20 modern antibiotics

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Overview of modern antibiotics

Nomination a place Name of product price
Overview of antibiotics for sore throat, bronchitis and cough 1 Flemoxin Solutab 326 rub
2 Amoxiclav 466 rub
3 Sumamed 400 rub
4 Levofloxacin 359 rub
5 Suprax 818 rub
REVIEW OF ANTIBIOTICS for sinusitis 1 Sultasin 64 rub
2 Macropen 331 rubles
3 Rocephin 501 rub
4 Avelox 332 rub
5 Isofra 283 rub
ANTIBIOTIC REVIEW for children 1 Cephalexin 89 rub
2 Clarithromycin 442 rub
3 Lincomycin hydrochloride 154 rub
4 Roxithromycin 147 rub
5 Furadonin 177 r
OVERVIEW OF ANTI-BIOTIC ANTIBIOTICS 1 Wilprafen Solutab 700 rub
2 Zinforo 28 302 rub.
3 Invanz 1 650 rub.
4 Cubicin 5 747 rub.
5 Maksipim 192 rub

Overview of antibiotics for sore throat, bronchitis and cough

Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract are one of most common in clinical practice. To such diseases like tonsillitis and bronchitis, both children and adults are susceptible. Sometimes these pathological conditions can be caused by viruses, however often a bacterial infection also joins. In this case, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs (antibiotics). It should be recalled that antibiotic therapy should only be after a full examination of the patient, diagnosis and verification the sensitivity of flora to a particular antibiotic.

A bacterial infection may indicate a sharp increase in body temperature, an increase in signs of general intoxication (weakness, headache and muscle pain, dizziness), cough with purulent sputum discharge. This article will A review of the most affordable and effective antibiotics for sore throat, bronchitis and cough in adults.

Flemoxin Solutab

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Flemoxin Solutab

Antibiotic Flemoxin Solutab (Amoxicillin) from the group aminopenicillins, available in the form of soluble tablets of 20 pieces in a pack. There are several main dosages: 0.125g, 0.25g, 0.5g, 1.0g. Amoxicillin is the main active ingredient, which inhibits the growth and development of many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (pyogenic cocci, which are most often provoke inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory ways).

However, this antibiotic was included in the review because it is used. not only with angina and bronchitis – it can also inhibit growth some intestinal bacteria that provoke coli – enteritis and inflammatory processes in the urinary organs.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantages of this medication are quick and full absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, pleasant taste, the possibility of use from an early childhood. One more the advantage of Flemoxin Solutab is that it can drink both before and after meals (and even during meals). At proper use of this antibiotic expressed therapeutic effect develops from the first hours. And here You can notice it in a few days.

A number of disadvantages include, first of all, frequent allergic reactions that occur after application drug, high cost (relative to analogues), as well as inability to inhibit the growth of bacteria that produce such an enzyme like beta-lactamase (this enzyme destroys penicillins). IN In general, Flemoxin has much more advantages, therefore this the remedy is often used in inflammatory processes that occur in the upper respiratory tract. Price – 200 rubles.

Amoxiclav

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Amoxiclav

This is an antibiotic from the same group as Flemoxin Solutab – it belongs to the group of aminopenicillins. Amoxiclav produced (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid) in the form of tablets of 14 pieces per packaging. There are different dosages of this antibiotic: according to 0.25g, 0.5g, 0.875g, however, it should be noted that the amount clavulanic acid remains unchanged at 0.125g. Price antibiotic is 350 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

As mentioned above, in addition to the main current substances – Amoxicillin, the composition of the drug includes clavulanic acid, which plays an important role in the treatment of bronchitis and tonsillitis, caused by bacteria that synthesize beta-lactamase. Insofar as this enzyme is able to destroy penicillins, clavulanic acid blocks it, thereby achieving a more pronounced and faster Effect. Another advantage – the drug has little effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

The disadvantages include the fact that Amoxiclav, like all the rest of the penicillins often causes allergic reactions (therefore, before their appointment, it is necessary to conduct a test on sensitivity). Perhaps a violation of the intestinal microflora and vagina (dysbiosis and dysbiosis), therefore, Amoxiclav always prescribed with probiotics.

