Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Ilya Repin – one of the most famous Russian artists of the XIX and XX century, a bright representative of the direction of realism in painting. Born Repin in the city of Chuguev, Kharkov province, began to paint with early age. At the age of fifteen, he studied with icon painter, after which he himself participated in painting for several years rural churches. Having accumulated funds for training, he went to St. Petersburg, and in 1871 graduated from the art academy. Repin spent most of his creative life in Moscow and Petersburg.
The artist most preferred genre painting, historical scenes and portraits. His paintings are detailed in the image of everyday scenes, subtle psychologism, deep emotional filling, they affect different aspects of life people and society as a whole. Today Repin’s work is widely known not only in Russia, but also abroad. We invite you to familiarize yourself with ten famous works of the great Russian master painting.
- 10 most famous paintings by Repin
- Portrait of the composer Modest Mussorgsky
- The ceremonial meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901 of the year
- Seeing rookie
- Religious procession in Kursk province
- Nicholas of Myra eliminates the death of three innocently convicted
- Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan
- Did not wait
- Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan
- Barge Haulers on the Volga
10 most famous paintings by Repin
|Review of the most famous paintings by Repin||10||Portrait of the composer Modest Mussorgsky||4.1|
|9||The ceremonial meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901 of the year||4.2|
|7||Religious procession in Kursk province||4.4|
|6||Nicholas of Myra eliminates the death of three innocently convicted||4.5|
|5||Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan||4.6|
|4||Did not wait||4.7|
|2||Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan||4.9|
|1||Barge Haulers on the Volga||5.0|
Portrait of the composer Modest Mussorgsky
This picture was painted shortly before the composer’s death, who was then in the hospital. Repin spent four days in hospital ward working on a portrait. Despite this record short time, he managed to perfectly transmit on the canvas along with facial features is also the character of Mussorgsky, which confirmed by everyone who knew him personally. Besides sadness and reverie, in the composer’s gaze visible inner strength and rich inner world. However, the artist did not seek to embellish reality. Tousled hair, red nose, deep circles under the eyes – all this corresponds to the state of a person who brought himself to delirium tremens. Repin as if emphasizes contrast between the genius of Mussorgsky and the physical weakness. Clothing is not drawn in very detail, background background the paintings are made almost uniform, so all the attention focused on the composer’s face and his emotions.
The ceremonial meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901 of the year
Repin made this painting by order of the Russian emperor Nicholas II in connection with the centenary of the establishment of the State council. It captures a meeting at the Mariinsky Palace St. Petersburg. The characters are emperor, prominent jubilee statesmen and secretaries council members. At the time of painting, the artist was already famous and held the position of professor of Petersburg Academy of Art. However, due to severe pain in the right hand It would be difficult for Repin to work alone, so he was helped students: Ivan Kulikov and Boris Kustodiev. To create the monumental canvas measuring almost nine by four meters left three years. In the process, Repin made many sketches of the interior, used the camera and also created sixty separate portrait sketches. As a result, for all the scope of the picture, each of participants in the meeting handed over lively and with its inherent individuality. Colorfully no less talented event gamut – an abundance of red, black and golden colors the artist compensates for the rich gamut of shades and chiaroscuro.
After Ilya Repin met with the patron Savva Mamontov, he often began to spend time in the estate Abramtsevo, owned by Mamontov. Coming there with my family, the artist liked to walk around the neighborhood and watch the way life of peasants. It was at that time that he had the idea to transfer on the canvas a touching moment of farewell of a young rookie with their relatives. The picture is filled with a feeling of anxiety and sadness, on despair is clearly read to the mourners’ faces, as if they understand that may no longer see him. And no wonder, because at that time military service was more than a dozen years, moreover, Russian-Turkish war, so their fears were far from in vain. The central figures of the canvas are highlighted with bright Sveta. Their clothes, a horse-drawn cart, as well as rustic buildings are drawn in detail and with Repin’s characteristic authenticity.
Religious procession in Kursk province
A large-scale painting was created after the artist’s trip to Kursk province, there he witnessed a magnificent godfather processions with the icon of Our Lady. Also for inspiration, Repin visited Chernihiv, where he watched the procession from the Trinity Monastery. The procession depicted on the canvas consists of people of various estates, moreover, churchmen and city nobles do not mix with common people – this is hindered by horse ranks. They closely monitor the established order, not disdaining to apply force, so one of the law enforcement has already swung a whip at some intruder. The young hunchback pays particular attention to himself crutch, which is blocked by a stick, but he still purposefully moving towards the Orthodox shrines, apparently hoping for miraculous healing. In total, more than 70 diverse characters. Landscape of felled stumps selected Repin is no coincidence – he repeatedly expressed his protest over about active deforestation and exploitative attitude towards nature. The picture presented to the public was highly appreciated. critics calling her one of the most mature works artist.
