Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
Cherry, beloved by many, grows and ripens in many regions of the southern and central zone, it is only important to choose the right variety, taking into account the taste and needs of the plant in a particular climate. You also need to know: for the formation of berry buds, a tree needs a pollinator plant, related in appearance, blooming at the same time as the variety, they must be planted nearby. Another way to help the cherry to tie is to graft a twig of a different variety to an adult tree, ready to bear fruit.
The specialists of the online magazine have done a great job to identify popular and interesting cherry varieties and, based on the description and opinion of summer residents, have compiled a rating of the most successful breeding representatives of the berry family of different ripening periods.
- Rating of the best varieties of cherries
- The best early varieties of cherries
- Leningrad black
- Backyard yellow
- The best mid-season varieties of cherries
- Narodnaya Subarova
- Oryol pink
- Gift to Stepanov
- The best late varieties of cherries
- Large-fruited Tyutchevka
- Bryansk pink
- Michurinka (Michurinskaya late)
Rating of the best varieties of cherries
|Nomination||a place||cherry variety||price|
|The best early varieties of cherries||1||Iput||RUB 900|
|2||Leningrad black||RUB 900|
|4||Backyard yellow||RUB 350|
|The best mid-season varieties of cherries||1||Fatezh||RUB 1,500|
|2||Narodnaya Subarova||RUB 900|
|3||Oryol pink||480 RUB|
|4||Gift to Stepanov||480 RUB|
|The best late varieties of cherries||1||Jealous||760 RUB|
|3||Large-fruited Tyutchevka||RUB 1,500|
|4||Bryansk pink||480 RUB|
|5||Michurinka (Michurinskaya late)||760 RUB|
The best early varieties of cherries
In the first summer month, an early variety of trees will be awarded with a cherry harvest.
The leader of the rating of early-ripening varieties is large, bulk sweet cherry Iput, which endures winter frosts. The tree stretches up to 6 meters, so a distance of at least 3 meters must be maintained between plants in the garden. In a productive year, up to 35 kg of berries of a rich dark burgundy hue, each weighing 5-10 grams, can be harvested from a wide and abundant crown. The juicy soft body of the berries is moderately dense and with pleasant organoleptic characteristics with a slightly perceptible acidity, which intensifies in the absence of a sufficient amount of insolation and a comfortable summer temperature.
Iput is demanding of the sun, but it also tolerates frosts well, takes root in the regions of the middle belt and the Ural ridge that are diverse in the weather. However, severe frosts can damage young twigs and flower-bearing buds, as well as April, May frosts – the death of buds that have set up reaches 60%. When breeding, the variety is grafted with resistance to common parasites and viruses.
The best way to pollinate Iput is the cherry varieties Ovstuzhenka, Raditsa, Bryanskaya rozovaya, Revna, Tyutchevka.
- Adaptability to winter cold;
- Large berries with a decent taste;
- The variety is not affected by parasites.
- The abundance of precipitation leads to oversaturation and bursting of fruits;
- Damage due to low temperatures in May (problem of early varieties).
A cherry tree of the Leningradskaya variety stretches up to 6 meters and bears fruit just three years after settling in permanent residence, developing small berries up to 5 grams. with a delicate sugar taste with a slight sourness, and with full ripeness also with a slight bitterness, estimated at 4.2 out of 5 points. This gave the representative the second place in the rating.
The Leningradskaya Black tree gives not only tasty berries, it is undemanding to care for and is quite resistant to common parasites. It resists frost well up to -300C.
The weak point is high summer humidity and excess water, leading to rupture of the berry shell. The variety will bear fruit with 'friendship' with representatives of the varieties Leningradskaya yellow, Leningradskaya pink, Red dense, Fatezh.
- Moderate berry flavor;
- No frost damage;
- Rapid survival rate and early fruiting.
- The need for certain varieties of pollinators;
- Weakness for excess water.
The berry of the Chermashnaya variety has an unusual yellow color, slightly bleached. The tree stretches up to 5 meters, but the spherical crown is not thickened, the sun fully illuminates and warms every twig, so the berries are rich, sweet with a slight tint of sourness, weighing up to 4.5 grams. By the way, they ripen at different times, so you can enjoy the harvest for a week or two. In total, a fully formed tree will reward the owner with 20 kilograms of cherries.
When settling a seedling on a plot, a summer resident can be sure: after 3-4 years it will be possible to enjoy the first berries, but for this, the plot must have a nearby tree with the 'relatives' of the varieties Fatezh, Raditsa and Bryanskaya Rosova. Chermashnaya feels great in warm regions, in areas with frost, there is a low tolerance even to non-severe cold weather.
- Medium fruit berries of dessert taste;
- Excellent survival rate;
- Strong immunity.
- Non-simultaneous ripeness of berries;
- Failure to develop normally in the northern regions.
