13 best drugs for memory and attention

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Human memory refers to higher mental functions, without it it is impossible full thinking, analysis and synthesis of the information received. IN memory is now called one of the properties of the central highly organized nervous system, allowing you to save, accumulate and reproduce information received from outside. Also memory allows you to play it repeatedly, and change it, then there is memory at the heart of learning and shaping focused skill.

The more perfect the central nervous system, the higher the volume memory, reliability of information storage, and the less time, necessary for reproduction, and its speed is higher. More than neurons, and the more developed the network between them, the better the above conditions are met. Therefore currently from of all creatures living on earth, man has the best indicators, related to different types of memory. But the decline and deterioration memory is called hypnosis.

In addition to hypnosis, there are so-called paramnesias, which not associated with a weakening of memory, but with its perversion. This, for example, pseudo-reminiscences and confabulations that are well known psychiatrists dealing with problems of chronic alcoholism. it false “inserts” instead of forgotten episodes, various mixing real and imaginary, past and present.

With regard to hypnosis, it usually occurs in old age, being a normal phenomenon of age-related involution central nervous system, that is, “planned” deterioration of it higher functions.

What are the causes of memory problems?

However, hypnosis can occur at any age, sometimes it is a consequence of various organic diseases, accompanied by brain damage. Most often to memory impairment lead to:

  1. severe traumatic brain injury with prolonged loss consciousness;
  2. ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes (the larger the volume of the focus, the heavier and memory loss);
  3. neuroinfection, such as tick-borne encephalitis, neurosyphilis and herpetic encephalitis;
  4. severe forms of epilepsy with loss of consciousness, epistatus;
  5. focal neoplasm of the brain.

Very often, a significant decrease in memory is caused by various metabolic and exogenous intoxication. It is chronic hepatic and renal failure associated with accumulation in blood of nitrogenous substances, malignant jaundice. To exogenous intoxications most often include chronic alcoholism and addiction.

Decreased memory may also develop due to breakdowns of mechanisms. adaptation against the background of increased mental stress and systematic lack of sleep. These are periods of preparation for exams, excessive tension at work, lack of opportunity to relax, adverse environmental conditions. All this leads to impaired memory.

Currently there are a large number of different medications, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that designed to improve the metabolism of nerve tissue, blood circulation and microcirculation, act on certain receptors, and thereby most stimulate memory mechanisms.

Many drugs will be covered in the present. ranking, and they can be assigned for a variety of diseases, accompanied by impaired memory and attention as cognitive functions. However, there is a group of funds that are not in this rating will be reflected. First of all, this is homeopathy, which does not have no evidence base or scientific effect, for example, a drug Divaza. Also, the rating will not reflect funds based which are biological extracts from any animals organisms. These are Cerebrolysin, Actovegin, Cortexin, and others drugs. They are not used in countries with advanced medicine, and are not have evidence-based effectiveness under international rules research. For all other drugs that fall into this Review, price is valid for May 2019.

Rating of the best drugs for memory and attention

Nomination a place Name of product price
Best Nootropics 1 Nootropilum (piracetam) – Lutsetam, Memotropil, Nootobril, Noocetam, Pyramem 254 rub
2 Fezam (Piracetam + Nootropil) – Combitropil, Piracezin 301 rub
3 Phenibut (aminophenylbutyric acid) 86 rub
4 Rekognan (Citicoline) – Ceraxon 544 rub
5 Gliatilin (choline alfoscerate) – Cerepro, Cereton, Gleatzer 768 rub.
Improving cerebral circulation and microcirculation 1 Cavinton Comfort (Vinpocetine) 596 rub
2 Winpotropil 150 rub
3 Trental (pentoxifylline) 134 rub
4 Picamilon (nicotinoyl gamma-aminobutyric acid) 93 rub
5 Sermion (nicergoline) 459 rub
Funds of individual groups 1 Tanakan (Ginkgo Biloba) – Ginos, Memoplant 1,146 rubles
2 Akatinol Memantine (memantine) – Maruksa, Memantal, Memantine, Memorel, Noojeron, Tingrex 4 998 rub.
3 Pronoran (Pyrebedil) 520 rub

The best nootropics

Nootropics are a fairly large group of drugs, able to improve cognitive function, and at the same time they do not affect significantly on the microvasculature and blood circulation brain. However, many of these drugs are either otherwise, improve the rheological properties of the blood. But the main thing is their quality is to improve attention, memory and storage mechanisms, they increase central nervous system resistance to mental and physical stress, and therefore may be recommended, as an aid, if necessary, remember large volumes of material in the period before exams and student sessions.

