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Of all parts of our world, Africa can no doubt be considered the most diverse, mysterious and contrasting. Despite the development civilization, which is accompanied by the onset of globalism, dozens million Native Africans just like their distant ancestors, live in tribes. There are almost all such tribes on the continent three thousand, many of them following their own customs and religious rites. The way of life of some natives is so It’s interesting that tourists come to them from all over the world, wanting to touch the primitive exotic culture. We offer You will learn about ten unique tribes of Africa, acquaintance with which amaze, and sometimes shock, representatives civilized world.
Rating of the most amazing African tribes
|Rating of the most amazing African tribes||1||Hadza||5.0|
Hadzabe or Hadza tribe numbering about two thousand people lives in northern Tanzania, near Lake Eyashi. Its members speak their own language, live in a significant distance from other tribes and communicate mainly only between by myself. Such privacy allowed them not only to maintain their identity, but also protected against the HIV epidemic as well as others diseases that could be transmitted through tribal ties. Like hundreds of years ago, Hadza are hunters and gatherers. On the only men go hunting, singly, or in small groups, if there is a pursuit of a large beast. As a weapon they use bow and arrow with stone tips. For increase hunting efficiency, hunters grease their arrows with poison, made from poisonous plants growing in abundance among places their habitat. It is customary to divide the killed prey in the camp equally for all. Both women and men found are involved in the collection gatherer products such as bird eggs, fruits, berries, roots, wild honey, make up the bulk of the inhabitants ’meager diet tribe. Hadzaba settle in separate groups wandering from place to place a place. As a dwelling they serve huts made of grass and branches, although in dry season, many prefer to sleep directly in the open. At tribe there is practically no clear social hierarchy, there is only people whose opinion is crucial due to their personal qualities and merits. They enjoy great respect and popularity among women. successful hunters, bringing a lot of prey. Tribal members lead active lifestyle, walking a day from five to nine kilometers. Despite this, they also relax actively, having fun dancing and by singing.
The Masai people live in the savannah, on the border territory, including southern Kenya and western Tanzania. Total the tribe is a little less than a million people. FROM the ancient Masai have a reputation as brave warriors, but with their main occupation is not hunting at all, but animal husbandry. The most an important role in the life of the tribe is played by cows, precisely by their number the level of affluence of the members of the tribe is determined. According to beliefs Masai, in the past the rain god created cattle for them as a gift, thus, all the cows around rightfully belong to them. In the past there were many conflicts with other African tribes when Masai tried to “return their property”, today is the tradition theft of livestock is gradually becoming a thing of the past. Thanks to the cows tribe has milk and basic building material, dry the dung with which they fasten the walls of their huts. Also they drink cow blood, extracting it in a special way: a thin arrow in a vein the animal makes a neat hole where the blood comes from going into a small pumpkin bottle, after which the wound closed with a flat cake of manure. Blood before use is usually mixed with milk. But members of the tribe slaughter cows for meat extremely rare, considering these animals too valuable to eat. The daily life of the tribe is largely subject to tradition. Boys from childhood learn to graze cattle, girls watch the hut and prepare food, and this separation persists throughout their lives. Growing up is accompanied by initiation rites, including in itself a ritual beating, and later – circumcision, and how male and female. Masai have special views on beauty: representatives of both sexes stretch with heavy decorations earlobes almost to the shoulders, also among women it is customary to shave heads. Their funeral traditions are also unusual – after the death of an adult a member of the tribe, his body is left in an open field for wild animals, so in the understanding of the Masai, respect is expressed for the cycle of life in nature.
The first researcher to discover a tribe of people with legs like ostrich, was an American traveler Paul du Chailloux, who lived in the second half of the XIX century. Returning from his trip to To the African continent, he published a book in which he described in detail his meeting with representatives of the Wadoma tribe. However in scientific To the community, not everyone believed in such a phenomenon. the confirmation was received after an article published by a respected ethnographer Buster Philips, who also visited the habitat sapadi, ostrich people. This people of less than a thousand people inhabit the Zambezi River Valley in northern Zimbabwe. About 25 percent of the tribe have only two extremes. toes, and they have no middle three fingers since birth. The thumb and little finger have an unusual shape, they are also very long. The reason for this anomaly, called ectrodactyly, lies in genetics: obviously someone from the ancestors of Wadom had a similar feature, and in view of the ban on inter-tribal marriage unions it quickly spread within the community. The law by which young men and girls can choose their companion only from members of the tribe, valid until now, its observance is strictly monitored by the elders. Oddly enough, the “ostrich” legs of the sapadi do not prevent them from leading their the usual way of life that revolves around livestock breeding, hunting, fishing and gathering.
