Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Megaliths – constructions from large stones created by ancient cultures. These are menhirs – separate high stones, dolmens – tombs and cults made of stones structures, stone labyrinths. For archaeologists they serve sources of information about ancient cultures, for tourists – Esotericists often consider them objects that are interesting to visit. places of power and repositories of ancient knowledge.
Russia on its vast territory has preserved the monuments of the most diverse cultures. You can find your own in almost any region megalithic structures that arose thousands of years ago. Will be here The most famous megaliths of Russia are listed.
- Overview of the most famous megaliths of Russia
- 1st place: Thunder-stone
- 2nd place: Dolmens of the Western Caucasus
- 3rd place: Stone Horse
- 4th place: Northern Labyrinths
- 5th place: Deer stone
- 6th place: Megaliths of the island of Vera
- 7th place: Akhunov menhirs
- 8th place: Tarkhatinsky megalithic complex
- 9th place: Mostishchensky labyrinth
- 10th place: Kindyakovsky stone
- 11th place: Tomb of Shepsi
Overview of the most famous megaliths of Russia
|Rating of the most famous megaliths of Russia||1||Thunder stone||5.0|
|2||Dolmens of the Western Caucasus||4.9|
|6||Megaliths of Faith||4.5|
|8||Tarkhatinsky megalithic complex||4.3|
|11||Tomb of Shepsi||4.0|
1st place: Thunder-stone
Thunder-stone – a block, according to legend, broke away from the rock upon impact lightning bolts. Originally located in the village of Konnaya Lakhta, now part of St. Petersburg. In 1769 was delivered to Senate Square of St. Petersburg and became the basis for the pedestal The Bronze Horseman.
The Bronze Horseman arose thanks to the desire of Catherine II to create Monument to the centenary of the ascension of Peter to the throne. Realize the idea was commissioned by the French sculptor Etienne Falconet. Came to Tom the innovative idea to use as a pedestal solid natural stone. A suitable block was suggested by a peasant Semyon Vishnyakov, who previously wanted to split her into pieces and sell, but could not. After removing the stone in its place arose reservoir, which was called Petrovsky Pond. Now this pond protected as a natural monument.
The initial weight of the block is 2000 tons, height – 8 meters, length – 13 m, width – 6 m. Before transportation, part of the boulder was cut, and he began to weigh about 1,500 tons. Chipped parts then back attached to the megalith. In November 1769, transportation began stone, brought it to March 1770. The monument was opened on August 7, 1982 years when 100 years have passed since the ascent of Peter I to throne.
2nd place: Dolmens of the Western Caucasus
Dolmens are common in Europe, India, Korea, and North Africa. – tombs and other structures made of stones. Name comes from Breton, where taol maen means “stone table “- the first discovered dolmens located in Brittany, resembled tables in shape.
In Russia, dolmens were found in the Western Caucasus – in Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Adygea, as well as Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories. Caucasian dolmens usually made up of 5-6 stone blocks and look like a closed box, which has a door with a round or oval accent in it.
Dolmens were built 4-5 thousand years ago – at the same time when the Egyptians began to build the pyramids. Similar facilities found in Mediterranean – it is believed that it was from there that tradition passed to Caucasus. Just like the Egyptian pyramids, dolmens were used like tombs. Also, some of them acted as altars or places of worship.
Since the 90s, dolmens began to attract lovers mystics. Literature appeared in which stone tombs became call “places of power” or “portals to other worlds.” it attracted the attention of tourists to the structures, to attract them were even new designs were created that passed off as ancient.
The state of many dolmens is now deplorable, the stones are pulled apart vandals, structures are also destroyed for natural reasons.
3rd place: Stone Horse
In the Scandinavian countries, as well as on the Kola Peninsula and in Kalerii are seydi – sacred objects of the Sami. Seydi is stone pyramids and other megaliths, as well as just memorable places in taiga, tundra or mountains – a stump, lake or rock. Exist lonely seid in the Tula region – it was called Stone horse.
Stone horse is a megalith weighing more than 20 tons, standing on three other stones – the “legs” of the horse. The boulder is located in the river valley Beautiful Swords, near the village of Kozye. Megalith consists of sandstone, came to the surface in the last ice age when it arose river valley.
Not far from the megalith is a stone altar with a recess for sacrificial bowl. Here, until the 19th century, every year sacrifice, so that there is no loss of cattle. Around myself Horse-stone performed ritual smelling – did circular furrow with a plow or plow. Now some people believe that megalith gives men masculine strength, and helps women to find a child.
