12 best laminate substrates

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

One of the most popular flooring currently is a laminate flooring. Laying technology involves application a special layer called the substrate. At the time of buying laminate flooring users pay minimal attention to this additional material, most often it is offered by the seller. AND because not only durability and the integrity of the flooring, but also the comfort of the room. Which But should you pay attention to the moments?

How to choose a substrate for the laminate

  1. Many Russian users, following the example of their neighbors, begin to take care of their health and their relatives. therefore they prefer environmentally friendly building materials. On sale you can find products from natural raw materials (wood) or high-quality synthetic analogues. On this stage it is important to take into account the tendency of different people to allergies, the reaction to smells, etc.
  2. Thermal insulation. Laying the substrate allows you to improve microclimate in a particular room. First of all it concerns heat. Residents of private houses and apartments located on the first floor, you should choose a substrate taking into account thermal insulation properties.
  3. Soundproofing. In a multi-storey building a serious problem becomes weak soundproofing. In order not to hear the noise in the apartment floor below, you should give preference to materials that absorb sound and vibration.
  4. Thickness. High-quality laying of a laminate is possible only on a flat surface. This is difficult to achieve on a screed or old boardwalk. But with the help of the substrate it is possible to eliminate unevenness and gender differences. The worse the base, the thicker the layer under the laminate is selected. The standard thickness is 3 mm
  5. Moisture resistant. Contemporary flooring (laminate, parquet board) is quite sensitive to moisture. And if spilled liquids can be promptly removed then high humidity from floor panels or screeds will cause swelling panels. It’s best to do a simple moisture test. bases, putting a plastic wrap overnight. If not by morning If perspiration appears, then the usual substrate will do.
  6. Manufacturer. As for the choice of manufacturer, then Today, domestic brands compete on equal terms with imported ones by manufacturers. Some of them use foreign developments and technology, someone introduces their own inventions.

Our review includes the best substrates for laminate flooring. In drawing up The rating took into account the opinions of experts and reviews of domestic consumers.

Rating of the best laminate substrates

Nomination a place Name of product rating
The best substrates for laminate flooring from natural materials 1 Steico underfloor 4.9
2 Premium cork 4.8
3 PARCOLAG 4.7
4 Tarkett cork backing 4.7
5 Isoplaat 4.6
6 Arbiton cork 4.5
The best polymer laminate substrates 1 Eco-cover 4.7
2 ReFoam 3002 4.6
The best extruded polystyrene substrates 1 VTM, ISOPOLIN 4.6
The best polyethylene substrates 1 Tuplex 4.7
2 Foiled Isolon PPE 4.6
3 Isolon PES 4.5

The best substrates for laminate flooring from natural materials

A whole set of advantages has a substrate made of natural materials. Most often it is made from different components of wood (shavings, chips, cork), for the connection of fine fractions can apply natural or artificial resins and adhesives. The only The disadvantage of natural substrates is the high price. Experts have identified several quality products.

Steico underfloor

Rating: 4.9

Steico Underfloor

The most environmentally friendly layer between the base and the laminate is the Steico Underfloor backing. It is made from natural coniferous wood, individual fibers are held together into a whole using wood resin. Manufacturer offers their products in the form of rectangular plates measuring 790×590 mm, in depending on the homeowner’s requirements for the degree of thermal insulation a substrate is selected with a thickness of 3.6-7 mm. Material takes first place in the rating for excellent properties, it is not afraid of moisture, solvent or glue.

Experts note good leveling ability, application The product allows smoothing height differences up to 3 mm. Users often use the material when laying laminate flooring in children’s rooms.

Advantages

  • environmental friendliness;
  • good leveling ability;
  • wide range of thicknesses;
  • high performance.

disadvantages

  • not detected.

Premium cork

Rating: 4.8

Premium Cork

High quality workmanship boasts cork Premium Cork backing. In environmental friendliness, the material is not inferior to the leader rating, but the price of this natural product is quite high. Produced from cork oak bark without adding chemical reagents. Experts point out that cork substrate over time retains all the most important properties. This and excellent thermal insulation qualities, the ability to absorb noise floor leveling. Pests, mold and fungus. Such a substrate will be especially relevant for people suffering from allergies.

Users are pleased with the simplicity of the preparation of the foundation. FROM surfaces remove dust and dirt, after which the roll is rolled. Such packaging for some builders is a minus.

