Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Ivan Aivazovsky – a famous Russian artist of the XIX century, one of the most famous marine painters in the history of painting. Throughout his long life, he painted about six thousand paintings, of which More than four thousand devoted to marine subjects. Since childhood Aivazovsky, which took place in the port city of Feodosia, the sea for he served as a source of inexhaustible inspiration. Work artist during his lifetime enjoyed great popularity, and his name was widely known not only in the Russian Empire, but also in many countries of Europe and the Middle East. Curious that when creating his paintings, Aivazovsky extremely rarely painted from life, preferring to display on canvas his own vision of the sea landscapes. Some of his masterpieces can be seen in the Russian Museum, Tretyakov Gallery, but most of it is in Theodosia Gallery named after Aivazovsky. Anyone who is at least a little interested fine art, it is worth including in your horizons the work of this artist. In this collection we will talk about 15 the most famous paintings of the outstanding master.
The most famous paintings of Aivazovsky
|The most famous paintings of Aivazovsky||1||Wave||5.0|
|4||Among the waves||4.7|
|5||Sea storm at night||4.6|
|8||Moonlit night on Capri||4.3|
|9||Naval Battle of Navarin||4.2|
|11||Gulf of Naples||4.0|
|13||Brig Mercury attacked by two Turkish ships||4.0|
|14||View of Constantinople and the Bosphorus||4.0|
Aivazovsky’s canvas “Wave” depicts a stormy sea in the winter day, the wave that is most riveting on him is the oncoming wave, which is about to swallow a sinking ship and a fragile boat, until failure filled with sailors trying to escape. The picture is saturated sensation of incredible power of marine nature and fatal the helplessness of a handful of people in the face of the raging elements. The people depicted in the foreground give special drama to her, of the last forces clutching at the ghostly hope in the form of a fragment mast, not yet gone under water.
The picture is distinguished by a rather narrow range of shades, its expressiveness is achieved mainly due to small details, such as thick foam and flashes of lightning on billowing ridges waves. Hidden horizon line and formidable low overhanging water lead clouds perfectly convey the effect of imminent disaster.
“Chaos” is considered the most famous creation of Aivazovsky on religious subjects. At that time, the artist lived in Italy and perfected his skills with Venetian seascapes. The rumor about this picture quickly reached the Vatican and became interested in it. Pope Gregory XVI himself. For writing the canvas “Chaos” Russian the painter received an award in the form of a gold medal from the pontiff, and then he expressed his willingness to buy a picture. However Aivazovsky refused payment and simply donated the canvas to the Vatican Museum.
Obviously, the artist took the biblical tradition of the creation of the world, according to which “the Earth was formless and empty … and the Spirit of God hovered over the waters. “Chaos is depicted as rebellious and oscillating sea waves and thunderclouds, one of which took the appearance of a mysterious dark figure. And above, above them – a bright silhouette God with outstretched arms, the light emanating from him is reflected in dark waves. Spiritual Symbolism as well as Dark Green Color the palette leaves the viewer feeling of inner strength and magnetic appeal of the picture.
Despite the simple composition and restrained colors, many art historians consider the Black Sea a grandiose picture. On the it depicts only the sea and the sky, but thanks to the skill of the artist, his ability to use semitones, they seem realistic, alive and unlimited. A narrow strip of horizon divides the canvas into two parts: gloomy sky with clouds and gray crests of waves, growing towards the viewer. Aivazovsky managed to accurately convey that tense moment when, at any moment, the sea should a fierce storm breaks out.
The picture reliably conveys the true character of the Black Sea, unpredictable and quite dangerous for shipping. As a hint of This, in the distance, shows a barely noticeable silhouette of a sailing ship. Water around it is still calm and smooth, but it is not known whether boat to get to the land line, visible on horizon or it will swiftly approaching elements. how and in many other works of Aivazovsky, dominates here oppressive uncertainty.
Among the waves
The picture is minimalist, even in the context of the rest creativity Aivazovsky. However, it is precisely because of this that the artist with such amazing accuracy he managed to portray beauty and convey mobility of sea waves. The color scheme ranges from light silver-blue shades in the foreground to saturated deep blue in the back of the landscape. Special attention attracted by a wave pierced obliquely by a ray of light, sparkling snow-white thick foam on the crest.
