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Grasshoppers – one of the most common insects for residents of the southern regions of Russia and post-Soviet countries. Inhabit the steppes, they fill these open spaces with their recognizable chirping. They move from fields to gardens, where they take off from time to time thickets of tomatoes during the harvest.
In general, insects from the genus of grasshoppers coexist with humanity from the very beginning of civilization. Locust is a dangerous pest whose raids can cause hunger and pestilence, which even in the Bible mentioned. Crickets are not so scary, although fall asleep under them chirping from somewhere under the bed (or closet? Or maybe under wallpaper? But where is he ?!) is extremely difficult. Therefore it seems that grasshoppers cannot surprise you.
But no, even as they can. The dimensions. Some species of these insects grow to an impressive size. And about them – about the biggest grasshoppers in the world – and this article will be discussed.
- Rating of the largest grasshoppers in the world
- 9th place: Green grasshopper (Tettigonia viridissima), up to 43 mm
- 8th place: Steppe chubun (Bradyporus multituberculatus), up to 60 mm
- 7th place: Thick Pallas (Deracantha onos), up to 60 mm
- 6th place: Needle Devil (Panacanthus cuspidatus), up to 60 mm
- 5th place: Grasshopper-Mormon (Anabrus simplex), up to 80 mm
- 4th place: Steppe dung (Saga pedo), up to 80 mm
- 3rd place: Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria), up to 100 mm
- 2nd place: Giant Ueta (Deinacrida heteracantha), up to 100 mm
- 1st place: Giant long-legged grasshopper (Arachnacris corporalis), up to 130 mm
Rating of the largest grasshoppers in the world
|Rating of the largest grasshoppers in the world||9||Green Grasshopper (Tettigonia viridissima)||43 cm.|
|8||Steppe Chubun (Bradyporus multituberculatus)||60 cm|
|7||Thick Pallas (Deracantha onos)||60 cm|
|6||Sparkling Devil (Panacanthus cuspidatus)||60 cm|
|5||Mormon Grasshopper (Anabrus simplex)||80 cm|
|4||Steppe fish (Saga pedo)||80 cm|
|3||Desert Locust (Schistocerca gregaria)||100 cm.|
|2||Giant Ueta (Deinacrida heteracantha)||100 cm.|
|1||Giant Leggy Grasshopper (Arachnacris corporalis)||130 cm|
9th place: Green grasshopper (Tettigonia viridissima), up to 43 mm
You should start with the familiar green grasshopper, also called ordinary. These insects are found almost throughout Russia, except perhaps Siberia and the circumpolar regions. The largest specimens of the species are able to grow to length in 28-43 mm.
Despite its name, an ordinary grasshopper is not at all necessarily painted exclusively in green. Depending on the habitats are also yellow or brownish brown subspecies. So, in the south of Russia (Rostov region, Krasnodar edge) live dirty yellow insects with red, blue or transparent wings.
Surprisingly, ordinary grasshoppers are predators. They eat small insects often catch butterflies and periodically resort to cannibalism. If the food supply is not enough, grasshoppers can switch to plant food – and then turn into pests. To accumulate enough energy, they begin to absorb green mass in large quantities, eating tree leaves, spikelets cereal and even buds or flowers.
Grasshoppers need quite a bit of normal living. high level of humidity. Therefore, it’s easier to meet them regularly irrigated gardens than in the middle of the fields. In addition, they inhabit on the fringes of forests, grassy swamps and in the coastal zone of rivers and streams.
8th place: Steppe chubun (Bradyporus multituberculatus), up to 60 mm
The steppe fat man, in principle, is not very similar to a grasshopper – outwardly, he is closer to a neighbor in the order of orthoptera, the bear. But entomologists refer the species Bradyporus multituberculatus to the family ball-headed grasshoppers. So this is an insect whose females grow up to 60 mm in length, it is quite worthy of inclusion in our rating.
Steppe Tolstun is an endemic of the Black Sea region of Russia. It can be used It was met up to the Voronezh region, but now the area decreased significantly due to changes in living conditions. So that you can only admire the steppe fat on the coast Black and Azov seas, and you have to go to few virgin steppes with forbs and cereals vegetation. There are few such places left – and therefore a grasshopper listed in the Red Book of Russia.