Advantages

  • environmental friendliness;
  • long service life;
  • good sound and heat insulation;
  • simple foundation preparation.

disadvantages

  • high price.

PARCOLAG

Rating: 4.7

PARCOLAG

A successful combination of natural and synthetic materials possesses a PARCOLAG backing. It is made on the basis of thick cardboard, on which cork chips are mixed with bitumen. The main of the benefits is thermal insulation. Experts recommend the product. Russian company Icopal owners of private houses and apartments on ground floor. With its help, it is possible to put a reliable barrier to the cold and moisture. Elasticity of the material increases the service life laminate flooring.

Thanks to the triple structure, good air exchange occurs, therefore, neither mold nor fungus appears on the substrate. To trade The network of products comes in rolls of 15 mm length. Of the disadvantages users note a persistent smell of bitumen, so the applicant takes the third line of the rating.

Advantages

  • reliable heat and moisture insulation;
  • good ventilation;
  • elastic structure;
  • high strength.

disadvantages

  • not suitable for underfloor heating;
  • the smell of bitumen.

Tarkett cork backing

Rating: 4.7

Tarkett cork backing

One of the most attractive prices for a natural substrate offers the brand Tarkett. The material is made from natural traffic jams, which predetermines a number of positive aspects. As the binder component is polyurethane resin. First the product line is environmentally friendly, which expands its scope application. The substrate quickly restores the original state after compression, and good thermal insulation properties reliably hold cold masses coming from the basement. IN sale material can be found in the form of rolls 10 m long. The manufacturer took care of fakes, you can order the product at official website. Of the shortcomings, users note a small assortment, cork quality is poor.

Advantages

  • environmental friendliness;
  • durability;
  • affordable price;
  • elasticity.

disadvantages

  • thin layer;
  • cork raw materials of poor quality.

Isoplaat

Rating: 4.6

Isoplaat

In the production of Isoplaat substrates, the main emphasis is on noise insulation qualities. The material is based on soundproof panels. It successfully combines natural components and modern technology. Softwood special fibers are formed, thanks to which it was possible to obtain porous structure. It is characterized by durability, and due to introduction to the composition of antiseptics in the substrate does not propagate the fungus and mold. The product can be purchased in the form of panels measuring 850×590 mm The maximum level of sound insulation can be achieved with the material 4-5 mm thick.

The advantages of the product include the lack of smell, high-quality manufacturing. However, it is possible to find such material not in every hardware store. Therefore, the applicant does not falls into the top three.

Advantages

  • excellent sound insulation;
  • elasticity;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • durability.

disadvantages

  • deficit in the distribution network;
  • overcharge.

Arbiton cork

Rating: 4.5

Arbiton Cork

The optimum ratio of quality and price is present in the substrate Arbiton Cork. Polish manufacturer supplies products to Russian market in the form of rolls (10×1 m). The necessary rigidity and thermal insulation of the floor covering is provided by a material with a thickness of 2 mm Experts pay attention to the fact that the substrate withstands temperature extremes. It is recommended for use in floor systems with warm (water) floors. However required lay shielding layers. The material is created on natural basis, it has elasticity, leveling all the loads, rendered on the laminate.

Builders praise the material for the formation of an even layer without waves. Only the edges of the material are fragile, so accurate appeal.

Advantages

  • acceptable price;
  • heat resistance;
  • elasticity;
  • lack of memory effect.

disadvantages

  • fragility;
  • heterogeneity of composition.

The best polymer laminate substrates

Synthetic substrates perfectly combine affordable price and good performance. They create reliable barrier to cold and moisture at the border of concrete and laminate. And here noise insulation capabilities of the composite material are limited. Experts have selected several products.

Eco-cover

Rating: 4.9

Eco-cover

The domestic Eco-cover substrate is widely used. It is a product based on vinyl acetate and ethylene. At environmentalists have no complaints about material safety, therefore it can be used both in office premises and in residential buildings and apartments. Experts note excellent leveling abilities, and due to elasticity and high strength coating surface turns tough. The product is available in the form of plates, for convenience transportation they are twisted into rolls.

The substrate becomes the winner of our rating for excellent specifications. She successfully fights with noise, moisture, retains all its qualities in a wide temperature range (-40 … + 80 ° С). Finishers praise the material for its ease of use and large selection of sizes.

Advantages

  • wide scope of application;
  • good sound insulation;
  • moisture resistance;
  • simplicity in work.

disadvantages

  • high price.

