13 best cold remedies

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

To write about the “best” best cure for the common cold It is useless, how much and pointless. The best cure for the common cold is not exist. You can choose a number of drugs that affect various links in the development of the common cold. They will be with from different sides to help cope with a runny nose, and thereby relieve the patient’s condition. But you should always remember that runny nose in itself is a natural defensive reaction that allows to eliminate from the upper respiratory tract, namely from cavities of the nose, excess. First of all, it’s a large number mucus, which contains immunoglobulins, mucin, possibly pathogenic microorganisms and their metabolic products. Runny nose is a good natural remedy to lower nasal pressure shells and nasal cavity, which inevitably rises with the occurrence of edema.

Is it dangerous or not dangerous to blow your nose? It would seem no danger this is not, however, it should be remembered that if the patient has tendency to nosebleeds, decreased clotting blood episodes of high blood pressure then blow his nose should, in any case, be careful, and without much effort. Also the most applies to people with weak eardrum, after perforated otitis media since a sharp increase in pressure in the auditory tube can lead to an unpleasant symptom of congestion in ears. In order to console oneself, one may recall the curious historical fact: the internationally recognized father of medicine Hippocrates believed that blowing your nose is extremely harmful, because as a result a person loses the substance of the brain. They didn’t know in antiquity why do we need a brain, and therefore Hippocrates believed it a reservoir for all kinds of mucus.

We know why the brain exists. But, nevertheless, we just as in the days of Hippocrates we cannot make an episode a common cold is shorter than 5 or 7 days. Still the proverb is true: “the treated runny nose lasts a week, and untreated – 7 days. “Nevertheless, let’s try to give a few groups of drugs that are successfully used for treatment of acute rhinitis, or a runny nose caused by a variety of reasons.

The rating includes vasoconstrictors, drugs against allergies, against inflammation, some antimicrobials, and also drugs for washing the nose. All medicines listed in given ratings are local, that is, they are introduced directly in the nose. Not about any pills, or even more so intramuscular injections are not talking. Each drug is given a list of analogues (if any), as well as the average retail price. This price is current at the beginning of June 2019 for pharmacies of all forms property in the Russian Federation. Deviation from the average price can be significant, and this must be remembered. So, the drug Lazolvan Reno from the group of vasoconstrictor drugs is presented by the average price of 295 rubles. for packing. However, in pharmacy discounters from the warehouse it can be purchased at a price of 267 rubles, and in some pharmacy chains, the same package can cost 320 rubles. and higher.

Rating of the best remedies for the common cold

Nomination a place Name of product price
Vasoconstrictors (adrenergic agonists) 1 Sanorin (naphthyzine) 162 rub
2 Nazivin, Afrin, Rinostop (oxymetazoline) 132 rub
3 Sinos, Tizin, Otrivin, Rinostop, Xymelin, (xylometazoline) 100 rub
4 Nazol Kids, Nazol Baby (phenylephrine) 211 rub
5 Lazolvan Reno (tramazolin) 289 rub
Antiallergic drops and sprays 1 Vibrocil (phenylephrine + dimetinden) 290 rub
2 Rinofluimucil (acetylcysteine ​​+ tuaminoheptane) 269 ​​rub
3 Cromohexal Spray 174 rub
Hormonal drugs: do not use without a doctor! 1 Nasonex, Momat Rino, Nozefrin (Mometasone) 401 rub
Antibacterial agents 1 Polydex with phenylephrine (neomycin sulfate + polymyxin B + dexamethasone + phenylephrine) 319 rub
2 Isofra (framycetin sulfate 1.25 g = 800000ED) 325 rub
Physiotherapy and folk remedies 1 Aqua Maris 304 rub
2 Dolphin 250 rub

Vasoconstrictors (adrenergic agonists)

Vasoconstrictor drugs that belong to the class adrenergic agonists are deservedly considered a “panacea” because allow you to quickly and effectively deal with rhinorrhea and with nasal congestion. They can be considered ambulances, and have a pronounced symptomatic effect. Man it becomes easier, but the blood supply to the nasal mucosa cavities due to their use are somewhat worse, since the vessels nevertheless narrow. This effect, allowing to eliminate nasal congestion is called anti-congestive, and these drugs called anticongestants.

