9 best drugs for poisoning

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Of course, it’s impossible to create an article that would tell about all poisonings, and completely satisfied all the needs the reader. After all, the causes of poisoning can be very different, and there is even a special science about poisoning and antidotes – toxicology. But even toxicology is divided into several independent disciplines. So, military toxicology is known, industrial and agricultural toxicology. May be poisoning by naturally occurring poisons, pesticides, drugs, and even substances taken for the purpose of intoxication, or surrogates for alcohol. But here we do not consider these poisonings We’ll talk about those quite common situations, which, alas, happened with everyone, and take first place in frequency incidence among acute infectious diseases gastrointestinal tract. It will certainly be about food poisoning.

It is necessary to immediately draw a line between poisoning and acute intestinal infections, despite the fact that between them is very possible great similarity of symptoms, and sometimes it turns out that at first they treat food poisoning, and then, according to the results of analyzes, it is detected causative agent of a typical intestinal infection. So, in the early days, many intestinal infections, such as salmonellosis, dysentery, coli infection caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli proceed just like ordinary food poisoning. But if in case poisoning a person usually does not suffer for long, 1-2, maximum 3 days, then in case of acute intestinal infection, the process stretches for long days, and sometimes weeks. The condition is consistently poor, gastrointestinal symptoms do not disappear, a temperature occurs, fever, symptoms of intoxication persist for a long time, and specific symptoms (colitis with dysentery, damage intestinal lymph nodes in typhoid fever) and during The corresponding pathogen pathogen is released.

In the case of food poisoning, especially those that occur briefly, within one to two days, a person usually corrects his health yourself. And only in rare cases, with a special severity, dehydration, or when poisoning has occurred in a pregnant woman, in a child, in an elderly person, then hospitalization is necessary and conducting relevant analyzes. Then can be highlighted various pathogens that enter the body, and it becomes clear that caused poisoning, but this is not always done, usually – only with group outbreaks in organized groups, when the Rospotrebnadzor service is connected. Let’s consider in more detail common signs of food poisoning and symptoms that occur when this one.

General signs and symptoms

Since foods containing pathogens or their poisons, penetrate through the mouth, it is advisable to consider the symptoms top-down poisoning as the food ball moves containing harmful substances or pathogens.

Usually, any poisoning begins to manifest with discomfort in epigastrium, with an unpleasant sensation in the stomach, then occurs nausea and then vomiting. Vomiting may be single, in simple cases, some cases – multiple, and sometimes it happens persistent, painful, and ultimately leads to bitterness in the mouth, associated with the penetration of bile from the duodenum into upper gastrointestinal tract, and with dehydration.

Further, when promoting toxins through the intestines, it joins diffuse, diffuse abdominal pain that is not stitching, not cutting, as with an “acute abdomen.” The patient specifically “twists stomach, “then there is the urge to defecate. Such a specific pain does not change with body position, the patient is not looking for a comfortable pose, and most often tends to the toilet.

In addition to such pain and discomfort, rumbling occurs in the abdomen, and less commonly, bloating, or flatulence. Such a pain episode culminates in diarrhea, and, moreover, diarrhea associated with lesion The small intestine is always plentiful, and watery. IN at the beginning, of course, on the first visit to the toilet, normal feces that were in the distal sections of the thick intestines, and then episodes of already profuse diarrhea begin, which may be of a different nature. So, if you take acute intestinal infection, then with salmonellosis there is a greenish, fetid stool, with cholera – it’s almost a colorless liquid, reminiscent of rice broth. With food poisoning, as a rule, the number of visits to the toilet is not as great as with real intestinal infections, and a person may well manage five to seven episodes of bowel movements per day. If the day is over, you can take it, you are lucky.

With further penetration of the source of poisoning further along intestines, he reaches the colon. There is a spasm which, more often, it feels like a painful feeling in the lower left abdomen and on the right as well as in the transverse direction, according to the arrangement transverse colon. Especially great discomfort and spastic pain occurs in the lower left abdomen, in projection descending colon, and sigmoid colon, whose muscles spasms. The patient has signs of colitis, which manifested, in addition to such pain, the appearance of mucus in the feces, and with serious condition – and streaks of blood.