Consider the most famous drugs from this group. also in Rekognan and Gliatilin were assigned to this group because their effect closest to nootropics.

Nootropilum (piracetam) – Lutsetam, Memotropil, Nootobril, Noocetam, Pyramem

Rating: 4.9

Nootropil

Nootropil, or Piracetam, is one of the main nootropic drugs on which a certain evidence base has been developed. The drug belongs to the metabolites of gamma-aminobutyric acid, and improves momentum transfer between neurons. He has a minor the effect of improving microcirculation, while simultaneously increasing blood flow. The use of nootropil in patients with functional disorders of memory and attention improves these indicators, and this can be indirectly confirmed by changes in the best side of brain rhythms in electroencephalography. Piracetam is used for various memory disorders and attention, only if the patient is not exposed diagnosis of dementia. It is necessary to apply Nootropilum inside, during food or out of meals, 3 times a day, the average daily dose – one capsule 2 to 3 times a day. Belgian Nootropil Releases USB, and 30 capsules of 800 mg each cost, on average, 240 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The disadvantage of Nootropil and at the same time its advantage is that the fact that this drug has been used for a long time, all its good are known and the bad sides. So, piracetam has virtually no symptoms and signs of overdose, and side effects show a distinct dose dependence. So, the incidence of side effects, in on average, did not exceed 1%. This is hypersensitivity, headache, nausea, skin itching. The drug is not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation due to lack of necessary research.

Fezam (Piracetam + Nootropil) – Combitropil, Piracezin

Rating: 4.8

Kombitropil

Fezam is a combination drug that relates to nootropics and psychostimulants, and in addition to piracetam, it contains cinnarizine. Cinnarizine is a calcium blocker and antagonist histamine receptors and this combination produces vasodilating effect, protects brain cells from hypoxia, improves the mechanisms of attention and memory. Additionally the use of cinnarizine helps patients with dizziness and increased sympathicotonia when it comes to vegetative-vascular dystonia.

Fezam is used in the treatment of cerebral atherosclerosis, in the recovery period after strokes and brain injuries in organic lesions such as encephalopathy various genesis. They are being treated for chronic alcohol intoxication, condition after serious illness with asthenia and immobility. Fezam found its application in otoneurology. is he prescribed for tinnitus, Meniere’s disease, and central forms dizziness. Fezam can be taken in short courses at sea disease and air travel, with the goal of prevention. Use Phezam need one or two capsules three times a day no longer than 3 months when it comes to adults. Bulgarian Fezam releases Balkanpharm company, and a package of 60 capsules costs 270 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The disadvantages of Phezam, and very significant, is the fact that cinnarizine with prolonged use can lead to parkinsonism, i.e., extrapyramidal nervous system disorders system, despite the fact that the drug is tolerated very well and does not causes overdose symptoms.

Therefore it is necessary to apply it as short as possible courses, and in no case should it be prescribed to patients with Huntington’s Parkinsonism and Chorea. Other contraindications there will be children under 5 years old, pregnancy and lactation period breastfeeding, hemorrhagic stroke, severe liver and kidney disorders, psychomotor agitation syndrome.

Phenibut (aminophenylbutyric acid)

Rating: 4.7

Phenibut (aminophenylbutyric acid)

Phenibut refers to aminobutyric acid preparations in a little modified form. Its characteristic feature is not activating the patient, as in the previous case, but rather, he improves falling asleep, relieves anxiety and a feeling of tension. Phenibut is able to have a positive effect when epileptic seizures, despite the fact that it does not possess pronounced anticonvulsant activity. He is very good for soft relief of irritability, emotional strong overstrain and mild disorders of memory and attention. Phenibut able to increase mental performance, increases interest in various matters, increases initiative and motivation.

