Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Magazine experts have compiled their own list of dozens of the most the most beautiful castles in the world. Ancient buildings, despite respectable age, still impress incredibly attractive appearance. The selection took into account the aesthetics of architecture, interiors adjacent to park areas.
Rating of the most beautiful castles in the world
|The most beautiful castles in the world||1||Pena Castle, Portugal||5.0|
|2||Castle Hluboká nad Vltavou, Czech Republic||4.9|
|3||Frederiksbor Castle, Denmark||4.8|
|5||Matsumoto Castle Japan||4.6|
|8||Castle Borivar, Hungary||4.3|
|10||Egeskov Castle, Denmark||4.1|
Pena Castle, Portugal
One of the most famous architectural monuments of Portugal located 30 kilometers from the capital. The castle is built on top of the Sierra da Sintra hill (450 meters above sea level). FROM the main observation deck of the citadel is clearly visible on a sunny day Lisbon and the ocean coast. In 1995, Foam is listed UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The construction of the castle began in 1836 on the spot a dilapidated monastery and ended in 1854. For a long time he remained the king’s official summer residence. Still official ceremonies are held here at the state level with the participation of the president and other dignitaries.
The architecture of the Pena Castle traces the features of several styles. This is a strict, slightly gloomy aesthetics of Gothic, and authentic Portuguese renaissance with nautical elements – manuelino, and the characteristic Islamic combination of complex, intricate shapes with clear symmetry. Conventionally, the complex can divided into four main parts:
- fortified walls with double gates in front of a movable a bridge;
- monastery with a clock tower;
- courtyard with painted clay Azulejo tiles with walls and floor;
- giant bastion palace.
The interior is not inferior to the exterior. The rooms are luxuriously furnished. antique furniture, the walls are decorated with frescoes, stained-glass windows, paintings famous masters of painting of the past. The castle is surrounded on all sides a picturesque park with an area of about 200 hectares. Rare here grow exotic trees: american sequoias, lebanese cypress trees, magnolias, cedars, ginkgo, cryptomeria.
Pena Castle is open for tourists all year round, from 10 a.m. to 7 evenings except Catholic Christmas and New Year.
Curious fact: The vibrant colors of the exterior walls are terracotta, yellow, orange, red, brown appeared only in 1994 after the next restoration. Previously, they were just gray.
Castle Hluboká nad Vltavou, Czech Republic
To admire the beauty of this pearl of southern Bohemia, Thousands of tourists leave daily for 140 km from Prague. Beautiful snow-white construction produces an unforgettable impression on guests, regardless of the time of year or weather.
The history of the castle began in the 14th century. Previously called Frauenberg and was replaced by more than a dozen owners, until in the 19th century was transferred to the possession of the Schwarzenberg family. It is thanks to the princess Eleanor he was completely remodeled and acquired his modern, easily recognizable look. For the similarity of many architectural elements and general concept of the castle Hluboka called Czech Windsor.
Already at the entrance, visitors fall into a fabulous park with 12 thousand rare trees and more than 2 thousand exotic bushes. IN The castle itself has 140 rooms. Ground floor is occupied utility rooms and a hunting room. The kitchen is quite different “advanced” at that time technical equipment – special devices for cleaning apples and potatoes, devices for making ice cream and ice-cutting, self-rotating skewers. On the second floor there are halls for receiving guests and Princess Boudoir. The castle library has more than 10 thousand books on five languages. On the third floor there are unique collections porcelain, tapestries, furniture, paintings.
In 1945, Gluboka Castle passed into the possession of the state. Today it is a national museum open to visitors round year.
Frederiksbor Castle, Denmark
Built in the late 16th century. Located near Copenhagen in Hillerod suburb on three islands in the middle of the lake. First stone founded in 1560 by King Frederick (in whose honor he was named), and finished under his son Christian IV. Served for a long time the place of the official coronation of the kings of Denmark and the meetings of the chivalrous Order of Dannebrog.
The architecture of the building is designed in the style of the Dutch Renaissance. The project was developed by the most famous architects in Europe at that time brothers Lawrence and Hans Van Steeenwinkel. Main jewelry complex: marble arches, sculptures and Neptune’s fountain in the courtyard. IN Churches in Fredericksbor set a unique altar from solid gold with ebony and silver trim. Every Thursday there is a free concert of organ music.
The grandiose building of red brick in the classic Gothic style is located on the right bank of the Nogata – a tributary of the Vistula and covers an area of 30 hectares. From here, 58 kilometers to Gdansk, 250 – to Warsaw and only 70 to the Kaliningrad region of Russia.
Marienburg Castle was built in 1276. From 1309 served the residence of the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order. After leaving knights became the residences of Polish kings. During World War II war there was a prisoner of war camp. Now it is – State Museum with a rich collection of medieval sculptures, stained glass windows, weapons, ceramics, tapestries, amber. Summer in the yard The traditional show “Sound and Light” takes place.
Marienburg is the world’s largest brick castle. Consists of a complex system of defenses, 14 gates and three main buildings – Upper, Lower and Middle castles. Upper Holds a ton of living spaces and the Assembly Hall. In the Middle – Palace Grandmaster hosts a reception hall for dignitaries and canteen. In the Lower Castle are concentrated utility rooms: sheds, stables, forges, barns, bakery. Under the castle church of Saint Virgin Mary housed the tomb of St. Anne, where buried Masters of the Teutonic Order.
Matsumoto Castle Japan
Matsumoto is often called Raven Castle for the black color of the walls and the shape of the side towers resembling open wings of a bird. The facility is located in the eponymous city of Nagano Prefecture on Honshu Island.
