Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
Breeders have developed about 3000 varieties of bitter / hot peppers. Their degree of pungency can be very different. The index of pungency in different varieties is assessed on the Scoville scale. It was developed by an American pharmacologist. The ECS (Scoville Scale Units) is used to estimate how much capsaicin is in a particular vegetable. For this, the pepper extract is tested organoleptically.
The grade is evaluated when analyzing peppers that have reached biological maturity. Unripe fruits are not examined. The pungency of peppers is often influenced by the conditions in which they are cultivated. Bitter peppers can be grown both outdoors and in pots indoors. All varieties of this vegetable are subdivided into early, middle and late ripening. This review is dedicated to reviewing the best of them.
- Rating of the best varieties of hot peppers
- Hot peppers for growing in the room
- Indian summer
- Explosive amber
- Filius blue
- Bitter pepper for open ground
- Dragon tongue
- Astrakhansky 147
- Hungarian yellow
- Homer F1
- Early ripening bitter peppers
- Impala F1
- Tula F1
- Medium to Late Ripening Hot Peppers
- Ram horn
Rating of the best varieties of hot peppers
|Hot peppers for growing in the room||1||Indian summer||5.0|
|Bitter pepper for open ground||1||Dragon tongue||5.0|
|Early ripening bitter peppers||1||Impala F1||5.0|
|Medium to Late Ripening Hot Peppers||1||Ram horn||5.0|
Hot peppers for growing in the room
Hot pepper varieties with small pods are the best option for growing in an apartment or house. They have a compact root system, so they have enough pots for growing flowers to grow.
Bitter pepper Indian summer is a small bushes, the height of which does not exceed 30-40 cm. The plant is spreading with a large number of leaves. Grows well on windowsills all year round or in summer on balconies / loggias. Indian summer is used as a seasoning, pepper powder is made from it or canned.
The bush is covered with small (no more than 2 cm in diameter) spherical peppers. They vary greatly in color. Once biologically mature, these bitter peppers develop a bright red color. Their wall thickness does not exceed 3 mm. In the taste, you can feel sweetness with sourness and spice. The variety ripens early. Sowing seedlings is carried out in the last week of February or the first week of March.
According to reviews, Indian Summer grows well in low light conditions. Ripening of the pods takes 16 weeks. This pepper is slightly spicy to taste – from 500 to 1000 units on the Scoville scale. Of the shortcomings, some allocate a large number of seeds in small peppercorns, as well as the fact that the fruits dry out quite quickly.
- the appearance of the bush;
- slightly spicy, aromatic peppers;
- extended ripening period;
- grows well in low light.
- peppercorns contain a lot of seeds;
- fruits dry quickly.
The American hot pepper variety Explosive amber is a very beautiful decorative species. It is a squat, compact bush. It reaches a height of only 35 cm. The leaves and twigs are blue-green in color. The intensity of the dominance of blue depends on the illumination. If the pot with this plant is in a sunny place, then the bush will be dominated by green shades in color. And in the presence of a thick shadow, blue appears more.
The pods are oblong. At the time of technical maturity, they are colored purple. Over time, they pass through a milky, yellow, orange color. Having reached biological maturity, they become close to red. In place of each flower, about 6 ovaries are formed. The plant is covered with a large number of small pods. Bears fruit 78-86 days after planting seedlings.
In the reviews, lovers of this variety note that the Ember Explosive bitter pepper is characterized by increased pungency. The severity is high – up to 30,000 ECU. But in mature pods, it partially softens. Such peppers acquire a sweetish note. The variety is very unpretentious. Feels good in an apartment. But peppercorns have many small, flattened, rounded seeds.
- very attractive plant;
- a variety with excellent taste characteristics;
- very hot peppercorns;
- early ripe, unpretentious variety;
- grows well indoors.
- the fruits contain many small seeds.
Filius blue is an ornamental bitter pepper with a high yield. This plant grows well in indoor conditions. Bushes do not exceed 20 cm in height. Filius blue not only decorates the windowsill, but also guarantees the presence of hot edible peppers. By the time of biological maturity, Filius blue becomes less burning.
The Filius blue variety has curved, thin peppercorns. Their color gradually changes from violet-blue to red. Peppers are erect, medium in fleshiness. Their length and diameter do not exceed 1.3-1.9 cm. The variety has a high yield. The peppercorns on the plant last for a long time. Filius blue is used as a spice and can also be used for canning.
