a cat” , 1941 год
- “Nude, green leaves and bust” , 1932 год
The great genius of cubism: 9 of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso
|Overview of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso||9||Avignon Maidens , 1907 год||4.2|
|7||“Two sisters” , 1902 год||4.4|
|6||First Communion , 1896 год||4.5|
|5||“Old guitarist” , 1903-1904 годы||4.6|
|4||“The girl in front of the mirror” , 1932 год||4.7|
|3||“Crying woman” , 1937 год||4.8|
|2||“Dora Maar with a cat” , 1941 год||4.9|
|1||“Nude, green leaves and bust” , 1932 год||5.0|
Avignon Maidens , 1907 год
Location: Museum of Modern Art, New York
It was from this canvas in the life of the great artist that a new the creative stage, marked for the whole world by the advent of a new directions in painting – cubism. Bohemia Paris appreciated the picture rather ambiguous. There were those who accepted the canvas with enthusiasm: in among them was Georges Braque, so amazed by what he saw that, inspired, wrote his famous “Nude”.
But there were those who turned out to be ardent opponents of the Avignon girls “. Among them – Matisse, who initially saw in the picture the beginning of a new era in the visual arts. But subsequently from Jealousy stepped aside opponents.
The story of the creation of the “Avignon girls” is associated with a heavy strip in Picasso’s personal life: at that time he was already 9 years old in relations with Fernanda Olivier and began to be weighed down by them. Result His attempts to test feelings with extraneous connections became. One by one from key versions, the artist’s memories are put in the plot of the picture about the brothel of the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona. On the canvas are depicted five naked women. Two of them – with faces resembling African masks. The picture is painted in pink and blue: a reminder of the “pink” and “blue” creative periods of genius.
In 2007, Newsweek defined the canvas as “the most an influential work of art over the last 100 years. ”
Location: Reina Sofia Museum, Madrid
The canvas was written in record time – less than 1 months, but at the same time it became one of the cult in creativity famous artist. It is noteworthy that at one time the picture did not found a special response not only among ordinary inhabitants, but even among art critics. The main images of “Guernica” – a woman with a lamp, a torn horse, a defeated rider and mother, carrying a dead child in her arms.
Creepy, tormented images embodied in an abstract form, emphasize the hatred of the Nazis to all living things and vividly convey horror of war. It is noteworthy that it was written “Guernica” was a few years before the monstrous in its scale and cruelty world war. And the main reason for creating the work the Luftwaffe division raid on the city of Guernica during Spanish Civil War. The Germans were reset in 3 hours several thousand bombs on a tiny town with a population of 6,000. Guernica burned for 3 days.
A close look at the canvas creates a feeling of closeness fighting, cries of pain, suffering and curses. Painting – the embodiment of anger and fears of war, this is a warning for future generations. Its essence is a reflection of the suffering of people, animals and their transformation under the influence of chaos and violence.
“Two sisters” , 1902 год
Location: Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
The canvas was created at a time when the artist was a lot traveled between Paris and Barcelona and experienced far from the best period in your life. He is very poor, moreover, in this time unexpectedly passed away his best friend Casachemos, deciding to commit suicide. All paintings of those years and “Two Sisters” in that number filled with emptiness, pain, loneliness.
A significant influence on Picasso in those years had a public the climate of the era, the sharp social contrasts of Barcelona, in which business anarchist ideas flashed with a revolutionary bias. Everywhere independent moods flickered, everyone strove for freedom, humiliated and offended sincerely sympathized.
Picasso in the early years of the 20th century actively visits shelters, psychiatric hospitals, looking for characters for their paintings: beggars, destitute people from whom society has turned its back. They all found reflection in the paintings of Pablo Picasso. Canvas “Two Sisters” became the first in a series of works of that difficult for the artist period.
In the center of the plot is a meeting of a prostitute and a nun. Two figures practically hug in a silent impulse: in their silhouettes you can feel sadness, suffering, tacit consent and tenderness. Robes of both figures are made in one color scheme. They symbolize the world of pain loneliness, silence.
In the picture, you can notice light strokes similar to medieval art: rigor, expressiveness of form and plastic clearly are traced in the plot depicted. However, it was characteristic for all paintings of the “blue period” in the works of Picasso. At that time he focused on El Greco: the images of his paintings were sublime, psychologically expressive, colors symbolic.
First Communion , 1896 год
Location: Picasso Museum, Barcelona
In 1885, Pablo Picasso moved with his family to Spain the capital, where he enters the School of Fine Arts. Garnelo Alda – one of the teachers of young talent is quite famous Spanish painter (specialist in academic historical genre) had a lot of necessary props for creating paintings on similar subjects. And father advised Pablo to use the existing “tool” – to create a picture for participation in the Exhibition fine arts.
