Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Anyone involved in sports can name their reasons for of this. There are people for whom this is nothing more than simple physical education, a way to stretch your body and keep it in shape. Someone attracted competitive component, an opportunity to show oneself better others in various competitions. And some like to take risks, feel a rush of adrenaline, put yourself in conditions where survival depends only on their athletic skills. For such sports that are described below are suitable – the most extreme of the existing ones.
Rating of the most extreme sports
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||rating|
|Rating of the most extreme sports||1||Rodeo on a bull||5.0|
1st place: Rodeo on a bull
The first place in extreme and dangerous is the rodeo – A traditional sport among American cowboys. From the participant you need to ride a bull and hold on for 8 seconds – while the animal should not stand calmly with the rider on its back, but make every effort to reset it. To make the bull angry and the spectacle turned out quite spectacular, the rider uses spurs. In addition to the main competition, often additional – catch an animal on a lasso or catch it and tumble down to the ground.
Even skilled bull tamers are not immune to injury. At spinal injuries, fractures and dislocations often occur arms and legs. But much worse if the animal directs all its fury on the rider. Many competitors die when angry bull pierces them with horns, trample their hooves or with throws a person by force so that he turns his neck. So that didn’t happen, a bullfighter is present in the arena – a clown whose task distract the bull from the fallen cowboy. Clear business, not always the bullfighter succeeds, and in some cases he is the victim myself.
2nd place: Heliski
Heliski is the most extreme skiing sport. Participants take a helicopter to an untouched hillside, put on skis and rush down. During the flight you can inspect slope, however, this does not take away the element of unpredictability – no one knows what awaits him on an unprepared track. Popular places for heliski – Alps, Iceland and Greenland, Alaska and Canada, New Zealand and other areas with mountain ranges. In Russia, this sports are practiced in Kamchatka, as well as in the Caucasus in the region Elbrus
The size of the group of skiers participating in the race at the same time may depend on the load capacity of the helicopter. Usually among people there is a guide familiar with the selected slope. Every member must have an avalanche sensor, an avalanche probe, digging tools and other devices for searching buried under the snow.
But sometimes all the precautions do not save, and the team of skiers It is buried under an avalanche. People die and fall in mountain gorges, get serious injuries when hitting stones and unsuccessful braking. The participants are constantly monitored by a helicopter, when changing weather conditions, the guide may refuse to check-in. The complexity of the route is calculated depending on the skills of the weak of the participants.
3rd place: base jumping
Base jumping is extreme jumping with parachute from high ground targets. First part of the name comes from the acronym B.A.S.E., in which the main types of structures from which jumpers start: building – building, antenna – antenna, span – bridge span, earth – the surface of the earth. Baysers climb onto houses, communication towers, cliffs with a steep slope, fall from them and open a parachute.
From ordinary parachuting, which involves jumping from on board an airplane or helicopter, base jumping is different in that landing occurs from a much lower height. Because the basers take only one parachute – there’s still no time to spare take advantage – and reveal it in the first seconds of the fall.
Base jumping requires quick response – hesitant jumper runs the risk of not having time to open the parachute and die when it hits the ground. The lower the height at which the jump occurs, the higher the skill of the athlete is evaluated. In addition, you must be able to to manage a parachute, because it’s often possible to land only on limited land, and the wind can take the flyer far into side of it.
4th place: Horseboarding
This is a fairly new kind of extreme sport – the idea arose and was embodied only in 2005 when the Englishman Daniel Fowler figured out how to increase the speed of his board. To do this, he tied to Skate horse driven by a rider. This is how horseboarding came about, who quickly gained popularity and received an official confession.
The main danger during horseboarding is a fall, injuries from which can compare with those when jumping from a car to a large speed. A special suit has been developed to protect against bruises. horsborder. From the athlete is required the ability not only to stay on board, but also control the tow rope attached to to the animal. Skill is required from the rider, and the horse is here not any will do.
Horseboarders compete not only in driving speed. Also they perform breathtaking stunts – sharp turns, overcoming natural and man-made obstacles. Well coordinated here the work of the rider, horse and man on the board – otherwise for the latter the trick can end very badly. Such coherence is usually requires long joint training.
5th place: Slackline
Slackline is walking along a line stretched between two points. (calls them stations) at a certain height. It is very similar to walking on a rope, the only difference is that they are not used special balancers that gives big freedom to hands and allows perform various tricks.
Novice athletes usually train in short slings, stretched low above the ground. The line length in this case is not exceeds 40 meters, the width can be 1.5-2.5 cm or more. Sometimes slackliners also go above the water surface – the depth should be sufficient so that the walker does not hit the bottom at the possible fall.