Therefore, this drug is indicated for functional disorders, with neurosis, mild forms of anxiety and fear. IN in old age it is recommended for the treatment of mild forms insomnia, various types of dizziness, for prevention anxiety and stress before various medical interventions, for example, before an MRI in case of fear of a closed space. In pediatric practice it is used in complex therapy for enuresis and stuttering.

Phenibut is also prescribed for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Phenibut is usually used for one to two months in medium dosage of 250 mg 3 times a day for adults. Maximum single dose – three tablets, respectively 9 tablets per day, or 750 mg 3 times a day. Releases Phenibut domestic The pharmaceutical company is Ozone, and it is inexpensive. Pack of 20 250 mg tablets will cost only 103 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The benefit of Phenibut is a mild sedative effect, functional improvement in sleep. Therefore it is preferred a remedy in the case of sufficiently mild forms of disorders, when not yet sleeping pills and antidepressants are indicated, but herbal preparations such as valerian extract or St. John’s wort have already stopped helping. Such the “transition zone” is quite convenient for the doctor and patient, and Phenibut just located in this drug zone.

But at the same time, at the beginning of treatment, the patient may have drowsiness, and overdose symptoms exist. It’s drowsiness lowering blood pressure, increased eosinophils in the blood, nausea and vomiting. Of the side effects, all of the above occur only at high doses, but in therapeutic Phenibut concentrations are well tolerated. If to apply it along with sleeping pills and anticonvulsants, Phenibut enhances their effect, which reduces their dosage. Himself Phenibut, given its low cost, allows some cases enough to save on expensive anticonvulsants and atypical antipsychotics that are used to treat serious forms of depression.

Rekognan (Citicoline) – Ceraxon

Rating: 4.6

Rekognan (Citicoline) - Ceraxon

Rekognan is an original preparation of citicoline, and, being taken inside, and once in the central nervous system, integrates into the cell membrane of neurons and restores it to necessary sites. As a result of this improvement in metabolism Nerve tissue reception Rekognan has a nootropic effect and able to help with impaired memory. In addition to memory disorders and thinking, Rekognan is indicated for the treatment of other cognitive disorders – in the complex therapy of strokes, with neurodegenerative diseases.

One of the indications for the use of Rekognan is hypertensive encephalopathy in old age which causes chronic ischemia of brain tissue. As a result, not only memory and ability to follow instructions also deteriorate develops in patients lack of initiative, difficulty in serving yourself in everyday life and in the performance of ordinary household needs Rekognan helps to overcome these unpleasant symptoms involution of the nervous system, increases the level of attention, and eliminates symptoms of amnesia. The drug is also indicated in complex therapy with traumatic brain injury.

Apply Rekognan as a solution inside, one at a time dose once a day. Rekognan is released by the Spanish company SAG and 10 milliliters of a solution in the amount of 10 doses costs 1315 rubles, which quite expensive. There is also a cheaper, high-quality generic Rekognana is Ceraxon. It costs less than 1000 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Rekognan’s advantage is a convenient dosage form for the principle “drank and forgot”, the lack of the possibility of overdose, and rare interactions with other drugs: only it only enhances the effects of levodopa. There are contraindications. In addition to hypersensitivity, this is a high tone of parasympathetic parts of the nervous system, the so-called vagotonia, age under 18 years of pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding. Drug usually well tolerated, quickly allows for improved memory and attention, but very rarely, literally in hundredths of a percent, can allergic reactions, tremors, arterial changes occur pressure or dizziness.

Gliatilin (choline alfoscerate) – Cerepro, Cereton, Gleatzer

Rating: 4.5

Gliatilin (choline alfoscerate)

Gliatilin, or choline alfoscerate, is available in capsules, which are a bit like fish oil capsules: they are soft, oval, and have a yellow color. This substance in the body turns into acetylcholine, which is a neural carrier transmission between the synapse and muscle tissue. Therefore the application Gliatilin’s actions are central cholinergic receptors nervous system. In addition, when splitting the starting substance glycerophosphate is formed, which is able to improve structural membrane structure of neurons, and thereby improve the transmission of nerve pulses.

