Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Insects are the most numerous class of animals on our planet, all scientists have described more than a million of their species, and it is not known how many more new insects will be discovered in the near the future. These arthropod invertebrate creatures inhabit all continents of the world, including Antarctica, they live both on land and in water, they can be seen both in the wild and very close to by people. Millions of years ago, insects were much larger For example, the dragonfly Meganevra (Meganeura monyi) had a wingspan 65 centimeters. But even in our time there are species that can surprise (and it’s possible to scare someone) with its impressive size. We invite you to learn about the twelve largest insects in the world.
Rating of the largest insects in the world
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||The size|
|Rating of the largest insects in the world||12||Road wasp||5.5 cm.|
|11||Giant digging cockroach||8 cm.|
|10||Elephant beetle||12 cm.|
|9||Goliath beetle||12 cm.|
|8||Chinese mantis||15 cm.|
|7||Giant water bugs||15 cm.|
|6||Crane mosquitoes||22 cm.|
|5||Lumberjack titanium||22 cm.|
|4||Peacock-eye atlas||25 cm.|
|3||Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing||27 cm.|
|2||Chan Megapolder||56 cm.|
|1||Giant Veta||8.5 cm|
Hymenoptera family insects, their habitat spreads almost all over the globe, but the largest the amount is observed along the tropical zones, especially in the Middle Asia and the far Caucasus. In total there are almost five thousand varieties of road wasps, the largest of them is considered Hempipepsis heros. The body length of individuals is 5.5 centimeters, and the wingspan reaches 9.5 centimeters. Wasps prefer to lead solitary lifestyle, feed on various nectar. They are famous by hunting large spiders. Possessing a strong sting with paralyzing poison, road wasp skillfully neutralizes arthropod predator a pair of injections. After that, she finds a suitable mink (or digs out on their own), pulls the prey there and puts it off an egg for a motionless victim, which after a couple of days will serve nutritious food for hatched larvae.
Giant digging cockroach
Monotypic insect species, found mainly in upstate Queensland. Got your name thanks to the habit of breaking through long underground tunnels on depth from 15 centimeters to meters. Thanks to such holes, interconnected by numerous moves, they can freely move around without fear of predators. Burrowing cockroaches settle large colonies of several hundred individuals, usually in eucalyptus forests. They feed on decaying leaves and plants, thereby playing an important role in the ecosystem. Insects are the largest cockroaches in nature, their length reaches 8 centimeters, and weight – about 35 grams. They are also unusually high for a given class of animals with a life span of up to 10 years old.
This species belongs to the lamellar family, it is found in Central and South America, mainly in the rain forests. Large individuals have a body length of up to 12 centimeters, and weigh they are about 35 grams. Color ranges from light to dark shades of brown. The males are distinguished by a long horn a little thick more than five millimeters, they use it during a fight with male rivals for mating with a female. Most its life cycle, lasting several years, an insect spends in the form of a larva, and only four to five weeks lives in the form of beetle. They feed on wood juice. In case of severe cooling beetles are able to regulate body temperature, like warm-blooded creatures. At the end of the last century, elephant beetles became an object of intense interest from the US military, who studied the possibility of using them as weapons, by conducting experiments to control the behavior of these insects with using implanted electrodes and microcontrollers.
Bronze beetle family lives in the central and southern parts African continent. There are five varieties in total. goliaths that differ in color and size. Often there are black individuals with a white pattern on the wing wings. Length the body of the beetle is about 12 centimeters, they weigh almost 50 gram. In males there is a process like a horn on the head, in females, the head has a shield-like shape, which is due to the need to dig holes in the ground for laying eggs. Goliath beetles are most active in the daytime, while being on tree trunks, or in flight, to the ground they descend only in looking for food. The imago diet includes wood juice and overripe fruits, larvae feed on rotting wood. Also among cannibalism is common, large individuals eat more small ones.
This type of insect belongs to the family of true mantis, lives in the countries of East and Southeast Asia, on the islands Micronesia introduced in some US states. Chinese The bowing mantis reaches 15 centimeters in length. Coloring color The body ranges from green to brown. Unique the ability to turn your head 360 degrees. Full review around makes him an effective predator and allows him to notice on time danger approaching. Praying Mantis is active at night. days, he preys not only on other insects, but also on caterpillars, amphibians, reptiles and even small hummingbirds. In the wild Chinese mantises live up to six months, although males rarely live to this age due to extremely unusual inter-sexual relations of the species. In half the cases immediately after the long mating process, the female eats the male alive to to replenish the supply of protein that she will soon need for offspring production.