Classical colitis occurs with amoebic or bacterial dysentery, or with shigellosis. Unlike thin lesion intestines, stool occurs sparse, which is more reminiscent of bloody-mucous “spit”, but at the same time there are excruciating, repeated and futile urge to defecate, which formed by the affected nerve plexuses of the colon.

In addition to these local lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, more often In general, general manifestations of food poisoning also arise. To them, First of all, chills, severe weakness and weakness, and in rare cases, a slight increase in temperature. how as a rule, with severe food poisoning, when in the human body there are too many poisons, sometimes common symptoms even occur first. For example, at the beginning, a few hours after taking food, there is a malaise and chills, and then almost immediately – nausea and repeated vomiting.

If it is a severe case of dehydration, then there is an increase in heart rate, or tachycardia, blood pressure drops, pallor of the skin occurs and skin turgor decreases, convulsions, fainting state are possible. The patient is worried about the expressed thirst, he constantly wants to drink, and in in severe cases with vomiting, it all goes out right there. So patients need to make up for fluid and electrolyte loss with using intravenous infusion. How to arrange all these symptoms “in places”?

Gastritis, enteritis, colitis …

The above sequence of symptoms lesions of the gastrointestinal tract is explained in clinical diagnosis. So, if the patient has symptoms upper, that is, gastric dyspepsia, – nausea and vomiting, then this symptoms of gastritis that almost never occurs isolated from food poisoning. More often gastroenteritis occurs, when ample watery stools appear after nausea and vomiting, discomfort and twisting pain in the umbilical region.

It is important to note the dynamics of the development of symptoms. Usually starts everything from above, with nausea and vomiting, then nausea and vomiting stops, and an intestinal upset is already joining. Less often the patient “rinses” on both sides at the same time, but nevertheless, the first symptoms that arose nausea and vomiting and disappear first. If too much gets into the body many toxins or germs that have successfully reached the thick intestine, then there is a picture of gastroenterocolitis. Then there is nausea, vomiting, and loose, watery stools appear. He then turns into scanty, slimy stools with streaks of blood.

As a rule, the more affected the sections of the gastrointestinal a path, the stronger and general intoxication is expressed. However, more often total doctors who work in the intestinal departments of infectious hospitals and to which patients with severe forms are taken food poisoning, is diagnosed with gastroenteritis. Feature of this diagnosis is that here in humans, in addition to intoxication, there is still a profuse loss of fluid, which can lead to dehydration, especially in children and the elderly. Repeated vomiting leads to a loss of chlorine ions, a breakdown of basic electrolytes in blood plasma, and this can cause multiple organ failure, collapse, and hypovolemic shock.

Consider two main varieties of food poisoning: intoxication and toxicoinfection. Why is this needed? To the victim himself could roughly imagine what he was facing.

Foodborne Toxic Infections and Intoxications

What is the difference between toxic infection and intoxication? let’s remember what infection is. Infection, the infectious process is the interaction of the human body and a pathogenic microorganism, in In any case, this is the antagonism of two enemies. When it comes to infection, then there is always some other living being, any pathogen that is actively trying to get into the body through the defense of the defense in depth, and ideally, start to multiply within our body. An example infections can be a septic condition when in the blood microbes are found, the same cholera. Vibrio Cholera “sees” the meaning of his existence in that his descendants multiplied in the cells of the intestinal epithelium, and with a huge amount loose stools spread to the largest possible area. Can consider the infection process as one of the stages of the life cycle microorganisms associated with the birth of offspring, and the need to scatter it as much as possible around the world.

Toxic infection: many microbes

When can we talk about toxicoinfection? When in food originally contains a lot of microbes, for example, in one gram of product from a few hundred thousand to several tens of millions microbial cells. Protein infections most commonly cause toxicosis. enterobacteria, pathogenic E. coli, clostridia, Salmonella, and many others, including opportunistic microorganisms. Because with toxic infections in the human body a significant amount of microbes gets, then the diseases proceed like “small” real intestinal infections, and they have incubation period, but very short. Average 1 to 3 days. Then the classic picture begins to be realized, more often all associated directly with gastroenteritis, or enterocolitis. After all, for incubation period food lumps, deep “stuffed” with microorganisms, advance quite deeply along the intestinal tract. At the same time, direct bacterial poisons, or toxins, in case of toxic infections, the products contain Little.