Lovers of this variety speak very well of it. They like the look of the bushes. Against the background of dark green foliage with a bluish tint, the multi-colored pods look simply gorgeous. But at the same time, they note that the plant is very fond of good lighting, regular watering and does not react well to dry air, so it is advisable to spray it often.
- graceful bushes;
- abundant fruiting;
- peppercorns stay on the branches for a long time;
- exceptional pungency of the stitches.
- frequent spraying of foliage is necessary.
Bitter pepper for open ground
When cultivating bitter peppers in the garden, gardeners first take care of the seedlings in room conditions. And when the ground warms up, the young shoots are transferred to the ground in the open air.
Bitter pepper Tongue of the dragon is intended for cultivation in greenhouses of any type and in the open air. The height of the bushes in this variety is about 60-70 cm. The dragon's tongue ripens early. From germination to full ripening, it takes about 97-105 days. From 1 m² it is possible to collect up to 2 kg of hot pepper of this variety.
The tongue of the dragon has drooping peppercorns, reminiscent of the trunk of an elephant. Having reached technical maturity, the peppers are green in color. And when fully ripe, these vegetables turn red. The average weight of one pod is 25 g, the length is up to 15 cm. The Tongue of the Dragon has a pronounced peppery aroma. And the taste is quite spicy. Dry seasoning is prepared from it, peppercorns are preserved or eaten fresh.
According to gardeners' reviews, the productivity of the Dragon's tongue is high. Ripening of peppers occurs at about the same time. They have a strong peppery aroma. Grown in seedlings, tolerates cold well. Bushes require timely watering, loosening and fertilization. It is important to note that this cultivar should be planted away from sweet peppers to avoid cross-pollination.
- it turns out to collect a lot of pepper from one bush;
- simultaneous maturation of peppercorns;
- intense peppery aroma;
- tolerates cold well.
- requires careful maintenance.
Astrakhansky 147 bitter pepper belongs to varieties with high productivity. It ripens in about 120 days. It can be cultivated in the open field without any problems. The bush is compact, growing practically without branches. It reaches a height of 50-65 cm. The ripening and appearance of peppers in this variety is extended. Astrakhanskiy 147 has found wide application in cooking and medicine.
Peppers are smooth, drooping. Their length usually does not exceed 6-9 cm. The shape of the peppercorns is conical, small. The weight of each of them is up to 18 g with a wall thickness of 1-2 mm. As they form and mature, the peppers change their color from dark green to bright red. The pulp of the Astrakhansky variety is rather coarse, and also has an increased sharpness.
In the reviews, gardeners note that they harvest the Astrakhan pepper for a very long time, since the fruiting period is extended. The variety is not capricious, it easily adapts to various environmental conditions. This hot pepper is actively used in folk medicine to increase appetite, relieve fever, or eliminate muscle pain.
- high productivity indicators;
- the variety adapts well to various conditions;
- suitable for cooking and medicinal purposes;
- high ECU performance.
- not identified.
Hungarian yellow pepper is perfectly cultivated in the open air or in greenhouses. Bushes grow short (40-45 cm) and compact. No props are used to form them. You can harvest the first harvest from the moment the seeds germinate in 85-90 days. Hungarian yellow is an excellent condiment for various dishes and is also suitable for canning.
Narrow, rather large fruits resemble a cone in shape. They are smooth with a glossy skin. Initially, the fruits are yellowish, and when ripe as much as possible, the peppercorns become ruby. They weigh up to 60 grams, and their thickness is up to 4 mm. Hungarian yellow has a semi-sharp, bitter taste. The yield in greenhouses is quite high. From 1 m² it is possible to collect up to 6-7 kg of hot pepper.
According to reviews, Hungarian yellow resists well such a disease as apical rot, is not afraid of low temperatures. On the beds, it looks very attractive. But at the same time, gardeners note that watering this plant should be carried out after sunset and only with warm water, at the root. Top dressing should be carried out throughout the growing season.
- beautiful appearance in the garden;
- peppers have a semi-sharp taste;
- good seed germination;
- high yield rates;
- tolerate a drop in temperature well;
- disease resistant.
- needs constant feeding.
Homer's F1 hot pepper hybrid is a compact plant. It has a large number of leaves, so that peppercorns are not subject to sunburn. The plant is grown under film covers or in the open field. Throughout the growing season, this hybrid stably sets new fruits.