The Calendin tribe lives mostly in Kenya, in Rift Valley Provinces. A small number of them can also be found in neighboring countries: Tanzania and Uganda. Population size nationality exceeds three and a half million people. Own the name of the Calendins appeared only in the 20th century, before that they simply called “Nandi-speaking tribes.” By research scientists, any srednestatichesky representative of this tribe faster than most other people in the world. And it is confirmed facts. In order to compete on equal terms with professional only a few months are enough for runners, calendins serious workouts. Those who are purposeful enough for big sports, as a rule, they achieve significant success. Over the past few decades, Kenyan athletes have conquered ten Olympic running medals and seven of these victories belong runners of the calendin tribe. The secret of such “superpowers” lies in the genetic predisposition, as well as the image life and nutrition of the natives. From early childhood, members of the tribe engaged in the distillation of livestock over long distances, which promotes stamina. The diet of their food includes a dish ugali, which has high energy value. Besides cattle breeding, the tribe practices farming, tea cultivation. Families in tribes can be either polygamous or monogamous – the number wives directly depends on the welfare of the man, because for the bride is entitled to a solid ransom.
The Mursi tribe lives in Ethiopia, near the border with the South Sudan In total there are about seven and a half thousand person. They lead a traditional way of life for African tribes: men are involved in animal husbandry and guard the borders of settlements on women are responsible for raising children food, water delivery and many other types of work in the village. This the people are distinguished from others by a number of strange and cruel customs, which they follow hundreds of years. Mursi warriors are not just ready to kill enemies, each such murder in their understanding adds to a man fame, and this is demonstrated by special scars, which show number of defeated enemies. Due to constant skirmishes between by clans (most often due to pastures and wells) members of the tribe do not go beyond the village without a Kalashnikov assault rifle, or at least heavy long stick with which they are trained from childhood to fight. In the time of one of the main mystical rites of the Mursi wife introduce their husbands in a trance with narcotic herbs and then poison them strong poison. After that, the high priestess of the tribe goes around the huts and gives men an antidote. So they honor their main deity – the spirit of death named Yamda. Mursi are also known for the fact that their women worn clay discs in the lower lip. Such “jewelry” girls they begin to wear from the age of 20, and do it completely voluntarily. Young woman with a plate with a diameter of up to 12 centimeters and with embossed two lower teeth (so as not to interfere with the disc) is considered an enviable bride, for whom the groom will have to pay a considerable ransom.
Himba inhabit the north of Namibia, it is a nomadic people of up to 50,000 people. Their main occupation is breeding horned cattle. Cows are considered the most important animals, they give milk, products from which form the basis of the diet of the tribe. Besides, cows serve as a kind of universal currency, and along with the indicator of the status of a member of the tribe. Himba meat is eaten very much rarely, from plant foods they consume roots, corn and millet. Neither vegetables nor fruits grow on stony lands in harsh climate of Kunene province with its heat up to 60 degrees and sharp temperature differences. The hardest thing is water therefore, almost all clean water is used for drinking and preparation food. To keep the himba clean and protected from sunlight daily lubricate the skin with a special mixture of vegetable oil extracts and ground volcanic pumice. Withered in the evenings the ointment is scraped off, at the same time cleansing the skin of dirt and hair. Women cover this composition with the hair, previously braiding them in dreadlocks with the addition of other people’s hair (usually “donated” by her husband). In addition, women himba wear a large variety of Home-made bracelets on the neck, arms, ankles, waist and hair. IN they use goatskin skirts as clothing, decorating them shells. A typical tribal settlement consists of wicker cone-shaped houses covered in mud and manure. Family customs himba do not provide for the concept of marital fidelity, but there are tradition of exchanging wives during various celebrations.
