Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
The earth is striking in the diversity and magnificence of the animal world. On the the planet lives a lot of amazing creatures: dangerous and friendly, very small and real giants. We chose several representatives of the animal world from various categories and presenting our ranking of giants in its incredible diversity.
- Giants of the planet: 15 largest animals in the world
- Blue whale – the largest marine animal
- Sperm whale – the largest toothed whale
- African elephant – the largest land animal
- Giraffe is the highest animal
- Southern elephant seals are the largest marine carnivores
- Polar bear / Kodiak bear – the largest land carnivorous
- Saltwater (marine crocodile) – the largest reptile
- Chinese giant salamander – the largest amphibian
- Capybara (guinea pig) – the largest rodent
- Green anaconda (sea constrictor) – the largest snake
- Komodo lizard – the largest lizard
- Ostrich is the largest flightless bird
- Dalmatian Pelican – the largest flying bird
- Japanese spider crab – the largest arthropod
- The giant flying gold fox is the largest bat
Giants of the planet: 15 largest animals in the world
|Giants of the planet: 15 largest animals in the world||1||Blue whale||BIGGEST MARINE ANIMAL||180 tons|
|2||Sperm whale||BIGGEST TOOTHED WHALE||80 tons|
|3||African elephant||BIGGEST LAND ANIMAL||6 tons|
|4||Giraffe||HIGHEST ANIMAL||1.5 tons|
|5||Southern elephant||BIGGEST MARINE CARNIVOR||5 tons|
|6||Polar Bear / Kodiak Bear||BIGGEST GROUND CARNIVOR||700 KG.|
|7||Saltwater (marine crocodile)||THE BIGGEST REptile||to KG.|
|8||Chinese giant salamander||BIGGEST AMPHIBIA||up to 70 KG.|
|9||Capybara (guinea pig)||BIGGEST RODENT||up to 105 KG.|
|10||Green Anaconda (Sea Boa)||THE BIGGEST SNAKE||250 KG.|
|11||Komodo monitor lizard||LARGEST LIZARD||150 KG.|
|12||Ostrich||BIGGEST FLYING BIRD||150 KG.|
|13||Dalmatian Pelican||BIGGEST FLYING BIRD||15 KG.|
|14||Japanese spider crab||THE BIGGEST ARTICLE||20 KG.|
|15||Giant flying gold fox||BIGGEST BAT||1.5 kg|
Blue whale – the largest marine animal
This marine mammal is unmatched in size and goodwill. Amazing creature is considered the biggest representative of the water world: the length of his body reaches 30 meters at colossal weight of 180 (or more) tons. Only the language of it the giant weighs almost 3 tons, and the heart is the size of a mini car cooper.
Blue whale – a unique animal that can publish the most loud sounds on the planet: its “frequency” other representatives of the species can hear at a distance of 16,000 kilometers. No whales have ears in the traditional sense. All sounds they perceive throat, or rather, the lower jaw, from which the sound falls to inner ear.
Blue whale breathes oxygen, but can be under water until 20 minutes, periodically rising to the surface to inhale light air. It is noteworthy that he can drown in a dream. All because a significant part of its weight is light fat tissue slightly exceeding the specific gravity of water. Therefore the whale sometimes it does not sleep until 3 months, and when it falls asleep, it starts slowly sink to the bottom until it hits the tail in a dream. Then rises to the surface and again slowly sinks down to the next blow tail.
The blue whale is a curious and very friendly animal that often punished for it: active hunting for these mammals are ongoing to this day, significantly reducing their population.
Sperm whale – the largest toothed whale
This incredible giant, of course, can not reach the size with a blue whale, but, nevertheless, there are no equal to him in power in the sea. In length sperm whale reaches 20 meters, and its weight is about 80 tons. A distinctive feature is a large rectangular head, component about 1/3 of the total weight. Its greater volume is occupied by the so-called “spermaceti sac” – a clear fatty liquid, purpose which has not yet been established. Some researchers believe that it is necessary for echolocation. The sperm whale is the largest in world brain: its weight reaches 8 kilograms.
Sperm whale – a kind of record holder among marine mammals: it sinks to a depth of 2000 meters and may be under water on one breath for up to 2 hours. It is beyond the power of any of the other sea animals. Like the blue whale, the sperm whale sleeps underwater. True, this process lasts only 10 minutes. In this case, the animal occupies a strictly vertical position.
The sperm whale feeds mainly on squids (in some cases 10-meter individuals were found in the animal’s stomach). But in the stomach sperm whale is not only squid: there accumulates unusual odorous substance – ambergris. It has long been used as one of the main components in the perfume industry. Price for A kilogram can reach 8,000 dollars. But not only is it valuable to in sperm whales: their teeth are used as ornamental material.