Intoxication: no germs

As for food intoxication, there are no living creatures, there are no microorganisms at all, or there are, according to at least an insignificant amount that doesn’t weather, “and does not lead to an infectious process. in this case, in food and dishes there are only their products vital functions, microbial toxins, or real poisons.

And just in this case, when the products are stuffed already prepared, clean bacterial poisons, and toxicosis occurs, or food intoxication. Their main difference is that toxins, getting into the stomach, it is immediately absorbed into the blood, and therefore through a few hours after eating, after 2-3 hours, sometimes faster, malaise, chills, and then usually appears nausea and vomiting. That is, if you have a very quickly, and it is associated with food, that is, a big chance that the microbes in your body is not caught, but there is only their poison. therefore it is enough to carry out detoxification therapy, and after 1-2 days the condition is normal. No antibiotics in this case it makes no sense to take, because the temperature is usually not rises, and there is simply no one to fight antibiotics with: microbes not.

Speaking figuratively, antibiotics can be compared with a regular army armed with guns, and food intoxication with plaque of nomads. Nomads rush for hours in the village, they grab everything that comes to hand, and by evening they are already not. A regular army armed with guns is simply not needed here, because she does not have time to arrive on time. Therefore purpose antibiotics are pointless and even harmful. First they finally destroy the normal intestinal microflora, and secondly, only a doctor should prescribe them.

What microorganisms are most often to blame for the occurrence food intoxication? This is staphylococcus, especially golden staphylococcus producing strong enterotoxin, some others microbes.

Area or volume?

If we talk about food poisoning, then we should also remember about which product could cause poisoning. If it’s tight product, for example, vinaigrette, or meat salad, then, as a rule, the severity of the condition will be easier than when it comes to liquid dairy foods that should not be swallowed, but drunk. The explanation is very simple. Microorganisms, or their toxins located on dense products are located on their surface, not in depth. Such the product, for example, lettuce, is a dense nutrient medium. Microbes can be on cabbage, but not in depth, on the surface green peas but not inside the grain, even if infected vegetables will be inside the salad itself.

But milk is a liquid nutrient medium, and microorganisms reproduce not only on the surface, but also in the depth of milk, affecting the entire volume of the product. Therefore the quantity food toxin, or living bacteria in case of liquid products are measured in cubic units, and in the case of dense products – in square, exactly as they relate to each other volumes and areas.

That is why if a person drank two glasses in the morning suspicious milk, and after an hour I felt bad, then he has the right to think that ahead of him is quite heavy intoxication. After all, the beginning is very fast, it all started with a chill, nausea and vomiting, and he ate a liquid substance, containing many toxins, or even many microbes. Therefore without intestinal antiseptics can not do here. Therefore urgently needed begin to provide emergency care in accordance with all the rules. But before what will we talk about non-drug and drug therapy acute poisoning, let’s say a few words about such a legendary form food intoxication as botulism.

Myths about botulism

Botulism is a unique intoxication, since no the infectious process between the pathogen and the person is not going on. There is no struggle, and there is no pathogen itself. Botulinum clostridia is not a causative agent; “little things” as a personal struggle with a person is uninteresting. It produces the strongest toxin in nature, and only with the one and only goal is to get a corpse.

Interact with the human body, multiply, fight with immunity, clostridia is not going to. She doesn’t in contact with living organisms inside which occurs respiration, and there is an increased concentration of oxygen. She needs only a dead, silent piece of meat, only in it can it start sharing and multiplying. Therefore, in dense media, for example, in the same mushrooms, in sausage, in fish there are focal colonies containing both spores and vegetative forms, and botulinum toxin.

