Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Frogs are one of the animals most familiar to the human eye. They are common not only with us – these amphibians live on all continents except Antarctica. Therefore, to surprise this amphibian you have to be unusual – for example, to have a non-standard and bright color, live underground or just be noticeably larger than from it is expected. It is about these – and especially the largest – frogs and will be told here.
- Overview of the largest frogs in the world
- 1st place: Goliath Frog (up to 32 cm)
- 2nd place: Bullfrog (up to 25 cm)
- 3rd place: Slingshot variable (up to 20 cm)
- 4th place: Tiger frog (up to 17 cm)
- 5th place: Lake Frog (up to 17 cm)
- 6th place: Long-legged litoria (up to 14 cm)
- 7th place: Grass frog (up to 10 cm)
- 8th place: Purple frog (up to 9 cm)
- 9th place: Garlic (up to 8 cm)
Overview of the largest frogs in the world
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||Length|
|Rating of the largest frogs in the world||1||Goliath Frog||32 cm.|
|2||Bull frog||25 cm.|
|3||Slingshot changeable||20 cm.|
|4||Tiger frog||17 cm.|
|5||Lake frog||17 cm.|
|6||Leggy Litoria||14 cm.|
|7||Grass frog||10 cm.|
|8||Purple frog||9 cm.|
1st place: Goliath Frog (up to 32 cm)
The largest of the modern frogs can be found in Africa, in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. The length of her body reaches 32 cm even without hind legs. Usually only grow to such sizes females, males are a little smaller. It weighs almost like a domestic cat – about 3 kg. Biologists gave the mind a corresponding name – goliath frog (Conraua goliath): among the usual frogs we have would look like a giant Goliath among people.
Goliath skin is dyed green from the back and into whitish yellow from the abdomen. These amphibians live along the rivers in the depths of the rainforest. Goliath, unlike other species kind Conraua, can not live in swampy and dirty ponds – him all you need is clean, oxygen-rich water at waterfalls that form fast tropical rivers.
The dimensions allow the goliath to eat not only the usual frog food – insects, spiders, worms – but also larger prey, like crustaceans and smaller frogs. Captured prey he, like others species, swallows the whole, using the tongue to capture.
The abundance of C. goliath is rapidly declining. Main the reason is the destruction of forests, which left only a small a piece of African territory where this species can still inhabit. In addition, collectors catch giant frogs, they pay for them restaurants – sweet frog meat. Previously, they were taken to zoos in USA, where they held jumping competitions – Goliath can jump at a distance of 3 meters. Poisonous substances are also dangerous. which are used for poaching fish. Cameroon authorities trying to prevent the extinction of the species, but so far the measures taken have not highly effective.
2nd place: Bullfrog (up to 25 cm)
The second largest frog lives in North America, in central and southeastern mainland — in Quebec, Ontario, Mississippi Delta. Despite the shorter length than Goliath’s weight this species is not much inferior, also reaching 3 kg. Your name the bull frog received not only because of size, but also because callsigns reminiscent of mooing. Also called her ox frog, in Latin – Lithobates catesbeianus. Skin color of this species olive brown from the back, lower body yellow.
The bullfrog lives on the banks of rivers, lakes and ponds, swampy reservoirs. It feeds on rather large animals – it can swallow bat, small rodent, fish, also eats fry, tadpoles (even of their kind), mollusks, insects. Mooing the sounds that this species is known for are made only by males, attracting females using throat bags.
Unlike a goliath, a bull frog is not at risk disappearances. Natural Range on the North American Mainland quite extensive. In addition, the species is introduced on almost the entire territories of the USA and Canada, in some South American countries, Europe and China. Reason for Introduction – Culinary Value frogs whose legs are considered a delicacy. In some places, where they brought it, multiplies uncontrollably, displacing local kinds.
3rd place: Slingshot variable (up to 20 cm)
Third on the list is Ceratophrys aurita – Brazilian (or changeable) slingshot. This frog lives only in Brazil and, in addition to its size, also stands out with special outgrowths above the eyes, resembling horns. She has a large, in a third of the body, head with powerful toothy jaws and peculiar body shape. The skin is green or brown, covered with spots and patterns.
A slingshot lives in humid forests. Hiding from the sun during the day and heat in the litter, where it is not noticeable due to masking color, and he goes hunting only at night. It eats insects and worms, can catch a bird, a lizard or a mouse. An interesting way that the frog helps itself swallow food: for this, eyeballs fall and press on the prey, pushing it into the esophagus, and the horns cover the eye openings with time. Then, when the food is swallowed, eyes return to their place.
Despite the rather narrow range, the species does not disappear – for Brazilian slingshots are as familiar as ordinary frogs are for us or toads. Lovers of exotic animals keep these amphibians at home. In captivity, slingshots may refuse to eat – the owners have to forcibly push food into their throats – and they behave quite quietly, rarely making itself felt. Not at all they are in the wild – there males, calling females, shout so loudly that their voice is heard for many kilometers.
4th place: Tiger frog (up to 17 cm)
Indian Tiger Frog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus) lives in Asian countries – India, Bangladesh, China, can be found in other places where people brought her, for example on the island Madagascar. It looks pretty usual, not counting the size – medium-sized head, massive body. On the back there is a sharp fold, distinguishing species from other representatives of the genus Hoplobatrachus. Back olive or gray, abdomen painted white.
A tiger frog lives near ponds and wetlands, hide from the sun in the ground or shrubbery. Are hunting at night, swallowing everything in its path – worms, shrews, mice, chicks, other frogs.