There is a danger that is inherent to all without exception adrenomimetics, but in the greatest way – to their first representatives, e.g. naphthyzine. Over time, vascular receptors get used to to the drug, and the effectiveness is reduced. As soon as a person is felt he needed to completely give up for a period from the use of adrenomimetics in general to restore normal receptor function. However, most often, a person begins to apply these drugs are increasingly in large quantities. As a result perhaps the development of vascular atrophy, smell and development so called atrophic drug rhinitis. Therefore desirable in no case use adrenergic agonists for more than 5 days.

It should be said right away what the difference between the various generations of adrenomimetics. Gradually from naphthyzin and ending tramazolin, the duration of action after one instillation is lengthened, the drug begins to act faster, and also it does not work that way rude, and not so fast addictive.

On the other hand, even if naphthyzine is used, but very short courses and in the absence of contraindications, then he, too greatly facilitates nasal breathing. Consider the drugs from this groups, each of which belongs to different classes of active substances – adrenergic agonists.

Sanorin (naphthyzine)

Rating: 4.9

Sanorin (naphthyzine)

Sanorin is one of the main representatives of adrenergic agonists, he It is available not only in the form of a spray, but also in the form of drops. Drops can be with a concentration of 0.05%, as well as “twice as strong” – 0.1%. Means refers to alpha – 2 adrenergic agonists. Sanorin is able to facilitate nasal breathing in rhinitis by reducing edema, reducing exudative component and hyperemia.

It is used not only for acute rhinitis, or a runny nose. Sanorin is widely used in ENT practice for sinusitis, inflammation of the auditory tube, or Eustachian, with laryngitis, for stopping nosebleeds. In some cases, it applies. in order to facilitate rhinoscopy, that is, examination of the nasal cavities. It’s important to remember that after a week, and in some cases after 5 days, tolerance to Sanorin develops, a decrease sensitivity.

The standard dosage for adults is one to three doses of a spray in each nostril, not more than 3 times a day. The drug is capable stop nosebleeds. To do this, it follows the desired nostril place a cotton swab moistened with medicine and hold there some time. Sanorin Spray is released by the Czech company, Xanthis farm. The cost of a 10 ml spray bottle is 175 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The disadvantage of Sanorin is his belonging to the first generation, so it doesn’t act so fast and you need to bury it often. It is also necessary to consider contraindications. it chronic atrophic rhinitis, glaucoma, palpitations and high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperthyroidism glands, age up to 15 years in case of taking drops of 0.1%. Exist and other contraindications, for example, co-administration of inhibitors monoamine oxidase. Side effects should be considered. At exceeding the recommended therapeutic dosage and too often application may increase pressure, tachycardia, local allergic reactions in the form of swelling of the nasal mucosa, and irritation.

Nazivin, Afrin, Rinostop (oxymetazoline)

Rating: 4.8

Nazivin, Afrin, Rinostop (oxymetazoline)

Nazivin is a drug of the next generation, which contains oxymetazoline. The highest concentration is 0.05%, then there is half as much as in the case of Sanorin, and this is important. The pharmacological properties are exactly the same – it constricts blood vessels, and with With this, swelling is reduced and nose breathing is restored, ventilation of the sinuses, middle ear cavity improves. it prevention of the development of complications of the common cold, such as sinusitis and otitis media.