Quite often, a whole company feasts on some products, and only one person gets sick. This is confirmed by the fact that botulinum toxin is distributed in square-nested products way, according to the growth of the colonies. Sausage, fish, mushrooms, clostridia considers it as corpses, since there are no air products in the thickness, which is necessary for reproduction. Therefore, it does not completely infect everything products: in liquid media there is a lot of oxygen, and inside the sausage – where got there and formed a colony.

By the way, sodium nitrite, which must be added in minced meat in the production of sausages, protects them from the propagation of clostridia, that is, microorganisms that do not tolerate oxygen access. If the sausages were made in a makeshift way, without the addition of sodium nitrite, they should be avoided since can be obtained if not botulism, then severe poisoning by others clostridia. Even in the laboratory, when these microorganisms are studied, there are special dense environments on which microbes are seeded, deeply placing them in the very middle of the gelatin-filled tube in which are pieces of the liver, or other nutritious substrate.

In practice, one of the most dangerous situations is not bloated tin cans that they talk about all the time, and finding botulism hazardous products in a warm environment when occurs reproduction of clostridia and the formation of toxins. In this case, the speech not talking about canned goods! Clostridia is enough and just be in product depth. For example, if smoked carriage occurs a makeshift way of fish, or the same sausages in a car. IN the interior is warm and a new product begins in a homogeneous environment toxins. Such “gifts” poisoning from a village, or from another cities that have been traveling in a car for a long time (ingda 2-3 days) may be very heavy. However, we turn to emergency care for acute food intoxication.

Urgent care

If nausea occurs a few hours after eating, or single vomiting, you must in no case take antiemetic drugs, on the contrary, stimulate this process. To do this, drink (adult) four to five glasses ordinary water at room temperature, and self-induce vomiting. It is advisable to do this several times, until it goes pure water. If there is vomiting, independent and repeated, then anyway, you need to drink water to facilitate such a spontaneous gastric lavage. Between vomiting, preferably small drink sips of water, but often, and even better – special solutions, designed to combat dehydration. This is rehydron, cytroglucosolan, and others. Here we will not detail dwell on the fight against dehydration, this is dedicated special article to which we refer the reader.

After cleaning the upper gastrointestinal tract, it’s necessary to bind toxins in the intestinal lumen, prophylaxis of the reproduction of the remaining microorganisms, especially in case of toxic infection, as well as the correction of dysbiosis, which caused by diarrhea, microbial and toxic aggression. In that case, if food poisoning is not severe, then the use of eubiotics and prebiotics, as components of normal intestinal microflora, allow them to cope with “uninvited guests” and without application more serious drugs.

When to call an ambulance?

When you need to immediately call an ambulance, and do not try to be treated by yourself? First of all, when it comes to small a child under 3-4 years old, with nausea and vomiting, because in children it is very fast dehydration develops, which at home stop quite difficult. The same is required in case of food poisoning with nausea and vomiting in a pregnant woman, or in an elderly person, especially suffering from severe, chronic diseases.

Urgently call a doctor if any unusual symptoms, such as intoxication botulinum toxin. These are usually neurological disorders: nasal voices, swallowing disorder, choking, size difference pupils, the appearance of double vision, ptosis, or omission of the upper century, the appearance of urinary retention and so on. Botulinum toxin is usually not causes no classic symptoms of poisoning, for example, diarrhea and vomiting, it acts on the transmission of a nerve impulse. What if add that products “stuffed” with toxin do not change at all taste and smell, it becomes clear how vile and insidious enemy.

Drug therapy

Turning to taking a drug review, you should recall that the medicines listed are not an attempt to create advertising or anti-advertising in any way to manufacturers. Their sequence of presentation given commercial and international nonproprietary names are given in compliance with international and domestic clinical recommendations, up-to-date pharmaceutical guides, and official sites dedicated to pharmaceuticals. First, an INN, or international non-proprietary name, then, if any, the name of the original preparation, name of commercial copies, or generics. Also provided price range relevant for January 2020 for pharmacies of all forms property in the Russian Federation.