Sumamed

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Sumamed

The antibiotic belongs to the macrolide group, is available in the form of capsules, tablets, suspensions and lyophysilate for injection. The approximate price is 400 rubles. Sumamed (Azithromycin) actively inhibits the production of bacterial cellular proteins walls, which prevents the rapid growth of bacteria. Often Sumamed is used to treat chronic tonsillitis (tonsillitis) and protracted bronchitis. It is especially recommended that you take it patients who due to individual intolerance cannot be treated with antibiotics of the penicillin series.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Sumamed is that it is extremely active a drug that does not require frequent use, and it is rightfully got into the review. Has a good effect of accumulation in organs and tissues organism, a sufficiently long period of decay and half-life, and also affects not only aerobic bacteria (which develop in the presence of oxygen), but also on anaerobic (reproducing without oxygen access). Sumamed gives the opportunity treat inflammation of the upper respiratory tract if they caused by chlamydia or mycoplasmas. Antibiotic is usually good tolerated (even with long courses), rarely causes reactions hypersensitivity. The disadvantage of this drug is its high cost.

Levofloxacin

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Levofloxacin

The drug is available in the form of tablets and solution for injection. Levofloxacin is inexpensive, but enough effective drug, the price of which is 100 rubles. Antibiotic belongs to the group of fluoroquinolones, acts primarily on The DNA of bacteria, thereby preventing them from multiplying. It is used in in the event that the patient has an allergic reaction to penicillins, and on macrolides, which does not happen very often. Levofloxacin acts on a large number of different bacteria, this is precisely due to its high efficiency.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage, as already mentioned, is the wide the spectrum of action of this antibiotic, so it can be used in in cases where angina or bronchitis is caused by several types bacteria (mixed infection). Antibiotic is rapidly absorbed and metabolized, instantly acting on the genetic apparatus microorganisms. Another clear advantage is low price.

However, a wide range of actions is not only a virtue, but also Levofloxacin deficiency. Killing pathogens the drug also destroys the natural microflora organism. Therefore, you can only use this medicine short courses and only under the supervision of a doctor. Otherwise, chances are that dysbiosis or fungal infections will develop lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. There are often cases when in the background taking Levofloxacin, allergic reactions develop, therefore the drug is not recommended for children. Not less, the antibiotic was reviewed as representative of active and modern fluoroquinolones, and side effects are inevitable a consequence of any active drug.

Suprax

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Suprax

The antibiotic belongs to a number of cephalosporins and is available in the form of capsules of 0.2 and 0.4 g. Suprax (cefixime) inhibits reproduction various kinds of bacteria, suppressing their division in the early stages. Use this tool (like all other cephalosporins) with bronchitis and tonsillitis only if the patient is observed hypersensitivity reaction to all the above groups preparations. Often Suprax is used for complex therapy. protracted bronchitis or tonsillitis caused by several types microorganisms.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage is the effectiveness and speed of action. antibiotic. It can be used even in childhood (Suprax prescribed if the patient later went to the hospital, and the infection is progressing and urgent help is needed). Antibiotic is very quickly absorbed and begins to act, and a long period elimination half-life allows you to use it 1-2 times a day.

The disadvantages of Suprax are its high allergenicity, and also the need for maintenance therapy in the form of immunostimulants and probiotics, which is aimed at prevention of mycoses (fungal infections) and dysbiosis. Price quite high and amounts to 630 rubles.

Overview of antibiotics for sinusitis

Sinusitis is a disease that is inflammation paranasal sinuses, which is accompanied by bursting pain, fever and purulent discharge from the nose. At the appearance of such symptoms, you must immediately consult a doctor to carry out the necessary research and diagnosis. Since in most cases sinusitis is caused by bacteria, antibiotics are an essential part of treatment. However their apply only if the patient has weakened immunity and the body cannot cope with this infection on its own.

