Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective, does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
According to scientists, there are more than 250 thousand types of flowers on planet Earth. It is rather difficult to determine which of them will be included in the TOP 10 of the rarest flowers. After all, each of them is unique and inimitable in its own way. For example, luxurious spring azaleas or roses, which endow with their charming aroma, various types of tulips, cacti with and without thorns – each flower brings relaxation, serenity and aesthetic beauty to this world.
The aesthetic world of flowers
At such moments, a person wants to plunge into a wonderful world and forget about pressing problems. Flowers can be admired every day. After all, many housewives love and grow indoor plants, men try to often give their lovers beautiful bouquets. Isn't this a wonderful world that you sometimes don't notice in your daily rush. But there are other situations …
When the list of rare, disappearing or disappeared flowers is constantly growing in the world. There is an explanation and good reasons for this – a person cannot live in harmony with nature for a long time, no matter how sad it sounds. People build dams, dams that reduce or slow down the flow of the river. After that, birds, frogs, fish die, which cannot move and do not find enough food. In the end, they just die.
Such a sad scenario was created by man himself. And no matter how awful it is to write about it, but it's true. We do not protect nature and what Mother Earth gives. In this article, we will consider what rare flowers are in the world, and where they can be found, if a person still wants to enjoy nature and have fun.
Rating of the rarest flowers in the world
|Rating of the rarest flowers in the world||1||Emerald Vine Flower (Jade Flower)||4.1|
|4||Franklinia (Franklin tree)||4.4|
|5||Lotus berthelotii (Pigeon beak)||4.5|
|9||Dove Orchid (Orchid Spirit)||4.9|
Emerald Vine Flower (Jade Flower)
It is a green-colored, year-round vine that grows in Hawaii and the Philippines. It belongs to the legume family and is often called the 'Tiffany' flower due to its color scheme, which combines emerald green, blue. Liana reaches a length of about 20 meters, can cover large areas.
Interesting Plant Facts:
- the liana is pollinated by bats at night;
- beautiful in the daytime, and at night it begins to glow;
- the plant grows constantly and does not change color;
- previously considered a bean, because it gave up to 10 seeds;
- grows rapidly, in the first 14 days it can reach a length of 5 meters;
- the liana is on the verge of extinction and requires world-class protection;
- the jade flower took root only in the garden of London, where to this day it pleases visitors with its splendor.
Amorphophallus can be found in Africa and the Pacific Islands. It is rightfully considered 'devilish' due to the smell it emits – rotten meat. This perennial plant is considered rare in the world and reaches a maximum height of 5 meters. During the flowering period, it exudes an unpleasant odor. Scientists have conducted research and found out what chemical compounds are inherent in the plant:
- stinky socks;
- aromatic cheeses;
- rotten meat;
- sugary sweetness.
The aroma of the plant is enhanced when a person touches it. The flower temperature reaches almost 40 ° C. This smell attracts insects for pollination. Various sources claim that there are up to 200 species of this plant in the world. It is perfect for the garden and rooms where you want to add zest. In Japan, the product is added to meat dishes and soups.
This mountain flower from Gibraltar can rightfully be considered rare. Until the 90s of the twentieth century, the plant was considered extinct, and only after it was discovered by climbers, scientists ranked it among the disappeared. At the present time, Smolevka grows in the Botanical Gardens of Gibraltar and in the garden of Great Britain.
The plant has a variety of colors and shapes. It is often used in tinctures as a sedative and anti-inflammatory agent. Feels great in a variety of soils: on balconies, in gardens or mountains. Botanists have propagated the plant in the laboratory and crossed it with other flowers that are often found in modern bouquets.
Franklinia (Franklin tree)
The tree was named by botanists from Philadelphia by the Bartram brothers, who were close friends of B. Franklin. The plant is native to Georgia and is considered an endangered species. For the first time in its 200-year history, in 2013, the tree bloomed. Loves low temperatures, but perfectly adapts to warm weather, grows up to ten meters in length.
The following facts are known from the characteristics of a tree:
- belongs to the family of 'tea' trees;
- rarely flowering tree;
- place of growth – the valley of the Altamaha River (America);
- the Bartram brothers raised and bred the plant to extinction from the wild;
- blooms with white flowers, in autumn the leaves become a bright red hue;
- the current 'specimens' of this plant date back to the 18th century.
6. Lotus berthelotii (Pigeon beak)
This rare flower also has other names: Parrot's Beak and Flaming Vine. The plant is native to the Canary Islands. It has been considered extinct since the end of the 19th century, although many scientists believe that there is a surviving version that has been deduced to our times. Experiments were carried out in the 2000s: a search for pollinators (insects) for a flower was carried out. But alas, they were not found, since it is believed that the insects of the sunflower, which have long since become extinct, were special for this plant.
