Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Butterflies are deservedly considered the most beautiful insects of our the planet. Such a variety of shapes, sizes and shades is unlikely You will meet among any other species. Their incredible beauty, grace and mystery for centuries attracted thousands of people. Love for butterflies brings together representatives of different races, cultures and religion, because the sense of beauty has no limits. Today we will introduce you to the “models” in the world of butterflies – the most beautiful views of the earth.
- The delight in the velvet wings: the most beautiful butterflies on the planet
- Glory to Bhutan
- Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing
- Urania (Chrysiridia) Madagascar
- Hypolimnas Bolina (Moon Butterfly)
- Greta oto (glass butterfly)
- Madagascar comet
- Sailboat Maak (Blue Swallowtail)
- Kalima (Butterfly of the Dead Leaves)
- Junonia Oritia
- Peacock sailboat
- Prince of darkness
The delight in the velvet wings: the most beautiful butterflies on the planet
|The delight in the velvet wings: the most beautiful butterflies on the planet||11||Glory to Bhutan||4.0|
|10||Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing||4.1|
|9||Urania (Chrysiridia) Madagascar||4.2|
|8||Hypolimnas Bolina (Moon Butterfly)||4.3|
|7||Greta oto (glass butterfly)||4.4|
|5||Sailboat Maak (Blue Swallowtail)||4.6|
|4||Kalima (Butterfly of the Dead Leaves)||4.7|
|1||Prince of darkness||5.0|
Glory to Bhutan
The glory of Bhutan is a large butterfly, with a pretty impressive scope wings: it reaches 12 cm. It differs in the original shape of the rear wings whose tips have “tails” and are covered with amazing beautiful pattern resembling berries.
This is a unique tropical butterfly leading exclusively daytime lifestyle. But, unlike their own kind, quite active on foggy and rainy days. The glory of Bhutan prefers fly at altitude without any fear of predators. Is different unusual manner of movement in the air: flies smoothly, very slowly, but it dramatically changes the direction of movement, which is confusing potential enemies.
But not only the manner of flying pushes predators away from the butterfly, dreaming to enjoy a delicious insect: this is her taste. Despite that the body of the winged creature gives off a sweet smell, the taste of butterflies are very unpleasant due to her diet in caterpillar stages (leaves of some forage plants).
This species is considered endangered, and despite a number of events, designed to control the capture and destruction of the butterfly, its population continues to decline: annually the glory of Bhutan is massively caught with purpose of selling to collectors.
Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing
Birdwing – the brightest representatives of Lepidoptera, reaching considerable size. But they got their unusual name completely by another reason. The fact is that during the flight the butterfly realizes the amplitude wingspan – the way it does birds. The butterfly is considered the pearl of the rainforest and one of the rarest in the world: this beautiful endemic to the island of New Guinea you will not meet anywhere else in the world.
The main range of the butterfly is a small area in the area of the city. Popondetta. The bird wing is considered an endangered species: as a result eruption of a local volcano in 1951, more than 250 were destroyed km2 of butterfly’s natural habitat. Not conducive increase the population of the species and regular, intense felling forests.
Butterfly Birdfly is considered the largest species among daytime Lepidoptera with a wingspan of about 27 cm (individual representatives) and one of the most beautiful. Moreover, females of this species much larger than males and differ in a less interesting color: if in males, the wings literally shine with a bright turquoise hue, in females the wings are painted in more modest cream, beige shades or black color.
Urania (Chrysiridia) Madagascar
Incredibly bright butterfly of unusual color – an inhabitant of the tropics: she is a subject of pride and a large resident of the island of Madagascar. This lepidoptera is distinguished by surprisingly colorful wings, in the color of which is dominated by red, pale blue and purple shades. It is noteworthy that the pattern is not always symmetrical, it depends on the characteristics of external factors at the pupal stage. The bright color of the insect warns predators that potential prey is toxic.
Butterfly wings give a special charm to the appearance. separate black areas between which colorless lie scales refracting light. This creates the illusion of a color change. insect wings depending on the angle at which it look. A similar effect is due to an unusual feature of the color: unlike most other species, chrysiridia does not have pigment, and combinational (a combination of pigment and optics). On the the hind wings of a butterfly have the so-called “ponytails.”
Madagascar Urania – endemic of the island on which it migrates isolated populations. Butterfly subspecies, living in the west of Madagascar, live in a protected natural territories, therefore, can boast a large population, but the inhabitants of the eastern part of the island – no. The reason for this is ubiquitous deforestation of territories.
Hypolimnas Bolina (Moon Butterfly)
A small but vibrant inhabitant of the Australian latitudes, as well as a resident of the territories of southeast Asia. The wingspan of this baby is not exceeds 8 cm. Hypolimnas bolina has another name – “diadem” – for its bright and unusual color: luxurious white, blue and red shades shimmer in the sun like gems in the crown. Males have a slight difference from females: on the front they have white spots on their wings, which when hit by the sun the rays sparkle with a subtle purple color.
Quite often, a diadem can be found in sparse forests, it also likes to live in a thorny bush. This kind is pretty unusual among their own kind. Representatives of hypolimnas bolins lead aggressive towards other butterflies: they can drive away them from their own habitats and eat their nectar. Also love pick on rotten fruit.
The moon butterfly is distinguished by an unusually expressed concern for offspring, which for Lepidoptera is a rarity. Before as lay eggs on a leaf, the female carefully checks it for presence ants, and laying eggs, steadily guards them.
Greta oto (glass butterfly)
This species is not just a unique, incredibly beautiful insect, but also an indicator of the stability of the ecological system of our entire the planet. Looking at a butterfly warmed by, you might think that it is fragile like a thin glass. After all, her wings are almost completely transparent: only the red-black border reminds us that they are. A similar effect is achieved due to the unusual structure of the wings. insect: almost all of their surface is devoid of pigment flakes.
