Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
Honeysuckle has long been adopted by Russian gardeners. In addition to decorative functions, it gives very tasty and healthy fruits – a storehouse of vitamins. They are indicated for cardiovascular diseases, urolithiasis, gastrointestinal disorders, in case of poisoning, as an antipyretic agent. Today there are more than 200 species, which are represented by climbing, erect and creeping plants. Caring for honeysuckle is exactly the same as for many garden crops. It grows and strengthens rapidly, it is able to live and bear fruit up to 80 years. The berries have several flavors: sweet and sour, with a slight bitterness and sweet.
Several types of honeysuckle are common in our strip. Curly varieties are used for decorative gardening. Their fruits, as a rule, are not edible, but they are very bright. Blue honeysuckle creates fluffy compositions on the site and produces delicious berries. Early flowering, Alpine, Tatar species are also very popular.
Which of them are best suited for central Russia? In our rating, we will present the 12 best varieties of honeysuckle, most adapted to the climatic conditions of the Moscow region. The selection was made by experts based on gardeners' feedback.
- Rating of the best varieties of honeysuckle for the Moscow region
- The best varieties of edible honeysuckle for the Moscow region
- Leningrad giant
- The best varieties of decorative honeysuckle for the Moscow region
- Korolkov's honeysuckle
- Thälmann's honeysuckle
- Maak's honeysuckle
- Honeysuckle Maksimovich
- Covering honeysuckle
Rating of the best varieties of honeysuckle for the Moscow region
|The best varieties of edible honeysuckle for the Moscow region||1||Swan||5.0|
|The best varieties of decorative honeysuckle for the Moscow region||1||Korolkov's honeysuckle||5.0|
The best varieties of edible honeysuckle for the Moscow region
The leader in this rating category is the variety, which is very common in central Russia. It was bred in 1999 by domestic breeders and successfully tested in many regions of the country. In early June, gardeners can pick ripe, juicy berries weighing 1.5 g with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. They are elongated, dark blue with a slight waxy coating. The bush grows up to 2 m. It is spreading and has high decorative properties. Productivity – up to 2.5 kg. In some years, it was observed up to 4 kg.
The undoubted advantage of the variety is its dense skin. After harvesting, the fruits do not burst. The appearance remains unchanged for up to 5 days. High frost resistance allows growing crops not only in the Moscow region, but also to the north, where winters are more severe. Heat and drought also do not greatly affect the yield. The variety has an increased immunity to diseases, is unpretentious in care. The crumbling rate is extremely low.
The leaves have an intense green tint. Flowers that appear in early May are able to withstand frosts down to -8 °. According to reviews, the fruits are ideal for fresh transportation. The variety is widely used by landscape designers to decorate suburban areas.
The second nominee of the rating is honeysuckle, which surpasses other equally popular varieties in its healing properties. Its main advantage is the high content of vitamins and organic acids, which have a general tonic effect on a weakened body and are capable of increasing its immunity in several applications. The bush grows up to 1.5 m in height and 1.8 m in width, forming a hemispherical shape. The yield is high. The berries ripen at the end of May. Their weight is 1.8 g. The taste is aromatic, with a predominance of sourness.
The crumbling rate is low, the separation from the peduncle is good. Blooms profusely with a bright scent. The leaves are elongated, dark green. The berries are cylindrical with a rounded base. The variety is hardy under any whims of the weather. Vital activity and productivity persist with temperature fluctuations, after severe winters, hot dry summers.
The bush bears fruit stably for 25 years. Gardeners noted that up to 4 kg of berries are harvested from one plant. They are dense, the skin is thin but strong. The fruit, although it gives a tart taste, is very useful and suitable for all types of processing, including freezing, cooking jams, compotes. During flowering and during the harvest period, it is a beautiful part of landscape design.
Ranked third among the best edible honeysuckles, it produces large berries with an aromatic sweet taste. They are blue-blue with a slight bluish waxy bloom. “Leningrad Giant” is popular with sweet tooths who prefer sugary tastes. Thanks to this property, it is used to breed new varieties. The name is fully justified by the weight of the berries, which reaches 4 g. The shrub grows up to 2 m in height. The crown is round, moderately dense. The leaves are large, elongated. The flowers are pale yellow with a slight pleasant smell.
The plant survives dry summers well, severe winters, rainy off-season. Shoots do not freeze even at -40 °, and the ovaries are preserved during spring frosts down to -8 °. The variety is popular not only among gardeners of the Moscow region, but also in more northern latitudes, where other types of culture are not viable.