Gliatilin is indicated for various traumatic brain injuries, bruises brain in the acute period, with chronic diseases organic nature with the development of cerebrovascular failure: chronic cerebral ischemia, hypertensive encephalopathy. Gliatilin is prescribed for Alzheimer’s, in recovery period of ischemic stroke, with extrapyramidal diseases such as Huntington’s chorea. The Italian company Medifarm produces Gliatilin, and 10 bottles for internal use, 7 milliliters each costs about 740 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Gliatilin’s plus can be considered its selective effect on cholinergic system, good tolerance, and improved function receptors. However, it should be borne in mind that the drug should not be prescribed pregnant and lactating women, and side effects are possible nausea. It is dose-dependent, and disappears when the dose is reduced. this unpleasant side symptom. Currently Gliatilin applied slightly wider than existing indications, and appointed with increased mental stress, during recovery from various serious illnesses that could lead to nervous exhaustion.

Improving cerebral circulation and microcirculation

This group of drugs included mainly those drugs which improve cerebral blood flow, and thus in a secondary way have a nootropic effect and memory effect due to influx to neurons of more nutrients, due to timely removal of metabolic products from them. So Cavinton comfort – this is the third generation of the original Hungarian Vinpocetine, Vinpotropil is a combined vinpocetine and piracetam nootropic drug. Trental is a tool which is used for many peripheral disorders blood circulation, but it is indicated, including with disorders memory and attention. Two other drugs were assigned to this group. on the development of appropriate effects and effects on the brain blood flow. Consider these popular drugs, of which the most expensive in the group is Sermion (nicergoline).

Cavinton Comfort (Vinpocetine)

Rating: 4.9

Cavinton Comfort (Vinpocetine)

Vinpocetine, or the small periwinkle alkaloid, was first obtained Hungarian company Gideon Richter, then was created dosage form Cavinton as a brain-improving drug circulation. A standard tablet contained 5 milligrams. Then Cavinton forte tablets were issued, with a double dosage (10 mg) due to good tolerance. Currently Gideon Richter company produces Cavinton comfort, which also has a dosage of 10 milligrams, but it’s a pill dispersible, which must be absorbed in the mouth to full dissolution, and you can not drink them at all with water.

The mechanism of action remained the same. Vinpocetine improves neuronal intake of glucose and oxygen improves metabolism mediators in the nervous tissue, exhibits an antioxidant effect and improves microcirculation. The mechanism of influence on the blood is decreased platelet aggregation and decreased blood viscosity. Shown Cavinton comfort in the treatment of cognitive impairment, with impaired memory and attention, in the treatment of the consequences of a stroke, hypertensive encephalopathy. It is prescribed for vascular vision disorders, with Meniere’s disease, with central and peripheral vestibulopathies.

It is necessary to take the drug one tablet three times a day, and the effect associated with improving memory should not be expected earlier than 2-3 weeks after the start of admission. Tablet has orange flavor, it must be absorbed to full dissolution. But if the patient wants, he can accept it as usually with water. Cavinton costs comfort in the amount of 30 pieces, calculated for 10 days of application, 306 rubles., respectively, the cost of a monthly course will be about 1000 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Cavinton’s merits are a very rare development of side effects. effects, good tolerance, wonderful knowledge of it doctors and a relatively small number of contraindications. it severe heart rhythm disturbance, hemorrhagic stroke, pregnancy and lactation, children’s age. At impaired liver and kidney function, you can prescribe Cavinton in ordinary dosages. Cavinton showed the greatest efficiency in the integrated treatment of impaired attention and memory with nootropic drugs and vitamins.

Winpotropil

Rating: 4.8

Vinpotropil

Vinpotropil is a very convenient tool that is created by analogies with Fezam, only instead of cinnarizine to piracetam was added the same vinpocetine. The result was a comprehensive nootropic drug, with a pronounced effect on cerebral circulation. As part of one capsule of Vinpotropil, which is produced by a domestic manufacturer – Canonpharma production, there is 5 mg of vinpocetine, which corresponds to one a simple Cavinton tablet, and 400 mg of piracetam, which corresponds one capsule of Nootropil with the lowest dosage.