The mighty toothed whale lives long enough (up to 50 years) without natural enemies besides a man who continues to exterminate a mammal for the aforementioned ambergris, head substance and teeth.
Interesting fact. Sperm whale continues to grow throughout life, therefore, by the size of an individual, one can confidently judge its age – than the larger the older.
African elephant – the largest land animal
If not for the marine representatives of our planet, an inhabitant of Africa could be safely called the largest animal on earth. And all African elephants are truly giants. Male elephants reach 3.3 meters in height, and in length can reach up to 7.5 meters. The average weight of the animal is about 6 tons. Females differ more modest size: with a length of about 5.4-6.9 meters, their weight is rare exceeds 3 tons.
The average life span of an African elephant is around 50-70 years, but there are also special cases: the elephant Lin Wang (was fighting elephant in the army of Taiwan) lived as much as 86 years. Elephants are different excellent memory and excellent intelligence: they able to imitate human speech (single words). Moreover, according to observers, this is not just thoughtless repetition, but Conscious reproduction.
Like humans, an elephant can be left-handed or right-handed. it expressed in the way the animal uses its tusks. “Working” the tusk becomes a little shorter over time. Over the past 150 years the length of the tusks of the elephants was halved. The thing is prosperous poaching that takes lives from the best and biggest representatives of the elephant population. And the length of the tusks is a sign which are genetically inherited.
Giraffe is the highest animal
African artiodactyl cannot be called one of the largest animals, but in growth it will give form to any other. The highest the mammal on the planet reaches 6 meters in height and weighs more one and a half tons (females weigh 2 times less). Giraffe is known for an incredibly long neck, making up about 1/3 of his height. Such unusual length due to disproportionately elongated cervical spine.
Interesting fact. Until recently, naturalist researchers and scientists relied on Darwinian doctrine, according to which the long neck of a giraffe is evidence of evolution in the struggle for survival. But in 1996, several facts were published, disproving the idea. Today it is believed that neck length is an indicator sexual selection for females.
By the way, the neck is not only the longest, but also the strongest part body of a giraffe: he uses it during the mating season in a duel with an opponent, inflicting serious blows on him, sometimes leading to of death. The stride width of the animal reaches 4 meters, and when running it mainly uses front legs, reaching speeds of up to 50 km / h
The giraffe sleeps too fast: the duration of his rest is only 10 minutes and the process is standing. By the way, female giraffes give birth too standing, so the first thing that awaits a cub in this world is a fall in 2 meters high.
Southern elephant seals are the largest marine carnivores
Awkward looking sea elephants for their fellow tribesmen considered formidable enemies: during the mating season, southern fights elephant seals – a serious matter, because the struggle is not for one the female, and for the whole harem, reaching up to 20 individuals. Males of this carnivores are gigantic in size, reaching in 5 meters long, the weight of the mammal varies from 2 to 5 tons Females are usually several times smaller.
The representative of the seal family is significantly different from of their relatives of an impressive appearance with a “trunk” – a fleshy outgrowth on nose. In addition, elephant seals are able to accumulate subcutaneous fat in huge amount – that is about 1/3 of its total mass. About 20% of the mass is accounted for by blood (he needs it for reserve oxygen). Thus, in the body of an adult male of the southern sea words can be up to 1 ton of blood.
The animal is characterized by a calm, perhaps even apathetic disposition, but he won’t allow him to show excessive curiosity. In the natural environment, the elephant has virtually no enemies, with the exception of sharks and killer whales. A lot of young animals die under the carcasses of adult males in mating season. Took part in reducing the animal population and man: for centuries, elephants have been hunted – prey appreciated thanks to fat and fur. Fishing is prohibited today, but the animal is on the verge of extinction. To increase your population at least twice, it will take him about 300 years.
Polar bear / Kodiak bear – the largest land carnivorous
Arctic bear – a huge land predator that does not have natural enemies. In length, as a rule, reaches 3 meters, and weight the male is about 700 kilograms. The same “Kodiak” has a “brown bear”, living on the same name island (southern Alaska).
Polar bears, despite the fact that they are inhabitants of land, able to swim vast distances without rest. To researchers one case is reliably known: thanks to the GPS-collar, they could observe the behavior of the polar bear for several months and witnessed her record 9-day (forced) swim for 687 kilometers. As a result of such a “journey” she lost about 1/5 of its mass and one-year-old cub, which simply could not overcome such a distance.
The polar bear is distinguished by its excellent scent, sensing prey on distance up to 2 kilometers. Mammal strictly adheres the principle of proper nutrition: at the heart of his diet is high-calorie skin and seal fat, as well as protein-rich red meat.
