Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Insects are the most numerous and diverse class of animals, according to scientists, there are about two million species of these creatures, moreover, thoroughly studied of them are only just over six hundred thousand species. They live in all corners of our planets, often in the neighborhood of people, or even settling inside buildings and human dwellings. Some of the insects are quite harmless, while others are very dangerous, because they possess potent poison, or contribute to the transport of deadly diseases. Here are ten representatives of this class, meeting with which will not bring anything good for a person.
Overview of the most dangerous insects in the world
|Rating of the most dangerous insects in the world||10||Bullet ant||4.1|
|5||Giant asian hornet||4.6|
|4||Red fire ant||4.7|
One of the largest ants, paraponera clavata lives on territories of South and Central America, from Nicaragua to Paraguay. Most often it can be found in tropical rainforests. Bullet ants settle in large colonies numbering several hundreds of individuals. In addition to anthills, usually located near trees, sometimes they also build nests on branches. Insect name accurately illustrates the sensations after a bite, comparable in intensity with shock from a bullet wound. According to the Schmidt scale, in strength The sting of a bullet ant ranks first. They also call him diurnal ant, since the pain at the site of the bite will not be felt less than a day, sometimes accompanied by temporary paralysis of the limb. This effect causes neuroleptic poneratoxin – a poison injected upon attack. Interestingly, in some Brazilian tribes the Indians during the rite of passage the young members of the tribe must spend ten minutes with gloves containing intertwined stings of these ants, only then will they be considered adults men.
Of all the flea species, rats are the most dangerous, because they carry the plague wand on themselves, passing it from one animal to another. Insects have repeatedly played a terrible role in stories, contributing to the widespread spread of pathogen bacteria during the 12th century Justinian plague, when about 100 died million people and erupted in the middle of the fourteenth century “Black death “, which claimed the lives of almost a third of the population of Europe. In addition to plague sticks, they also carry harmful bacteria that cause encephalitis, tularemia and other dangerous diseases. Rat bite fleas not only carry the risk of infection, but are also accompanied by prolonged painful itching, headaches, increased body temperature.
The main habitat of triatomic bugs – South and Central America, but because of the growing popularity of tourism and emigration population, it spread to some US states. Sometimes given species of insects is found in hot regions of Europe, Africa and Asia. Since they feed on blood, they prefer to settle nearby from people’s homes, especially if it’s easily accessible to penetrate dwellings such as reed or adobe huts. Sonorous the second name “kiss bugs” was given to them for the habit of biting sleeping people on the lips, which are easier to pierce with a sting than skin integument. In addition, heat attracts insects to their lips, secreted by breathing. The bite itself is not dangerous, it only causes swelling and temporary pain, however triatom bug is a parasitic carrier unicellular organism trypanosoma cruzi. In infected with a parasite Chagas disease gradually develops, most often leading to heart failure and irreversible internal lesions organs. According to medical statistics, each disease a year kills at least 12 thousand people.
Africanized bees are considered among the most aggressive insects in the world. They appeared as a result of an error. Brazilian geneticists involved in crossbreeding ordinary and African bees. An unexplored new species accidentally burst onto freedom and over the next years settled around Brazil neighboring countries of south america and mexico and now got to a number southern american states. They not only master new territories, but they also capture the hives of local honey bees, killing the queen and replacing her with her womb. For this they were nicknamed “killer bees.” Also Africanized bees are often attacking people and animals to provoke them, enough approach the hive for five meters. They attack with a swarm, and can chase your victim up to a kilometer away. Most Coastal Rio de Janeiro hit by killer bees in 1967 – after the appearance of a swarm on the streets, about bites died 150 people. Over the next 60 years, victims of this more than 200 people became artificial.
Larva of the insect megalopyge opercularis, also called mole-yoke, seemingly completely harmless. It’s fluffy the creature lives mainly in deciduous forests on territories of the USA, Mexico and the northern regions of Central America. She feeds on the leaves of trees and some types of plants, such like ivy and rose hips. The touching appearance of the caterpillar is deceiving – under it is a formidable defense in the form of poisonous thorns, an injection which is dangerous not only for predators, but even for healthy adult person. After getting poison under the skin, a strong throbbing pain, gradually spreading to the entire limb, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, vomiting. Without timely provision of medical assistance to the victim may shock state and respiratory arrest occur.