The best drugs for poisoning

Nomination a place Name of product price
Intestinal antiseptics and bacteriophages 1 Nifuroxazide (Ersefuril, Counterdiar, Nifural, Stopdiar, Enterofuril) 358 r
2 Intesti-bacteriophage liquid 770 rub.
Sorbents (adsorbents) 1 Enterosgel 394 rub
2 Polysorb MP 334 rub
3 Lactofiltrum 414 r
Correction of dysbiosis 1 Hilak Forte 494 rub
2 Bifidumbacterin 83 rub
3 MAXILAC 424 rub
4 Advantages and disadvantages 397 r

Intestinal antiseptics and bacteriophages

It was said above that if you feel unwell too, and on the second day you feel better, you can do without intestinal antiseptics. But in the event that there is a long period diarrhea, it is advisable to take these medicines, but not antibiotics, but antiseptics. We will not talk in detail about the difference between these classes of antimicrobial compounds, but just give some of them that fight food effectively poisoning.

Nifuroxazide (Ersefuril, Counterdiar, Nifural, Stopdiar, Enterofuril)

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Ersefuril

This is a modern drug from the group of nitrofurans, to them refers to the “ancient” Furazolidone, which is still being tried in children treat giardia but furazolidone is really a drug pretty old. Nifuroxazide, or the original drug Ersefuril, which produced by the French company Sanofi Aventis, will not cost too cheap. One pack of 14 capsules, 200 mg each, will be cost in pharmacies from 350 to 640 rubles.

This drug is highly active against the whole. groups of microorganisms that cause not only food toxic infections, but also some real intestinal infections. it cholera vibrio, shigella, which cause dysentery, pathogenic E. coli, Salmonella, and other microbes.

It is necessary to take the drug in the presence of acute diarrhea, which proceeds without concomitant symptoms, for example, without serious deterioration of well-being, without high fever. If a have these symptoms, then you need to call a doctor, perhaps hospitalization in an infectious hospital will be necessary, and then antibiotics must be prescribed. Take Ercefuril one at a time capsule every 6 hours, i.e. 4 capsules a day, but not longer 7 days. If your health doesn’t improve and your diarrhea doesn’t stop, it is urgent to consult a doctor.

Advantages and disadvantages

A great plus of Ercefuril is the fact that he does not acts on the normal intestinal microflora, and does not cause dysbiosis. Therefore, after it you can not prescribe eubiotics, he very gentle on the normal microbiota of the intestine. With another hand, the drug is contraindicated in case of high sensitivity to nitrofurans, pregnant women, as well as children under the age of three. Ercefuril may rarely cause skin allergic reactions, such as a rash, or hives. Also the relative high cost of this drug should be considered. One a pack of 14 capsules is only 4 days of intake, but these four days should be enough to treat uncomplicated diarrhea.

Intesti-bacteriophage liquid

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Intesti-bacteriophage liquid

In order to destroy the pathogens that have infiltrated in the gastrointestinal tract, it is not necessary to take antibiotics and even antiseptics. Sometimes you can “land” live hand viruses, or bacteriophages that feed on these very microbes. Such intestinal (intestinal) bacteriophages produces domestic company Microgen from Nizhny Novgorod. One bottle Intesti-bacteriophage will cost dearly, from 730 to 1100 rubles. The volume of the bottle is 100 ml. The drug is a mixture of living sterile bacteriophages that destroys pathogens dysentery and salmonellosis, harmful E. coli of different groups, as well as the most common foodborne microorganisms – Proteus, enterococci, staphylococci and others.

It is a clear liquid, slightly yellowish, which is necessary give the patient after identifying pathogens in acute intestinal infections or empirically, presumably with food toxic infections. The bacteriophage is administered orally, 4 times a day for an hour before eating, from the very beginning of the disease and during the week. Adults need to be given 30 ml of fluid at a time, accordingly, during the day all a bottle, and a weekly course of treatment will be quite expensive, like at least 5,000 rubles. Naturally, children need less drug, but still, you can’t consider a bacteriophage cheap means.