The drug acts in a few minutes, and its duration actions – up to 12 hours. Indications for use are the same: it acute respiratory viral infection, allergic and vasomotor rhinitis, diagnostic ENT manipulations. Use Nasivin adult needs one to two drops 2 times a day in every nostril. The Nazivin is produced by the German company Merck, and the cost of a bottle of 10 milliliters is 188 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The disadvantages of Nazivin are exactly the same as those of others adrenomimetics. It can not be used with high intraocular pressure, with hyperthyroidism and diabetes, with angle-closure glaucoma, against the background of a hypertensive crisis and so Further. It is important to remember that children can only use Nazivin in lower concentrations, which are created specifically for children. From years to 6 years – 0,025%, and to children till one year – 0,01%. Must not be exceeded indicated dosages: if they are significantly increased, they can heart rhythm disturbances, narrowing of the pupils, tachycardia, increase blood pressure, that is, there will be effects excessive stimulation of adrenoreceptors. However, if applied drug according to indications in therapeutic dosages, then he acts softer than the previous ones.

Sinos, Tizin, Otrivin, Rinostop, Xymelin, (xylometazoline)

Rating: 4.7

For, Tizin, Otrivin, Rinostop, Xymelin, (xylometazoline)

This drug is a quality imported medicinal product. the product is manufactured by the Indian company Sandoz, and the developer and owner of the certificate is GlaxoSmithKline. The drug is available for children in the form of drops, and for adults, in form of spray. This alpha-adrenergic agonist facilitates nasal breathing, if used in recommended dosages. And such side effects like mucosal irritation, redness, or hyperemia, practically does not happen. Indicated side effect quite often develops to naphthyzine, and other representatives first generation adrenomimetics.

For Fornos is shown in the same cases as described above: when various forms of the common cold, including allergic. is he helps with inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs, with hay fever, with otitis media. Proliferation and analogues are necessary to reduce the overall swelling of the nasopharynx, including the area of ​​the outlet openings of the Eustachian tubes. Inject spray necessary with one injection in each nasal passage, but no more than 3 times a day. It is not expensive: one bottle of 10 ml costs 95 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The disadvantages of the drug are standard. Although it acts gently and in therapeutic concentrations is safe, but still adrenomimetic. It can not be used for all of the above contraindications, with atherosclerosis, during pregnancy, as well as in in the case of a spray – under the age of 12 years, and in the case of drops, up to 2 years. However, the drug can be used in people with diabetes, but only with caution. This compares favorably with previous means, which diabetes mellitus was in unequivocal contraindications. Dlnos can be used by nursing mothers, but also with caution, and as prescribed by the doctor. Overdose Symptoms Standard for All adrenergic agonists: tachycardia, possible heart rhythm disturbances, increase in blood pressure. The manufacturing company declares that the drug is not compatible with tricyclic antidepressants, for example with amitriptyline.

Nazol Kids, Nazol Baby (phenylephrine)

Rating: 4.6

Nazol Kids, Nazol Baby (phenylephrine)

These drugs belong to a rather rare class of drugs, in which are used as a valid anticongestan phenylephrine. Usually this component is part of the combined anti-allergy drugs, and here it is used to improve nasal breathing function. The drug, Nazol Kids, judging by the name, created to treat children, and it really is. He is shown with 6 up to 12 years, the drug is intended for the treatment of rhinitis asymptomatic, and different from other medicinal means that he is a stimulant, or an agonist, not alpha-2, and alpha-1 receptors, that is, belong to the group sympathomimetics. Nazol Kids reduces swelling of the mucosa, redness, eliminates nasal congestion, and significantly improves their passability. It is applied by injection, but not more than 3 in each nasal passage, and not more often than after 4 hours. Sympathomimetic phenylephrine does not last as long as previous funds. Launches Nazol Kids Italian Division Bayer company, and the spray will cost 180 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of this drug can be called a mild effect, which is specially selected for use in children. However necessary parents should remember that therapy should be short, not longer than 3 days. If difficult nasal breathing persists, then be sure to consult a doctor. Symptoms are possible. overdoses, such as high blood pressure, or heart rhythm disturbance. There may be local reactions: a feeling burning or tingling in the nose. The drug is contraindicated in high pressure, thyroid disease, in children under four age.