Around the boulder a security zone has been created with a radius of 50 meters, where You cannot make bonfires, graze cattle and litter. Behind the stone recognized cultural and scientific significance.
4th place: Northern Labyrinths
In the north of Europe – in Karelia and Scandinavia, Kola peninsula, as well as the British Isles, White Sea Islands and New Earth discovered labyrinths composed of boulders. Their total about 300 are known, of which 50 are in Russia. Shape them usually spiral. You can find them far from housing, where they better preserved. Often the mazes are on the islands and peninsulas, near the sea, or in river valleys.
There is no consensus on what the northern mazes. Archaeologist Alexander Spitsyn, who wrote in 1904 the scientific article “On the Northern Labyrinths,” suggested that the ancients northern peoples there was a single pagan culture, and mazes were important in it. Further researchers connected these structures with the cult of the dead.
The most famous among the Russian northern labyrinths are labyrinths. Big Zayatsky island. There are 13 or 14 of them on the island, all of them located in its western part, at Signal Mountain. Except them, there are also other megaliths – dolmens, a stone with a “solar rosette “, mounds. There are labyrinths on other Solovetsky islands, In total, 35 such structures were discovered on the archipelago.
5th place: Deer stone
Deer stones are located in Altai, Tuva and Transbaikalia, as well as in Northern Mongolia. These are stone slabs on which various images are drawn by ocher – most often deer. Age stones – about 3 thousand years, late bronze and early iron century.
Usually plates are assembled in groups. They were installed on the ground. the repose of warriors or sacrifices. Their height is 1-5 meters. Since the deer was a sacred animal for Siberian shamans, it was he who was depicted on stones. Often a deer found a bird’s beak or sun disk on the horns. Set megaliths for five centuries, the technique of drawing has been constantly improved – from primitive drawings on the very first stones to the present artwork.
Among deer stones, megaliths such as Chuy deer stone – part of the Altai sanctuary of Adir-Kan, Altan-Sergey – a landmark of the Tamchinsky datsan in Buryatia, Ivolgian deer stone in Irkutsk.
6th place: Megaliths of the island of Vera
On the island of Vera Lake Turgoyak in the Chelyabinsk region is several megaliths: menhirs, dolmens and a stone tomb. Monuments erected 6 thousand years ago. In the XIX century it was Old Believer community. There is a legend that the community was founded nun Vera, who, together with a local fisherman, built everything facilities. In fact, the Old Believers did not participate in them building, except that they cut through the windows and cleared the door passageways.
Two of the structures are most studied. The first megalith is ancient the temple complex is 18 meters long and 6 meters wide. It consists of three chambers connected by corridors. 65 meters west of the first is the second megalith, 8 meters long and 4 meters width, consisting of two chambers. There are recesses and shelves on which ritual objects were probably placed. Also on the island there are several places of worship with menhirs, ancient quarry and tomb, ruins of an Old Believer monastery.
An archaeological reserve and a museum. Some people find the island’s facilities powerful. bioenergy source and come to the island to “recharge” with it.
7th place: Akhunov menhirs
Akhunov menhirs are 13 megaliths located near the village of Akhunovo in Bashkiria. Ten stones collected in a single complex, the other three stand close to them one by one. In the middle of the complex, at a distance of 15 meters from each other, are two large stones, smaller stones are located around them. The remaining three menhirs are located northeast of the complex. Height megaliths – from 70 centimeters to two meters.
Found stones ethnographers of the University of Chelyabinsk in 1996 year. The dating of stones is different. The oldest are three freestanding megaliths – their age is defined as 14-15 thousand years old. Later, about 5 thousand years ago, two large stones arose in the center of the complex, and after another thousand years – the stones around them.
The Akhunovo megalithic complex is similar to Stonehenge. It is believed that, like Stonehenge, it was used for observation for the stars. The purpose of the three megaliths outside the complex not so clear, there is a version about a sundial, but stones Located not very convenient for this. Also, the complex is considered a place of ancient shamanistic rites. Stones attract people interested in esotericism – they are looking for ancient knowledge here, seek to gain strength and insight.
To the place where megaliths are located, tours are conducted. After of how five stones destroyed vandals in 2005 around stones built a fence and began to charge entrance fees – 40 rubles.