Interesting fact. The polar bear is a very curious animal and, happens to examine landfills. He’s trying various garbage, not understanding its dangers (it may even taste “engine oil” and plastic).
Due to concerns about the conservation of the species, a number of countries are still in 50s of the last century limited, and then completely banned the hunt on a polar bear, hoping to eliminate the overhanging mammal threat of extinction.
Saltwater (marine crocodile) – the largest reptile
Among 23 species of crocodiles that exist in the world, combed considered the largest and, without a doubt, the most dangerous. Inhabitant significant range from North Australia to coast of Southeast Asia, combed crocodile – the largest reptile in the world. Males reach a length of 5-6 meters and weigh about 1 tons. The variety is considered the only one in the world, regularly reaching a figure of 4.8 meters. Saltwater Crocodile – an exceptional predator that without hesitation attacks anyone who will invade its territory.
The reptile feels great both in fresh and in salt water, adoring to have long swims: a crocodile leaves without fear into the open ocean and can “frolic” there for about a month, swimming colossal distances – up to 1000 kilometers.
Terrible appearance of the reptile give ridges, located in two rows along the whole body. But the great jaws inspire greater horror, studded with sharp as a blade of teeth. It is worth noting that the diet sea crocodile is very diverse: being young, he eats insects, fish, amphibians, crustaceans. Adults love prey more: livestock, antelopes, poultry, turtles, crabs. Even eat kite and carrion.
For a long time, products, made from the skin of this reptile. This actually led to extermination of the species. To preserve the combed crocodile population large farms were created. The largest are located in India and Australia
Chinese giant salamander – the largest amphibian
The variety is considered the largest in the world among itself. like that. Often reaches a length of 1.8 meters. This ambiphia is difficult call it attractive in appearance because of the structural features: large head with tiny eyes, skin covered with warts, flattened body and thick legs. This is a night hunter, never leaving water.
The animal has experienced many events in its lifetime: an era dinosaurs, climate change. But that did not save him. Today giant salamander is considered one of the rarest animals on planet (it is listed in the Red Book as a species in a state close to threatened).
All because the amphibian is at great risk of extinction due to loss of habitat and its excessive pollution, as well as huge catch. Her meat is a delicacy and is often used by the Chinese. in traditional medicine (it is believed that it helps with diseases blood, consumption, fractures, etc.).
In recent years, many aquariums have been created. specifically to increase the population of giant salamanders. But in in captivity they do not reach their natural size.
Capybara (guinea pig) – the largest rodent
Resident of the tropics and partly temperate climate, preferring dwell in eastern South America and the Andes, capybara is considered the largest rodent on the planet. Adult reaches 1.5 meters in length and almost a meter in height, differing quite impressive weight – up to 105 kilograms. Rodent prefers to live near water bodies and feeds exclusively on grass.
Capybara lives in small groups and, by the way, without problems gets along next to a person. The animal is calm friendly disposition and absolutely harmless. Guinea pig loves dive and can hold your breath underwater for up to 5 minutes. By the way Capybara’s love for water is not accidental: her skin burns in the sun and, in order to protect it, an animal basks in the water during hot hours (sometimes wallowing in the mud).
Interesting fact. For the love of capybaras to water 300 years ago representatives of the Catholic Church attributed the rodent to fish and allowed to eat her meat during fasting.
Capybara cubs can be safely called “tough nuts”: they confidently get on their feet a few minutes after birth and without fear can eat solid food on the 4th day. Marine pigs are very sociable animals: in a “conversation” with each other they use a variety of sounds resembling a dog barking, whistling, purring, grunting, etc.
Green anaconda (sea constrictor) – the largest snake
The largest of the existing anacondas is the inhabitant of the tropics South America. Almost throughout his life, an anaconda is growing. Prefers to live in water, dives perfectly (thanks special valves that close her nostrils), but loves “soak” in the sun, sticking his head out to the surface for a long time. This is a predator whose diet is based on deer, wild wild boars, turtles, birds, caimans, etc.
It is noteworthy that female boa constrictors significantly exceed the size of the males and surpass them in strength. Max size documented adult was 7.5 meters, weight – 250 kilograms. A characteristic feature of the animal is pungent odor.
Contrary to popular belief, green anaconda is not poisonous and never attacks a person. On the contrary, smelling it, trying to slip away quickly. And rightly so. Meat reptile is considered very tasty and valuable, therefore, on a snake actively hunt. Moreover, the species is poorly understood: even about its population practically nothing is known.
Interesting fact. During a drought, the green anaconda is saved, burrowing into the muddy bottom of the reservoir, where it flows into a peculiar numbness. Females are often pregnant. Right after the end of the dry period they give birth to 40 cubs, which go hunting immediately.