The need to use antibacterial drugs for prolonged sinusitis is justified by the fact that sinus infection can get into the cranial cavity or spread hematogenously (through blood vessels) to other organs. In case of untimely going to a medical institution is not only a risk of development complications, but also increases the likelihood of a disease in chronic form, which is fraught with frequent inflammatory processes in upper respiratory tract. This review is based on preferences. professional community of doctors.

Sultasin

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Sultasin

An antibiotic from the group of protected aminopenicillins, which available in powder form in vials (1.5 g each). He is bred with using saline or local anesthetics and injected into the body in the form of injections (intravenous or intramuscular).

The mechanism of action of protected aminopenicillins is that they bind to receptors on the surface of bacterial cells (there are no such receptors in the body, therefore, drugs this group does not affect healthy cells and tissues). Thereafter aminopenicillins inhibit the production of proteins that are an integral part of the bacterial cell wall. Besides, Sultasin (Ampicillin and Sulbactam) affect the enzyme penicillinase (beta-lactamase), which is produced by some bacterial strains and inhibits the activity of the main active substances. As a result of this, even resistant bacteria die when the action of Sultasin.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantages of this drug is the effectiveness and speed of action, also an antibiotic can use to treat sinusitis in childhood. Another advantage – low price, which is 70 rubles.

The disadvantages of protected aminopenicillins (including Sultasin) is a fast elimination half-life (the drug is needed apply frequently) and frequent allergic reactions. Besides, Sultasin affects the gastrointestinal tract and often causes dysbiosis.

Macropen

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Macropen

Macropen (midecamycin) is an antibiotic from the macrolide class, which has a bacteriostatic effect (actively suppresses the growth of microorganisms over a long period of time). is he sold in powder form for oral use but more In total, 0.4 g tablets (16 pieces per pack) are common.

Advantages and disadvantages

Since the drug has a bacteriostatic effect, its can be used for sinusitis, prone to prolonged or chronic course. Macropen is one of the most preferred medicines if the patient has an allergic reaction to penicillins, (and this is enough often), and this allowed him to get into the review. Macropen rarely causes any side effects and reactions hypersensitivity, when it is taken much less often intestinal dysbiosis. Another advantage is a long half-life, so sometimes 1-2 tablets are enough day. The drug is suitable for the treatment of mixed infections (caused by several types of microorganisms).

The disadvantages of the drug can be attributed quite high cost, which today is 220 rubles. It is undesirable to use Macropen during pregnancy, feeding breastfeeding and in early childhood (in such situations it use only in extreme cases).

Rocephin

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Rocefin

The cephalosporin antibiotic has long been used for treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including sinusitis. The drug has a bactericidal effect (destruction microorganisms), while he is active in much more pathogens than the penicillins described above and macrolides. Rocefin (Ceftriaxone) is available in powder form during vials of 1 g. Intended for intramuscular and intravenous introduction, pre-dissolving the contents of the vial in saline or local anesthetic.

Advantages and disadvantages

As already mentioned, rocefin can affect a large the number of different microorganisms. Moreover, it has a long elimination half-life, so the patient does not need to worry about taking medication every few hours – usually 1-2 is enough injections per day. This fact allowed Rocefin to be included in the review of compliance, i.e. ease of use, which leads to high patient adherence to treatment.

Of the shortcomings, the most significant is the fact that often penicillin intolerance is combined with an allergy to cephalosporins, therefore, before use, it is absolutely necessary to conduct a test. Another disadvantage is the fact that Rocefin is not inhibits beta-lactamase, which some bacteria synthesize in as a protective enzyme. The price of the drug is quite high and is 450 rubles. During pregnancy, during breastfeeding and in in early childhood, rocefin should be used with special caution. Requires the appointment of maintenance therapy, which reduce the risk of dysbiosis and fungal infections.