8th place: Tarkhatinsky megalithic complex
Tarkhatinsky megalithic complex is located in the republic Altai, 25 kilometers southwest of the village of Kosh-Agach. Represents a circle with a diameter of 60 meters, made of stones. On the stones drawings found back in the Bronze Age, 4 thousand years back. Megaliths are precisely oriented to the cardinal points – there is Western and Eastern gates formed by two pairs of megaliths. IN summer equinox, when the sun sets over the horizon, western the stones cast a shadow exactly on the east, forming a corridor. it happened 4 thousand years ago, but it’s not happening now because Earth’s axis has shifted.
Megaliths discovered in 1996 during an expedition Gorno-Altai University. The construction time of the complex is for sure It is unknown, only the time is known when drawings were applied to the stones. Stones have magnetic properties; inside the circle there geomagnetic anomaly. An abnormal magnetic field affects human and animal behavior – perhaps there were some rituals requiring an altered state of consciousness.
Also, the circle of megaliths could serve as an ancient observatory. About it evidence of its structure and form, similar to those of Stonehenge, as well as many drawings on the stones, depicting movement of the sun. There is also an assumption that the circle of stones symbolizes the structure of the solar system.
The locals have legends about how the complex megaliths. According to one of the myths, the stones were brought by the hero Irbizek. The complex itself is also called the “Stone Cradle”.
9th place: Mostishchensky labyrinth
Mostishchensky labyrinth is located in the Voronezh region, in the valley Lukodonye, on the right bank of the Potudan River. The maze consists of pad in the center and six elliptical rings around. More the diameter of the structure is 40 meters, the height is not more than 50 centimeters. A labyrinth of chalk stones is built, several boulders made of granite – an atypical breed for the area.
Mostishchenskoe settlement on whose territory is located a maze discovered in 1957. The ancient settlement arose here in the VI century BC, when the Scythians lived on this place. However the maze is here arose even before the Scythians. The culture that could create it is called “Ivanobugorskaya” – besides Mostisch, its traces were found only on Ivanovo Burg This culture existed in the III millennium before AD and kept the lifestyle of the Stone Age, although around bronze has already arrived.
The purpose of the maze is not completely clear. Maybe he used to observe stars. Also he could be a religious building, but no tombs of priests were found in it, which are present in other cult labyrinths. Esoterics consider the labyrinth a place of power, “harmonizer of space.”
The Scythians used the maze stones as building materials, because he only partially preserved. Also its walls collapsed from natural forces. Because now only the remains are preserved facilities. Currently, the maze is mothballed: to the locals did not pull the boulders, the geologists buried it.
10th place: Kindyakovsky stone
Kindyakovsky stone – megalith of gray quartzite, located near the village of Kindyakovo, Moscow region. Also called him “Jesters stone” – located megalith in the Jester forest. Stone Length – 1.3 meters, width – 0.6 meters. Despite the fact that the terrain in the forest marshy, the boulder does not go under water. Where megalith lies, there is a “confluence of three waters” – the rivers Kimershi and Zolotukha and a stream.
This boulder has been known for many centuries. There are many legends about him. According to one of them, the Jesters stone – one of the nine fragments sacred Alatyr-stone with healing power. There are also the legend that a stone sailed along the river Kimersha against the current – this explain its “unsinkability”. After adoption in Russia Christianity, the place was considered damned – because the forest was nicknamed Shutovsky, that is, demonic.
Despite the fact that megalith is located in a dense forest, the path to he does not overgrow. In order not to drown in marshy soil on the way to stone, local residents paved the track from the boards. Boulder drenched water, which is then collected in a container. People believe that this water, if you wash the patient with it, can heal his illness. Near the megalith a wooden idol is set, people come to it pagans, as well as just travelers and local historians.
11th place: Tomb of Shepsi
In the village of Shepsi, Krasnodar Territory, on the banks of the river of the same name in 2012, a tomb was discovered. Found her in June when it was flood, and the tomb was flooded with water. In it lay the remains of 20 people aged 5 thousand years – they were not buried all at once, but with a certain interval. There were also five vessels from ceramics, a knife made of bronze, arrowhead made of stone and others items.
A tomb of thin stone slabs was built. Walls upstairs tombs are destroyed by water, because its original size is unknown and exact form. The tomb has a square inlet, side of the square is 45 centimeters. The floor is tiled. The tomb was covered with river sediments and overgrown with shrubs, but in 2010 the place was washed out by the water of the river, after which the tomb was discovered.
The tomb is attributed to Novosvobodnenskaya culture. This culture was common in the foothills of the Caucasus during the early bronze centuries, the construction of megalithic tombs – one of the features of this culture. There are similar tombs created by this culture – the tomb of Psybe, located in the channel of the same river, and two tombs in the tract Treasures in Adygea.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.