4 best remedies for vomiting

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Although nausea and vomiting is very painful and an unpleasant symptom, the rating of drugs with antiemetic effect will be surprisingly poor. If a consider remedies for headache, for arterial hypertension or for the treatment of pneumonia, then you can not only pick up two or three a dozen drugs, but combine them into different groups. Antiemetics in groups are difficult to combine, and the original funds, perhaps, do not pick up a dozen.

Although the cause of nausea and vomiting may be diverse, this symptom requires few medicines. Vomiting may occur when dizziness due to neurosis or stress, with motion sickness, with flying on airplanes, and as a side effect of occurrence drugs, for example, in cancer patients during chemotherapy course time.

The reason is that nausea and vomiting, or just vomiting without nausea when antiemetics are prescribed, almost never regarded as a symptom of intoxication and inflammation. But after all It is precisely for this reason that these symptoms most often arise!

If vomiting accompanies acute poisoning, intestinal infection, then this symptom disappears when the underlying disease is treated, antiemetics are not needed. With meningitis, due to irritations of the meninges and vomiting center of the brain there is so-called cerebral vomiting, without nausea. Nothing an unsuspecting patient suddenly spews a powerful emetic fountain masses without any warning to the body, without the slightest feeling nausea With meningitis, antiemetics are also not prescribed. means, because after stopping inflammation in the brain the sheaths of vomiting disappear by itself. Therefore antiemetic funds fight the gag reflex, and the point of their application almost always there are different links in the arc of this reflex.

Attention! Antiemetics are strictly prohibited apply with acute poisoning, with intestinal infections, with alcohol intoxication and similar conditions when vomiting cleanses the body and removes alcohol and microbial toxins from the stomach. The only exception would be acute radiation damage and radiation sickness.

This ranking includes the most effective and popular drugs to suppress gag reflex and reduce unpleasant feelings of nausea.

Rating of the best remedies for vomiting

Nomination a place Name of product price
Rating of the best remedies for vomiting 1 Motilium, Motilak, Domstal, Motizhect, Passenger (domperidone) 559 rub
2 Cerucal, Perinorm (Metoclopramide) 116 rub
3 Zofran, Latran, Emetron (ondansentron) 675 rub
4 Dramina, Aviamarin, Ciel (dimenhydrinate) 182 rub

Motilium, Motilak, Domstal, Motizhect, Passenger (domperidone)

Rating: 4.9

Motilium

The active ingredient is domperidone, it blocks dopamine receptors that exist in different parts of the central nervous system. Motilium is indicated for the treatment of chronic diseases. esophagus, intestines and stomach, accompanied by belching, heartburn, a variety of symptoms of gastric dyspepsia – nausea, vomiting and a feeling of fullness in the stomach area.

Take Motilium one tablet half an hour before food, and if necessary before bedtime. Each tablet contains 10 mg domperidone, the maximum daily dose is 8 tablets for adults. Issues Motilium pharmaceutical company Janssen Silag, and the cost of one package of 30 tablets is in an average of 670 rubles. The cheapest analogue of Motilium is considered Domestic domperidone manufactured by Ozone. The average cost for such packaging is about 80 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Motilium is its rather high effectiveness, with slight urge to vomit, and with slight nausea sometimes 1 or 2 tablets per day is sufficient. On the other hand there are contraindications. These include the gastrointestinal bleeding, serious liver dysfunction, pituitary tumor, secreting prolactin, and phenylketonuria. But in the event that all indications and contraindications are taken into account, then this tool will indispensable in the symptomatic treatment of nausea and vomiting.

Cerucal, Perinorm (Metoclopramide)

Rating: 4.8

Tserukal

The active substance of cerucal is metoclopramide. He acts on the same dopamine receptors as domperidone, and is also their central blocker. Cerucal is indicated for use in such diseases like acute gastritis with nausea, condition pylorospasm, when food lingers in the stomach, and its atony. Cerucal is injected with intestinal obstruction after surgery for heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux, with nausea and vomiting in patients with acute stroke, as well as for successful diagnostic techniques, for example, before esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

You need to take Cerucal one tablet half an hour before taking food, average adult dose – one tablet three or four times per day, but not more than 6 tablets per day. Launches Tserukal Croatian pharmaceutical company Pliva, and the cost of 1 package in 50 tablets of 10 mg each is an average of 120 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The great advantage of Cerucal is the ability to conduct long-term therapy, which can be two, three or more months, but not more than six months. Cerucal can also be used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of cytostatics, for example Azathioprine, cyclophosphamide and other drugs for leveling their side effects. The virtue of Tserukal will be having an injectable form that quickly helps or eliminate nausea, or prevent it, for example, with conducting invasive studies.