Chocolate kosmeya is native to Latin America. Quite often, travelers can come across a plant in Mexico and surrounding areas. 'Chocolate space', as it is also called Cosmeya, is an original plant that has been blooming for many years. The main feature is the aroma of chocolate that comes from the flower. Kosmeya reaches a height of one and a half meters, there are more than 20 varieties.
The main characteristics of the plant:
- strongly pronounced smell of chocolate with vanilla notes;
- light-loving, resistant to cold and not picky about the soil;
- propagates by seeds;
- sowing begins in April in open ground or greenhouses;
- previously considered a weed.
Today, the plant is very popular with garden lovers or summer cottages. But at the beginning of the twentieth century, the flower was widespread in America, where it was practically destroyed by the indigenous population: many wanted to 'breathe' the aroma of chocolate with vanilla and plucked the plant. So scientists came to the conclusion that it is necessary to preserve it as a memory for future generations, collected the remains of seeds in Mexico and did everything possible to grow the flower to this day.
It is a rare, unique flower native to Hawaii. It was found in the middle of the 19th century and since then only 3 specimens have been found in the wild. The tree is rather difficult to spread, so in the middle of the 20th century it was declared extinct. At the same time, another specimen was found, which practically burned down in a fire in 1980. We managed to save one branch, which was later grafted and more than 20 plants were grown.
Today this small tree, about ten meters high, grows in Hawaii. The main feature is bright red flowers, which in number reach more than a hundred pieces. The main enemies of trees are sheep, which trample the plant into the ground and eat it. Now there is not a single species in the wild, only in a domesticated form.
This is an unusual flower of the orchid family that inhabit the European continent. This plant is only available in one copy and is under the strictest protection in the UK. One shoot is sold for about 5 thousand dollars. The main features of the 'Lady's Slipper':
- breeds difficult;
- color coexists with a certain type of mushroom that helps life;
- mushrooms nourish the plant and help in the future to function independently in the future;
- botanists have developed several varieties: each has its own color and characteristics close to the progenitor.
- species of this flower are considered rare and unique.
The name 'Slipper' is derived from the shape of the lip, which resembles women's shoes. There are other names for the plant – Lady's shoe, Venus's slipper or lady. Scientists distinguish about 50 species that are common in South and North America, Asia and Europe. The most common are the Queen's Slipper, Fluffy Slipper, Mountain Slipper (for example, in the eastern part of the People's Republic of China).
Dove Orchid (Orchid Spirit)
This plant is one of the rarest flowers in the world and is considered the national flower in Panama. This type of orchid can be found on the North and South American continents. The orchid was previously considered extinct, and appeared more than 20 years ago. It is quite difficult for a flower to reproduce, so it is extremely rare to find it.
The main characteristics of the orchid:
- lack of leaves;
- does not participate in photosynthesis;
- cannot feed on its own;
- receives nutrients through interaction with a special fungus.
The spirit of the orchid grows without leaves, so the vital activity is constantly dependent on a particular fungus, which 'feeds' the plant. A flower can 'sit' in the ground for years without showing signs of life and only after some time (when it is necessary for it) can it begin to bloom. When there are all conditions for growth, it begins to bloom.
This plant is rightfully considered the rarest flower in the world. There are two copies in total: one is in Great Britain, the second is in New Zealand. The flower was originally brought from China at the beginning of the 19th century. Alas, no more copies were found in China after the export, no matter how sad it may sound.
In another way, Middlemist is called the Red Camellia due to its bright, red petals. In England, the plant did not bear fruit for a long time. Perhaps because of the climate and temperature regime, it is still not clear to botanists. But just recently, flowers have appeared on the plant, and you can watch the flowering by visiting the huge botanical garden in London.
In conclusion, our editors want to say that each flower is beautiful and unique. And much depends on the person himself: what legacy he will leave for future children and grandchildren. We are obliged to protect nature, because without it everything around will become insipid, ugly, gray and gloomy; the bright colors that flowers and plants add so wonderfully will disappear. We must, from an early age, introduce children to aesthetics and all the beautiful things that surround us.
For a person, not only physical and moral development is important, but also aesthetic education. The feeling of 'beauty' is inherent in each of us. And if you think that you are deprived or not endowed with these feelings – at this time you can start to develop them. For example, painting, theater, art. By taking some time for yourself, you will notice how the world around you is changing. And what seemed insignificant and trifling – change in an instant.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.