Unlike its predecessor, the steppe chubby is a herbivorous grasshopper. The diet is dominated by green mass of cereals, sometimes sage, dandelion, plantain and other herbs are found. Also scientists noted that sometimes a steppe fat man gnaws belly at dead insects, including their own species.
Grasshopper – large and massive. Painted in shiny black with lighter paws. Wings are missing, from the “neck” “grow” rudimentary translucent elytra. Females are painted more brightly and have a long ovipositor at the end of the abdomen.
7th place: Thick Pallas (Deracantha onos), up to 60 mm
The Pallas poultry, also called the “heavy rumble” – large steppe grasshopper, not able to jump or fly. So him All that’s left is to crawl on the ground. Insects grow to 60 mm in length (in females, including ovipositor).
Tolstun Pallas – relict species, preserved without evolution yet since prehistoric times. It lives on the untouched steppes in Transbaikalia, Mongolia and Northern China. Included in numerous Red books, because I could not adapt to coexistence with by man. Human activities – grazing and plowing virgin lands steppes – violates the conditions of the existence of the thicket Pallas bringing the species becomes especially sensitive to any climatic changes. In addition, in Mongolia and China these grasshoppers previously consumed – fried.
Grasshoppers have an unusual appearance – a heavy, voluminous body, short legs, completely missing wings (even elytra, like in the steppe thicket, in Pallasov almost nonexistent). Painted in light brown with black and red spots. Omnivores, but not hunters – eat plants, the remains of large insects. In captivity, cannibalism is also observed.
6th place: Needle Devil (Panacanthus cuspidatus), up to 60 mm
Grasshopper “Needle Devil” (Panacanthus cuspidatus) – Pretty rare and little studied insect. The view was recently opened, met in the rainforest. The insect can grow up to 60 mm in length.
The name “Sparkling Devil” got because all of it the body is covered with sharp triangular spikes. Grasshopper uses them for protection, thanks to which it is able to fight back even rather large birds. In case of danger, the “sparkling devil” rises to its hind legs and begins to swing the front pair, studded with the sharpest spikes. Awesome looking also adds a head with yellow-orange-black mandibles and pink-red eyes. The rest of the body of the insect is painted in bright green color – except the abdomen, it is yellow.
The Needle Devil is a nocturnal insect. Omnivorous however large part of the diet are products of plant origin: fruits, seeds, green mass. Interestingly, the hearing organs in Panacanthus cuspidatus are not located on the hind legs, as in other grasshoppers, and on the front.
The wings of the “needle-like devil”, like those of the thickwolves, are vestigial. They are used only for chipping. A grasshopper cannot fly.
5th place: Grasshopper-Mormon (Anabrus simplex), up to 80 mm
Despite some similarities to the chubs, the Mormon grasshopper (or, as it is called in the USA, “Mormon cricket”) refers to a family of real grasshoppers. To the same as green ordinary. Only this huge grasshopper has no wings, only rudimentary processes remained, and the overweight and voluminous body able to grow up to 80 mm in length.
The Mormon Grasshopper lives on almost the entire territory of North Of America, choosing pasture-dominated pasture land wormwood and shrubbery plants. The color of the insect varies in depending on the place and conditions. There are black insects, and brown, and red, and purple, and even green.
An interesting feature of a Mormon grasshopper is swarming. The insect cannot fly, but in some cases for some reason going to big flocks. They roam, walking up to 2 kilometers a day, eating green masses along the way. Several marked cases when swarms of Mormon grasshoppers led to overlapping traffic – until the flocks of insects crossed the track, cars could not go on it.
The reason Mormon grasshoppers periodically gather in swarms and go on trips around America until it is clear. Alone researchers associate it with the weather, others with a shortage nutrients (proteins and salts), the third – with cannibalistic the behavior of the insects themselves.
4th place: Steppe dung (Saga pedo), up to 80 mm
The steppe dike is the largest grasshopper in Russia. Capable of grow to 80 mm in length. It is found throughout southern European parts of the country, as well as in Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Georgia. However not widely distributed because habitats are being destroyed, and therefore, it is listed in the Red Books of almost all countries.