Avelox

Popularity Rating: 4.6

Avelox

Antibiotic Avelox (Moxifloxacin) belong to the 4th generation (the most advanced) fluoroquinolones, and this allows him to lead review in this group. This group of antibiotics is 100% synthetic. – similar substances are not found in the environment, but created artificially. Avelox is available in the form of tablets of 0.4 g and solution for injection.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main virtue and reason why Avelox is enough often used for sinusitis of unknown etiology (origin) or with mixed infection (including that caused by mycoplasmas and chlamydia), due to the fact that this the drug has a wide spectrum of action and may in just a few days to produce the necessary therapeutic Effect.

Aveloks also have shortcomings. The cure is alien to organism (as already mentioned, it is completely synthetic), therefore, it is often possible to observe allergic reactions and dyspeptic symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea). In addition to motor skills GIT, Avelox also affects the intestinal flora – it inhibits it and leads to the development of dysbiosis, to which secondary infections (e.g. fungal). The drug can not used during pregnancy, sometimes it is used to treat sinusitis in children, but this requires serious evidence. Price the antibiotic is 600 rubles, which refers it to enough expensive drugs.

Isofra

Popularity Rating: 4.5

Isofra

This is a topical antibiotic, which is available in the form of 15ml nasal spray in bottles. Isofra (Framycetin) refers to aminoglycosides that have a pronounced bactericidal action. The antibiotic is actively used in clinical practice. for the treatment of acute and chronic sinusitis, which are caused by aerobic bacteria (propagating in an oxygenated environment) and anaerobes (developing in oxygen-free space). However the medicine in clinical practice is used only intranasally, as it is recognized as a sufficiently toxic compound (especially when gets on the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract).

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage is a short course of treatment, which is 3-7 days. However, such a duration of therapy does not does not affect the effectiveness of Isofra. This tool can used both for the treatment of adults and for the treatment of sinusitis, arising in childhood. In this case, the antibiotic is almost not absorbed into the blood, therefore, does not affect the functioning of the liver, stomach and intestines, does not cause a decrease in immunity and dysbiosis, and this allows you to assign the drug a high place in the review security.

The disadvantages of using Isofra include the fact that this the remedy does not affect pneumococci and streptococci, which are often are the causative agents of prolonged sinusitis. Therefore if symptoms do not decrease after a week of application, you will have to appoint another antibacterial drug. The cost of the drug is 250 rub.

Overview of antibiotics for children

At the moment, a large number in Russia antibiotics can be bought without a prescription. People used to count antibacterial drugs that help almost any disease, however, this is not so. Antibiotics really effective only when the disease is triggered by bacteria, with a viral origin of the pathology, similar medicinal funds can only aggravate the condition of the child, in the same way as in the case of a disease caused by protozoa, for example, with amoebic dysentery.

Antibiotics for children can only be used if they the doctor prescribes after all the necessary examinations. In this case, the doctor must take into account the individual characteristics of the body, the nature the course of the disease, as well as all available indications and contraindications. It is advisable to prescribe antibacterial drugs, which do not affect intestinal motility and normal flora organism.

Cephalexin

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Cephalexin

An antibiotic from the beta-lactam group, namely it refers to cephalosporins. Cephalexin is available in capsules of 0.5g to 16 pieces per pack. The drug has a pronounced bactericidal action (destroys microorganisms). It is often used for inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, urinary system, skin and subcutaneous fat, ENT organs, musculoskeletal system. Its use is possible starting from the neonatal period, however, the course and dosage are selected individually, taking into account the age and weight of the child. it permission to use the drug in newborns significantly Enhances the security overview of this tool.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Cephalexin is its low price, which today is 65 rubles. It can be used already with the first month of a child’s life, even with prolonged and difficult ongoing infections. You do not need to take the drug too often – 1-2 capsules per day are enough. Cephalexin has pronounced effect on a wide range of bacteria, inhibiting them reproduction. It can be used as a first-line drug for pneumonia. This is one of the few cephalosporins that are prescribed in capsules, and are not available in injections.