Lazolvan Reno (tramazolin)

Rating: 4.5

Lazolvan Reno (tramazolin)

Finally, to conclude the review of vasoconstrictor drugs It is necessary to talk about the drug Lazolvan Rino. It’s deceiving name: there is Lazolvan, which refers to bronchodilators and applied orally as a syrup, or for inhalation, and no It has no relation to intranasal administration. In this case so called tramazolin, which is a decongestant alpha-adrenergic agonist for advertising purposes.

It is shown, as in the case of other drugs from this group, with various varieties of acute cold, or nasopharyngitis, including with vasomotor and allergic runny nose. Lazolvan Reno is also indicated for pollinosis, which is caused by pollen of plants, with chronic and acute sinusitis, with an average otitis, with inflammation and blockage of the Eustachian, or auditory tube. This is a spray in the form of a pale yellow, clear solution with a pleasant the smell of eucalyptus.

The drug is quite “long-playing”: a significant relief occurs after 5 minutes, and even earlier, and lasts up to 10 hours. This tool is used in adults and children over 10 years old. injecting just one dose into each nostril. So it is possible repeat up to 4 times a day, and the duration of treatment should not exceed 5 days, then only as prescribed by the doctor.

Launches Lazolvan Reno German company Beringer Ingelheim, and 10 milliliters of this spray will cost an average of about 300 rubles, this is one of the most expensive tools in our rating. Besides, spray has a unique percentage concentration, not “some” 0.1 or 0.05%, and the “mysterious” 0.118%, and this is also pretty interesting.

Advantages and disadvantages

The drug is relatively safe and highly effective, but still it has the same side effects and contraindications like other adrenomimetics, although there are many smaller. Lazolvan Reno is contraindicated, except for increased sensitivity, with angle-closure glaucoma, and in the elderly age, it occurs most often, with atrophic rhinitis, in children up to 6 years, with transnasal access surgery, which have a history of the patient. For example, if he removed the pituitary tumor through the nose.

In all other cases, including patients with diagnosed with hypertension, hyperthyroidism and diabetes, the drug can still be used, but only for doctor’s prescription. This tool can be used in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, while breastfeeding, but again only on the recommendation of a doctor. Possible with confidence argue that if you apply Lazolvan Reno short courses, with the absence of contraindications and in small, recommended doses, then it will bring undoubted benefits, and facilitate the quality of life a patient with a runny nose of various origins.

Antiallergic drops and sprays

Sprays and nasal drops from allergies are widely used not only for allergic forms of the common cold, not only with allergic conjunctivitis and Quincke’s edema, with pollinosis and other types hypersensitivity. In some cases, they complement the local therapy with a common cold After all, the mechanism of edema and redness of the nasal mucosa is basically the same, and it is caused by the same mechanisms. Consider some the most popular and effective medications for treatment allergic rhinitis that can be used in an integrated therapy for ordinary, viral, or catarrhal rhinitis.

Vibrocil (phenylephrine + dimetinden)

Rating: 4.9

Vibrocil (phenylephrine + dimethindene)

We have already written about phenylephrine, which is part of children’s sprays and drops, and has a vasoconstrictor effect. What will be if to sympathomimetic phenylephrine which stimulates alpha-1 adrenergic receptors, add histamine H1 antagonist receptors, for example dimetinden? Then get effective drug Vibrocil.

It is available both in the form of nasal drops and in the form of nasal spray, and even in the form of a gel to lubricate the mucous membrane the nasal membrane is a unique local form that rarely found. Solution, gel and spray and gel are light the specific smell of lavender, as well as drops. This is shown the drug for various forms of acute rhinitis, including with colds, with allergic and vasomotor disorders, with acute and chronic sinusitis and other sinusitis, to prepare to surgical interventions to reduce swelling of the mucosa.