Giant water bugs
The insect belongs to the family of half-winged. Dwells in tropics of South and Southeast Asia are also found in US state of Florida. Water bugs prefer freshwater lakes, ponds, and the like. The view is significant sizes – adults can have a length of up to 15 centimeters. These predatory bugs feed on insects, snails, frogs and even small fish. They catch prey with their strong, long fores. paws equipped with tenacious hooks. Then followed by injection into victim of paralyzing poison and digestive enzymes, after which the bug, like a spider, simply sucks dissolved from its body nutrients. Water bugs differ in a curious way. care for the offspring – the female lays the fertilized eggs on back to the male, where he wears them for a couple of weeks.
Centipedes mosquitoes, also called caramors, exist on Earth long before the advent of mankind. Earliest fossils this species, found in amber, are about 130 years old million years. Now there are more than 4000 types of caramel, inhabiting all continents. Most often they can be seen in the area with increased humidity and nearby water bodies. The largest species of centipedes, holorusia brobdignagius, can grow up to 22 centimeters (including limbs). Despite its frightening appearance, these insects from the family of dipterans are devoid of acute stings and completely harmless. Adults feed on nectar or water, the larvae eat mainly decaying plants. The life expectancy of adults is only 10-15 days.
The largest beetle in the world grows in length up to 22 centimeters. is he found in the Amazon rainforest: from Peru, Colombia and Suriname to Bolivia and Central Brazil. Insect from barbel family has a wide, flat body, coloring brownish or brown. Adult Titan Lumberjack live about five weeks, it is curious that during this period they don’t eat at all, but use only those fat stocks that managed to accumulate at the stage of the larva. During the period Fierce fighting for the female often occurs among males among males, however, they often mutilate each other. The terrible beetle weapon – its sharp mandibles, with them he can easily bite a pencil.
The peacock-eye got its name from the mythical the ancient Greek hero Atlas (also known as Atlas), holding the whole heavenly vault on his shoulders. Butterfly lives in subtropical and tropical regions of Southeast Asia: from China to the islands of Java and Borneo. Peacock-eye wingspan reaches 25 centimeters, and their surface area can be up to 400 square centimeters. Wings are usually saturated color, patterns include shades of chestnut, burgundy and yellow. Males characterized by wider front wings and the presence of long and fluffy antennae. Peacock-eye caterpillars feed on tree leaves, butterflies do not eat anything, spending substances accumulated in previous stage. All the time of their short existence, about ten days, devoted to mating and production of offspring. Females in the mating season is not as active as the males, mostly stay on in one place, but they emit pheromones, which are males thanks to sensitive antennae are able to catch at a distance of two and a half kilometers.
Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing
The butterfly belongs to the genus Ornithoptera, which refers to family of sailing ships. She owes her name to a person living in the 20th century to the financier and collector Lord Walter Rothschild, who decided to name her in honor of the wife of the British king Edward VII. it endemic species of Papua New Guinea, it is found on the territory rainforests exclusively in the southeastern part of the island, near the mountains of Popondetta. In individuals, sexual dimorphism is expressed – females are significantly larger than males and reach a wingspan of 27 centimeters. The body length of the butterfly is about 8 centimeters, and its weight is only 12 grams. This is the largest day butterfly on the planet. Queen Alexandra’s male birds, although inferior feminine in size, but significantly superior to them in brightness and variety of coloring. Life span of an adult insect usually does not exceed three months.
This amazing insect was first discovered in forests on Kalimantan Island (Borneo). Like all wands or ghosts, he is an unsurpassed master of disguise. Representatives of the species not only very similar to tree branches, but also capable of long time to remain motionless, being indistinguishable in the midst surrounding vegetation, even at a distance of several tens centimeters. The size of the megapolder fully justifies its loud name, since the length of individual individuals reaches 56 centimeters taking into account the limbs. Looks too thin and clumsy nevertheless cleverly moves on any wood surface thanks to spiked legs. Insect females possess an interesting feature – in the absence of nearby males they can multiply by parthenogenesis, passing on to eggs to offspring an exact copy of their set of chromosomes.
Giant Veta is an endemic species of crickets from family Anostostomatidae, living in New Zealand. The size of the insects is impressive: the length of their wingless body is about 8.5 centimeters, and the mass can exceed 70 grams, thus they are almost twice as heavy as a sparrow. Crickets perfectly adapt to different environments, meet as in forests, and in fields and even caves. The diet of their food is also very extensive, it includes both leaves and fruits, and smaller ones insects. With the advent of the breeding season, males of the giant veta become extremely active, they are capable of all night to overcome up to 15 kilometers in search of a potential partner for mating.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.