The body color, usually quite ordinary, in males is mating the season is changing. This happens when the monsoon begins to pour. rains. The body turns yellow, and the throat bags become in blue. Since there are many frogs, the entire Asian swamps painted in these contrasting colors. Attracted by such magnificence and loud croaking, to the places of congestion of males females arrive and pairs form.
5th place: Lake Frog (up to 17 cm)
The lake frog (Pelophylax ridibundus) lives in Europe, North Africa, Asia. It is entered in Kamchatka, where it settles around thermal springs. Outperforms all others European and Russian frogs. Her body color is green or brown on top, with a light stripe running along the spine, and yellowish white underneath.
Lives mainly in stagnant water bodies – lakes, ponds, ditches, for which it got its name. However, sometimes a lake frog can be seen near rivers and streams. She hides from predators under water, when there is no danger, she chooses to hunt herself. Active in any time of the day, but more often in the middle of the day when it’s warm. Is eating insects and mollusks, tadpoles (even their own) and fry. Can “shoot” with your tongue, grabbing dragonflies, butterflies, flies, and Jump, swallowing an insect on the fly. In winter it goes under water and hibernates.
In Europe and Russia, this is common, widely common view. Like grass, lake frogs use for medical experiments – this was especially often done in the USSR. Besides Moreover, the Soviet Union exported them to Europe, where valued frog legs. To do this, they even wanted to breed frogs on special farms, which, however, were unsuccessful.
6th place: Long-legged litoria (up to 14 cm)
This frog lives in the southern hemisphere – in Australia, New Guinea, on the island of Timor. The color from the back is bright green and lighter with side of the abdomen. This color makes the litoria invisible among the foliage – she lives in tree crowns, only occasionally going down to the earth. From characteristic white stripes that males mating turn pink.
You can find the litoria in humid places – forests, coastal thickets on plowed land. It is found on the plains and in the lowlands, up to 1200 meters above sea level. Eats woody and terrestrial insects, showing activity at night, when no heat and scorching sun. Breeds in spring, females descend from trees to ponds and spawn there. Litoria possesses quite in a loud voice, in addition, she can meow, expressing fear.
The species has a rather large range; extinction does not threaten it. Litoria is kept as a pet – in Australia, however, this requires special permission.
7th place: Grass frog (up to 10 cm)
This is the most typical frog in the European part of Russia. Also lives in the rest of Europe, has taken root in the Faroe islands and in Ireland, where people brought her. Grows up to 10-11 cm in length, weighs a little over 20 g. Body color is light brown, is spots on the temples – dark stripes. It features smooth skin with small tubercles.
Grass frog can be found in forests, forest-steppe plots. She is active in the evening and at night, during the day she hides under the fallen leaves and in old stumps. Eats snails, worms, insects, capturing prey sticky tongue. Tadpoles feed on algae and other aquatic plants.
Grass frog propagates in spring, immediately after exiting hibernation, laying eggs in ponds. By autumn, hatched tadpoles turn into young frogs, which reach the age of 2-3 years puberty. Wintering occurs on land, individuals hide in leaf litter, stumps and burrows. At all stages of herbal life frogs are enemies – caviar is eaten by newts and ducks, tadpoles blackbirds, magpies, swimming beetles, adults eat predatory birds, snakes and seagulls. In Europe, people eat frogs: a delicacy her paws are considered.
8th place: Purple frog (up to 9 cm)
This species, called in Latin Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis, very rare – preserved only in the Indian mountains of the Western Ghats, on an area of 14 km2. This frog is unusual in that it lives under land, getting out only for reproduction. Due to the underground life has a peculiar body shape – it looks more like a mole with bare skin than a frog. Body color is also non-standard – purple or lilac with a grayish-earthy hue.
For a long time, scientists did not even realize that a frog could detect underground. Therefore, they discovered the species relatively recently – in 2003, although local residents observed representatives earlier. It is known that the purple frog can go deep up to 1-3 meters. The termites she finds in the soil are her food sticking their tongue into their holes. Larger prey frog cannot swallow due to small mouth.
When monsoons begin to pour, males and females for a short while – somewhere on two weeks – are selected to the surface of the earth. Going on there mating, after which the females lay their eggs in water. Tadpoles develop in water, and, growing up, come to the ground and burrow into the soil.
Now the purple frog faces extinction due to deforestation mountain forests in which it lives. With the destruction of trees termites disappear – the only food for Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis. Species entered into the international Red Book.
9th place: Garlic (up to 8 cm)
This is not a very big frog – it weighs up to 8 cm in length 6-20 g. Has a smooth oval body and short limbs. Painted discreet, gray with brown and yellow hues and large dark spots. Named because of the odorous mucus on the skin, which poisonous and therefore does not allow predators to eat the garlic. To her it is better not to touch with bare hands – irritation may occur skin.
Garlic is found in forests, river floodplains, on plowed land land in the gardens. Lives on land, digs into the soil in the afternoon on depth to half a meter, goes hunting at night. To the reservoirs only approaches in the spring, during breeding. Eats food insects and spiders, tadpoles eat detritus and aquatic plants. Garlic ladies winter in the soil, sometimes in wells and pits.
The natural enemies of the female garrets are snakes and other snakes, birds of prey, foxes, for tadpoles – fish. In addition, tadpoles often die from the fact that ponds are drying up. With this view extinction is not threatened, it occurs quite often and on a large territories – in Russia, European countries, and the Middle East.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.