Aivazovsky wrote his work “Among the Waves” at the age of eighty-one years, spending only ten days on work. It is curious that initially on the canvas, in addition to water, was captured a small boat with people. But when the artist demonstrated the work to his loved ones, one of his relatives, as a ship engineer, he doubted what a ship could at least briefly stay on high waves. Angry Aivazovsky without saying a word, went to his room, and the next day presented a redone picture in which the boat is not left a trace.
Sea storm at night
The painting “A storm at sea at night” is a vivid example of romanticism and emotional painting, characteristic of the work of Aivazovsky. Although the picture reflects the stormy temperament of the sea element, it does not leaves a gloomy impression. One of the main elements composition is the moon, whose light falls on the waves, coloring them in golden hues. The lunar path, reflected in the water, makes its almost transparent, and the foamy tops flash out of the darkness.
An important part of the plot can be considered a ship. Big him part remains in the form of a dark silhouette, which allowed visually emphasize the unfolded sails. Obviously, despite the storm, the ship stays steadily afloat and waves rolling along the deck they will not prevent him from going further with the intended course. The picture is different dynamism, and carries a charge of optimism inherent in many the creations of the author.
The painting “Sea. Koktebel”, also called “Koktebel bay, “depicts the coast of Feodosia. This is one of the brightest and warmest Aivazovsky’s works, in which he managed to convey vividly and naturally the restless beauty of the Black Sea. In the background, on the right side the cliff of Kara-Dag, which is almost completely obscures the sun going towards sunset. Small ship on waves with a red pennant flying behind the stern and contrasting with it, a boat lying calmly on the shore reinforces romanticism works of the artist.
Most of the canvas is occupied by the evening sky, drawn in orange and pearl shades. Also great Aivazovsky paid attention to the sea approaching on the coast, thanks to skillful glaze, its waves seem transparent, almost real.
When working on the painting “Rainbow” Russian marine painter deviated from his usual romanticism, giving preference classical realism in the image of the struggle of man with the elements. IN the plot focuses on a raging storm leading to a shipwreck. Vessel, apparently sitting on the reefs, dangerously tilted and any minute go to the bottom. And in the foreground, sailors are fighting the waves, trying to swim to the shore. At first glance it seems to them that will fail, and powerful waves will swallow the boat with people. However the rainbow that appeared before them is a symbol of salvation and soon retreat of the storm.
The picture does not contain bright colors typical of the author, instead of of this he masterfully conveys the mood of the plot in soft shades blue, purple and green colors. The background is depicted. much darker than the front and the whole picture as if visible through a thin mist of sea spray. It gives a sense of depth and reality of what is happening, the artist as if takes the viewer to the very epicenter of events.
Moonlight night on Capri
On this canvas, belonging to his early creative period, Aivazovsky captured the night landscape near the island of Capri. The island is located in the Italian region of Campania and since Roman emperors is the most popular Tyrrhenian resort seas. Most of the composition is devoted to the sky and water, however there are several ships present. Pretty big two-masted ship with raised sails heading to the side islands, and small boats probably went to night fishing.
The color scheme of the canvas mainly consists of shades of blue and cold yellow flowers. Despite such a modest palette, the artist easily conveyed the atmosphere of night Italian the coast. Blurred moonlight path falling to the center part of the picture, gives it volume and perspective. Complement it weightless clouds drawn by neat visual impression light strokes.
Naval Battle of Navarin
The basis for the plot of this picture was the historical event that occurred in October 1827. It depicts naval battle in the Navarre bay of the Ionian Sea when ships Russian, English and French fleets won the battle with Turkish ships. The outcome of this battle significantly weakened the sea Turkish forces, which subsequently accelerated the development of the liberation Greek movement and led to the autonomy of Greece. Central the figure of the composition is the famous Russian flagship “Azov”, who played a key role in the defeat of the Turks.
Before creating the canvas Aivazovsky had the opportunity not only visit the place where the battle took place, but also talk with participants and eyewitnesses of those events. This allowed the artist to brightly and vividly embody cruelty in the picture and at the same time the attractive energy of the marine battle scene.
The painting “Sinking Ship” – one of the most dramatic works the author, moreover, in her most fully revealed his talent for graphic artwork. As tools graphite and color pencils were used here. On almost a monochrome image highlights a banked ship, suffering disaster. Around him, large waves rise, threatening any moment to knock it over to the reefs, which most likely already happened with a ship, the remains of which are visible from under the water in the foreground.