Giant Asian Hornet (Vespa mandarinia)
This huge hornet is called vespa mandarinia because the front of his orange head resembles the peel of a tangerine. The insect is found in several countries in Asia, the Primorsky Territory of Russia, relatively recently, the range has spread to the USA, Mexico, Caribbean islands. Giant Asian The hornet consists mostly of bee larvae. Against adults bees protecting their hives, predators are armed with powerful jaws that make it easy to bite chitin in half bee shell. Asian hornet attacks most people being provoked, but behaves extremely aggressively. A giant whose body length exceeds five centimeters, and the scope wings – seven and a half centimeters, equipped with poisonous a six-millimeter sting. Sensations from just one bite (a hornets can use their sting many times) eyewitnesses are comparable to a hot nail driven into a body. Wherein the poison also contains substances that attract other hornets, nearby, and the attack of several individuals may lead to death even in the absence of allergies. Yearly victims These insects become from 40 to 70 people. In japan vespa mandarinia is considered one of the most dangerous animals.
Red fire ant
The largest number of ants of this species inhabit South American tropics; modern habitat also includes some states of the USA, Mexico and the Caribbean. Insects small in size, their length is from two to six millimeters, despite this, they often kill large prey: caterpillars, insects, amphibians and even some mammals. Fire ants are most aggressive during defense anthill – if a person approaches him, how about him here from dozens to hundreds of individuals attack immediately. Each of during an attack, it’s not just one but a series of injections, injecting the poison containing the alkaloid solenopsin. On stung places there are swelling and blisters, sensations from which are comparable to thermal burns. Sometimes after this, the victim remains scars on skin, and in the case of multiple bites committed by a large number of ants, there is a high risk of dying from anaphylactic shock.
The most dangerous caterpillar in the world is found in tropical regions South America, most often it can be found in Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina. In addition to the rainforests, this species began to settle fruit trees, resulting in increased likelihood meeting with a person. Giant silkworm butterfly caterpillar wears the name “lazy clown”, but to those who are inadvertently touches her, it will not be at all fun. Covering her body poisonous thorns produce botulinum toxin, which has the property break down the protein that is responsible for blood coagulation. The amount of poison injected is only one thousandth of doses usually injected by poisonous snakes, but even that enough to cause serious consequences for the victim. IN in the best case, the victim gets off with extensive hematomas, in the worst there will be internal bleeding, impaired kidney function, cerebral hemorrhage is potentially possible. Poison is believed Lonomia is one of the strongest natural toxins in the world. Annually after contact with similar tracks, up to 30 people die, and about the same amount of severe damage to the body, leading to disability.
The tsetse fly lives in tropical and subtropical latitudes. African continent, mainly in and near moist forests riverbanks. There are about twenty in Africa varieties of such flies, they can be distinguished from ordinary by a special folding method for wings and long forward the stitching proboscis with which it obtains the blood of mammals. No fly poisonous, but during bites it transfers parasitic organisms trypanosomes, which are causative agents of sleeping sickness. it the disease can last for months, it first destroys the human immune system, after which the nervous system is affected. It is estimated that more than a sleeping sickness in Africa has died half a million inhabitants.
Malaria mosquitoes are considered the most dangerous insects of our planets every year due to the plasmodium virus they carry about 300 million people are infected, of whom dies more than 750 thousand. Almost all infections occur on territory of Africa, in areas south of the Sahara. At special risk there are children under five years old, according to the World Organization health, on average one African child every minute dies due to malaria. Once in the body through the salivary glands mosquito, the virus begins to multiply actively in the liver. Incubation the period lasts several weeks, after which the malarial plasmodia invade red blood cells and spread throughout the body, causing severe anemia. Death comes as a result of failure of internal organs or destruction of blood vessels brain. In addition to malaria, this type of mosquito is a carrier and other fatal diseases: encephalitis, dengue fever, yellow fever.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.