15-year-old Picasso heeded the advice and wrote a real masterpiece. The canvas “First Communion” was written in a realistic manner, with a clear transmission of the smallest details. The picture shows the artist’s sister and his parents. An important thing happens in the life of a girl the moment for which every child of those years was preparing for a whole year: first communion. This is a very exciting event, and Picasso managed to accurately betray all the awe and mystery of what is happening: everything can be seen on the faces of those present.
It is noteworthy that the Spanish genius himself was not distinguished by piety, but at the same time he managed to convey in an incredible way as in “First sacrament “, and in other works of the educational period, the sacrament and the seriousness of religious subjects.
The first paintings of the master of cubic painting became valuable food for his creative growth, shaping his individual style and artistic sensation. After many years, the author of many books and articles about Picasso Pierre Dax asked the great cubist, did not regret whether he wrote paintings like First Communion. On this the artist replied that such an opinion is far from the truth: “for me then it was very important. ”
“Old guitarist” , 1903-1904 годы
Location: Art Institute, Chicago
The painting is considered one of the most striking works of the Spaniard from “blue period” of his work. Created by her artist, being in the Spanish capital. This time coincided with one of the difficult periods. his life: he lived in poverty, still unknown to anyone and was in severe spiritual turmoil after the suicide of his best friend Carlos Casagemas. It was after Casagemas’s death in the creative Pablo’s life began the “blue period”.
Picasso ventured to abandon academic painting and was in search of his own, individual style. Total him the works of that period were permeated with hopelessness, melancholic mood. In the portraits, the poor, destitute, prevailed despised by society and sick people. Canvases often conveyed state of mind of the artist himself.
“Old Guitarist” is an image of a blind musician who holding a guitar in his hands – the only thing that makes sense in his life. Even the color scheme hints at the state of human soul: everything executed (including the image itself) in pale blue, and only the guitar visually stands out against the general background.
The old musician is depicted in an uncomfortable position with his bare legs crossed. His figure looks slightly angular, exaggeratedly elongated, like hands. This is a style typical of the 16th century artist El Greco. In fact – a kind of tribute to the master by whom Picasso admired.
In 1926, the canvas was acquired by the Chicago Museum of Art, which became a turning point in the life of the Spaniard: this was his first work, acquired by the museum as a permanent exhibit. Not so long ago X-ray pictures were taken showing another a picture under a layer of paint: an image of a nursing naked woman, as well as a cow with a calf. This is due to the fact that while Picasso lived in poverty, he often copied paintings on old canvases from cost savings.
“The girl in front of the mirror” , 1932 год
Location: Museum of Modern Art, New York
This canvas of the Spanish artist depicts his young lover and muse Maria-Teresa Walter. The main motive of the picture was several interpretations. According to one of them, the canvas is clearly shown the transition of a young innocent girl to the stage of growing up and turning her into a woman aware of her sexuality. Or here depicts two essences of Maria Theresa – day and night. According to another interpretation, the girl stands in front of the mirror, seeing her dark reflection, hidden essence, unknown to the outside world.
When creating the canvas, the artist used mainly intense colors complemented by less vivid shades that allowed to achieve visual balance. Bright colorful patterns as if they enter into dialogue with a central image – a girl, which looks at its mirror image. Her face is made of two radically different halves: one – sad, concentrated, the other is like a mask, but the brightness of the colors speaks of the experience storm of feelings.
The profile side of the face is made in delicate pinkish-lavender shade, slightly reminiscent of a crescent, looks innocently childish. The frontal part is often associated with a mature woman, embellished with makeup. Walter probably depicted in the picture pregnant. This is evidenced by a large and stable stomach, although it may appear here as a symbol of fertility. Girl’s hands are directed to the mirror: she seems absorbed in her image and wants touch him, while being attracted to him and frightened.
In 2011, the picture was examined using x-ray rays to detect hidden images. The fact is that the canvas is replete with parts covered with a powerful layer of paint that indicates repeated processing of the work. how it turned out the original image of muse picasso had more naturalistic image: she stood with her back to the viewer, turning to him smooth bends of his hips.
“Crying woman” , 1937 год
Location: Tate Gallery, London
Picasso for some time was fascinated by the theme of a crying woman and repeatedly brought to life this image in his paintings. Canvas The “Crying Woman” of 1937 is considered the most difficult of the series. The picture executed in the style of analytical cubism (during this period the artist has just begun the transition to a direction in art that has become later cult) differs from many others in incredible realism.
Canvas is considered to be iconic for Spanish painting in the present time, symbolizing a pronounced anti-war theme. It was a peculiar response to terror, embodied in painting. It all started with canvases “Guernica”, which depicts the horror of the war that fell upon residents of a small town of the same name during the civil war in Spain. This was followed by a series of paintings in which portrayed crying women based on one of the figures “Guernics”.