Homer's peppercorns weigh an average of 28-35 grams. Their length reaches 22 cm, and their diameter is 4 cm. Initially formed peppercorns are light green in color. And when they fully mature, they turn red. There is no anthocyanin coloration of fruits at low temperatures. The Homer variety has a spicy, but moderately pungent taste. Such bitter peppers are often pickled and also consumed fresh.
Gardeners speak well of Homer's F1 hot pepper variety. They like the pungent taste of the fruit and its medium aroma. They also note that this hybrid has good immunity to viral diseases. Homer's yield when grown outdoors is 3.2 kg per square meter. Many people love this hybrid with good viscosity and a pungent taste.
- a large number of leaves on the bush;
- fruit setting throughout the growing season;
- high productivity;
- immunity to viral diseases.
- not identified.
Early ripening bitter peppers
Bitter peppers, which ripen early, will delight gardeners in the middle of summer.
The F1 Impala hot pepper hybrid is a strong, tall plant. Bushes grow straight. They have an open appearance. They have a large number of leaves that protect the peppercorns well in the heat. Impala feels great outdoors or under plastic in greenhouses. Its growing season is about 70-75 days. Fresh peppers add spice to many dishes. It is also used for dry seasoning or canning.
Impala peppers grow quite long – up to 18-20 cm. Each fruit weighs about 80 g and has an average diameter of 3 cm. The average number of peppers on a bush is 8-12. Technically ripened vegetables are light green, and by the time they are biologically ripe, they turn red. Consumers love this variety of pepper for its pungent, pungent taste. It is actively used at any stage of ripening.
Many people speak well of the Impala F1 variety. They like that this hybrid tolerates heat well and also has a high immunity to viral diseases. It is also praised for being well transported and well stored. The leaves protect the fruit from sunburn. But since this is a hybrid, it is not possible to collect the seeds on your own.
- spicy spicy taste;
- early ripening of fruits;
- well stored and transported;
- not afraid of the heat.
- it is impossible to collect seeds by yourself
The Tula F1 hot pepper hybrid belongs to the early ripening species. It takes 90-100 days from germination to the possibility of harvesting. The bush grows to a medium height. It belongs to the standard (40-60 cm). His habit is closed. The leaves are green, medium in size. The arrangement of fruits on the plant is mixed. The variety grows well outdoors or in greenhouses.
The peppers are large enough, conical in shape, with an average weight of 14–21 g. The top is pointed. The surface is smooth. The wall thickness at the time of biological maturity is 2.0–4.4 mm. The peppers have a pronounced pungent taste and rich aroma. The yield is 1.1–1.6 kg per 1 m². The purpose of the fruit is universal. Tula is great for all dishes that require piquancy.
According to reviews, this hybrid is valued for its stable yield, plasticity, attractive fruit appearance. Consumers praise the Tulsky variety for its excellent behavior during transportation and during long-term storage. The plant is simple and unpretentious to care for. The main disadvantage of Tula is the inability to prepare your own seeds from a hybrid.
- rich taste;
- early maturity;
- simplicity and unpretentiousness in care;
- good productivity;
- excellent transportability.
- impossibility of harvesting their seeds from a hybrid.
The bitter pepper variety Wit is one of those that ripen early. The growing season takes 90-100 days. Perfectly cultivated in the open air or in greenhouses. The plant has a closed habit. The bush does not require auxiliary structures to form. It contains a large number of large leaves, painted in a dark green color. The wit can be grown in any region. Up to 2.5 kg of pepper can be harvested from 1 m².
At Wits, the peppercorns are cone-shaped, smooth, glossy, looking up. Their average weight is 5-8 g, and the wall thickness is 2 mm. Technically ripe fruits are greenish-white in color. And when they become biologically mature, they acquire a dark red color. The peppercorns have a pungent, pungent taste and strong aroma. It is actively used during cooking and pickled for future use. The blade is suitable for drying and long-term storage.
In the reviews, gardeners praise this variety for the fact that it has extended fruiting, excellent taste, and resistance to temperature extremes. They also note that Wits is also a very beautiful, decorative look. Many people like that this variety is suitable for growing in northern regions. The main care for him is watering, loosening and feeding.
- excellent taste;
- adapted to adverse weather conditions;
- beautiful decorative appearance;
- suitable for drying.
- does not tolerate a lack of lighting.
Medium to Late Ripening Hot Peppers
Usually the crop of crops with an average ripening period ripens in 100-130 days after germination of seedlings. But there are also varieties that gain full maturity for about 150 days or more.