As a result of this combination, a drug is obtained that dilates blood vessels, improves cerebral blood flow and makes cells The central nervous system is resistant to hypoxia. Eventually improve metabolism in brain tissue and enhance glucose metabolism improved, respectively, the mechanisms of memory, learning, attention. IN stimulation and inhibition of signals are optimized in the brain, connections between the hemispheres improve and quality improves synaptic transmission.

At the same time, Vinpotropil is inexpensive, packaging in 60 capsules costs only 300 rubles. At the same time, it is advisable to take vinpotropil according to one or two capsules three times a day, with a duration of 3 weeks up to 6 months. Take capsules before meals, drinking them insignificant amount of water.

Advantages and disadvantages

A successful combination of piracetam and vinpocetine in one capsule does not led to increased side effects and increased contraindications. They remained the same as for the original preparations: this is a violation heart rate, hemorrhagic stroke, thoracic period feeding and pregnancy, the period of childhood up to 14 years, expressed hepatic and renal failure. On the other hand, it is necessary remember that before you cancel Vinpotropil, you need to reduce gradually dose it, and do not cancel it abruptly. However, when applied this can save a little, because this drug costs about half as much as the original Nootropil and Cavinton combined.

Trental (pentoxifylline)

Rating: 4.7

Trental (pentoxifylline)

Trental is the original drug pentoxifylline and it refers to vasodilators, vasodilators. is he indicated for a large number of different diseases. It’s not only memory loss, but also in neurology – dizziness, cerebrovascular pathology and atherosclerosis, ischemic stroke and hearing loss. It is used in vascular surgery, with diabetic ulcers of the lower extremities, with thrombophlebitis, with Raynaud’s disease and peripheral vasospasm, and even it is shown with diabetic gangrene.

Pentoxifylline per se refers to substances that increase blood flow and reduce its viscosity. Trental being in blood, prevents the adhesion of blood cells into columns, that is interferes with the aggregation of red blood cells and platelets. He reduces fibrinogen concentration, i.e. lowers coagulation potential plasma. Trental treatment proven to improve microcirculatory reserve in areas of arterial circulation, including and with strokes.

This drug is administered orally, one tablet three times a day immediately after meals or with meals, in a dose of 100 mg. The maximum single dose is 400 mg, you can not take more than 1200 mg per day. Trental is released by Sanofi (a division in India), and a pack of 60 enteric tablets will cost on average 510 rub Trental is also available as a concentrate for infusion, for intravenous administration.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Trental is the ability to apply it in various branches of medicine, and rather rapid onset of clinical effect. However, this drug may increase the risk of bleeding, for example from a stomach ulcer or into the retina. Therefore, it is contraindicated in heart attack, hemorrhagic stroke, it is not used in pregnant and lactating mothers, in people up to 18 years of age. With extreme caution, it is prescribed when severe heart rhythm disorders, with peptic ulcer stomach and after recent surgery when there is a high risk of developing bleeding.

Pentoxifylline can also cause a number of side effects, including headache, anxiety, tachycardia, flushing skin, itchy skin. But in the event that the Trental is appointed by indications in low doses, then it is very good drug for complex therapy of intellectual – mnestic disorders, or impaired cognitive function. And these include memory disorders.

Picamilon (nicotinoyl gamma-aminobutyric acid)

Rating: 4.6

Picamilon (nicotinoyl gamma-aminobutyric acid)

Picamilon, strictly speaking, does not apply to means of improvement cerebral circulation, he takes the middle place between them and nootropic drugs with a psychostimulating effect. This is shown drug for a variety of diseases that occur with cerebrovascular accident because it has antiaggregatory action, protects against hypoxia, is capable of prevent migraine attack and soothes.

Picamilon is prescribed if a memory disorder is diagnosed. and attention, cerebrovascular disease, chronic alcoholism, migraine, depression and vegetative-vascular dystonia, neuroinfection.