Advantages and disadvantages

Perhaps the high cost is the only minus of the bacteriophage. IN the rest he has only one pluses: he is biological medicine, has no side effects and contraindications, it can be prescribed to children from the first months of life, it does not affect normal intestinal microflora, and can be considered the most sparing and modern type of treatment. On the other hand, there is another a small biological minus. Bacteriophages are very specific. viruses and if food poisoning or intoxication caused a microorganism that is not included in the “set”, then a bacteriophage will be useless. It is hoped that the viruses are selected so to destroy the most common pathogens.

Sorbents (adsorbents)

Everyone knows that sorbents are the first aid for poisoning, in acute intestinal infections, of course, if the patient does not have irrepressible repeated vomiting. Sorbents possess huge active surface that is many times superior particle size of the sorbent material. The ratio of area to volume and determined by the activity of the material, and the amount absorbed substances relative to their own weight.

When taking sorbents, you must remember that they absorb literally everything. Therefore, if you take them with food – no result will be no. If you take them in an hour with others drugs – they just take all the drugs on themselves, and the result there will be no drugs or sorbents. Therefore take them need separately from taking medication and from eating – in about 2 – 2.5 hours after eating and for the same time before, that is, in the interval between meals. N, since in case of poisoning a person is on a “hungry diet”, the main condition for sorbents is the absence repeated, indomitable vomiting.

Enterosgel

Popularity Rating: 4.9

ENTEROSGEL

Enterosgel, produced by the domestic company Silma, is a ready-to-use sorbent, more precisely, translucent paste consisting of organic silicon compounds – polymethylsiloxane. To use it, you need to dilute a small amount of pasta in half a glass of water, and then drink. For children Enterosgel comes with a strawberry flavor, which much easier to swallow than a tasteless mass.

Enterosgel has a large absorbent, or absorbent ability. It is indicated for all acute intestinal infections: with dysentery and salmonellosis, with coli – enteritis. Assign him to long-term therapy for acute and chronic viral hepatitis B and C with severe intoxication and arthralgic syndrome. But more often total it is used for functional diarrhea, for poisoning alcohol, with various intoxications in the workplace. it chronic poisoning with lead, mercury, cadmium, carbon monoxide, arsenic.

Enterosgel helps not only with intestinal disorders. In if the patient, especially the child, has food allergy, which is manifested by urticaria, skin itching, allergic dermatitis, then Enterosgel helps reduce the symptoms of allergic damage. Take Enterosgel necessary between meals – one and a half tablespoons three times a day, while it is necessary to dilute Enterosgel in half a glass water, or take the paste inside, and then drink it with water. Enteros-gel is well tolerated, no symptoms of overdose exist. Enterosgel produces a domestic enterprise Silma, and a large plastic tube of 225 g costs 400 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Perhaps the only shortcomings of Enterosgel include individual intolerance, with prolonged use of high doses may cause constipation. Some people have instinctive feeling of nausea when trying to swallow completely tasteless mass, but this symptom is neurotic, and has no relation to the composition of the sorbent. Gel successfully used in pregnant women, and in the mother during the period of breastfeeding feeding, and it is contraindicated, perhaps, in the case of low intestinal tone, as this can also lead to constipation.

Polysorb MP

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Polysorb MP

If the sorbent has a very high activity, then no matter what it consists. An example of such a sorbent, which is located under kicking, is Polysorb MP. It consists of silicon dioxide. it ordinary sand that dotes all the beaches of the planet. Exist only one difference: by processing the dioxide silicon acquired colloidal properties, that is, it became like a gel. As a result of creating such a unique structure, every gram Polysorb can “absorb” about 300 mg, that is, up to 1/3 of the mass own weight of various toxins, radionuclides, pathogenic proteins and other harmful substances. As a result, a small amount Polysorb MP is necessary for a single dose, and it can effectively collect all pathogenic compounds, bind toxin molecules bacteria, various allergens, viruses and heavy compounds metals.

Polysorb MP can be used for acute food poisoning, with chronic intoxications, viral hepatitis, including young children, pregnant and lactating women. Prescribe Polysorb MP is necessary according to the scheme, according to tea and tablespoons, in accordance with the patient’s body weight, instructions are given on the package. Polysorb MP is a very light powder, and when a person in a pharmacy buys a large jar that weighs only 50 grams, it seems to him that this jar is empty until he comes home and opens it. Such a large bank costs 409 rubles, and produces Polysorb MP enterprise of the same name.