Possible side effects may be disadvantages. (dyspeptic phenomena: diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, flatulence) and allergic reactions. Use with caution for treatment. premature babies with a burdened allergic history.

Clarithromycin

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Clarithromycin

Clarithromycin is an antibacterial drug, which belongs to a number of macrolides. Antibiotic has a mild bacteriostatic effect, so it is often used for long-lasting infections of the upper respiratory tract, rhinitis, otitis, sinusitis and sinusitis. It is available in the form of tablets and capsules of 0.25 and 0.5g. Clarithromycin inhibits reproduction pyogenic cocci, mycobacteria and Helicobacter pylori infection, therefore often used to treat gastric ulcer.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage of clarithromycin, like others antibacterial drugs from the macrolide group, is minimal possibility of side effects. therefore the drug can be used already in the first year of the baby’s life. Another dignity – a course of treatment from 6 to 10 days is enough, while 2 capsules are prescribed per day. Fast absorption and long lasting elimination half-life provides effective action and achievement therapeutic effect in a short time. Antibiotic price average and is 230 rubles.

The disadvantages of clarithromycin can be called low activity in comparison with other antibiotics (for example, from the group cephalosporins). Therefore, with inefficiency or with mixed infections have to combine this drug agent with other antibacterial drugs. It may slightly reduce its effectiveness, but increases its security.

Lincomycin hydrochloride

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Lincomycin hydrochloride

Lincomycin hydrochloride is classified as an antibiotic from the group lincosamides. May have both bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect on a large number of different microorganisms. Lincomycin hydrochloride is available as solution for injection and capsules of 0.25 g. It is used for inflammatory processes of the skin, upper and lower respiratory tract, bones and joints, heart and blood vessels. The drug is rapidly absorbed from gastrointestinal tract, and the maximum concentration is reached in a few hours. Actively affects cocci flora sticks and other types of microorganisms.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage is quick absorption and action. the drug, as well as possible bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects on many groups of microorganisms. Antibiotic is worth inexpensive, today it can be purchased at a price of 50 rub.

Lincomycin hydrochloride has disadvantages and there are many of them. An antibiotic can be used only from the age of 6. Carefully it should be prescribed if the patient has chronic digestive diseases, cardiomyopathies and allergic reactions. Lincomycin can lead to the development of dysbiosis and fungal infections of the skin and mucous membranes, therefore recommended use maintenance therapy. Cumulative balance of virtues and disadvantages allows lincomycin to maintain stable, medium a broad-spectrum antibiotic review position.

Roxithromycin

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Roxithromycin

This is an antibiotic from the macrolide group, which is often used in pediatrics. Roxithromycin is available in the form of tablets of 0.15g by 10 pieces in a pack. It is referred to as an antibacterial drug of wide spectrum of action, so he found wide practical application. It is used to treat inflammatory skin diseases, upper respiratory tract, urinary system, ENT organs, bones. Roxithromycin is also used in the treatment of childhood infections, caused by bacteria, namely: scarlet fever, whooping cough, diphtheria. Often used to prevent infectious myocarditis with dental interventions.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of increasing the rating is soft bacteriostatic effect, which is distributed mainly only pathogens. In this case, normal microflora intestines practically does not suffer, therefore dysbiosis and concomitant fungal infections are rare. Almost Roxithromycin never causes allergic reactions. Medicine quickly absorbed from the digestive tract and does not require frequent admission. Price for the antibiotic is quite low and amounts to 140 rubles.

Among the disadvantages of Roxithromycin can be identified as negative effect on the enzymatic activity of the liver, therefore the antibiotic is not should be prescribed for violations of the function of this gland. Not recommended for infants up to 2 months.