Vibrocil is necessary for adults and children to take three drops per each nostril 3 times a day, or one or two injections each nasal passage. In the case of a gel, it is applied manually, as deep as possible in each nostril with the same magnification. Releases this drug pharmaceutical company Novartis, and 15 ml of spray costs about 290 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Vibrocil is that it is a combined drug, and at the same time two active active ingredients allow Vibrocil achieve a quick effect. Also, the drug does not have overdose symptoms. This tool can not be used for 5 days, and even for a whole week without consulting a doctor, and only longer periods need medical attention consultation. Of course, you should not exceed the recommended doses, but in in case of babies, you can only use drops in the nose. If the patient’s nasal mucosa is very dry, for example due to administration adrenergic agonists, then it is necessary to use such a form as Vibrocil gel. It is especially indicated if there are any crusts, or difficulty in nasal breathing at night. However, the product cannot be used. in case of atrophic rhinitis, if the patient took inhibitors monoamine oxidase, do not use gel and spray until the age of six age.

Rinofluimucil (acetylcysteine ​​+ tuaminoheptane)

Rating: 4.8

Rinofluimucil

Rinofluimucil continues the glorious traditions of bronchodilators. In his the composition includes acetylcysteine, the one that improves discharge sputum from the lungs. Additionally added toaminoheptane, which is a vasoconstrictor sympathomimetic amine.

It reduces redness and swelling of the nasal mucosa, acetylcysteine ​​does the same thing that he used to do in deep bronchi: thin the mucous membranes, as well as purulent – mucous membranes discharge. But if in the first case there was phlegm in the lungs, then in the second case is nasal mucus. Therefore, speaking simple in short, acetylcysteine ​​makes it easier to clear. Such a joint action allows you to quickly restore the nasal passages and remove symptoms of inflammation.

Rinofluimucil is especially indicated with such a runny nose when discharge, or, colloquially, “snot” thick, have purulent – mucous in nature, form crusts and are difficult to remove. Also it can be used in chronic rhinitis, with vasomotor disorders for the treatment of sinusitis: sinusitis, ethmoiditis, frontal sinusitis.

Rinofluimucil is applied intranasally, a special aerosol two doses are sprayed into each nasal passage three or four times a day. To do this, double-click on the valve. Double dose for children less, one press on the valve 3-4 times a day, course no longer than 7 days. Rinofluimucil is produced by the Italian company Zambon, and the bottle 10 milliliters will cost an average of 271 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Plus Rinofluimucil is an opportunity to thin thick discharge, many patients with this type of runny nose experience real torment because many remedies simply cannot to get through the thick deposits of mucus. However, the drug has possible side effects. Most often it’s a heartbeat, increased blood pressure, dry mouth. But it arises with an overdose. It is important to remember that it is better not to prescribe the drug children under two years old, patients with bronchial asthma, and also not It is worth using it for a long time.

Cromohexal Spray

Rating: 4.7

Cromohexal

Cromohexal, available as a spray, does the same work as in the treatment of bronchial asthma: stabilizes membranes of the so-called mast cells, and prevents the exit from them biologically active amines. It is they (histamine, bradykinin) trigger a cascade of inflammatory and edematous allergic reactions. It is mainly used for vasomotor and allergic rhinitis, with hay fever, with Quincke’s edema, and those types of food allergies, when the patient suddenly experiences an attack of rhinorrhea, itching in the nose and begins to sneeze.

The drug is used in adults in a single dose, or one pressing in each nasal passage four times a day, but no more than 6 times. As soon as there is relief, in the following days, the dosage can be to reduce. Cromohexal is different from other colds the fact that it is used as a treatment course for a month. Subsequent withdrawal should be gradual, with a gradual decline doses. Cromohexal – spray German company Dr. Gerhard Mann, and the owner of the registration certificate is the company Sandoz. The cost of a bottle with a volume of 15 ml of a 2% solution is low: average 165 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of Cromohexal is the ability to apply it for a long time, and a drawback is the mandatory cancellation within a week from gradual dose reduction, otherwise there may be an increase in symptoms. But Cromohexal is very well tolerated. But it is not recommended children under the age of five, pregnant and lactating mothers. Need to very carefully apply this remedy in patients with nasal polyposis, in patients with renal and hepatic insufficiency. In that case, if cromohexal is used in conjunction with other agents, containing histamine blockers, for example with Vibrocil, then the total the effect may be stronger because cromoglicic acid enhances the effect of histamine blockers.