The third place is taken by another representative of the sweet cherry variety Priusadebnaya yellow, from the name of which the color of the berries is clear. True, in comparison with Chermashnaya, the fruits are brighter golden, but small (5.5 grams), ideal for taking immediately after harvest – very sugar with a minimal note of acidity. Abundant fruiting – 22 tons per hectare.
The tree does not stretch more than 5 meters, it is characterized by accelerated growth, but you will have to wait about 6 years for fruiting. But this cherry does not need pollinators – an undoubted advantage. Another argument is adaptability to the vagaries of winter and a high degree of preservation of fertile buds in spring.
- The ovaries persist in the April-May frosts and winter cold;
- Appetizing fruits;
- No need for pollinators;
- The berries do not crumble;
- Convenient picking – berries grow frequently on a branch.
- Intensive growth (grows, needs to be molded);
- Long wait for fruiting.
Medium-sized sweet cherry variety Sadko with a crown of medium spreading gives very large berries – their weight is maximum in the early ripening category and reaches 6.1 … 8.1 g., The color is rich dark red, and the taste is surprisingly sweet with a high rating of 4.7. It is noteworthy: the pulp is easily separated from the small stone, the juicy body does not crack from excess moisture.
The tree grows moderately, you can expect a harvest by the fourth year, but provided it is adjacent to other varieties. Sadko needs to be protected from coccomycosis, it will cope with other diseases on its own.
- Large fruits with dry stalk;
- Dessert fruits that are easy to peel from the bone;
- Resistance to winter cold.
- Average resistance to coccomycosis;
- Pollination required.
The best mid-season varieties of cherries
If you want to pamper yourself with cherries in early – mid-July, get seedlings of mid-season varieties. And we will tell you which gardeners prefer.
The second half of July is rich in cherry harvest of the leading variety Fatezh, half a centner of fruit is harvested from a developed tree, at the beginning of fruiting – from 10 kg. The tree does not stretch more than 5 meters, while its branches are spreading, and the crown resembles a ball that needs molding. Particular attention should be paid to the lower branches: they are the most loaded with fruits and sag under the weight.
The berries will delight any gourmet and summer resident – they are juicy and very sweet, the stone is easily removed, and a pink dense pulp remains. The size of the fruits is determined by various factors: in a warm and sunny summer, with sufficient watering and nutritious soil, they reach a weight of 6 grams, with a deficiency of one of the factors, a decrease in weight to 3.8 grams is noted.
To make Fatezh happy with berries, you should plant it in the Central region next to Chermashna, Ovstuzhenka, Iput, Raditsa or Revna.
- Amazing taste with almost imperceptible acidity;
- Excellent winter hardiness;
- Disease immunity;
- Juicy pulp with simple pitting.
- Fruit size is unstable;
- It is necessary to form a growing crown.
This self-fertile cherry confidently ranks second in the rating of mid-ripening berries according to the version. Narodnaya Syubarovoy takes root well and develops in many regions due to its excellent frost resistance and, which is not typical for the species, to winds. Sunburns, parasites are also not afraid of foliage and fruits.
Berry harvesting is carried out by the end of July, ripe berries removed reach 6 grams in weight, and they taste traditional sweet and sour. An adult tree is capable of producing up to 50 kg of cherries, which is possible as early as 6 years of development.
- Unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth and development;
- Can grow in windy areas;
- Classic berry flavor;
- Can be applied to specimen or tree fruit avenue;
- Abundant fruiting.
- Does not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the soil.
At first glance, it may seem that the berry is unripe, but for Orlovskaya pink, whitened red with light spots is a natural color. Fruits grow on a low-growing tree, the height of which, even in adulthood, does not exceed 3 meters – this greatly facilitates the harvesting process, which comes to mid-July. It is noteworthy that you can count on the return from a young tree already in the third year of development. Requires the participation of pollinators.
The berries themselves are small, their weight does not exceed 4 grams, the separation of a small stone is not difficult. Sweet cherry Orlovskaya pink is defined for dessert varieties and is good unprocessed, it is also suitable for canning, but is rarely used for this.
The picture of the merits is saddened by the average resistance to pests – observation and timely treatment of coccomycosis and moniliosis are necessary.
- Dessert berry;
- Low tree;
- Unusual fruit color;
- The ability to give berries in the third year of development.
- The berries are small in size;
- Insufficient immunity.
Gift to Stepanov
This relatively young variety was selected from the Bryansk cherry, it has absorbed all the best from the 'progenitor': growth up to 5 meters, medium-sized berries up to 4.5 grams. with elastic, sugary pulp (4.9-5.0 pts.) of intense burgundy-black color. Gardeners are happy with the yield, especially in the central regions and southern regions – the tree is not afraid of drought (but a young plant requires watering at least once a week) and coolness, it winters well and resists pests.
For fruiting, Teremoshka and Lyubimitsa Astakhova varieties are recommended for the neighborhood.