For the entire series of paintings, the lover at that time became a model and the artist’s muse – Dora Maar – professional photographer and presenter Surrealist of the 30s. It was she who had a significant influence on the formation of political consciousness of Picasso.
“Crying woman” with a scarf in her hands – a universal image heartache and suffering. Made in the form of assembled together angular fragments overlapping each other in some places. Why does it seem like a portrait was painted at the same time several angles. The nature of the work is exceptionally flat, since the artist made no attempt to give the image depth: neither chiaroscuro nor linear perspective was used here and etc.
The main interpretation of the picture is the theme of the civil war in Of Spain. The woman depicted in the picture is dressed formally, as if on funeral, and her face expresses heartbreaking pain and grief. It as if experiencing all the horrors that fell to the lot of people, affected by hostilities.
The color scheme used to create the canvas remains completely interpreted. The fact is that usually to give the image Picasso’s drama used a monochrome gamut: here several primary colors included auxiliary blue, orange, red, etc.
“Dora Maar with a cat” , 1941 год
Location: Private Collection
This portrait, of course, can be considered the most unusual image of Dora Maar, who for 10 years has been the beloved, model and muse of the great Spanish founder cubism. The picture was created during the period when Picasso was in Paris occupied by the Germans. At that time, in a relationship between two lovers have already seen a clear discord.
A portrait full of abstraction elements became for Picasso himself a way of expressing emotions that overwhelmed him then. Like he admitted later, Dora Maar was for him a “personification of war” the moment he painted her portrait. For 9 years of marriage Henrietta Theodora (that’s exactly what her lover’s name was Picasso) was depicted by the artist on a huge number of paintings. Often the images looked hostile: Dora Maar resembled melancholy, and sometimes even crazy woman with unnatural eyes, distorted features, strange postures.
Notably, Dora Maar and the Cat is considered the least aggressive portrait of all existing: in this the image reveals a multifaceted and mysterious lover great genius. The model is depicted sitting on a wooden chair, which is more like a throne, and her pose is that of a goddess. Bright a palette of colors and sharp lines of the dress create a special atmosphere, it feels like Dora rules this little closed space.
The artist turned the beautiful face of Dora into a deformed caricature: the ear was under the eye, the mouth wanders in a twisted a smile. At the back of the model is a black cat. It is noteworthy that Dora herself did not like feline representatives. Connecting portrait a lover with a cat, Picasso created a combination of female cunning and sexuality. No wonder he sometimes called his muse “Afghan cat. ”
The portrait of “Dora Maar with a cat” is considered not only the most valuable canvas depicting the artist’s mistress, but also one of the most expensive paintings in the world. In 2006, at Sotheby’s auction her acquired an anonymous fan of the work of the Spanish genius for a whopping $ 95,216,000. It is believed that he was Georgian billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili.
“Nude, green leaves and bust” , 1932 год
Location: Tate Gallery, London / private collection
The 30s are considered the sexiest period in the life of Picasso: it was then that he met the biggest passion of his life – young Frenchwoman Maria Teresa Walter. At the moment of acquaintance with the future passion artist was officially married to Russian ballerina Olga Khokhlova. Maria Teresa became that life-giving moisture in which Picasso needed, being in the annoying, “deserted” setting.
Walter was practically a dream come true for the artist, recharge for his work, brought to life Picasso note risk, masquerade, freed his carnal desires. He often portrayed her naked on numerous canvases. Throughout of all 8 years of this forbidden relationship, the Spaniard has created many paintings, engravings, sculptures depicting a sweetheart.
“Naked, green leaves and bust” – certainly the brightest artwork by a spanish artist created in the period between the world wars and one of the best in 1932. Job considered one of the most complex of all created images Marie-Therese and is represented by three components.
The first is the mythical Daphne – a beautiful and innocent nymph, reclining in an accessible position and in deep sleep. Her smooth skin has an unusual lavender hue. Second part the paintings are a bust whose texture is similar to plaster. And finally the third element is the philodendron plant, as if sprouting from the fertile body of Walter. The artist himself is present in the picture: it is presented as indistinguishable at first glance dark a silhouette that seems to protect its muse and dominates her.
Since 1951, the painting was in a private collection of four American collectors Brody, and only after their death was put up for auction. This happened in 2010. The canvas was sold for an incredible amount of 106482500 dollars to an unknown lucky.
Although not officially confirmed, it is believed that The owner of the picture was the Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich. IN 2011, the owner of the valuable painting agreed to exhibit it in the museum on public display: the picture “Nude, green leaves and a bust” was transferred to the British Tate Museum for a 2-year lease.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.