Furadonin

Popularity Rating: 4.6

Furadonin

Furadonin (Nitrofurantoin) is a medicine with pronounced antimicrobial activity, which refers to class of nitrofuran derivatives. Actively inhibits reproduction bacteria, inhibiting the synthesis of RNA and DNA. Most common appointment of Furadonin in urology, – thanks to its bacteriostatic effect, it is used even with long-term urinary tract infections (pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis). Available in the form of tablets that are needed take 2-3 times a day (as recommended by a doctor).

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage of Furadonin is that pathogens urinary tract infections practically do not develop resistance (resistance) to this drug, it increases effectiveness with prolonged use. Therefore it can be take as part of a comprehensive treatment that includes several courses. It is rapidly absorbed in the stomach, penetrates the blood plasma and binds to proteins, and then begins to act on nephrons in the kidneys. The price of the antibiotic is low and is 75 rubles.

The disadvantage is the fact that Furadonin can apply only from 12 years old, before that – according to indications and with caution. But in this case, it is completely replaceable with furagin. The drug may affect liver and gastrointestinal tract function. in general, sometimes causes allergic reactions, neurotic disorders and phenomena of dyspepsia.

Broad-spectrum antibiotic review

Many inflammatory diseases are caused by bacteria, therefore antibiotic prescribing is then paramount a measure of etiotropic treatment (aimed at the cause of the disease). For prescribing the most effective antibacterial drug you need take the patient’s material and sow, and then determine the sensitivity of bacteria to certain drugs. However such analysis can be done from a few days to several weeks, and the patient sometimes needs antibiotic therapy at the time seeking medical help.

For these purposes, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used. Their essence lies in the fact that they can act on a large the number of species of bacteria and inhibit their growth. Consider review of the most popular drugs.

Wilprafen Solutab

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Wilprafen Solutab

This is an antibacterial drug that belongs to the latter. generation of macrolides. Available as dispersed 10 tablets in a pack of 1 g. Wilprafen Solutab (Josamycin) in small doses inhibits the growth of bacteria, then there is a bacteriostatic effect. But in large doses this antibiotic acts as a typical bactericidal agent (destroys microorganisms). It is used to treat many diseases: upper and lower respiratory tract infections, genitourinary system, ENT organs, skin, sometimes used for gastritis, which is caused by exposure to Helicobacter pylori.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of this drug is that it practically does not affect the intestinal microflora, does not cause dysbiosis. It has a long lasting effect due to the long half-life. Rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal a path, and the maximum concentration is reached in blood already through hour. Indicated for the treatment of many infections.

The disadvantage is the fact that Vilprafen Solutab penetrates through the placenta and may be excreted in milk during the period when lactation occurs. Antibiotic has a fairly high price, which today is 630 rubles.

Zinforo

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Zinforo

Zinforo (cefaroline fosamil) is an antibiotic of the fifth, last generations of a series of cephalosporins that has a bactericidal action. An antibiotic inhibits (inhibits) growth as gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Affected on microorganisms propagating in oxygen and oxygen-free environment (aerobes and anaerobes). It can be used for some inflammatory processes that are caused by bacteria, namely with pathology of the skin, upper and lower respiratory tract.

Sufficiently quickly absorbed, slowly excreted. Red blood cells and blood formation does not affect the gastrointestinal tract have a strong enough effect (suppresses normal microflora). Available in the form of 0.6g powder in a vial, its must be diluted with saline before administration.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of the drug is its high efficiency – usually enough to achieve a therapeutic effect a few injections. It can be used for inflammatory diseases when the phenomena of mixed infection are observed (caused by several infections).

However, an antibiotic may affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. a tract, disrupting the basic functions of the liver. Medicine has a high price, Zinforo is not sold in all pharmacies, sometimes it is quite difficult to acquire. Use with caution during pregnancy, lactation, in childhood. Just like others cephalosporin antibiotics, this remedy is missing tablet or capsule form – the drug is used only as an injection. This fact can also sufficiently “lower rating “of the drug, despite its modernity and high efficiency.

