Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Bard music in the Soviet Union was one of the most striking ways of self-expression. Performers in their songs expressed thoughts and thoughts, sometimes very countercultural, but more often – life-philosophical. And the music itself was relatively simple and available for repetition, therefore the most famous bardic the songs were constantly being played on a guitar by the fire in a circle of loved ones friends.
Deep songs – often much deeper than they seem on first glance – and easily played music made the bards very folk performers. And now it is these compositions that are a symbol of the USSR and a source of nostalgia for those times when for only a guitar, a warm evening and Close friends.
For those who want to plunge into nostalgia for the times of the USSR, we made a rating of 10 most famous bards of the USSR and their songs. Top collected according to the streaming service Yandex.Music.
- Rating of the most famous bards of the USSR and their songs
- 10th place: Novella Matveeva (“The Girl from the Tavern”)
- 9th place: Alexander Gorodnitsky (Atlanta)
- 8th place: Julius Kim (Moscow Cuisines)
- 7th place: Sergey Nikitin (“Alexandra”)
- 6th place: Alexander Rosenbaum (Waltz-Boston)
- 5th place: Oleg Mityaev (“Summer is a little life”)
- 4th place: Alexander Galich (“When will I be back”)
- 3rd place: Yuri Vizbor (“My Dear”)
- 2nd place: Bulat Okudzhava (“Your Honor, Madam Luck”)
- 1st place: Vladimir Vysotsky (“Zero seven”)
Rating of the most famous bards of the USSR and their songs
|Rating of the most famous bards of the USSR and their songs||10||Novella Matveeva (“The Girl from the Tavern”)||4.1|
|9||Alexander Gorodnitsky (Atlanta)||4.2|
|8||Julius Kim (Moscow Cuisines)||4.3|
|7||Sergey Nikitin (“Alexandra”)||4.4|
|6||Alexander Rosenbaum (Waltz-Boston)||4.5|
|5||Oleg Mityaev (“Summer is a little life”)||4.6|
|4||Alexander Galich (“When will I be back”)||4.7|
|3||Yuri Vizbor (“My Dear”)||4.8|
|2||Bulat Okudzhava (“Your Honor, Madam Luck”)||4.9|
|1||Vladimir Vysotsky (“Zero seven”)||5.0|
10th place: Novella Matveeva (“The Girl from the Tavern”)
Novel Matveeva was not too widely known during her lifetime. However, this is not surprising. She practically didn’t act like a bard, and most of the compositions were recorded together with Ivan Kiuru. Novella Matveeva is more famous as a poetess than as executor.
However, those who accidentally – or purposefully – heard her songs are unlikely to be able to forget them. Novella Matveeva was extremely unusual voice for bardic music – high, thin, almost childish. She performed songs primarily on her poems full of unexpected metaphors and puns, often with a bit of humor and irony.
“Girl from the Tavern”, recorded either with stylization under Scottish songs, or inspired by Celtic music – the most famous composition of this bard. And even now she is constantly appears on the air. First, she was quail by a group near Moscow “Today in the world”, separated from the “Leap Year”; then – young singer Utah. And many performers seek to tell this love story yourself – but hardly any of them can get closer to the original style combining sadness and irony.
9th place: Alexander Gorodnitsky (Atlanta)
Alexander Gorodnitsky is one of the founders of copyright and bard songs in Russia. And this is not surprising. He is living the embodiment of the bard: a geologist who spent half his life in expeditions, wrote poetry, promoted domestic science and went on trips to the Far North.
Many songs of Alexander Gorodnitsky embody this taiga and Northern romance. In “Leather Jackets” he admires the work polar pilots, in “Snow” and “Rifts” – the severity of the cold of arctic beauty, in “Do not use foul language from evil longing” – heavy life sailors and geologists who left their native lands. First songs were recorded back in the mid-1950s, in the Far North, where distributed throughout the country in the form of tape films.
The bard’s creativity embodies the spirit of this time, 1960-1970s, period of pioneers and conquerors. And his famous song itself – this, of course, is Atlanta. The ones that “hold the sky on stone hands. “In 2018, she became the official anthem The Hermitage.
8th place: Julius Kim (Moscow Cuisines)
Julius Kim is one of the few famous Soviet bards, participating in the dissident movement. Yes, and already in Russian period he very actively spoke out against the existing political system, but at the same time from a very pacifist point view. So, he actively called for an end to all wars.
In the 1980s, Julius Kim somewhat departed directly copyright song. He became a theater-goer – author of plays, actor, the director. And this was an important milestone in his career. After all, in theater, he was able to reach the peak of his work, releasing in 1991 year song “Moscow Cuisines”.
