Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin – one of the most famous Russians landscape painters. His work has largely determined domestic culture, and a number of paintings (especially “Morning in a pine boron “) became truly symbolic for the national art.
A subtle ability to embody the pictures of nature was discovered in Ivan Shishkin back in his youth. While his comrades worked in the walls Imperial Academy of Arts, located in St. Petersburg, the painter constantly went outside the city, where he wrote sketches from nature. So, for example, one of his most famous paintings – “Pine on Valaam “- was created back in the days of training.
Today, Shishkin is known to almost every resident post-Soviet space. Of course, in many ways his work fit into the “cultural code” due to mass character. Picture “Morning in pine forest “, for example, decorates a package of candies” Bears in the forest. ” But not only this work is famous for the artist. For those who want subtly feel the beauty of native nature, we made rating of the 10 most famous paintings by Shishkin.
To compile the rating, data from search engines were used. The more often the picture is mentioned on the Internet, the higher its position in top.
Overview of the most famous paintings of Shishkin
|Overview of the most famous paintings of Shishkin||10||“Logging”||4.1|
|9||“Pine trees lit by the sun”||4.2|
|7||“Among the plain valley”||4.4|
|1||“Morning in a pine forest”||5.0|
“Logging” is one of the first paintings of the Russian painter. Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin created it back in 1867, shortly after completion of studies at the Düsseldorf art school. AND it is with this work that Shishkin’s path begins as a painter, in whose canvases are dominated by paintings of the Russian forest.
Elements of Düsseldorf’s are clearly displayed in the “Logging” art school. The painter still demonstrates the received skills, and their own talents are in their infancy. The canvas, despite the lack of action, is characterized by epicism – this is evidenced by work with color and space, and also composition. In the central plan is a fallen pine. Wood was pretty young, and the stump, like blood, still oozing with resin.
Subsequently, the composition is disclosed. Behind the creek you can see peasants who are engaged in a forest fall. One of them is getting ready to a halt or an overnight stay – the background of the composition with its slightly with a darkening sky and trees covered in light haze, hints that the time is already late.
Like other works by Shishkin, “Logging” is replete with small details reflecting the Russian nature. Forest, for the most part coniferous, interspersed with rare deciduous trees, which are clearly not enough light and nutrients – there’s one of the birches on the foreground fell, rotting. Seen like a spring creek, spilling, grinds the roots – some of them are already naked and become habitat for mushrooms. In the foreground you can and curious a beast to see who is interested in a collapsed tree.
Interestingly, during one of the expositions “Logging” exhibited directly opposite the “Apotheosis of War” Vereshchagin. And critics noted the similarity of paintings. Despite the fact that the picture is Shishkin there is no direct demonstration of violence, the motive of both works is similar – devastation. In “Logging” composition is broken by an oval freshly sawn pine, and it is he who is in the center. Just like mountain of skulls in the “Apotheosis of war”.
“Pine trees lit by the sun”
Painted in 1886, painting “Pine Trees Illuminated by the Sun” demonstrates the full consistency of the creative style and genre Shishkin. Here he no longer imitates great teachers, but displays own image. You can see how beautifully the artist works with the light. – And it is the sun that is the protagonist of the canvas.
Dark pines could become the main characters – with all their natural majesty, some gloom and incomprehensible wisdom – but they seem to be swept away by sunlight. Amber-yellow hues are flooded with everything from dry grass to evergreen crowns. And only gloomy shadows somewhere deep in the canvas create a sense of space and show that even in bright summer days the sun cannot completely capture the scene.
It is amazing how the composition of the picture unfolds when watching. In the foreground is just a forest edge. But then the games shades take the look deep into the depicted boron – and the picture is like reveals showing more details. The forest appears open and devoid of mystery, simple and knowable.
In contrast to the previous picture in the ranking, “Forest Dali” show the power, depth and mystery of Russian nature. Largely this is due to the emotional depression of the artist himself, as a result of which his works of the early 1880s are characterized some gloom. Let him in love with Russian nature the painter could not show her cold and unfriendly, in the paintings, at first glance it’s quite bright and simple, moments appear sorrows.