Hormonal drugs: do not use without a doctor!

Drops are called anti-inflammatory the strongest substances that can fight inflammation: these are synthetic analogues of corticosteroid hormones. But also anticongestants – adrenergic agonists also cope with symptoms inflammation as they reduce swelling, and redness. After all spasm of blood vessels does not allow the “inflammatory” process for which you need good plethora. Antiallergic funds are able to fight the inflammatory manifestation by blocking the output of inflammatory mediators, such as histamine and bradykinin.

But hormonal drugs in their composition have the strongest anti-inflammatory components. Therefore, it is desirable by them use as directed by a doctor, since they can be considered, in principle, potent. Taking hormones, even locally, and short courses should always be evaluated by the attending physician from the point of risk view. Therefore, do not try to begin treatment of the banal run your nose with these drugs, let the doctor do it considering contraindications.

The names of some hormonal drugs are listed below. Each of them has in its composition a hormone: mometasone, beclomethasone and fluticasone. What are intranasal corticosteroids used for? introduction? Not at all for the treatment of the common cold that arose suddenly in the form of a cold. It can be treated without hormones. They are needed for seasonal and year-round allergic rhinitis, with medicinal rhinitis, with professional rhinitis caused, for example, by harmful aerosol in production. Glucocorticoids are also prescribed for prevent the recurrence of polyps in the nose again after they removal.

Do not expect quick reactions from hormones: they begin act late, on average after 12-24 hours, the effect develops slowly, the maximum severity of the therapeutic effect is usually achieved on the seventh day, and sometimes the effect should be expected few weeks. The most active of these hormones is Mometasone, which is valid after 12 hours. Therefore, consider the whole group on the example of this tool.

Nasonex, Momat Rino, Nozefrin (Mometasone)

Rating: 4.9

Nazonex, Momat Rino, Nozefrin (Mometasone)

As mentioned above, mometasone is a highly active hormone. However, the spray for administration into the nasal passages and its dosage is as follows. which does not have systemic effects such as development osteoporosis, bronchial asthma, water retention, sodium, and not causes steroid diabetes. The drug is indicated for treatment rather severe forms of allergic rhinitis, and prevention of allergic rhinitis, with exacerbations of sinusitis, that is, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, ethmoiditis as part of complex therapy. Nasonex available by the Belgian company Schering-pla, and 1 bottle of 18 ml costs an average of 750 rubles.

It should be said that exactly the same testimony and others hormonal preparations, Flixonase (fluticasone), Nasobek (beclomethasone). None of the official instructions are not in the testimony respiratory viral infection, or commonplace cold runny nose, “even if complicated by microbial growth. assume that with a common cold, hormone sprays contraindicated.

Antibacterial agents

The most important thing to remember is never to use antibacterial local drugs in the first 2-3 days after the occurrence of a runny nose in the form of self-medication. Microbial inflammation joins after a while, after a week, and in the early days common cold rhinitis, the inflammation is viral, and antibacterial drugs are absolutely useless. In addition, they also harmful. If they are used just like that, then microflora will have Resistance, or stability, is developed.

Consider the two classic and best drugs from this group. – Polydex and Isofra. Bioparox used to be very widely used, but currently it is discontinued due to identified side effects. Therefore, in the event that in any you will read about the drug review, website or magazine about Bioparox advertising, in any form, then close this resource and leave from there. Since April 2016 Bioparox, containing fusafungin has been discontinued worldwide. Perhaps, this can add to the image of Servier, because to abandon a profitable drug can only be for higher goals – human health.