Prescribe Picamilon for memory and attention disorders preferably one tablet of 50 mg 3 times a day, for a period not less than 2-3 months. Further treatment must be continued. under the supervision of a doctor. Launches the drug Picamilon domestic Pharmstandard company, and a package of 30 tablets of 50 mg will be cost 95 rub. This is an inexpensive and popular drug.

Advantages and disadvantages

At the same time, Picamilon is well tolerated, has little contraindications, of which only serious diseases are relevant kidneys with a marked decrease in glomerular filtration, hypersensitivity. In rare cases, side effects occur, such as nausea, dizziness, irritability and allergic reactions.

Sermion (nicergoline)

Rating: 4.5

Sermion (nicergoline)

Sermion is a good drug that by its nature is worth a little out of the way, as it relates to alpha-blockers, and they are rarely used to treat memory and attention disorders. However, the main indication for the appointment of Sermion is vascular disorders, such as vascular dementia, transient cerebral ischemic attack, chronic ischemia brain, ischemic stroke and cerebral atherosclerosis.

Naturally, most often all of the above vascular diseases and ultimately lead to disorders memory and attention, since most often this pathology occurs in mature and old age. Therefore, we can safely recommend Sermion as a first-line drug for older patients with diagnosed with arterial hypertension amid fairly high numbers cholesterol.

Nicergoline itself, as an active substance, reduces platelet aggregation, increases blood flow, and affects all three neurotransmitter units: norepinephrine, dopamine and acetylcholine. In general, the activity of these systems increases, which leads to improved memory and attention, and if treatment is long-term, then patients cognitively improve all cognitive functions, and the symptoms of dementia are reduced.

Use this drug 10 mg 3 times a day. Sermion is produced by Pfizer, but it should be remembered that the pronounced effect of the drug develops gradually, and should pass at least three months to be noted Significant improvement in memory and concentration. Also Sermion is available as a solution for intramuscular and intravenous injection. Packing in 50 tab. 0.01 g each is in May. 2019 about 675 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Sermion, despite its merits, has its drawbacks, but they usually occur with intramuscular or rapid intravenous administered. This is a decrease in blood pressure, which is usually soon passes. Other side effects include dizziness, discomfort in the stomach, a feeling of heat. But these effects are mostly occur with intravenous administration. Do not prescribe a drug pregnant and lactating women, patients with low numbers blood pressure, with bradycardia, high risk bleeding and myocardial infarction. Also not Gnitsergoline is recommended for persons under 18 years of age. But if it is used according to indications, and in the required dosage, then after 2-3 months, a clinical the effect of improving cerebral circulation, activation of all transmission systems, which leads to improvement cognitive functions, including memory.

Funds of individual groups

In conclusion, we should focus on several drugs, which significantly improve memory and concentration, but their difficult to relate to any one group. Akatinol memantine is a drug that relates to NMDA receptor blockers, and along the way, this is one of the best remedies for treating dementia. Pronoran is a medicine that affects dopamine metabolism, used to Parkinson’s disease treatment. Tanakan is a remedy containing Ginkgo biloba leaf extract, or herbal remedy origin. However, despite the fact that there are a large number of Ginkgo biloba preparations, only for Tanakana at one time evidence was obtained about the effectiveness of this remedy for impaired memory and dizziness.

Tanakan (Ginkgo Biloba) – Ginos, Memoplant

Rating: 4.9

Tanakan (Ginkgo Biloba) - Ginos, Memoplant

The composition of Tanakan includes an extract of the famous Ginkgo Biloba. The range of applications of Tanakan is extremely wide. It is dizzy and sensorineural hearing loss, pathology of peripheral vessels and Raynaud’s syndrome, arterial vasospasm, and decreased memory and attention that psychiatry refers to as “easy cognitive dysfunction. “Tanakan is available as an oral solution, and in coated tablets, which are more convenient for application. The tablets are brick red and are shown to use one tablet three times a day. It should be remembered that to achieve a sustainable effect, a minimum course of treatment should be at least 3 months old. Therefore, this course exists appropriate packaging of 90 tablets. Launches Tanakan French company Bofour Ipsen, and the cost of packaging is 1500 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Tanakan is well tolerated and has a beneficial effect on memory function, but in some cases the drug cannot be prescribed. This is an erosive – ulcerative lesion of the gastrointestinal tract in stages of exacerbation, acute period of stroke and heart attack, condition hypocoagulation, or decreased blood coagulation, pregnancy and breastfeeding, age up to 18 years.