ReFoam 3002

Rating: 4.8

ReFoam 3002

One of the best indicators of sound insulation (21 dB) has ReFoam 3002 substrate. The material is crosslinked polyethylene, which is safe for use in children’s and medical facilities. Experts appreciate it for its high density and elasticity. Due to the combination of these qualities, the substrate is convenient in work, and the flooring is integrity. Technology production was invented in Japan, but produced and sold products in Russia. In the stores roll products are presented (10×1.2 m), the optimal rigidity of the laminate is ensured at 2 mm thick.

The product does not have the best water absorption capacity, therefore use it on the first floors of high-rise buildings, where under the floor there is basement not recommended. Material takes the second line rating.

Advantages

  • good sound insulation;
  • strength and resilience;
  • convenience in transportation and laying;
  • lack of smell.

disadvantages

  • does not absorb moisture.

The best extruded polystyrene substrates

Extruded polystyrene is widely used in construction, make of it and a substrate for the laminate. To strengths material should include affordability and a wide selection of thickness.

VTM, ISOPOLIN

Rating: 4.6

VTM, ISOPOLIN

The most affordable option for flooring from laminate or parquet board is the use of a substrate based extruded polystyrene. Products are produced in the form of sheets, which are convenient to transport and stack. ISOPOLIN called quiet floor due to good sound-absorbing properties. Product It stands out from the competition with a large assortment of thicknesses. The product is lightweight, which often causes airflow lift separately lying sheets from the floor. Experts advise immediately connect them using tape.

Users are satisfied with the availability of material and simplicity in styling. The disadvantages include fragility, modest leveling ability of thin sheets (less than 3 mm).

Advantages

  • low price;
  • convenience in transportation and installation;
  • light weight;
  • Suitable for all bases.

disadvantages

  • fragility.

The best polyethylene substrates

Very popular among Russian users. polyethylene backing. The material is resistant to microorganisms, to moisture, it is easy to use. To increase heat and waterproofing properties, manufacturers complement polyethylene foam with aluminum foil. Here are a few quality products.

Tuplex

Rating: 4.7

Tuplex

Unique Finnish technology implemented in polyethylene Tuplex substrate. Between the two films are balls polystyrene foam. Moreover, the lower layer has a special perforation, which allows moisture to enter the material. Water comes out along with air flows through the edges of the substrate. Clear that speech It’s about a little moisture. Otherwise in the material mold or fungus starts.

According to experts, such a breathable design is different ease of installation. There is a small percentage of waste that is inherent and other competitors. For good technical parameters and the original design of the substrate becomes the winner of our rating.

Advantages

  • unique manufacturing technology;
  • good moisture absorption;
  • breathable design;
  • effective ventilation.

disadvantages

  • limited range of thickness.

Foiled Isolon PPE

Rating: 4.6

Foiled Isolon PPE

At the same time protecting the floor from cold and moisture allows foiled Isolon PES. The backing is stitched polyethylene, which is produced in rolls. On the one hand to aluminum foil is attached to the substrate. Thanks to such Material design has a low coefficient of thermal conductivity. The material perfectly protects the laminate from steam and moisture, often foiled Izolon is used as a waterproofing. Along with with durability and resistance to decay the product possesses environmental safety. It is suitable for installing floors with heated.

When laying a laminate, there is a problem with the formation of a whole layer. As a result, joints become weak spots for penetration of cold and moisture.

Advantages

  • low coefficient of thermal conductivity;
  • safety;
  • elasticity;
  • the possibility of reuse.

disadvantages

  • high price.

Isolon PES

Rating: 4.5

Isolon PPE

Owners of apartments living above the 2nd floor when laying laminate flooring or parquet board can use as a layer of Isolon PES. Unlike foil material for the title of the best insulation or vapor barrier. This is not from him required when flooring is dry and warm overlap. The base of the substrate is still the same foamed polyethylene foam stitched into a single roll. Thanks to the multilayer the cellular structure of the product perfectly absorbs noise and vibration, further preventing heat loss in the room. The experts note the inertness of polyethylene foam, it itself does not emit harmful compounds, does not react with gasoline or detergents on alkaline basis. A set of useful features allows the substrate take third place in our ranking.

Advantages

  • affordable price;
  • inertia;
  • good sound insulation;
  • safety.

disadvantages

  • gradual thinning of the substrate.


Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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