Polydex with phenylephrine (neomycin sulfate + polymyxin B + dexamethasone + phenylephrine)

Rating: 4.8

Polydex with phenylephrine (neomycin sulfate + polymyxin B + dexamethasone + phenylephrine)

Polydex is a multicomponent preparation, and in addition to phenylephrine, acting as a sympathomimetic, the medicine contains 2 antibiotic as well as dexamethasone. It is also a corticosteroid hormones, but its activity is not as high as that of drugs from of the previous section, therefore, it provides a soft complex anti-inflammatory effect. Antibiotics specially selected so as to act on most like gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms that most commonly cause soft tissue infections as well as various types of sinusitis.

The most common microbial association is known. spreads to the nasal cavity from chronic sources infections, and primarily from the maxillary sinuses, if any chronic sinusitis. It is in this case that it is assigned Polydex. It is recommended that adults inject the drug into each nasal passage from 3 to 5 times a day. Releases this tool French laboratory Bouchard, and one bottle of 15 milliliters, on average, costs 407 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage of this drug is the versatility of many microorganisms, lack of penetration into the bloodstream, and low the likelihood of an overdose. However, it should be remembered that the drug useless with a banal viral rhinitis, and is contraindicated in glaucoma, proteinuria, during pregnancy and lactation, in children up to three years of age, with the simultaneous use of MAO inhibitors. In some cases, there may be skin allergic reactions, and with caution should be used in patients with high blood pressure and increased thyroid function.

Isofra (framycetin sulfate 1.25 g = 800000ED)

Rating: 4.7

Isofra (framycetin sulfate 1.25 g = 800000ED)

Isofra is another drug of this French company, and already monocomponent, the only active substance is framycetin sulfate. This is an antibiotic from the aminoglycoside group. More often total it is shown against those types of pathogenic flora, which causes infections in the ENT clinic. Isofra’s testimony is exactly the same as in the previous case: nasopharyngitis various varieties acute and chronic sinusitis. Also, the drug is used for treatment and prevention after various ENT operations. In adults the spray is sprayed into each nasal passage 4 to 6 times a day, but no longer than 7 days. The average cost of one bottle of Isofra volume of 15 milliliters is 415 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Isofra’s big plus – it’s rare enough for her, at least today, there is a development of drug resistance, most microorganisms are sensitive to this to the drug. Since the product contains neither hormones nor adrenomimetics, then he has very few contraindications: this is only only hypersensitivity to aminoglycosides in general and to framycetin in particular, therefore, Isofra can be prescribed as adults and children alike. No overdose, no drug the drug has no interaction. Perhaps in his safety he approaches nasal lavage products containing only only sea water. We smoothly move on to them.

Physiotherapy and folk remedies

Do not think that any folk ways to treat a cold safe and effective, and they must be applied first. All good in moderation, and instill in the nose various plant extracts and juices can be unsafe. So, the juice of aloe, a living tree, and especially onions can cause burns to the mucosa, and the use of aloe juice especially for the first time, it can aggravate the symptoms of rhinitis and make it allergic.

The same goes for the use of various essential oils. IN as a last resort, you can breathe essential oils through the nose teapot, diluting them 10 times on an oil base basis. It will be safe to breathe through the nose of the pounded kettle clove of garlic placed in a teapot. This allows disinfect the mucosa without directly applying to it aggressive garlic porridge.

In the first days after a runny nose, it is recommended not to warm the nose. IN In the event that a cold progresses, there is an increase temperatures, signs of general infection, then it may bring harm. Dry heat is shown at the start of improvement stage. symptoms when increased blood flow eliminates residual edema, and has a resolving effect. If to warm in the first or second day, when swelling and inflammation only grows, it can cause not only a deterioration in well-being and sensation pressure in the face and upper jaw, but also lead to sinusitis.