Honeysuckle is very productive and gives up to 3 kg of fruits from one bush. Many gardeners noted that in favorable years this figure increased to 5 kg. This variety is suitable for preparing blanks: preserves, jams, compote. Pounded with sugar, it is an excellent remedy for relieving fever and joint pain, increasing immunity in case of colds.
On the fourth place in the ranking is the variety, which is distinguished by large fresh-sweet, juicy fruits weighing 1.1 g. It was bred in 1998 by the famous scientist-breeder L. Kuminov. The dark blue berries are elongated or pear-shaped with a rounded top. Their purpose is dessert. Fruits refresh well, do not give bitterness, soft, with a thin skin. The bush grows rapidly. It can reach a height of 2 meters. The branches are straight, the leaves are medium-sized light green.
Ripening is medium late. Productivity – 2.2 kg per plant. The variety is resistant to shedding. Winter hardiness is high, so the bush remains viable even after severe frosts with abnormally low temperatures (down to -45 °). It also tolerates heat and drought well.
Gardeners prefer this variety, as it meets all the necessary requirements for planting in the Moscow region. With careful care, the bush gives a good harvest. Ripening occurs on the fifteenth of June. They are used fresh and frozen. 'Kingfisher', in addition to its practical function, also performs a decorative one, being a decoration of the garden. It is used as a zoning or used as a hedge.
Further, the rating includes a variety that is very popular among owners of garden plots in the Moscow region. Its berries are spindle-shaped. Dessert taste, no bitterness, with a delicate smell. The skin is thin but firm. The fruits are very juicy, rich in vitamins and organic acids. Weight of one – 1 g. Flowers are bright yellow of medium size. The leaves are dark green, slightly concave. They are widely used in folk medicine to obtain infusions and decoctions.
Spreading bushes, medium-sized. They live in one place for several decades. The fruits are easily separated during harvest, but are resistant to shedding. Berries are used for various household needs. They are used fresh, frozen, jam, fruit drinks, compotes are made from them. The yield is good, on average 1.8-2 kg. Basic care: sanitary pruning, timely watering.
The variety is resistant to all natural phenomena of the middle lane. It can withstand very low temperatures, heat, long showers. Diseases are minimally susceptible. Fruits ripen in mid-June, and until that time the bush pleases with bright flowers and greenery. Honeysuckle is versatile and blends well with other shrubs in the landscape.
The sixth in the ranking is the variety that is optimal for the climate of the Moscow region. The fruits are juicy, sweet with a slight sourness, tasty, rich in vitamins. In length reach up to 2 cm. Ripening – early, abundant. The shape is pear-shaped. The color is more black than blue. The plaque is small, gray. The bush is vigorous. When planting, the rhizome is strengthened, and the adult culture grows up to 2 m in height. The flowers are small, very fragrant. The smell is persistent.
The bush is high-yielding, yields up to 4 kg of fruits. The crumbling rate after ripening is low. But when picking, the berries are well separated from the stalk. Increased frost resistance. Honeysuckle remains viable and produces crops even after abnormally harsh winters, spring frosts, and dry summers.
The variety is suitable for various applications. Berries are eaten fresh, frozen, jam, compotes are made. They contain a large amount of ascorbic acid, so they are often used as a general tonic. Gardeners note good decorative qualities due to curved shoots, a semicircular crown, and bright green foliage. Experts recommend this variety for planting in areas of the Moscow region.
The best varieties of decorative honeysuckle for the Moscow region
The first among the ornamental crops was the variety that grows up to 3 m in height. During flowering, attracts attention with pink flowers with a fragrant aroma. Their diameter is 2.5 cm. Globular fruits are bright orange or scarlet, stand out among the foliage of a rich green color with a bluish tint. Branches are softly pubescent, with gray bark. The crown is oval. The shrub prefers sunny places, does not tolerate shady areas. He is calm about a sanitary haircut and transplant.
Winter hardiness is high. Shelter for the cold season is not required. Honeysuckle has good immunity to various types of diseases. The growth rate is fast. The spreading bush is unpretentious and viable in all types of soil. Does not need additional feeding. Leaves fall in late autumn. The berries are inedible, they stick tightly to the stalk.
Many gardeners have found that the variety is attractive throughout the growing season. Leaves, inflorescences, and berries have decorative properties. Honeysuckle is planted singly or in several plants at the same time, creating hedges mixed with the perennial crops of the group. It is actively used by designers to beautify gardens and parks.
The second place in the rating is given to a variety that is distinguished by high decorative properties and is widely used by gardeners of the Moscow Region for landscaping their sites, as well as by landscape designers to decorate public parks and squares. His homeland is China. He has undergone adaptation to the conditions of central Russia and feels great after a harsh winter and hot summer. The cultivar is an evergreen shrub that grows 1.5 m wide. In height, it can reach 150 cm.
