7 best B vitamins

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

B vitamins – one of the most famous means for maintaining a healthy nervous system. It is them most often prescribed by neurologists for back pain, “backache”, diabetic and alcoholic polyneuropathies. But group B drugs can useful to healthy people who want to keep health.

In this review, we have compiled a rating of the best drugs for you. B vitamins

What are B vitamins and why are they needed

Vitamins are a group of highly active compounds that regulate all biochemical reactions of the body. All processes in cells occur under the influence of special proteins – enzymes. For them to start working, they need coenzymes, that is, substances, which, joining the enzyme molecule itself, make it active. This role in the body is performed by vitamins. That’s why with their shortcomings, serious diseases develop.

Group B includes 7 vitamins and 4 vitamin-like substances. Vitamins must necessarily come from outside, since not synthesized by the body. Vitamin-like substances in the body produced, but in small quantities.

B vitamins:

  1. B1 – thiamine. Regulates the transmission of impulses to the nervous system, the tone of the heart muscle and smooth muscles of the digestive tract, is involved in transmission of genetic material in cell division and practically all metabolic processes of the body.
  2. B2 – riboflavin. Participates in the absorption of iron, red blood cell formation, nerve cell function, hormone synthesis adrenal glands.
  3. B3 – Niacin. Also known as vitamin PP or a nicotinic acid. Reduces blood pressure, improves microcirculation, participates in the central nervous system, regulates education red blood cells.
  4. B5 – pantothenic acid. Included in Coenzyme A (CoA) – the most important substance for the body that is involved in all reactions generating energy. Stimulates synthesis glucocorticoids adrenal gland, due to which it can be considered as an anti-inflammatory. Participates in immune responses and neurotransmitter production.
  5. B6 – pyridoxine. Regulates protein absorption, immunity, functions of the nervous system. Participates in the synthesis of hemoglobin and red blood cells.
  6. B9 – folic acid. Regulates blood formation and development of the nervous system. Especially important during planning pregnancy, since with its lack defects of the head and the spinal cord in the fetus. On the other hand, with its excess decreases the activity of immune killer cells.
  7. B12 – cobalamin (external Castle factor). Required for normal blood formation and activity of the nervous system.

Vitamin-like substances:

  1. B4 – Choline. Included in the myelin sheath of the nerve fibers. The source for the synthesis of the main mediator of the central nervous system is acetylcholine. Participates in the regulation of insulin activity, has hepatoprotective and lipotropic (protects the liver from fat degeneration) properties.
  2. B7 – Biotin. Also known as vitamin H or coenzyme R. Regulates protein and fat balance. Sulfur source for synthesis proteins needed for skin, hair, nails, bone.
  3. B8 – Inositol. Promotes weight loss, is involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. slows down development atherosclerosis.
  4. B10 – para-aminobenzoic acid (bacterial vitamin H1). A powerful antioxidant involved in the functioning of the thyroid gland and hematopoiesis.

As you can see, most of the B vitamins one way or another participates in maintaining the normal functioning of the nervous system, hematopoiesis, immune reactions. That is why the main area of ​​their application – neurology.

Treatment of various kinds of neuritis, neuralgia, asthenic syndrome (general weakness) – the main indications for prescribing drugs Group B. They are also recommended for sleep disorders (such as insomnia, and daytime sleepiness), unstable psycho-emotional condition (however, irritability and tearfulness may be manifestations of asthenic syndrome). For preventive purposes, their taken to maintain a high level of activity as physical and mental, under stress, and to compensate unbalanced diet.

Many or few?

Anyone who has ever bought vitamins abroad Internet sites, paid attention to incredibly high dosages – sometimes they are one hundred times higher than specified in the same instructions recommended daily dose. At the same time about the danger everyone has heard hypervitaminosis. Of course, we can assume that manufacturers decided to massively poison their customers. But if leave aside conspiracy theories, the situation is extremely interesting.

Those consumption rates, which are usually indicated in the tables, recommended dietary supplement standards (RDA or Recommended Dietary Allowance). They were developed in the middle of the last century and since then wandered from leadership to leadership almost without changes. These standards specify the amount of vitamin in food, which helps prevent diseases caused by it disadvantage.

We draw the attention of readers – RDA standards, which are cited in all medical manuals, including domestic ones, are designed not to maintain an optimal level of health, but prevent disease. Those same diseases, like scurvy or beriberi, which modern man learns from biology textbooks for high school, not out of reality.