Advantages and disadvantages

This sorbent has practically no drawbacks, except for one: first you need to mix the powder thoroughly in half a glass water and create a suspended suspension. Moreover, her taste is not very pleasant. More precisely, there is absolutely no taste, and many can carry. Also Polysorb MP, like other sorbents, does not recommended for exacerbation of chronic diseases gastrointestinal tract, such as erosive gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, the threat of ulcerative bleeding, and with other similar conditions. It is undesirable to use sorbents for a long time, including and Polysorb MP in individuals prone to chronic constipation, supine patients, and very elderly people. In the elderly, any change in nutrition very often leads to the development of constipation, and in this case the use of highly active sorbent is a risk of development constipation.

Lactofiltrum

Popularity Rating: 4.7

LACTOFILTRUM

Lactofiltrum can be attributed to complex sorbents. It consists of two separate components: it is lactulose, which is good breeding ground for the development of normal intestinal microflora. The second component is the plant enterosorbent lignin. The combined effect of these two components enhances immunity, remove various microbial toxins, antigens and pathogenicity factors, especially when destroyed a large number of microbial cells.

Lactofiltrum is indicated for use in microflora disorder intestines – dysbiosis, after antibiotic treatment, with irritable bowel syndrome, with chronic hepatitis, with various types of drug and food allergies.

It should be applied 3 times a day, as in previous cases, between meals and separately from other medicines. Adults 2 – 3 tablets 3 times a day. The average course of treatment is from 2 to 3 weeks. Lactofiltrum is produced by the domestic company ABBA Rus. Packaging of 30 tablets costs about 270 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

By its nature, Lactofiltrum is a cross between sorbent and eubiotic. This allows him not only to capture and bind harmful substances, but also have a beneficial effect on normal intestinal microflora without harming it. Price Lactofiltrum is low, but on the other hand, the drug may cause very rarely allergic reactions, and will be contraindicated with suspected intestinal obstruction, in case of exacerbation gastric ulcer, at risk of developing atonic constipation.

Correction of dysbiosis

Hilak Forte

Popularity Rating: 4.9

HILAK-FORTE

Finally, we should talk about one more truly unique product: drops of Hilak forte. Why are they unique? Their task is re-establish nutrition and improve colonization of the colon trapped bifidobacteria and lactobacilli from probiotics. But to dietary fiber, and to none of the above species Hilak-Forte does not apply prebiotics. These are the products. the vital functions of healthy intestinal microorganisms that form habitual habitat for our friends.

According to the classification, he again had to be squeezed into funds against diarrhea, although in fact this clear solution with sour smell in its pure form – a drug that normalizes intestinal microflora.

All other indications are secondary, and related active activity of normal microflora. So extended the list of indications for the use of the drug Hilak forte will not only constipation. This is gastritis and salmonella infection, dyspepsia and functional diarrhea, dermatitis and urticaria, and so on.

As part of the drug, metabolic products of normal intestinal sticks, fecal streptococcus, as well as several species lactobacilli. It may be surprising that the products vital functions stimulate the reproduction of new microorganisms. Imagine a room full of feces or rubbish would be pushing for the continuation of the human race is hardly possible. But in microorganisms, everything is arranged differently. Their products vital functions, including lactic acid, its buffer salts, protect breeding colonies from potential adverse effects pathogens.

It should be used either before meals or during meals, 3 times a day. Adults – an average of 50 drops per reception, children – 30 drops, and infants – 20 drops. It is available in the form of drops for administration inside, and a bottle of 100 milliliters will cost 500 rubles. Launches his German company Ratiopharm.

Advantages and disadvantages

With the help of Hilak Forte for newly emerging microorganisms, more not fixed in the intestine, “greenhouse” conditions are created. IN First of all, Hilak Forte stimulates acidophilic growth and lactobacillus flora. It is harmless, it is well tolerated as adults and children, it can be prescribed for pregnant and lactating women, and again, of all contraindications, it is only possible rarely occurring individual intolerance.