The artist, despite his relatively short life, turned out to be twice a widower. In 1874, after 6 years of marriage, he died first wife. In this marriage, he became a father three times, but two children died in infancy. Having overcome adversity, in 1880 Ivan Shishkin married again, his student Olga Lagoda. Less than a year later she died of illness, leaving behind a small daughter.
Having survived so many deaths, Ivan Ivanovich simply could not create as before. His paintings of this period are characterized by gloom, and through the majestic beauty of Russian nature, the artist conveys his feelings. “Forest Dali”, released in 1884, demonstrate the Ural horizons – and aerial, bright, almost cloudless sky contrasts sharply gloomy conifer forest. In this picture, he appears especially lifeless and empty. It seems that there is not a single soul, only endless spruce up the horizon itself. The lifelessness of the forest is emphasized by one important detail – the loneliness of a bird soaring in the sky.
“Among the plain valley”
The mood “Among the Plain Valley” may seem similar to mood of the previous picture in the ranking. And this is not surprising. “Among the plain valley” was also written in the dark period of life the great artist – the canvas was released in 1883.
The central theme of the canvas is loneliness. Majestic oak stands in the middle of the field, and only a small country road goes past him. The tree is lonely, there is nothing in the picture that could even remotely rhyme with him. With a thick, spreading crown oak looks particularly gloomy, standing out sharply from the rest of the composition, written in warmer and lighter tones.
Interestingly, the source of inspiration for the picture was poem of the same name by Alexei Merzlyakov. It really was easy and lyrical, as the poet wrote it in the period in love. Subsequently, based on this poem, Michael Glinka created a song that later became almost folk mass consciousness.
Like other pictures of Shishkin, “Among the Plain Valley” characterized by high detail. In the foreground you can see a huge number of meadow plants. But it is also manifested in them emotional severity of the artist – bent ears, stems broken. The oak itself, which is at first glance at the second plan, drastically pulls the composition “on itself” and becomes central way of working.
The mood of the picture “Oak Grove” rhymes with mood paintings “Pine trees lit by the sun.” In both works prevail light, warm shades. And the sun itself plays a crucial role in compositions, displacing other elements, and only in depth appear shadows that don’t look gloomy.
And such a rhyme of moods is not surprising. Both works belong to pen “late Shishkin” and were written in 1887, when the artist came out of a depressed, depressed state. Therefore paintings Russian nature triumphs, presenting it as friendly and open.
However, the prevailing shade in the painting “Oak Grove” is grassy green. The work depicts the edge of a deciduous forest in a bright day, somewhere in the beginning of summer. That’s why tree crowns – bright emerald, and the grass below them is painted in warmer green shades. The picture is full of details, which is typical of Shishkin – here and cracked oak bark, and small meadow flowers, and even a tiny pond – everything is included in the general composition, transmitting the forest to its pristine, pristine beauty.
“Ship Grove” – one of the latest works of Ivan Shishkin. It was written in 1898, shortly before the death of the artist himself. By the way, Shishkin left our world, sitting at an easel. And many art critics believe that it is “Ship Grove” (and completely the work is called “Afanasovskaya ship grove near Yelabuga”) It is the crown and quintessence of the author.
“Ship Grove” is characterized by an amazing setting of the scene. These are no longer sketches from the life of Russian nature. It is monumental canvas with a clear alignment of plans and strict balance. Itself a grove consisting of huge coniferous trees with thick trunks, does not draw attention to itself and does not seem gloomy and cold.
In many ways, this effect is due to the fact that in the foreground – small pond, backwater. A bridge has been thrown through it, showing that this place is inhabited, that people live here, let and in the picture itself they are not. In addition, the composition is filled with warm, the summer sun – and therefore painted with soft golden yellow shades.
Some art historians say that “Ship Grove” has become farewell song of the artist. In this work, he is finally depersonalized, showing nature as it is, but at the same time invested a few additional meanings. He understood that soon he will not – but Russian art will not die, new ones will replace artists, and therefore pine trees are surrounded by young shoots.