But if you do not consider the norm simply the absence of the disease (and, if believe the WHO experts, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being), then the indicated quantities vitamins are clearly not enough to maintain optimal health. Yes, and the survey when a random sample of people studied the vitamin content in body, they say that at least 60% of the population have them deficiency, and about a third – complex hypovitaminosis. It turns out that the norm for preventing disease caused by vitamin deficiency, and the norm that is optimal for health – various.

In addition, over the past half century, the nutrition of people has changed. IN the diet of most citizens began to prevail over processed, refined products, convenience foods, fast food. Talk about the content of vitamins in such food is meaningless – which means that have to make up from other sources in much larger quantities than with a balanced diet.

That is why the concept of ONA (optimal nutrient allowance) appeared – optimal nutrient intake. These are the recommended daily dosages of vitamins selected to achieve optimal health conditions. They take into account modern stereotypes of nutrition. It is on them that most dietary supplement manufacturers are oriented. But the proposed dosage is many times higher than usual recommendations.

Table of the needs of vitamins of group B

Vitamin

Standard norms

ONA

IN 1

1.5 mg

10-100 mg

AT 2

1.8 mg

10-100 mg

B3 (aka PP)

20 mg

20–35 mg

AT 5

5 mg

400 mg

AT 6

2 mg

10–100

AT 9

400 mcg

800 mcg

AT 12

3 mcg

12–100 mcg

Based on what norms to choose a complex of group B, each the reader is free to decide for himself. Overdose of water soluble vitamins to which this group belongs when taking pills unlikely – the body itself is able to regulate their absorption in intestines and thus “extra” will not take.

But for those who decide to choose drugs with higher doses, will have to turn to the services of foreign online stores. IN Russia cannot register dietary supplements containing active substances more than the upper allowable consumption level specified in special regulatory documents. And this level is many times lower recommended as optimal dosages, not to mention WHO authorized maximum doses. For example, for vitamin B1, the top permissible level of consumption according to Russian standards is 5 mg, and according to WHO data do not have an upper bound, as it is extremely fast excreted by the kidneys, due to which it does not have toxic effect.

This restriction does not apply to medicines, as therapeutic doses of vitamins may be higher prophylactic, but in fact drugs similar in the content of vitamins in the ONA standards in free sale is not so lot.

That is why, making a rating of the best B vitamins, we divided it into two sections: available in offline pharmacies and available over the internet.

By the way, paradoxically, vitamin complexes with content ONA-based active ingredient can be found in offline sports nutrition stores.

Rating of the best B vitamins

Nomination a place Name of product price
The best B vitamins available in regular pharmacies 1 Multi-B Vitamir complex for the nervous system, hair and nails 159 rub
2 Pentovit 112 rub
3 Kombilipen 470 RUB
4 Salus Vitamin B Complex 1 440 rub.
The best B vitamins available online 1 Now Foods, B-50 890 rub
2 Doctor’s Best, Fully Active B Complex with Quatrefolic 634 rub
3 Solgar, B-Complex with Vitamin C Stress Formula, 250 Tablets 3 221 rub.

The best B vitamins available in regular pharmacies

In this section of the rating we have selected the funds that can be buy at regular offline pharmacies. Their advantages are accessibility, relatively low price and over-the-counter leave. Of the disadvantages it should be noted – we found only one complex containing the entire group vitamins B.

Multi-B Vitamir complex for the nervous system, hair and nails

Rating: 4.9

MULTI-V COMPLEX VITAMIR FOR THE NERVOUS SYSTEM, HAIR AND NAILS

This dietary supplement is positioned as a complex, containing 11 vitamins of group B. In fact, it contains 7 B vitamins and 4 vitamin-like substances: choline (B4), biotin (B7), inositol (B8), para-aminobenzoic acid (B8). However, if we talk about group B as a complex, then the manufacturer almost did not depart from the truth.

In the package of 30 tablets, which is enough for a month with Recommended intake: 1 tablet per day. And given that the medicine domestic production, the cost of admission is very humane.

Since the product is registered as a dietary supplement, the only indication for its use – as an additional source vitamins in food. Among the contraindications are pregnancy, feeding breastfeeding, individual intolerance.

Advantages

  • contains the whole complex of group B,
  • inexpensively.

disadvantages

  • not.

Pentovit

Rating: 4.8

PENTOVIT

Contains B1, B3, B6, B9, B12. Available in packs of 50 pills. Recommended for asthenic conditions (overwork, weaknesses in recovery after a serious illness, etc.), neuralgia.

Of the shortcomings, a relatively long one (for vitamins) list of contraindications. The manufacturer does not recommend drug for pregnant women. Indeed, excessively high doses nicotinamide have an embryotoxic effect. In pill its pentovitis 20 mg, that is, the amount does not exceed the daily norm according to the most conservative recommendations – if you limit yourself to one a pill. But the recommended dosage regimen is 2 – 3 pills 3 times a day, which may actually be too much a lot during pregnancy.