- The most delicious cherry variety according to gourmets and experts;
- Easily detachable bone and peduncle;
- Good immunity.
- Small berries with a medium-sized stone.
The best late varieties of cherries
The main advantage of varieties of cherries that ripen by August is to minimize the risk of kidney damage in spring frosts, therefore, berry picks at the end of summer are usually the richest.
At a normal height, an adult cherry tree in a thin crown can simultaneously develop up to 30 kg of large (up to 8 grams) dark red and incredibly tasty berries, rated with the highest score (4.8 … 5.0). The tree is partially capable of pollinating itself, but only by 5%, so the neighbors in the variety will not interfere (Iput, Ovstuzhenka, Raditsa, Tyutchevka). The crown grows intensively, so it needs to be molded, since the tree allows you to do this.
The tree is practically not affected by frostbites; it tolerates the whims of mid-zone winters, as well as recurrent spring chills. Immunity to diseases is confident, so cherry parasites are not terrible.
- Large, highly valued berries;
- Resistance of the tree and young shoots to frost, including spring frost;
- Berries do not crack with excess water;
- Strong immunity.
- The plant begins to bear fruit only at 5 years old;
- We need 'neighbors' – pollinators.
The name of the variety speaks for itself: the cherry berries are large, much heavier than the others – up to 14 grams, or even 18 grams. Fruits of rich dark color are all the same shape, smooth and flavorful, sweet-sour taste, suitable for transportation. The seeds and stalks break off easily – it is not difficult to clean before use, including large volumes for preservation.
The plant stretches up to 5 meters, its crown spreads widely – for order, it is recommended to give it a shape. Cherries of other varieties should grow nearby for pollination of Large-fruited. An adult bush will delight you with an abundant offspring – up to 56 kg.
- Excellent frost resistance;
- The largest of the listed fruits;
- Good taste;
- Drought does not affect the taste of the berries;
- Immunity to characteristic ailments.
- Molding required;
- Pollinating neighbors (Bugaro Oratovsky, Surprise, Francis) are indispensable.
By the end of the second summer month, you can enjoy Tyutchev's cherry (Tyutchevka Large-fruited). These are the optimal size berries up to 7-8 grams, intense red with a slightly noticeable speck. Difficulty will cause the removal of the bone from the soft body, but the stalk is removed dry. Gourmets and those with a sweet tooth will appreciate the Large-fruited Tyutchevka sweet cherry: it is sugary with moderate acidity.
One tree is capable of producing about 40 kg of berries – not the most impressive, but the optimal result for cherries. In order for the buds to set, an additional tree is needed – a pollinator, although the Large-fruited Tyutchevka variety is capable of partial self-pollination.
A rainy summer will turn into trouble – the berries will crack. It is also dangerous to be affected by coccomycosis and klyasternosporiosis, moniliosis. Winter frosts are not terrible for the tree, but spring frosts can destroy more than 65% of the ovaries.
Tyutchevka bred for breeding in the central zone, takes root well in the south of the Urals.
- Great sugar taste;
- Stable rich productivity;
- Winter tolerance in the middle zone.
- It is affected by diseases, prevention is needed;
- Violation of the integrity of berries with waterlogging;
- Difficult removal of pulp.
A widespread variety of August ripeness, Bryanskaya Rosova is a tree of small growth up to 4 and a little meters, the crown is neat with moderate branching. The berries, as the name implies, are pink, with a noticeable speck, small (up to 5.5 grams), resistant to excess water. Although the stone is small, its separation from the pulp is somewhat difficult. There is no sourness in the taste, it is replaced by a light bitterness against the background of unsurpassed sweetness. This property is used in conservation and winemaking.
For an adult tree to give 20 … 30 kg of fruit, a cherry of a different variety must be used next to it or by grafting.
Bryanskaya rosova is resistant to frosts and diseases, the variety was bred for distribution in the central regions and in the middle lane.
- Berries do not crack;
- Immunity to disease and cold;
- There is no sourness in the taste.
- Difficult separation of the bone;
- The ovaries are afraid of spring frosts;
- Small berries.
Michurinka (Michurinskaya late)
The rating is completed by a late-ripening variety of Michurinskaya sweet cherry with berries of a rich dark red color and small size (weight up to 6.5 grams). The fruits are distinguished by a characteristic abdominal seam and a pronounced juicy sweet taste. The stone is easily separated, like the stalk.
The tree grows quickly, a neat raised crown is formed, which tolerates winter frosts well, as well as drought, it begins to bear fruit in the fifth year, and needs pollinators. The plant is not afraid of diseases.
Michurinka bears fruit regularly, the yield is up to 140 centners per hectare in the conditions of Michurinsk and its region, it feels good in the same climatic zone.
- Resistance to winter cold;
- Resistance to transportation;
- High and regular yield;
- Appreciated taste.
- With significant frosts, the lifespan of the tree decreases.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.