The best way would be to treat Tanakan with nootropic drugs and vasodilators, or means, improving cerebral circulation in the absence of contraindications. In this way, stable remission can be achieved. with cognitive impairment of the lung and even the middle level, significantly improve memory and cognitive functions, ability Serve yourself in everyday life and carry out daily activities in elderly and senile age, including at the initial stage dementia. However, there is a special treatment for dementia a drug called acatinol memantine.

Akatinol Memantine (memantine) – Maruksa, Memantal, Memantine, Memorel, Noojeron, Tingrex

Rating: 4.8

Akatinol Memantine (memantine)

Akatinol memantine is a modern tool that produces German company Merz Pharma, and is not cheap: for one package per 30 tablets of 10 mg must be given 1700 rubles. This substance reduces the effect of special cortical neurons that act on certain brain structures due to insufficient secretion dopamine. Memantine reduces the intake of calcium in these structures, and, thus saves them from destruction. As a result of the drug expands cerebral vessels, increases the resistance of nerve tissue to hypoxia, has a psychostimulating effect, and is able to improve mechanisms of memory and attention.

Along the way, Akatinol memantine improves brain tissue resistance to increased load, reduces fatigue, has a relaxing effect on skeletal muscle, if the spasm is caused by angiocephalgia, migraine or other reasons. It is necessary to take the drug at 5 mg per day, and then every week you can increase the dose by 5 mg. Usually the average dosage is 10 mg and a package of 30 tablets is calculated as once for one month of admission. The maximum dose is 20 mg per day.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Akatinol memantine is the fact that it specially designed drug for the treatment of dementia and disease Alzheimer’s. It really is proven to improve memory mechanisms, delays the timing of its destruction with the progression of dementia. However, this drug, like many others, has certain side effects action: dizziness, constipation, increased blood pressure, allergic reactions. This tool has its own contraindications such as severe liver failure.

On the other hand, since it is intended to treat dementia and Alzheimer’s, you need to understand that these are age-related conditions, and most likely, children, pregnant women and adolescents diseases do not get sick. Therefore although akatinol memantine and contraindicated in “childhood”, but in simple words, children simply do not need it.

Pronoran (Pyrebedil)

Rating: 4.7

Pronoran

Finally, in conclusion, the ranking of drugs dedicated to improving memory and attention, you should consider infrequently prescribed drug Pronoran. The most common indication for his appointment is Parkinson’s disease and exogenous parkinsonism. He improves activity of dopamine receptors, and is an alpha antagonist – adrenergic system. As a result, the amplitude cortical electrical activity coefficients, and increased control over dopamine-controlled functions. These include including, attention, memory, activity and alertness. These functions improve when you need to perform various mental tasks.

In addition to Parkinson’s disease, Pronoran can be used for various ophthalmic diseases caused by retinal ischemia, with chronic impaired memory, in the initial stages of aging, accompanied by the presence of sensory deficiency. Launches Pronoran French company Servier, its Russian division. Packaging in 30 tablets of 50 mg, will cost, on average, 490 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Pronoran has contraindications for use – this is low blood pressure, heart attack and childhood, when he simply not needed yet. There are minor adverse reactions, such as like nausea, agitation, drowsiness – but usually they pass, and depend on the dose. Remember to take drug for memory and attention disorders need one at a time tablet once a day, not more often. Higher dosages intended only for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. If Pronoran taken under the supervision of a doctor, as part of complex therapy, then usually patients have significantly improved cognitive functions, memory and attention come if not to normal, then the patient himself and relatives note a significant reduction in unpleasant memory impairment disorders.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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