“In the Wild North” – one of the few custom-made works Shishkin. Of course, at the time it was written (1891), the artist was already extremely popular. Each new of his work bathed almost instantly to decorate the living room immediately some rich landowner.
“Wild North”, in turn, was deliberately ordered at the artist’s Petersburg publisher P.P. Konchalovsky. This picture was supposed to adorn the cover of the collected works of M. Yu. Lermontov. And even she is named after the first line of the same name poems of the famous Russian poet.
“In the wild north”, although it refers to the late work Shishkin is characterized by a rather gloomy mood. Central the theme of the canvas is loneliness. Lonely pine tree occupying the whole foreground, stands on an impregnable gorge surrounded by snow and darkness. In many ways, the composition is directly inspired by the mood. Lermontov’s poems, however the artist made him more gloomy and heavy.
The painting “Pine Forest”, written in 1895, characterizes Shishkin as an already professional, experienced artist with his style. And this is most clearly manifested in the composition of the work.
“Pine forest” is characterized by amazing poise. Even objects on it are located on the principle of the “golden section”. The center of the composition are two large, perennial pines, separated by a country road and therefore somewhat spaced along sides of the vertical axis. Additional trees located in the background, are also located symmetrically (on the plant on the left from the left and right of the right pines), which increases the balance of the composition. The dark strip of the pine god is bordered by a deep blue sky and light green-yellow edge.
Other elements also appear in this work, peculiar to the late work of Shishkin. The light in the picture – voluminous, penetrating through the thickness of trees. Mood – pacified. Nature is not represented on its own, rather is a part of human life – which is manifested in the thumb rut of a country road crossing a stream.
One of the most striking and recognizable works of the artist, the painting “Rye” triumphs the beauty of Russian nature. But she gained fame in primarily due to the highest skill of the author as colorist.
The main shades of the picture are gold and blue. It’s classic for Russian fine art colors that used back in the days of icon painting. Golden rye contrasts with the dark green shades of the surrounding plants (trees that give the picture a depth of space, and located on grass foreground) but does not outweigh the tonal balance sheet.
The composition of the picture is built on the principle of the golden ratio. The main element – the field of golden ears of rye – is located at the bottom third of the picture. The upper part is represented by a deep blue sky, where there are many shades of blue. Trees do not pull attention, but serve to create volume – the picture is presented spatial, describing an endless field.
At the same time, the picture contains a detail that reflects personal experiences of the artist. A small dead pine in the background looks dissonance, contrasting sharply with the rest of the elements compositions triumphing life. Shortly before the presentation paintings to the public in 1878, the artist experienced many personal tragedies, and they are reflected in the emotional background canvases.
“Morning in a pine forest”
“Morning in a pine forest”, written in 1889 – this is the most famous painting by Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin. However her popularity brought not only a composition that depicts Russian nature in its most living condition, but also its further use. Now “Morning in a pine forest” can be seen on chocolate packaging sweets, on various souvenirs and household items. She became finding a symbol of contemporary Russian culture reflection in modernity.
The most important feature of the picture is its dynamic composition. If in previous works the artist captured the calm beauty of Russian nature in a static state – forests, forest edges, streams, fields and lonely trees – here is the focus of attention there are frolicking cubs.
In addition, working with light is also of interest. Unlike other paintings, here the sun is literally in the back plan. It complements nature, but does not dominate it. Central part of the composition is dark, contrasting with the background, but not gloomy. And let the cubs play on a fallen pine – it’s not the severity from the death of a tree is the chanting of a new circle of life.
Interestingly, this picture belongs to the brush not only Shishkin. Ivan Ivanovich himself was not an animalist. He did not know how to draw animals – and the cubs on the canvas look like alive. Fact that they belong to the brush of another famous Russian artist – K. A. Savitsky. But his name has been erased from time by action collector P. M. Tretyakov.
When “Morning in a Pine Forest” fell into the hands of P. M. Tretyakov, the collector erased the signature of the second artist. As a result, a long time It was believed that I. I. Shishkin is the sole author of the canvas. In fact, he painted only the forest. But cubs are a fruit works of Savitsky.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.