“Moscow Cuisines” told the story of a dissident movement in the USSR. In the compositions included in this play, the author criticized both political aspects and even peculiar to Russians people character traits.
Contribution of Julia Kim to the development of Russian bard song, theater, cinema and just culture was rated at the highest level. This performer is the owner of the Bulat Okudzhava Prize. Besides Moreover, it was he who translated the musical Notre Dame de Paris into Russian and participated in writing music for a large number of modern theatrical productions and films.
7th place: Sergey Nikitin (“Alexandra”)
Sergey Nikitin, together with his wife Tatyana, are known in the first turn as songwriters to a huge number of Soviet movies. It is precisely their composition – including directly in the author’s performance – sounded in such films as “Irony fate, or Enjoy your steam! “,” Moscow does not believe in tears “and many others.
Sergei Nikitin for a long time worked in the Moscow theater “Snuffbox” under the control of Oleg Tabakov himself – and eventually took there is the post of head of the musical part. Songs of this bard used in many performances, vaudeville and even operas. However, he still has not moved away from creativity, continuing record and perform.
But it is worth noting that at present Sergey Nikitin with his wife – Performers primarily of children’s songs. For example, in the released in 2014 the album “Rubber Hedgehog” they put to music seven-string acoustic guitar verses by Yunna Moritz. At the same time Sergei retained his “gypsy” style of performance.
The most famous composition of Sergey Nikitin is, without a doubt, “Alexandra” from the movie “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears.” She is not known only in the post-Soviet space, but also abroad. In 1980, Moscow Doesn’t Believe in Tears Film critics Oscar. However, people loved songs from “Irony” fate … “- rare gatherings with a guitar do without” If you no aunt “or” I asked the ash. ”
6th place: Alexander Rosenbaum (Waltz-Boston)
Alexander Rosenbaum is one of the “youngest” bards of the Soviet era. He began his creative activity in the 1970s, but the first He performed in various musical groups for several years. Аhe entered the stage on his own only in 1983.
And since then, Alexander Rosenbaum is one of the favorite artists Soviet and Russian soldiers. He actively performs at concerts Ministry of Internal Affairs, travels to Afghanistan to support the troops of the USSR. But at the same time he performs “thieves chanson”. In his music of those times prevail rehash of the works of Arkady Severny, such as “Gop-stop! We came around the corner … ”
Despite the fact that Rosenbaum’s lyrics are full of elements thug romance, the very manner of their execution is very close to bardic music. And the most famous composition is, of course, Waltz Boston. She is devoid of elements of thieves romance and is a song that could well be performed by any bard.
Alexander Rosenbaum currently continues to create, and protrude. In 2019, he released the album “Symbiosis”, in which the author reads his own thoughts and notes, moving from prose to poetry and back. However, now he is no longer a bard, but simply representative of modern Russian pop.
5th place: Oleg Mityaev (“Summer is a little life”)
Oleg Mityaev is exactly the person who wrote the main the anthem of the whole bard movement, the song “It’s great that we all gathered here today. “And for the first time he performed it in 1978 at Ilmensky festival.
The songs of bard Oleg Mityaev reflect the life of a simple Soviet person, performer and poet. In them he does not express any politics or philosophical remarks. When in the Soviet Union was the pioneers movement is popular and in demand – Oleg Mityaev sang about the romance of unbridled nature, the cold Far North and unfriendly taiga. In the calmer 1980s he went songs about “urban romance” – “Neighbor”, “Come on talk to you, “” Frenchwoman. ”
And in the mid-1990s, Oleg Mityaev released a song that able to touch every adult man: “Summer is small life. “Subsequently, this composition was enormous number of performers. And many are still convinced that authorship of “Summer …” belongs to the group Uma2rman. Yes, and “Neighbor” the vast majority heard only in the performance of Michael Shufutinsky. Well, this is the fate of many Soviet and Russian bards – their songs are known to far more authors.
4th place: Alexander Galich (“When will I be back”)
Alexander Galich is one of the bards that literally created author song genre. Brought up on classical romances and academic music, he brought their style to his own creation. This bard played his songs on a seven-string guitar, extracting amazing chords and transitions from it.
Despite the fact that in the first compositions of Alexander Galich there was practically no political subtext, Soviet power found them to be inconsistent with generally accepted aesthetics. And to the bard persecution began. At the same time, Galich himself was famous at that time. writer, poet and cultural figure.