Invanz

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Invasion

Invanz (Ertapenem) is an antibacterial drug from the group carbapenems, which refers to the latest generation of antibiotics a wide spectrum of action. Available as lyophysilate for injection of 20 ml, with one bottle containing 1 g of active substances. It is used for peritonitis, infectious complications. abortion, with pneumonia and other inflammatory diseases respiratory tract. Often invanions are prescribed pi severe purulent inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous fat, meningitis, encephalitis and sepsis. Invasion has a pronounced bactericidal action on many microorganisms.

Advantages and disadvantages

Invanz is rapidly absorbed and begins to act on microorganisms – it is administered intramuscularly or intravenously. Often It has a pronounced and rapid effect, even with severe bacterial infections (septicemia, prolonged pyelonephritis). May act on gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic sticks and cocci. This antibiotic rightfully occupies a high position in the review – because he replaced such powerful drugs as Tienam and Meronem, and sometimes severe patients can only “hope” for such facilities.

The disadvantages of this antibiotic are frequent side effects. effects that occur during the use of the drug facilities. In 2-3% causes dyspeptic disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), sometimes affects the central nervous system, provoking the appearance of headache, dizziness, disorders vision and hearing. It is not clear how Invanz affects intrauterine fetal development, so you can use it during pregnancy only in cases where the benefits exceed the possible negative effects. The price of the drug is high and amounts to 1700 rubles.

Cubicin

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Kubitsin

Cubicin (Daptomycin) is available as a lyophilisate for injection 0.35 or 0.5 g in a bottle. This antibiotic refers to the latest generation of lipopeptides (cyclic). Affected mainly on gram-positive bacterial flora, on Gram-negative bacteria have less effect. Often used for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Assign, for example, with inflammatory processes of the skin and subcutaneous fat, postoperative purulent complications (including myocarditis and endocarditis), sepsis.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage of Cubicin is its pronounced bactericidal effect, which develops 2-3 days after initiation of therapy. In this case, sufficient therapeutic effect, it is further supported additionally administered doses of the drug. Antibiotic rarely causes side effects.

Therefore, the drug is indicated for septic conditions, because with the presence of a high concentration of pathogens in the blood cannot be used bactericidal antibiotics: the destruction of a large number of microbes in the blood will lead to the release of their antigens and pathogenicity factors in blood, which can cause an infectious toxic shock. therefore bacteriostatic effect of Kubitsin and allowed him to appropriate place in the security review.

The disadvantages can be considered that Kubitsin must be taken within 10-14 days. As a result of active suppression of normal microflora of the body, complications such as fungal infections of the skin and urinary tract, headaches and neurotic disorders. The price is high and amounts to 4900 rubles. Not recommended for use before the age of 18 years, during pregnancy, in lactation, as well as after 65 years, especially if there are chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver.

Maksipim

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Maxipim

Maksipim (Cefipim) is an antibiotic from the group of cephalosporins 4 generations. Available in powder form in 1g and 0.5g vials. Before intravenous or intramuscular administration it is necessary dissolve in saline or in local anesthetics. The drug has a strong bactericidal effect, maximum plasma concentration is reached after 2-3 days. Period half-life and half-life are long, so 1-2 is enough injections per day. Maxipim is used to treat bacterial infections of the upper respiratory tract, urinary system, genitals, skin, and generalized processes (specemia, septicopyemia).

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of Maksipim can be considered its high speed. actions, as well as the fact that there is no need to make injections more often 2 once a day. At the same time, Maksipim affects a large number of various microorganisms that often cause hospital and out-of-hospital infections. Antibiotic can be used in children. age, but this must be done with caution and only under medical supervision. Another plus is the low price, which is 320 rubles.

The disadvantages can be called a negative effect on the microflora intestines. That is why it is always necessary to prescribe additional therapy that aims to reduce risk development of dysbiosis. Maxipim is not recommended for use during pregnancy. As with other cephalosporins, rating popularity may be reduced by the absence of oral forms (in in the form of tablets and capsules for oral administration).

Popularity rating based on analysis of service demand data wordstat.yandex.ru.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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