Bifidumbacterin

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Bifidumbacterin

Bifidumbacterin contains only one type of beneficial microorganisms: these are bifidobacteria. The drug is produced in capsules, and one capsule contains 5 conventional doses. These useful microbes, once in the intestine, begin to fight against harmful microorganisms that constantly attack us. Bifidobacteria fight against staph infection, pathogenic intestinal sticks, dysenteric shigella, pathogenic yeast. The fact that we very rarely get acute intestinal infections – this is a merit our normal microflora. And only if in our the body will hit tens and hundreds of millions of pathogenic microorganisms, then this line of defense will be broken.

Bifidumbacterin is indicated for the treatment of various diseases. gastrointestinal tract, immediately after cessation of diarrhea with food poisoning, and for their prevention, after treatment antibiotics to correct reduced immunity. Take Bifidumbacterin follows half an hour before a meal, or with a meal – 5 – 10 capsules from 1 to 3 times a day for adults. Releases Bifidumbacterin is a domestic pharmaceutical company Ecopolis, and 30 capsules will cost about 270 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Eubiotics generally have few shortcomings. Concerning Bifidumbacterin, then its disadvantage can only be considered the presence of one active component, so it is not so balanced and in the presence of chronic infections it is difficult for one bifidobacteria to occupy the gastrointestinal tract and to maintain a position on the “intestinal bridgehead”. In rare cases, they may allergic reactions occur, the drug is contraindicated only with hypersensitivity to it. Also, tablets and capsules do not give to children under 3 years old, but in this case, the baby can be poured into warm mixture of capsule contents. However, prescribe the drug to children with Given their body weight should only a pediatrician.

Maxilac

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Maxilac

Maxilac is also a modern eubiotic that contains one capsule has a lot of colony forming units (CFU), almost as many people live on our planet – several billion. In addition, for the purpose of primary nutrition young microbial colonies in the capsule is fructose in in the form of small oligopolymer chains.

Three types of bifidobacteria, four species are provided in Maksilak lactobacilli, and in addition – two more species very important for intestinal health of lactic microorganisms, total – 9 representatives of normal microflora. Prebiotic capsule microorganisms very well protected from harmful effects gastric juice, pancreatic enzymes, and also from the effects of bile acids. The capsule dissolves directly in intestines, which contributes to the high efficiency of this the drug.

Maxilac is shown as a dietary supplement, as remedy after taking antibiotics as a drug to increase general immunity with a tendency to frequent infections, including ENT organs, acute respiratory viral infections, and functional bowel disorders. Maxilac in adults is taken – one capsule per day during food. The course of treatment is 1 month. Remedy is produced in Poland. A package of 10 capsules costs 440 rubles. Thus, the monthly rate the drug will cost 1300 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Maxilak has only one drawback: perhaps someone has a price seem big enough. However take it extremely convenient: one capsule once a day, and this is with meals. So therefore, patient adherence to treatment will be best. Compare with other medicines to take three to four capsules after meals and an additional drink with a glass water. None of this is required here. And more: for the price of 1300 rubles the patient receives neither one nor two, nor even three kinds of normal bacteria of intestinal microflora, and three times as many, as many as 9 species.

Instead of a conclusion

To avoid food poisoning, carefully enough Comply with a limited number of rules. Among them is mandatory hand washing before cooking and before eating, thorough washing vegetables and fruits with soap and water, scalding them with boiling water, just like green crops. It is very important to defrost meat immediately before cooking, you can not long it leave raw. You need to hide food from flies, avoid eating raw meat, such as stroganin or heh. It is necessary that in the refrigerator temperature did not rise above 6 degrees, you need both You can eat less in cafeterias and not eat fast food. Caution treat mushrooms, if you do not know exactly what kind of mushroom it is, then better throw him out. It’s very important not to buy home-made sausage, which is traded outside the market without permission, pickled mushrooms and salted in a makeshift way, do not buy canned goods with expired shelf life or with obscure numbers and labels. Do not take smoked fish at the stations and from the “hands”.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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