Nicholas of Myra eliminates the death of three innocently convicted
Initially, a painting about Nicholas the Wonderworker was commissioned by Repin. Mother Superior of the convent. Gradually he became so carried away by this subject that wrote a masterpiece that from the exhibition of the Wanderers here Tsar Alexander III himself acquired it. I influenced the choice of plot a polemic raised earlier by Leo Tolstoy on the abolition of the death penalty in Of Russia. The canvas depicts Nicholas of Myra at the time when he going to grab the sword from the executioner to prevent him from committing execution. Before this, Nikolai was away, but upon learning that the bribed town governor condemned three innocent to death, here He returned to the city of the World and boldly stopped injustice. More The contrast between the confident and the adamant Nicholas the Miracle Worker and surprised-perplexed faces other present. Subsequently, Repin also wrote a smaller version of the canvas, for the monastery.
Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan
The story of the letter written by the Cossacks of the Zaporizhzhya Sich in response on the ultimatum of the Turkish sultan, Ilya Repin first heard in visiting his friend historian Dmitry Yavornitsky, who a copy of the letter dating back to the 18th century was kept. This story is strong interested the painter, and he decided to use the plot for his new picture. He depicted on it directly the process itself compositions of obscene and insulting answer which legend sent the Cossacks to the ruler of the Ottoman Empire. Thanks what the artist carefully studied in the process of creating the canvas culture of the Ukrainian Cossacks, the scene came out interesting and lively, and weapons and clothing – historically accurate. The picture highly appreciated in Russia and at several foreign exhibitions.
Did not wait
The idea of this plot appeared at Repin in 1883, in the period stay in the country near St. Petersburg, with which he copied the interior of the room. Then the question of the Narodnaya Volya and their amnesty was relevant – many political prisoners were released ahead of schedule. The picture shows a sudden the return of one of the exiles, at this moment each of family members present in the room react differently to his arrival. On the faces of a woman at the piano and sitting at the table joy is visible to the boy, obviously this is his wife and son. The girl is watching with bewilderment, she most likely did not yet recognize her father as aged, exhausted man. In the foreground is an elderly mother of a prisoner, frozen in amazement. The uncertain face of the main character who as if doubting whether they would accept him, also adds drama canvas. The artist rewrote this detail three times, until he achieved desired effect. It is noteworthy that the room is decorated with portraits. Taras Shevchenko and Nikolai Nekrasov, then associated with people’s views of the world.
Repin painted a fairy-tale painting during a trip to Paris in 1876 She was a kind of reflection of views artist on fashionable impressionist trends in European art of the XIX century. According to the plot, the Novgorod merchant Sadko got into guests to the sea king and was forced to entertain that game on harp. The underwater king decided to leave a talented musician with himself, giving him one of his many daughters. However Sadko does not pay attention to the richly dressed and decorated beauties, preferring the Russian peasant woman standing in the distance. According to the bylina this decision helps him escape from underwater captivity and return to native shores. While working on a painting, the artist sought to achieve full reliability in the image of water, as well as representatives of marine fauna, for which he explored atlases seabed and visited the Berlin Aquarium. The image of the hero Sadko created with artist Viktor Vasnetsov, who came to Paris by Repin’s invitation. The canvas exhibited in the Paris Salon is not attracted a lot of attention, but quickly became popular in Of Russia.
Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan
It is believed that the inspiration for creating the picture became bloody events of 1881: the assassination of Tsar Alexander II and the subsequent him the execution of the people of the people. On the canvas is a scene when Ivan Terrible, repenting of his terrible deed, clings to himself dying son trying to close his hand with a bleeding wound on his to the head. Full of despair, the autocratic face of the autocrat is central element of the composition. Foreground gun murders, red carpets and overturned furniture reinforce drama happening on the canvas. Not daring to immediately present a picture to the general public, Repin first showed it to his friends, painters, who were simultaneously horrified and delighted with the work. And here the statesmen clearly did not like the plot – Tsar Alexander III personally banned him from showing at exhibitions. However, after several months, censorship was lifted thanks to petition of the artist Alexei Bogolyubov.
Barge Haulers on the Volga
The painting “Barge Haulers on the Volga” was a sharp contrast with traditional academic painting, it has become one of the symbols then realism in Russian art. Burlakov in in the process of their hard work, Repin wrote from nature, having gone for this on the Volga coast. He met many of the characters personally, thanks to which I was able, instead of a faceless group of people, to convey on the canvas are individual features of each. The composition is arranged so so that the figures reaching the viewer do not overlap each other. Though the plot and carries a certain social message on the topic injustice, the main emphasis is on people, behind each of who guess their difficult life story. Their tired faces express different emotions: someone resigned to their fate, someone philosophically lights a pipe, the other, due to inexperience already almost ready to drop the straps. Worn Ragged Burlak Clothing contrasts with a clear blue sky and neat outlines hull of the vessel. This is the first picture that brought Repin All-Russian fame, and many art historians consider it the best work of the artist.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.