The castle was built at the end of the 16th century in the traditional Hirajiro style – with a complex system of defensive elements, covered transitions between three towers, numerous secret passages. Matsumoto’s unlike other Japanese bastions, not elevated, and in marshland and has additional supports in the form of ten wooden pillars. The central dungeon is six-story. However only five tiers are visible to visitors. Sixth is closed by special protective plates. The second is now a museum Samurai weapons. And at the very top of the visitors are the Lunar Chambers with picturesque views of the surroundings.
The courtyard of the castle is decorated with numerous green spaces, trees Sakura, park of chrysanthemums. Around the fortress is a moat filled with water, on which swans swim.
Over the entire period of existence, Matsumoto survived more than one siege, fire, earthquake. Therefore, in 1969 it was closed on reconstruction, which was completed only in 2007.
The outlines of the castle are familiar even to those who have never in their life was in bavaria. This is not surprising, because it was Neuschwanstein that served the prototype of the legendary Disney castle – emblem film studios.
The first stone of the grandiose structure was laid on September 5 1869 under King Ludwig II. The place for construction was chosen rocky slope of the German Alps, the road to which runs through dense forest thickets. Previously, there was an ancient chivalrous Schwanstein fortress. Work on the construction of the complex was carried out for 17 years and Treasury cost 6 million gold marks. In architecture Neo-Renaissance and neo-Gothic motifs dominate, while the interior decoration has the characteristic features of the Moorish and Baroque styles. With wide Neuschwanstein observation deck offers stunning views of snowy mountain peaks. From here you can clearly see the famous Schwansee Lakes (Swan), which inspired Tchaikovsky to create ballet of the same name.
About five thousand tourists visit the castle daily. To get in the lock is only possible on special wagons, having previously defended rather big queue. Only group provided excursion programs. Photo and video shooting in the territory prohibited.
The castle is located in the Loire Valley and is surrounded on all sides by a wooded the park. It is a kind of masterpiece of Renaissance architecture. Built by order of King Francis I after winning the Battle of Marignano. Work began in 1519 on the site of the estate of the Counts of Blois. Originally conceived as the summer residence of the king. The monarch even actively participated in the creation of the project. Who was the main an architect, remains a mystery to this day.
Chambord – a unique combination of the most expressive elements French Gothic and Italian Renaissance. Pointed Spiers towers framing a grand dungeon, symmetrical interior buildings, double spiral staircases, polygonal ceilings with recesses, elegant laconic finish of doorways in the complex creates a surprisingly harmonious ensemble. Unforgettable spacious terraces with voluminous royal make an impression emblems on arches on the upper tiers. For interior decoration used exquisite fabric cladding ceilings, glass stained-glass windows, wooden panels with openwork carvings.
The main construction work was completed in 1539, but still the castle was repeatedly reconstructed and supplemented with new details. After redemption by the state in 1930, Chambord was returned initial appearance.
Castle Borivar, Hungary
A symbol of fiery love and devotion is in the ancient capital Hungarian kings Szekesfehervare. The castle was built almost in alone on the site of a small dilapidated manor famous architect, sculptor, professor of fine arts Jene Bozi in honor of his beloved wife Ilona. The work was carried out for 40 years – from 1912 to 1959 with the proceeds from the sale of own works of Ene, and interrupted during the Second World War
The architectural ensemble is skillfully combined from different stylistic elements – Gothic, Baroque, neoclassicism and even Art Nouveau. The territory of the courtyard of the castle and the interiors are decorated with many sculptures, bas-reliefs, stained-glass windows, frescoes. Complements the picture luxurious garden. An interesting feature of the art decor: when rather complicated, intricate configuration of railings, stairs, window and door bindings the main material for their production served as ordinary reinforced concrete.
In 1980, the grandchildren of Ene and Ilona completely restored the Borvar and brought him to their original state. You can visit the castle daily, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Train ride from Budapest to Szekesfehervar will take about an hour.
The current royal royal residence considered the largest and most beautiful castle in the UK, and also one of the most visited by tourists Sights of Misty Albion.
The castle is located 43 kilometers from the capital, in the city of Windsor counties of Berkshire. Built in 1066 under William Conqueror on an elevated stone building boasts scenic views of the Thames embankment. During the existence of it more than once underwent redevelopment and reconstruction, survived not one major fire, but still pleases visitors monumental gothic architecture and luxurious interior the decoration. Tourists have free access to the halls, Royal apartments, Throne room. The walls of the rooms adorn works of outstanding painters of different eras: Van Dyck, Rubens, Stubbs. The constant interest of guests is the dollhouse Queen Mary, created by the best miniature masters. The most Windsor Castle High Point – 60 Round Tower meters.
The British Queen stops at the castle every year for a month after Easter to receive official foreign delegations, as well as in July to attend the meeting of the Knights of the Order of the Garter and visit royal horse racing. At this time, it’s important not to miss what’s already the legendary guard of honor ceremony.
Egeskov Castle, Denmark
The facility is located in the middle of Funen Island and is considered the most beautiful in Denmark. From afar, it seems that the walls are growing straight out of the water. The castle was built in 1554 by order of the baron Brockenhaus, changed several owners until in 1784 property of the Billet family, who still own it.
Initially, Egeskov was built as a military fortification with reliable fortress walls and two autonomous parts. You can get here there was only a drawbridge. The base of the building is about thousands of wooden piles. According to some sources, for the construction of the castle had to cut down an entire oak forest. By the way Egeskov translated from Danish and means “oak forest“ Outlines facades – a classic embodiment of Renaissance architecture. IN 1883 Egeskov was completely restored and turned into modern estate with its own power station and dairy the farm. For visitors, the castle opened in 1886. Here now There are also several museums – retro cars, agricultural machinery, dolls. In summer, classical concerts are held music.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.