Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
Grapes have long conquered the northern regions of our country. To date, a large number of varieties have been bred, which are successfully grown within the Moscow region. The main thing is to choose the right kind of culture. We reflected the most persistent and productive varieties in a rating based on feedback from gardeners.
- Rating of the best grape varieties for the Moscow region
- The best especially resistant grape varieties for the Moscow region
- Super Extra
- The best covering grape varieties for the Moscow region
- The best decorative grape varieties for the Moscow region
- Saperavi north
- Agat Donskoy
Rating of the best grape varieties for the Moscow region
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||rating|
|The best especially resistant grape varieties for the Moscow region||1||Aleshenkin||5.0|
|The best covering grape varieties for the Moscow region||1||Chrysolite||5.0|
|The best decorative grape varieties for the Moscow region||1||Saperavi north||5.0|
The best especially resistant grape varieties for the Moscow region
Varieties that do not need to be covered before cold weather can withstand low temperatures due to the frost resistance inherent in breeding. This is a great option for aspiring wine growers. However, in the first year, it is recommended to cover the seedling so that the weak plant does not die.
The first place in the rating belongs to the popular variety that ripens in 110-120 days. The weight of the conical bunch reaches 500 grams. Oval fruits are white in color and contain juicy pulp. Alyosha's main advantage is immunity to diseases and invulnerability to pests. More than 20% of berries are grain free. Judging by the reviews, the grapes are very sweet and crunchy. It attracts gardeners with rich yields. It is worth considering that Alyosha's clusters are very large, so the lower fruits may remain unripe. It is advised to carry out rationing of grapes before and after flowering, so as not to overload the vine. In general, this is an unpretentious variety that grows well in a sunny place and requires regular watering. Preventive treatment for parasites will not hurt.
- rarely susceptible to disease;
- juicy tasty pulp;
- a bountiful harvest;
- large clusters;
- eat seedless berries.
The Harmony variety withstands readings on a thermometer up to -25 degrees. The period from bud break to grape ripeness is about 4 months. Conical brushes have a round shape of deep blue color. This variety is chosen for winemaking because the berries contain more than 70% juice. Producers of the hop drink are attracted by the unique harmony of taste, the ruby shade of the raw materials.
The main advantages include good transportation, stable harvest, frost resistance. Many summer residents recommend it for growing on a personal plot, to be consumed fresh and to make wine from it.
- great for wine;
- harmonious taste;
- tolerates transportation well;
- stable yield indicators.
The next participant in the rating will allow you to enjoy delicious berries at the end of the last summer month. On the bunches there are miniature blue berries with powerful bones. The pulp has a pleasant strawberry flavor. The variety produces a large number of fruits every year. The end result is highly dependent on care and weather conditions.
The ripening period is from 128 to 140 days. Excellent frost resistance allows the plant to easily withstand up to -45 degrees. Thus, Valiant perfectly tolerates the climate of the Moscow region. Rarely, the vine can be infected with mildew and powdery mildew. It is recommended to spray the culture at the first signs of the disease.
- easily withstands severe frosts;
- a large amount of harvest annually;
- pleasant taste.
- small berries and too large seeds.
The next position in the ranking belongs to the variety that gives a generous harvest even in the shade. The berries ripen in the first week of August. They have a white color with a golden sheen and look very appetizing. Technical ripeness is reached in about 100 days, depending on the summer weather. They enjoy grapes at the end of July. High humidity is bad for fruit setting. In case of frost down to -25 degrees, the grapes are not covered.
Judging by the reviews, many gardeners have been growing Super Extra for more than a decade. During transportation, the berries remain intact. The weak sides of the variety include grapes of different sizes.
- appetizing appearance;
- early maturation;
- do not deteriorate during transportation.
- afraid of high humidity;
- berries of different sizes.
The best covering grape varieties for the Moscow region
Hiding grapes is a simple procedure. The safest way to protect the culture is under the soil. Sugar bags, reed mats will do. It is better not to use a film.
The Chrysolite variety is also called Monarch. The complex hybrid belongs to the dining group and ripens at the end of August. Bunches in the form of a cone weigh 600 g. The weight of some reaches 1 kg. The fleshy flesh is very tasty. The skin is not felt when chewing. High resistance to diseases and cracking pleases.
Some gardeners are faced with the problem of shedding inflorescences before flowers appear. It is recommended to abandon nitrogen fertilization and watering. The main advantages of Chrysolite are high marketability, huge berries with excellent taste. Surprisingly, the Monarch feels good in the field without any agrotechnical measures.
- large bunches;
- does not crack;
- high marketability.
- shedding of inflorescences.
Unlike the previous participants in the rating, the Preobrazhenie variety is not included in the State Register. Despite this, it is of great interest to gardeners. The hybrid took all the best from its parents – high yield, short ripening times, excellent taste.