Extreme starts when experienced athletes climb large heights and go along a long, far exceeding 40 meters, slack. At the same time, the walker demonstrates his dexterity, making jumping, somersaults, turns. Usually used at high altitudes insurance attached to the sling, but in some cases it cleaned so as not to constrain movement. Then slackliner really risking his life while walking the trail.
6th place: Mountaineering
Climbers are lovers of climbing mountains and rocks, to overcome obstacles on the way to the peaks. Subject of competition may be the height of the lift, the length of the route and its complexity overcoming. Earlier, when not all the mountain peaks were conquered, climbers were looking for a way to climb where no one had been before. Then the easiest way to the top was chosen. Now when simply by climbing the mountain you won’t surprise anyone, athletes are looking for new ones, more difficult and still unspoiled trails.
Alpine countries – Italy, Germany, are considered the birthplace of sport Austria, Switzerland. Since the conquest of the mountains began with the Alps, conquerors of heights and began to be called climbers. When all kinds of alpine routes have already been completed, athletes drew attention to other mountain systems – the Caucasus, Tibet, Himalayas, ridges of North and South America, Africa, New Zealand. IN 1953 New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepal resident Norgay Tenzing finally climbed the highest mountain in the world – Everest.
Along the way to a high goal climbers dangers. Possible avalanche, covering people with a layer of snow, from which they cannot get out. Often there are problems with equipment, as a result of which athletes fall. On large cold is dangerous at heights – the temperature is so low that it approaches human endurance limits, and lack of oxygen. because Everest and other high mountains have a “death belt” at the top – there there are many frozen corpses that there is no one to clean and to bury. Some of the frozen bodies, being in place already many years, even serve as a kind of “reference points” in the way for climbers.
7th place: Cave Diving
Cave diving is a kind of scuba diving where a swimmer immersed in the waters filling the caves. Usually these are engaged experts are hydrospeleologists exploring the underworld, but there are extreme sportsmen who love the process itself. A special case – lifeguards who swim in search of other unsuccessful divers.
Compared to regular diving, cavemen are pretty not very popular. The reason is the specific difficulties with which cave divers collide – darkness, impossibility immediate ascent, unpredictable route and the risk of collapses, blocking the way back. Only a few dare to dive into cave waters without special equipment – oxygen supply and lamps.
In order not to get lost in the flooded cave labyrinths and not to be without oxygen at the wrong time, you need to carefully think over the plan of underwater travel. Usually divers work in a team where people with great diving experience should be. To swim in caves one by one – the destiny of a few daredevils, not all of which come back.
8th place: Paragliding
Pragliding, or paragliding – flying on a parachute of a special form due to the use of ascending air currents. Flier usually starts from an elevation and then tries to catch the heated air, going to the upper atmosphere. Although the paraglider does not have an engine, skillful flying can last for many hours, during which thousands of kilometers are covered.
An alternative to paragliding is a hang glider. He is better able to catch the wind flies faster, but harder and harder to transport. The advantage of a paraglider is that it can be easily brought to backpack, climb a suitable hill and start from there.
Although a properly made paraglider can sometimes ensure a safe landing, even if the flyer is almost not controls it, novice athletes often get injured. For safety, it is better to wear a helmet and a special suit. Not It is recommended to fly alone if there is no experience at all.
9th place: Street climbing
This extreme sport arose from the idea of sliding down. on a skateboard it’s much faster not standing, but lying down. Street climbing is a descent on a board along a road down a mountain or hill. The athlete is in a supine position, head back, and controls the board with the help of the body and legs, following the turns tracks.
Street lagging arose in the USA in the 70s. First competition ended with a lot of injuries among the participants, as a result why sports are banned. However, he continued to develop illegally, until he was allowed again, with the requirement to wear inventory, protects the body from damage.
Street campers often move along highways. It requires the ability to drive a board is no worse than a machine, and to avoid collisions. The most difficult thing is to slow down in time, because the skate does not have devices for this. Often athletes have to crash into trees, poles and other obstacles to stay. If a person forgot to wear protective equipment, such skating often ends in the hospital.
10th place: Rafting
Rafting is a sports rafting on fast and stormy mountain rivers. Athletes sit on rafts – inflatable boats designed for 1-3 couples of people. This is primarily a commercial sport for participation in which appropriate experience is not necessarily required.
The main difficulties in rafting are overcoming water thresholds, control of a ship in a fast current, avoidance obstacles when driving. Routes are divided by difficulty level, from one to six points. In the same way, they are classified and separate obstacles, only for them the scale starts from zero (0-6).
Dangers await rafters at waterfalls, whirlpools, underwater pockets. Of course, this sport is dangerous for those who don’t can swim. In case of injuries, there is often no one nearby who is able to help – rafters swim in the mountains, far from human settlements. Routes above 3-4 difficulty levels are only suitable for those who have been swimming for a long time.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.