Like the fat women, the steppe hawk prefers un plowed meadows. Human agricultural activities, including livestock grazing and growing crops, destroys natural insect habitats.
The steppe has a very recognizable appearance. Almost the whole body of the grasshopper is painted in a matte dark green color, which helps him blend in with the grass. The wings are completely missing, even there are no rudimentary elytra. Forefeet – powerful, with pointed edges, like a praying mantis.
One of the most interesting features of the steppe horn is parthenogenetic reproduction. This grasshopper has no males, only females. They are ways to lay eggs without fertilization, from which genetically identical grasshoppers hatch. That is, by in fact, the steppe clone during reproduction clones itself. because of the insect does not have this type of reproduction of “mating periods” – the female lays eggs throughout life, and even in dead specimens several units are found in the uterus.
Steppe dunk – a predatory grasshopper that uses awaiting type of hunting. The insect lurks in the grass, and then rushes to smaller invertebrates, accidentally caught nearby The diet includes smaller grasshoppers, mares, beetles, bedbugs and praying mantises.
3rd place: Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria), up to 100 mm
Desert locust, also called African – the most a large representative of the family. Able to grow up to 100 mm in length. And it is she who is the most dangerous to humans pest – swarms of desert locusts are able to gobble up whole fields, orchards and vineyards, leaving people without food for the whole next year. And then another swarm arrives.
Desert locusts are not only dangerous due to gluttony (daily eats as much green mass as it weighs itself). She is also able to fly tens of kilometers, and speed is very high. The insect breeds are also very fast. 5-7 new generations of locusts manage to appear in a year.
Desert locust inhabits primarily in northern Africa – tropical and subtropical zones of the continent. But capable spread to Hindustan and Arabia. With sufficient feed a sedentary lifestyle, but is capable of hunger gather in swarms and fly tens and hundreds of kilometers to looking for enough green mass. Eats herbs eats leaves and fruits from trees and bushes.
The insect is painted in bright yellow color, with a lighter belly. Wings are transparent, with small black spots. When flying emits a characteristic scream, which in swarm combines in recognizable buzz that travels miles from the pack and serves symbol of the approaching locust.
2nd place: Giant Ueta (Deinacrida heteracantha), up to 100 mm
Giant Ueta is the largest representative of the genus and at the same time one of the heaviest insects in the world. Females of this species grow up to 100 mm in length and reach a weight of up to 71 grams. Of course, with such dimensions, the insect does not fly and jump maybe, and moves crawling.
Giant Ueta is an endemic of New Zealand. Found in nature very rare, the only population registered nationally Little Barrier Park. Painted in light brown with black stripes. A characteristic feature of the grasshopper is four long spines on hind legs. When an insect is scared, it raises this pair of legs and thereby takes a menacing position.
It is worth noting that the weight of 71 grams is not only the maximum registered. This mass is observed only in females, ready to laying eggs. Without “unborn children” the insect weighs only 19-25 grams.
Despite its large size and mass, the giant Ueta – in mostly a herbivorous grasshopper. The diet consists of seeds, fruits, fruits and flowers. It’s extremely rare that an insect “feasts” and protein foods by eating small invertebrates. Ueta enter the local ecosystem by spreading the seeds of some plants after eating fruits.
1st place: Giant long-legged grasshopper (Arachnacris corporalis), up to 130 mm
Giant long-legged grasshopper – the largest of the grasshoppers at all. With sizes up to 130 millimeters, it is quite comparable with a small kitten or palm of an adult. Meets exclusively in Malaysia.
The insect is almost completely painted green. Only the legs are more yellow, and on the edges of the wings there are torn black spots. Thanks to this appearance, the grasshopper becomes practically invisible in the rainforest – it can be easily confused with slightly spoiled wood sheet. Therefore it is not interesting either predators, nor herbivorous “neighbors”.
Like many other grasshoppers, the giant leggy is omnivorous insect. Most of the diet is plant foods – leaves, fruits and flowers. But sometimes he begins to hunt for less large invertebrates, and also does not disdain carrion. After all the insect needs protein food.
Despite belonging to the genus of Real Grasshoppers and comparatively long paws, Arachnacris corporalis lost ability to jump. Yes, and he flies rarely and reluctantly, preferring to crawl around. Conducts mainly a night look of life.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.