The transformation is great both for the southern regions of the Russian Federation and for the middle zone of our country. It matures in 3-3.5 months. Light pink berries have an attractive appearance. The weight of one bunch reaches 3 kg. Up to two dozen kg of fruits are harvested from 1 bush. The variety is not afraid of viruses and fungi, it is not picky about the composition of the soil and is not capable of peas.
- short ripening period;
- does not peel;
- excellent taste;
- immunity from viruses;
- good productive performance;
- grows on any soil.
The next participant in the rating was the result of crossing the Muscat of Hamburg and Nimrang. The bunch weighs 3000 g, and one berry – 8.2 g. Red-violet grapes have a table purpose and belong to the middle late species. The main features of the variety are high yield, harmonious combination of acidity and sugar content, excellent marketability and good transportability.
The Winner ripens in the second half of the first autumn month. The tasting score of berries is 8.7 points. According to winegrowers, the Winner is suitable for long transportation and is rarely affected by pests.
- very large fruits;
- pleasant taste;
- practically not affected by pests;
- excellent marketability.
- there are no serious disadvantages.
The Helios variety is praised by private gardeners and summer residents. It is grown for sale and for processing. Pink grapes are early ripening and perform well in temperate climates, but should be covered for the winter. The variety does not tolerate return frosts in spring.
The advantages of Helios include high yield, increased sugar content of berries. Its taste is beyond praise. The grapes are not prone to attacks by wasps and peas. It does not crack and is protected from dangerous diseases. Helios is easy to grow and propagate. Its appearance and suitability for transportation determine its high commercial qualities. To constantly get a decent harvest, you need to plant seedlings in fertile soil and periodically fertilize the land.
- is not affected by diseases;
- great taste;
- high yield rates;
- easy growing;
- suitable for sale.
- afraid of spring frosts;
- requires periodic fertilization.
The best decorative grape varieties for the Moscow region
The third category includes varieties that are used for practical and decorative purposes. They are distinguished by their rapid growth, original appearance and the ability to easily take root in the conditions of the Moscow region.
The third nomination of the rating is opened by the Northern Saperavi grape, which is grown for fresh consumption and for making wine. This type of product is characterized by a generous harvest and increased cold resistance. The culture tolerates even the harshest winters without any shelter.
The growing season is 140 to 150 days. This is the best option for beginner gardeners who want to decorate their summer cottage and enjoy fine wine. Judging by the reviews, the variety does not require serious labor costs. It is unpretentious in care and endures any weather disasters.
- generous harvest;
- suitable for beginner winegrowers;
- not afraid of the cold;
Crystal will be an excellent choice for regions located north of Voronezh, including the Moscow region. It is used for the preparation of compotes, marshmallows, juices and wine, and is consumed fresh. Medium-sized shrubs look great at their summer cottage. They are prone to thickening, so it is recommended to remove stepchildren before flowering. Small light green berries have a waxy bloom. This makes them immune to harmful microbes. The durable skin guarantees safe transportation of the product.
The juicy and delicate taste of the pulp is praised. The tasters give it 8.5 points. No peeling or cracking is observed in grapes. However, the lower hands are capable of withering with prolonged preservation. The crystal requires shelter, otherwise there is a risk of kidney freezing.
- juicy tasty pulp;
- does not peel;
- protection against pathogenic microorganisms.
- capable of thickening;
- risk of kidney freezing.
The rich blue grapes Agate Donskoy are distinguished by large conical clusters. Their weight varies in the region of 450-600 g. The berry reaches 4-5 g. The variety is patient before frost and is unpretentious in cultivation. It is not susceptible to most ailments and is suitable for the first mastering of viticulture.
Agate Donskoy is a great option for decorating gazebos, arches, hedges. It ripens every summer and does not require shelter. The taste of the berries is simple but balanced. In the cold summer, they sour a little. With high humidity, grapes can crack and rot. The yield reaches 50 kg per 1 bush. To avoid a decrease in taste, it is advised to normalize the bushes.
- resistance to frost;
- unpretentious in cultivation;
- good yield from 1 bush.
- risk of cracking and decay of berries.
The rating is completed by the Platovsky variety, which ripens earlier than other varieties. It is loved for its sweet taste, decent harvest and good tolerance in unstable weather. Berries do not attract wasps. The wine from the Platov variety is mediocre. When grown in the suburbs, it is advised to cover grapes for the winter. The plant is removed from the loop and pruned. Additionally, they throw snow on the bushes.
With insufficient care and high humidity, diseases such as gray rot, mildew, and oidium develop. The advantages include a stable yield, an unstable ripening period, versatility of use.
- ripening period no more than 115 days;
- sugar taste;
- tolerates unstable weather well;
- stable harvest.
- too tiny fruits;
- prone to disease;
- inferior to table varieties in terms of productivity.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.