Komodo lizard – the largest lizard
Komodo lizard or dragon – a lizard that has no equal sizes. The giant indonesian islands is impressive its appearance: with a length of 3 meters, the weight of the animal reaches 150 kilograms. Komodo lizard is a very dangerous predator, which preys on virtually everything that moves. Attack cases known per person.
Komodo lizard is a great swimmer who feels great on on land, where it speeds up to 30 km / h. Often climbing trees, has a sharp scent and is very toxic. This lizard is one of the few animals capable of handling prey whose weight exceeds it several times. It’s all about special attack tactics: the monitor lizard attacks sharply from the shelter, damaging the tendons or tearing teeth victim’s stomach. If she manages to leave, he tracks her down the smell of blood.
Interesting fact. Komodo lizard swims well and loves be in water, but cannot last longer than 15 minutes. If during this time the lizard does not have time to swim to land, it drowns. Perhaps this led to the habitat of the animal.
Ostrich is the largest flightless bird
Inhabitant of Africa and the Arabian open spaces, the ostrich is not considered only the largest among flightless birds, but also the fastest animals in the world among the two-legged: he is able to reach speeds of up to 97 km / h I am glad that the ostrich is a peaceful bird, limiting its diet of insects and small animals. Adult male reaches almost 3 meters high with a weight of 150 kilograms.
Interesting fact. Contrary to the general misconception that ostriches hide their heads in the sand in danger, they never come in. Often the bird runs away (and there is hardly anyone who catches up) or repels the attack with powerful legs that can kill large predator.
Unlike other birds, ostriches do not remain dry after rain, because their feathers do not have water repellent properties: in the ostrich’s body does not have a gland that produces the right substance. Interestingly, this bird has no relatives on the planet with biological point of view.
Ostriches zealously defend their territory (they can attack person). Even the king of savannah does not risk contacting them: lions often avoid contact with an ostrich, which can them cripple.
Dalmatian Pelican – the largest flying bird
A huge bird prefers to live in India and China. Often, representatives of this species can be found in southern Europe (in abundance – in Greece). This massive animal reaches 1.8 meters in length and weighs about 15 kilograms. Moreover, the mass of the skeleton is not exceeds 10% of the total. The pelican wing span is impressive – a little more than 3 meters.
In the lower part of the beak of the pelican is located the so-called “throat bag” in which the bird catches fish. By the way, do it to her falls on the surface of the water: a light skeleton does not allow you to dive. Dalmatian pelicans are silent people who communicate with each other only in nesting period. At this time you can hear them loud deaf roar
Among newborns, a very high mortality rate. This is due to several factors, among the main ones – adverse climatic conditions, hunger and activity predators.
Interesting fact. Muslims consider pelicans sacred animals. According to legend, this bird carried stones in his throat sac during the construction of shrines in Mecca.
Japanese spider crab – the largest arthropod
A resident of Japanese sea waters – the largest representative crustaceans in the world. Its body does not exceed 0.6 m in length, but together with limbs, this figure increases to 4 meters. Mass of crab reaches 20 kilograms. This centenarian (fixed period life – 100 years), despite the formidable appearance, it differs very much calm disposition. Often for this reason he is a frequent “guest” aquariums, where it is easy to get along with the locals.
In spring, spider crab females usually climb from depth to shallow water where eggs are laid. One female is able to postpone up to 1.5 million eggs. This amount is due to one simple fact: most young animals are eaten by marine predators, not surviving to maturity. Eat delicious crab meat many hunters.
Interesting fact. In commercial fishing, adult spider crab do not “participate.” The fact is that, dwelling in the depths, they eat mainly mollusks and carrion fish. Over time, their meat acquires a hue of bitterness that crab meat lacks young people.
The giant flying gold fox is the largest bat
Bat with a Golden Crown – Filipino Forest Inhabitant tropics from the family of megalats. Its name is animal received due to resemblance to a red predator: the winged wing has an elongated muzzle resembling a fox (or dog). Bright red head colors – sharply contrasts with pitch black body. Body length bat reaches 0.5 meters, weight is 1.5 kilograms. The wingspan is almost 2 meters.
This is a nocturnal animal that lives in small colonies and not shows aggression towards other inhabitants of the tropics. The giant bat is also known as the “silent pollinator.” IN in flight she sprays with her wings the seeds of many fruit trees, thereby supporting the life of the rain forests of the Philippines. Flying fox is a vegetarian whose diet is based on Figs, as well as other fruits and leaves of tropical rainforest trees.
In recent years, the population of this unusual animal has dramatically declined, reaching almost the point of extinction. Reason for that – destruction of the natural habitat – tropical forests and people, who loves to eat flying fox meat.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.