Bitter pepper variety Lamb's horn belongs to the mid-late varieties. The duration of the growing season is 130-145 days. The bush is compact, branched. Plant height 50-60 cm. Variety Sheep Horn is intended for growing
and in the beds , both in the open field and under a film shelter. The yield of pepper in greenhouses is 3 kg per 1 m². Sheep horn is actively consumed fresh or canned.
Peppers have an elongated, conical shape. Outwardly, they resemble a ram's horn. Their average length is 25–35 cm, and their weight is 30–40 g. By the time of technical maturity, the fruits are light green in color. And upon reaching biological maturity, they turn red. The ram's horn variety has a sharp taste with a mild aftertaste. Their aroma is very intense. If watering is minimal, the taste will be sharper. Up to 60 peppers are tied on one bush.
According to reviews, the Ram's horn is unpretentious in cultivation, but does not tolerate stagnant water. Requires a lot of sun, grows more slowly in partial shade. Timely watering is important for him. Many people like that you can adjust the pungency of this vegetable by increasing or decreasing watering. This variety has universal application. In the fall, the bush can be dug up and grown on the windowsill.
- high productivity;
- the ability to adjust the severity by the amount of watering;
- universality of application;
- you can continue growing in a pot on a windowsill.
- grows more slowly in partial shade.
Tabasco is a type of chili pepper. The ripening period for this vegetable is 100-120 days. Plant height – 60-150 cm. It is represented by small bushes covered with a large number of small pods. It is a perennial variety, but lives no more than 2-5 years.
In Tabasco, the fruits are cone-shaped. Their length is about 4 cm. They grow vertically upwards. Initially, after the ovary, the peppercorns are yellow, but over time they become bright red. Tabasco's hotness indicators are in the range of 30,000-50,000 ECU. Peppers have a unique smoky aroma. As they ripen, the peel on the peppers thickens, and the flesh inside becomes creamy.
Consumers speak very well of Tabasco bitter pepper. They like the high yield of this variety and its disease resistance. Lovers of this pepper note that, despite its small size, it has a strong pungency. Tabasco is not particularly demanding to care for, but gardeners report that this variety does not tolerate cold at all. If the night temperature drops below 15 ° C, then the formation of fruits becomes difficult.
- incredibly hot pepper;
- perennial variety;
- bears fruit abundantly;
- has a unique smoky aroma.
- does not tolerate cold.
The Vizier bitter pepper belongs to the varieties that ripen late. The vegetable reaches its technical maturity after 120-125 days after full germination, and becomes biologically mature after 140 days. The plant is tall and powerful. It has a semi-spreading habit. The type of the bush is half-stem. It has the shape of a tree and a height of 80-100 cm.
The fruits are small, each weighing 25-30 g. Their color is red or dark red. The shape of the peppercorns is complex and unusual. According to gardeners, it resembles an oriental turban, an asterisk or a flower. The walls are thin, 2-3 mm each. Thanks to its bizarre shape, it looks beautiful when canned whole. In greenhouses with 1 m², it is possible to harvest up to 4 kg of the crop.
Pepper Vizier is an excellent, mildly spicy variety that will spice up any delicious dish. It is easy to grow and requires minimal maintenance for a good harvest. The vizier is praised for making various pastas and paprika from him. The variety has a good yield and natural resistance to various diseases.
- original beautiful shape;
- pleasant bitter taste;
- ease of care;
- immunity to disease;
- excellent commercial qualities.
- not identified.
Bitter pepper Ogonyok belongs to the average ripening period (the growing season is 115-120). It can be grown outdoors, in apartments, or in greenhouses. The height of the bush in the garden is 45–55 cm, and in pots – 30–35 cm. Ogonyok has a dense pyramidal crown. The bush simultaneously contains flowers and fruits with varying degrees of ripeness.
The peppers are elongated pod-shaped, slightly curved, smooth. The weight of one fruit is 20 g, the walls are 1.5 mm thick. The pods are slightly curled. By the time of biological maturity, they become dark red. Ripening of peppers is not amicable. Has a pungent taste and pleasant aroma. It is used not only as a spicy addition to a dish, but also for the treatment of diseases.
According to reviews, Ogonyok enhances immunity, has a bright aroma and pungent taste. It is a popular and demanded plant. However, many companies sell completely different varieties under the name Ogonyok. Often their fruits are yellow, small and too sticking up. Unscrupulous producers mix various spicy varieties that do not correspond to the real description of the Fire.
- decorative appearance;
- pungent taste and rich aroma;
- you can harvest for a long time;
- strong immunity.
- when buying, there may be seed confusion.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.