He faced a choice – or bend under the Soviet cultural nomenclature, performing only compositions “pleasing to the government”, or conflict with the authorities. And he found the courage to choose second way. Galich began to speak at the “apartments”, and his recordings KGB seized songs. In 1968 he performed at a concert of the club “Under integral “, which has become a symbol of the dissident movement – and literally a few weeks later, public persecution began. In 1971 his expelled from all official creative unions and began to poison in print.
And in the end, in 1974, Alexander Galich emigrated from the USSR. Вthroughout the time of persecution, he wrote songs in which he told about the situation – and continued to criticize the Soviet power.
The music of Alexander Galich exists in two guises. Good ones, quality recordings were made before the persecution – and that’s in mostly romances. Like “When I Will Return.” Of course it is already author’s song, bard’s work, but they are full of classical and academic sentiment. The second hypostasis is the very songs for which the Soviet government so hated Alexander Galich. They recorded on the “apartments” on poor-quality equipment. therefore will have to listen.
3rd place: Yuri Vizbor (“My Dear”)
Yuri Vizbor – one of the bards who stood at the origins of the Soviet copyright song. He began to create in 1957, while working field correspondent on Moscow radio. Of the many business trips he brought not only news, but also invented by Song paths, including those describing the event seen.
In fact, Yuri Vizbor also created such an interesting direction. bardic music, as a “reportage song”. For example, “Dombai waltz “was written during an expedition to the summit of Alibek with prominent Soviet scientists. The same song became almost a hymn all pioneers and conquerors of mountain peaks – and then, in 1978 year, it was performed in space.
The music of Yuri Vizbor in Soviet times was popular in the first the queue among the intelligentsia. In his compositions he sang romance hiking, conquering, wandering. Even in one of his most famous compositions, “My Dear,” mentioned bonfires, planes, pines and tents.
The songs of Yuri Vizbor were written in a friendly company by the fire, far from civilization. And so you need to execute them too. FROM friends, around a campfire, in a forest or a tiny mountain hut.
2nd place: Bulat Okudzhava (“Your Honor, Madam Luck”)
Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava – one of the few bards of the USSR, past World War II directly on the front line. And this was reflected in his work. For example, one of the most his famous compositions – “We need one victory”, originally written for the film “Belorussky Train Station”, but now performed at every concert on May 9th.
The first poems of Bulat Okudzhava were published in military newspapers. For example, his “Old Student Song” saw the light in the publication “Fighter of the Red Army”. Most of the most popular tracks were recorded during his life in Moscow and membership in the CPSU – during from 1959 to 1967.
After 1970, Bulat Okudzhava as an already recognized bard begins write songs for Soviet films. His music sounds not only in the Belorussky Train Station, but also in the Straw Hat, Dirk, “White Sun of the Desert” and a huge number of other paintings. However that especially interesting, the first records with Okudzhava music were not published in the USSR, but in France.
In 1965, Bulat traveled to Paris, where he recorded several of his compositions. Three years later, Le Soldat en was released. Papier. But on the territory of the USSR, the bard began to be published only with 1976 year.
Many compositions of the bard are devoted to war and wartime. But it’s really “calm” songs that became really popular, full of simple life romance – such as “your nobleness, gentlemen good luck “and” Hope a small orchestra “.
1st place: Vladimir Vysotsky (“Zero seven”)
Vladimir Vysotsky – a bard who has become not just a symbol Soviet copyright song, no. He is one of the brightest, most famous and memorable representatives of the variety art of the USSR. In his huge everyone can find a song that can touch soul.
Vladimir Vysotsky was not limited to any one subject. Of course, in many of his songs, heroes fall into extreme circumstances and existential questions are raised. But there is also other compositions. There are everyday stories and “fabulous”, street and “sports”, military and camp, satirical and soulful and romantic. In fact, the songs of Vladimir Vysotsky reflect the image of Russian life and therefore never lose relevance. They are not about events, but about people. And let Sportloto already no, but the desire to write at least somewhere remains.
The peak of the popularity of Vladimir Vysotsky came in the 1960s. It was then that almost all of his becoming “folk” were recorded songs. But in the 1970s, when Vysotsky finally played Hamlet in the play of the same name, his lyrics have changed. It became raise more philosophical and existential questions.
Yes, Vladimir Vysotsky was not only a bard. He is completely laid out his soul in creativity, playing in the cinema and theater, releasing prose and poetic works. And probably exactly therefore, at the end of his life he could not stand it, began to take sedatives, and, Apparently, because of them, he died at the age of 42 years.
It is difficult to name the most famous song of Vladimir Vysotsky. Almost all of them are dearly beloved by the people and dispersed into quotes. AND household-existential “Zero seven” about loneliness, and one of climbing anthems “Top”, and the satirically fabulous “Song of the transmigration of souls, “and dozens of others …
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.