It is noteworthy that this species of butterflies is the inhabitants of South America almost unknown, although considered the most numerous view in its area. Greta caterpillars prefer to eat Solanaceous plants of the genus Cestrum, and adult butterflies – floral nectar. Being at the caterpillar stage, it is heated intensely accumulates toxic nitrogen-containing compounds in tissues (alkaloids). An adult of this species is poisonous to predators.
Another record for the wingspan in our ranking – whole 18 cm. Also known as moon mole, the Madagascar comet may boast not only the wingspan, but also their size: the bottom wings of this beautiful butterfly are adorned with 20 centimeters “tails”, which often disappear after the first two flights.
The color of the comet is bright yellow, complemented by a piquant detail: on each wing flaunts a kind of “predatory” brown eye. Females and males of this species have practically no differences in size. Is that the shape of the wings is slightly different: in females they are more elongated and rounded, and their tails with antennae are much shorter.
Madagascar comet is a nocturnal resident activity in the daytime. This kind of winged insect lives only a couple of days, so it’s not even surprising that she has the digestive tract and oral apparatus are absent: they him just not needed.
Often, representatives of the lunar moth are eaten lemurs and birds who love to feast on insects. Only small part of those 170 eggs that the female of the Madagascar lays comets go through all stages of development and die naturally way.
Sailboat Maak (Blue Swallowtail)
This butterfly is considered the largest among daytime and, without doubt, the most beautiful among those living in Russia. Most of the wing of the blue swallowtail glistens with pure emerald color. The lower part of the wings, on which there is no wonder spraying, striking a depth of black. It is believed that in the world there are no two identical maak sailboats. This name is view received in honor of the Russian naturalist, researcher of Siberia – Richard Maak.
In Russia, swallowtail is often found on the Kuril islands in Primorye. Also, representatives of this species live in North Korea and Manchuria. Usually these butterflies prefer lowland (mainly mixed and deciduous forests, at a height of up to 100 m), but during the flowering period of subalpine plants they rise to 2 km high in search of food.
In Soviet times, the blue swallowtail was listed in the Red Book of the USSR, but subsequently expelled from there. Currently included in Red Book of Sakhalin Oblast.
Kalima (Butterfly of the Dead Leaves)
A butterfly of this species can be safely called not only one of the most beautiful, but also very unusual, because she is an unsurpassed master camouflage. Also known as the Woody Butterfly leaf “or” orange oak leaf butterfly, Kalima – famous worldwide mimetic species (copycat), living in the vast tropical asia. It can often be found in India, in Japan.
A dry leaf butterfly is a very delicate insect, incredible secretive, which contrasts quite strongly with its bright color: the front wings are represented by a bizarre but harmonious combination black and orange stripes, gradually turning into saturated purple hue. But the inner side of the wings of Kalima where more non-standard: when a butterfly sits on a foliage or trunk tree, folding wings, it can not be distinguished from ordinary dry sheet, even at close range. She looks like a leaf not only coloring: in the form of a butterfly, he is also absolutely identical.
The Australian endemic has a fairly wide habitat. Prefers to live in forest glades, clearings, meadows, near river coasts, on grassy beaches, in gardens, city parks and even ravines. The length of the front wings of the butterfly reaches 27 mm, they painted in dark gray, the rear stand out against a dark background iridescent light blue tint. Both front and rear eye-shaped spots stand out brightly on the wings. It is noted that some subspecies of this beautiful butterfly live not only in Australia, but also and in Africa, Japan, and southeast Asia.
This representative of the hot tropics is considered one of the most bright in the environment of Lepidoptera and wears a second as bright as he the name itself is “peacock butterfly.” And this is no accident. For spectacular the name hides no less spectacular coloring: the fringing of the rear the wings of the butterfly is black velvet, the rest of wings – deep dark green with unusual emerald stripes on the inside. Spicy and quite exquisite touch of nature.
On the upper part of the wings there is an unusual characteristic detail: it changes hue depending on the viewing angle and light intensity – from luxurious emerald to delicate turquoise. So original the color is not only intended for aesthetic function, it also has practical basis – the likelihood of considering a peacock sailing ship on foliage background is almost zero.
Like many other sailboats, this view is complemented by original decoration – two “droplets” located on hind wings. A particularly unusual peacock butterfly looks in flight: her movements are dynamic, impulsive and bewitching. This one lives the representative of Lepidoptera is not so long – up to 10 days. All my short life butterfly eats citrus fruits either water-honey mixture, in which it finds an excellent alternative flower nectar.
Prince of darkness
The Prince of Darkness, also known as the Peacock-Eye Atlas, is one of species of giant butterflies and can surprise anyone with their truly gigantic in size. Its name (“atlas”) is beautiful the winged creature received in honor of the mythical hero of Atlas, on whose shoulders held the vault of heaven. Verily, only colossal butterfly could get such a name.
And this is true: the wingspan of the prince of darkness reaches 30 see. In the world there are practically no equally large butterflies. Males of the species slightly different from females: their front wings are slightly larger hind (in females they are the same size). Hence the external sexual the difference is that males have a shape similar to a triangle, females with the square.
Interesting fact. Being a caterpillar, the prince of darkness feeds on leaves trees, but becoming a butterfly, eats nothing: she simply there is no proboscis. This physiological feature determines short period of life – about 7 days.
But not only the short life of these butterflies is surprising, but also the unusual the color of their wings. The coloring is very reminiscent of a snake, like the top wing tips incredibly snake-headed: great masking method and reliable protection against animals that taste insects.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.