Zofran, Latran, Emetron (ondansentron)

Rating: 4.8

Zofran

This is a modern antiemetic drug produced by the famous Novartis companies, Switzerland. The active substance is ondansetron is an antagonist of xerotonin receptors. It is known that cancer treatment drugs and cytostatics cause in the central the nervous system increases the concentration of serotonin, and he is capable of through the parasympathetic system, stimulate the vomiting center. Ondansentron, blocking receptors, inhibits emetic reflex an arc.

Zofran is shown mainly as concomitant therapy in patients taking cytostatics and chemotherapeutic drugs, as well as those on radiation therapy. Other indications will be various postoperative conditions when the patient is concerned about nausea and vomiting, and often this occurs not only after operations on the gastrointestinal tract, but also with gradual reducing the effects of general anesthesia. This product is available in a variety of forms: parenteral administration, in tablets for resorption, and in the form of a syrup with strawberry flavor. Every pill contains 4 mg or 8 mg of active agent, and per day you can take no more than 4 tablets of 8 mg. The first pill is taken an hour before a chemotherapy session.

The cost of absorbable tablets is quite high. Packaging out of 10 tablets of Zofran, 8 mg each costs an average of 2100 rubles. But there are more affordable analogues. So, ondansetron, produced by the Israeli company Teva costs only 306 rubles per same packaging.

Advantages and disadvantages

Since this drug is serious, it can not be used in pregnant, lactating, and also children under the age of two years old. Of the side effects, a variety of allergic reactions, dry mouth, chest pain, headache, and feeling heat. However, the effectiveness of this tool is so high that even with high-dose chemotherapy, in which such a side an effect like nausea occurs in almost 100% of cases, ondansetron can significantly improve the quality of life of the patient during this difficult treatment.

Note: There is an even more specific antiemetic. the remedy from this group is granisetron, the original drug – Kitril. It produces an even stronger antiemetic effect, and affects only those serotonin receptors that are responsible for vomiting reflex. This drug has a much higher efficiency and safety, but at the same time its cost is even higher. One package of domestic granisetron, which is obviously cheaper all foreign drugs, and especially the original, is 5000 rubles per pack of just 10 tablets. About cost The original drug Kitril can only guess.

Dramina, Aviamarin, Ciel (dimenhydrinate)

Rating: 4.7

Dramina

At the end of this small antiemetic rating it is necessary to say a few comforting words and healthy people who may experience unpleasant symptoms sea ​​and air sickness, which crashes in a car. Also antiemetics are also needed for patients with various forms dizziness, vestibular neuronitis and Meniere’s disease, which are often treated by ENT doctors.

For such patients, there is the drug Dramina and its analogues, in which the active ingredient is 50 mg dimenhydrinate in each a pill. This remedy belongs to the group of histamine blockers. receptors and cholinergic receptors in the central nervous system. Dramina acts on the structure of the vestibular apparatus, on its semicircular canals and special pebbles, or otoliths. In addition to reducing nausea and vomiting, this tool significantly reduces appetite, has sedation, slightly reduces allergy symptoms, and Helps reduce dizziness.

It is necessary to use the drug Dramina before meals. At sea illnesses, adults are shown taking no more than 6 tablets per day, divided into 3 doses, and with systemic dizziness, illness Meniere and labyrinthine dosage and frequency of administration determines ENT – doctor. The Croatian company Jadran releases the drug Dramina, and a pack of 10 tablets costs 180 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Unfortunately, this drug, despite the pronounced antiemetic effect, all the disadvantages of the group of blockers are characteristic histamine receptors. Often there is anxiety, drowsiness, stuffy nose, constipation and dry mouth, urinary retention, and other unpleasant effects. With an overdose, all these symptoms significantly amplified, so do not exceed the required dosage.

To top it all off, taking Dramina slows down. driver reaction, therefore, do not drive after taking this drug, and also work with various machines and mechanisms. This drug and its analogues are contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy, with breastfeeding, with epilepsy and with glaucoma.

Of course, the list of contraindications and side effects is impressive enough and some will agree to endure unpleasant symptoms of motion sickness than taking quite gross drug. But with vestibular neuronitis and dizziness can be so strong that the patient lying clutching the bed, it seems to him that he is spinning around the room in one direction, as if on a carousel, and in doing so he experiencing debilitating bouts of repeated vomiting. Exactly at in such cases, Dramina will alleviate the condition of the patient, while positive effect will far exceed the above side effects effects.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

Rate article
An online magazine about style, fashion, etiquette, lifestyle, and about choosing the best products and services.
Add a comment