The foliage is fluffy, dense, glossy. The branches grow vertically, and the outer ones grow arched. Shoots are bright green. The flowers are pearl white, open in May, have a strong, pleasant aroma. The berries are blue-black, glossy, inedible. Average winter hardiness. When freezing in a particularly cold period, it quickly recovers in the spring.
The variety stands out for its shiny leaves, which create an aesthetic appeal to the site. It is undemanding to the soil. It grows on any kind of soil, prefers sunny areas, although it feels good in shady areas. 'Meigrun' is considered one of the most attractive decorative varieties for the Moscow region.
A magnificent decoration of the garden will be the variety located on the third line of our rating. It was bred about a hundred years ago and today is in demand among gardeners in many countries. The hybrid shrub grows up to 6 meters in height. He is not afraid of frost at all, maintaining his vital activity even after abnormally low temperatures. The leaves on an evergreen liana reach 10 cm. They are elongated with rounded ends.
The golden orange flowers contrast with the vibrant rich greens. Their diameter is 7 cm. The fruits are round in shape. For a year, the growth of the bush is 1.5 m. The honeysuckle needs supports, which it braids during the growth period. The variety is photophilous, but the penumbra areas are also suitable for seedlings. The dry summer is calm.
Gardeners speak extremely positively about the variety. He is unpretentious, he feels great in various conditions. Honeysuckle adds beauty to the site, allows you to hide old buildings, uneven fence, pipes and create aesthetic appeal. The plant looks great on gazebos and verandas. It is chosen by both private traders and professional designers for the arrangement of public and individual properties.
On the fourth line of the rating is a giant variety that surprises with its size. It grows up to 5 meters long and up to 4 meters wide. It is one of the oldest species. It has been known since 1860. Flowers with a diameter of 3 cm attract attention with a snow-white shade. At the end of June, they acquire a yellowish color. The berries are dark scarlet, spherical, inedible, they remain on the bush for a long time. The leaves are elliptical, not pubescent.
Growth is fast, 40 cm is added per year. The shrub tolerates low temperatures and heat well. Landing is possible in all types of soil and in a sunny area and in the shade. The variety is resistant to diseases and pests. It is often used for landscaping private lots and public areas. The plant looks good near gazebos and terraces, along the fence, in the alleys. The spreading crown attracts attention during the entire growing season.
According to reviews, the variety proved to be excellent in the climate of the Moscow region with changeable weather conditions. Gardeners have noted that Maack's honeysuckle is especially effective during flowering. White flowers are arranged in even rows, towering above the leaves. The bushes are planted singly or in landscape compositions. Experts recommend this variety as one of the hardiest and most beautiful varieties.
A leafy shrub, which stands out favorably among other ornamental crops, is in fifth place in the ranking. It was named after the Russian botanist Karl Ivanovich Maksimovich, who is known for his research on the flora of Japan and the Far East. The variety is used to create hedges up to 2 meters high. In June, gardeners observe an abundant purple bloom, which fades slightly towards the end of the term. The leaves are simple, whole. The berries are bright red, shiny, spliced in pairs. Decorativeness remains until frost. The foliage does not turn yellow for a long time, maintaining a rich green hue.
The variety does not require special conditions for planting and growth. All types of soil, light and shadow areas are suitable for him. Honeysuckle tolerates haircuts and transplants well. Winter hardiness – high. The culture is used singly, in groups, for zoning and decoration.
Gardeners and experts rate the variety as 'excellent' for good survival in the middle lane, rapid growth, unpretentiousness, disease resistance, versatility, and most importantly – for high decorative qualities that persist from early spring to late autumn and are used for all types of landscaping.
Rounding out the rating is a variety with a dense hemispherical crown, glossy black berries, large red flowers and bright green shiny foliage. It is widely used for landscaping both private and public areas. The bush grows up to 2 m in height. Elliptical leaves are very large, up to 12 cm in length. The autumn color does not appear. After the leaves fall, the attractiveness of the variety is preserved due to the large fruits.
The culture takes root well in shady places, but prefers open sunny areas more. The soil can be any, but it grows better on fertilized, moist loams. Covering honeysuckle tolerates transplantation, corrective and sanitary pruning. It is highly winter-hardy and does not require shelter. It also tolerates heat and drought well. Growing at an average pace. Fruiting begins 3 years after planting.
The variety is used singly and in groups, as hedges, dividing the site into zones. According to gardeners' reviews, the bush attracts everyone's attention, especially during the period when the flowering is delayed, and one can observe both shiny black fruits and large flowers on it.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.