Therefore, the only relatively safe way is lavage of the nasal cavity with saline solutions. They really clean the nasal passages, but even the name must be used wisely. After all There are universal contraindications for rinsing the nose. it a sufficiently pronounced degree of curvature of the nasal septum, the presence of frequent nosebleeds, nasal polyps or other neoplasms, other ENT pathology, including otitis media and possible perforation of the eardrum. Therefore, to identify contraindications for washing the nasal canals, You must visit an ENT doctor.

The main thing is to rinse your nose properly so that the liquid does not enter into the auditory tube, and do not use these solutions too often. On the surface of the mucosa are special antibodies, or immunoglobulins. They prevent the penetration of harmful microbes, and if you wash the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity clean, then this significantly reduces its protective properties.

Consider some means for washing the nose. How can rinse? Of course, even boiled water or sterile saline solution. In the first case, there will be no therapeutic effect, but you can soften the crust. Saline is already better suited for hygienic goals, but still much more efficient and convenient natural solutions of sea salt in the form of ready-made sprays.

Aqua Maris

Rating: 4.9

Aqua Maris

The company “Yadran” produces, or rather, pours, special environmentally friendly sea water, without any additives. Her sterilized and packaged in cans, allowing to dose spray. Water is taken from the depths of ecologically clean areas. Adriatic Sea. Sea water has a beneficial effect on the mucosa upper respiratory tract, improves liquefaction of mucus and its discharge, reduces inflammatory manifestations, cleanses and restores the mucous membrane.

Aquamaris can also be used for colds, especially in the case of allergic rhinitis. Indication is mucosal dryness. nose, especially a combination with staying indoors with dry air. This is especially true in winter, provided the central heating. Intranasally, adults must be injected into each nostril two to three doses up to 8 times a day. The course of treatment – from 2 weeks up to a month. A bottle of 30 ml costs 240 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage is physiological, ecological purity, the opportunity to use the kids from a very young age in one year. However, it is necessary before the first use. consult an ENT doctor. Aquamaris can be used together with other drugs, but only before their use: after instillation of medicinal preparations, seawater can wash them off and reduce efficiency. The relative disadvantage is the high cost facilities. If you imagine that for 30 milliliters of ordinary water the same amount of money will be paid as for half a kilogram of meat, then To many this would seem unacceptable.

Dolphin

Rating: 4.8

Dolphin

The drug Dolphin, produced by the eponymous domestic company sold in powders. As part of the product, natural natural table salt, i.e. halite, potassium chloride, food soda and two plant extracts: licorice and rose hips. Indications for washing is wide enough: a banal viral runny nose with colds, various forms of sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, atrophic conditions, the presence of adenoids and preparation for surgery. The drug is used after preparing a fresh solution.

For washing the nose, the kit contains a special soft 240 ml irrigator. There is poured warm boiled water and the contents of the package are filled up. After dissolution, attach the cap of the vial into one nostril, having previously leaned forward, and lightly press the bottle. After that, the solution through the choans, or the rear nasal openings will overflow into the second half nose, and flow out of the other nostril.

In case of rhinitis, rinsing should be performed daily for 2 weeks, and if breathing is difficult, then first you can apply anticongestants and adrenomimetics, and only then use a drug. It is produced by the domestic company Dolphin LLC, and 30 bags with a soft bottle-irrigator will cost about 350 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantage is the presence of a special soft nozzle, allowing you to rinse your nose, but the disadvantage is the ability to create overpressure, and, therefore, the flow of water where not should (in the auditory tube). Therefore no need to click on the irrigator bottle is too strong. Contraindications Dolphin standard, the cost is relatively low. Therefore generally this tool can be used successfully in the very first days after the appearance of any type of runny nose.

In conclusion, it should be said that it is not necessary in the early days at common cold buy expensive immunomodulators, containing interferon. These remedies may be required weakened. persons, children, patients who initially had bronchitis or pneumonia, and then as a complication joined bacterial rhinitis on the background of reduced immunity. And already completely definitely never use homeopathy. There is no benefit from it, but the harm consists in a “comparatively” honest taking of money from the population.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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