A small but very colorful African tribe in numbers approximately a thousand people living in southern Ethiopia are known for their penchant for body coloring and jewelry. From early childhood tribal members wear beads, flower garlands and even necklaces made of insect wings. Painting the body with vegetable paints, caro prefer geometric figures: spirals, circles, stripes. The face also does not remain without attention – they put a mask on it from a mixture of clay, black coal, chalk and other ingredients. The body is decorated with any henchmen items such as dried pumpkin halves, corn cobs, feathers and so on. Women love to wear a big neck the number of long beads, but earrings in the ears are more common among men. Members of the tribe who are especially keen on fashion also pierce lower lip and insert a small piece of stick into the hole. Caro’s daily routine consists of livestock and hunting, although in recently, men increasingly go to work in nearby cities. Women stay at home, doing household work, in particular dressing hides. The African tribe practices polygamy, a man can take as many wives as he can provide, usually no more than two or three.
Hamer African tribe Omo (Ethiopia), is a little over 40 thousand people. the main thing occupation for them – raising livestock, which is eloquent testifies to the local language, including, for example, whole thirty definitions of the hue and structure of the skin of pets. All stages of the life of tribal members are strictly regulated by traditions. Growing up of men is accompanied by a ceremony of initiation, during whose youth must run four times in a row on the back standing in a row of cows, thereby proving their dexterity and courage. Only after that he will be considered a real man, and will be able to marry. In case of failure, the young man will have to wait a whole year to try again. Girls of the tribe before marriage subjected to even more severe test. According to custom, they retire for a day away from men and drink for courage alcoholic drink called Bordeaux. In the morning they come to them young boys and girls try by their behavior to cause them anger, future suitors in response to cut those with wooden rods. IN as a result, after passing the ceremony on the body of most women remain scars that serve as a subject of pride and increase their value in eyes of potential husbands. However, he can marry a Hamer not everyone can afford it, because at the same time it’s supposed to give the girl’s father ransom in the amount of seven to ten cows. If not count scarification mods; tribe members stand out in general his grooming. Women regularly lubricate their hair with special mixture and put them in pigtails, use jewelry popular bracelets and beads. Daily cleaning is also considered the norm. teeth with plant stems. More hamera masters in creating underwear drawings, each of which carries a certain semantic value.
The vast majority of African tribes cost a minimum clothes, which is not surprising, given the hot tropical climate. But there are exceptions like herero who stand out for their bright Victorian outfits. The number of inhabitants in the tribe totals about 240 thousand people, they are engaged livestock, trade and crafts. Herero at the beginning of the 20th century used by the colonial troops of Germany as slaves, at the same time, they repeatedly revolted, eventually gaining independence, but having lost 80% of the population in the war. Exactly then fashionable clothing brought by Christian missionaries has become an integral part of the culture of the tribe. Belief also played a role according to which the one who wears the clothes of enemies takes them force. Today, herero women tend to dress in colorful long patchwork dresses with voluminous sleeves. The image is complemented special hats resembling the shape of a buffalo horn. By the way, this the wardrobe element also serves as a kind of symbol well-being – the richer the husband, the longer the “horns” on the head the wife’s dress. During the holidays and at the funeral, men dress clothes stylized as a German military uniform of the 1900s. Herero sew all these outfits on their own, their art manufacturing is passed down by women of the tribe from generation to generations.
Vodabe – a nomadic tribe living in the African savannah region Sahel affecting Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic and several other states. The name vodabe means “those who honor the prohibitions”, under this there is in mind the adherence to ancient traditions and rites. Number nationality is 45 thousand people, they live mainly due to growing animals: zebu cows, donkeys and camels. Families most often polygamous, if a man has a sufficiently large herd, he can afford up to four wives. Free marriages any spouse may divorce and leave to live with another member tribe. Although traditionally families are created by parent agreements, there are frequent cases of collusion between your favorite friend friend by young people. If they escape, they will have time to taste together cooked meal before relatives discover them bride, marriage is considered to be concluded. Vodabe culture revolves around the cult of male beauty. For example, an ugly man is quite may let his wife “go left” to give birth child from a more attractive male tribe. The main the holiday is a heresol, a male beauty contest. In him young people from several clans participate, they brightly color face and dance for hours demonstrating stamina, flexibility, white teeth and the ability to rotate the eyes. The older women of the tribe at this time cheer up the most active and make fun of losers. At the end of the competition, three girls, representing a kind of competition jury point to three winners. This is followed by a feast, and at dusk the winners who chose their “judges” and the young people who were paired tribes go to the savannah to continue the celebration.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.