Pentovit is not indicated for children under 18 years of age, for people with chronic pancreatitis and gallstones.

Advantages

  • almost complete complex of group B,
  • low price.

disadvantages

  • many contraindications.

Kombilipen

Rating: 4.7

COMBILIPEN1

This medicine contains only three vitamins – B1, B6 and B12. But this a complete analogue of Milgamma, famous and very beloved by neurologists facilities. The fact is that such a combination of vitamins in itself possesses analgesic properties, which allows to reduce dosages of anti-inflammatory and reduce their harmful effects on the body. In addition, they contribute to the restoration of nervous tissue and protective myelin fibers.

The peculiarity of combilipene is a special, fat-soluble form of B1 – benfotiamine. This improves its bioavailability several times. The dosages of all vitamins are quite high – 100 mg of benfotiamine and pyridoxine, however, cyanocobalamin is only 2 mg. Take the medicine needs 1 to 3 tablets per day, depending on well-being.

It is contraindicated in children with severe cardiovascular insufficiency.

Advantages

  • low price in comparison with the analogue,
  • high doses of vitamins.

disadvantages

  • prescription.

Salus Vitamin B Complex

Rating: 4.6

SALUS VITAMIN V-COMPLEX

Contains B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, biotin. That is, almost everything vitamins B, with the exception of folic acid, and one vitamin-like substance.

The package contains 60 capsules, which are enough for 2 months of use. Means of production of a German company that positions itself as a manufacturer of naturopathic medicines derived from natural ingredients, herbs, vegetables and fruits. Perhaps this and due to the rather high cost for such a complex packaging.

Advantages

  • a wide range of B vitamins,
  • natural origin.

disadvantages

  • price.

The best B vitamins available online

These funds will have to be ordered on the Internet. They will suit those who prefers to take courses of high doses of vitamins, based from the theory of optimal micronutrient requirements. They can recommend to athletes as well as regular physical stress inevitably entails an increased need for vitamins (such as however, in other nutrients). Many of the drugs The B groups mentioned in this section of the rating are suitable for vegans. it important because vitamin B12 can only be obtained from foods animal and vegan diets it is necessary to purposefully fill its deficit.

Now Foods, B-50

Rating: 4.9

NOW FOODS, B-50

Contains a complete complex of B and vitamin-like substances of this groups. Named because most vitamins (except B9) has a dosage of either 50 mg (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6), or 50 mcg (AT 12).

Take 1 capsule daily with meals.

Available in capsules, suitable for vegans.

Advantages

  • high enough, but not excessive, quantity vitamins;
  • contains a full complex B.
  • suitable for vegans.

disadvantages

  • need to order online and wait for delivery.

Doctor’s Best, Fully Active B Complex with Quatrefolic

Rating: 4.8

DOCTOR'S BEST, FULLY ACTIVE B COMPLEX WITH QUATREFOLIC

Contains B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12 and Biotin.

The peculiarity of this tool is a non-standard form of vitamin B9: Quatrefolic. This is 5-methyltetrahydrofolate acid salt glucosamine, characterized by increased bioavailability. It necessary for people who have mutations that disrupt normal folic acid metabolism (analysis of mutations in the folate cycle genes can be taken to most commercial laboratories). Often such mutations are found when examining women with habitual miscarriage: folic acid deficiency in the body caused by it reduced absorption, leads to the development of neural tube defects, heart, genitourinary tract; missed pregnancy or premature detachment of the placenta. In addition, such mutations increase the likelihood of cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer.

It is useless for people with such a pathology to take conventional drugs folic acid – it is necessary funds with increased bioavailability.

The drug is available in cellulose-based capsules suitable to vegetarians.

Take 1 capsule per day.

Advantages

  • a special, easily digestible form of folic acid,
  • suitable for vegans.

disadvantages

  • order online only.

Solgar B-Complex with Vitamin C Stress Formula, 250 Tablets

Rating: 4.8

SOLGAR, B-COMPLEX WITH VITAMIN C STRESS FORMULA, 250 TABLETS

In addition to the full complex of vitamins B, it contains ascorbic acid and a mixture of natural plant extracts possessing antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. Contribute to normalization of the nervous and immune systems.

The manufacturer recommends taking 2 tablets per day, therefore, the course of treatment is relatively expensive.

Advantages

  • added a mixture of plant extracts for potentiation main action.

disadvantages

  • 2 tablets per day.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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