Aivazovsky, doing this time without his usual color accents and bright colors, masterfully conveyed emotional component of the picture thanks to a particularly careful study of the details. The only color element on the canvas is a flag, fluttering at the top of the mast of a sailing ship.
Gulf of Naples
This painting was painted by the artist during his journey to Italy. After the picture was presented to the general public, she was repeatedly written about in the press, and a number of famous people in Europe expressed a desire to get acquainted with the work of Russian painter.
The main emphasis of the work falls on the reflection of the moon in the waters of the bay, which brightens up the overall dark gamut of the landscape. IN the sleeping part of Naples is shown on the left, closer to the center you can see the peaks of Vesuvius, the only active mainland volcano Of Europe. Being a marine painter, Aivazovsky nonetheless, excellent painted sushi texture: sand, grass and stones make up a good contrast with the smooth surface of the Tyrrhenian Sea. To the right is the Cartesian monastery of Certosa di San Martino, which is also said figures of monks in white robes. Like many other creations Aivazovsky, the picture is filled with a feeling of fresh air and moisture.
Chesme battle – the most important battle in the history of Russian-Turkish war, it occurred in June 1770 and ended in complete victory fleet of Russia. The artist captured the decisive moment in the picture when the Turkish fleet is finally defeated. Central figure the battleship acts, the flagship “Three Hierarchs”, and serve as the background fires and explosions of ships of the Turks. Looking at the picture one gets the impression that the artist himself was in the thick of these events.
The canvas is distinguished by attention to detail, and it is not surprising, because Aivazovsky had access to all the ships of the Russian fleet and thoroughly knew the structure of the ships. On top of that, he masterfully able to create the right atmosphere with the right choice of colors. The color scheme of the “Chesme battle” is generally quite dark as smoke and burnt literally cover the sky and it serves excellent contrast for the fiery glow coloring water in red shades. The picture carries a mixed emotional charge: both a sense of victory and heroism of Russian sailors, and feeling of chaos, destruction.
Brig Mercury attacked by two Turkish ships
The battle of the Russian brig “Mercury” with two battleships Turkish Navy is still considered a highlight in naval history, an example of courage, skill and fortitude. This event happened off the coast of the Bosphorus in 1829. Because of the brig did not manage to get away from the chase of weak wind and he had to enter in battle, having only 18 guns on board, while the enemy had 200 guns. During the two-hour battle “Mercury” cannon in one gulp damaged the masts of both ships, forcing them to leave the field battlefield. Remarkably, although the brig received significant damage, only four people died from the team.
Aivazovsky with his characteristic scope displayed on the canvas the height of the battle. A light breeze, slightly increasing towards the viewer, conveys the tension of the moment, and the white smoke from cannon shots seems almost real. The general impression is complemented by those gathered at storm clouds in the sky.
View of Constantinople and the Bosphorus
Aivazovsky first visited the capital of the Ottoman Empire in 1845 year, together with the Mediterranean geographical expedition to as an official artist of the Admiralty. And the city itself and the view Bosphorus made a huge impression on him, so the painter made some sketches. After returning home Aivazovsky painted a large-scale canvas on which he detailed the view of the bay and mosques Tophane Nusretie.
The picture embodies calm and romanticism, it is filled sunlight, the rays of which illuminate the calm expanse of the sea. The artist’s skill was manifested here not only in the landscape, but also detailed drawing of buildings, ships and human figures. On the today this canvas is the most expensive of all, that created by Aivazovsky, in 2012 it was rated at more than four million dollars.
The painting “The Ninth Wave” is considered to be the pinnacle of Ivan’s talent Aivazovsky, the embodiment of his love of the sea and the ability to convey the beauty of seascape on canvas. This masterpiece was created in just eleven days and almost immediately became famous throughout Russia, and soon and beyond. Emperor Nicholas purchased the painting The first, a great connoisseur of creativity Aivazovsky. The plot of the canvas depicts a stormy sea, not yet calm after a night storm, in the foreground are sailors, they are holding on to a fragment of the mast. A little further behind them is a big wave, a destructive ninth wave, which obviously will pass by without dragging them to the bottom.
Thanks to bright and light colors, the picture produces optimistic impression, leaving the viewer with the idea that the most the worst is over. The artist worked on the waves in the most detail: skillful use of glazing allowed to achieve high realism in the image of water. Also the canvas is different smooth transitions of flowers, due to which the sea and sky are connected in holistic harmonious composition.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.