Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Snakes are not exactly the creatures that are generally admired and to admire. Especially the fear of these reptiles is emphasized Hollywood movies of category B, where on wandering through the jungle travelers must be attacked by a huge anaconda, meters under 20 in length, and actively bites for different protruding parts of the body.
In reality, everything is much more modest. Of course there are snakes, capable of striking and shocking with their length. For example, in the Book Guinness World Records introduced a 9.75-meter net python! If he could stand on the tail, then his head would dangle at the window level third floor.
However, other snakes are able to surprise their length. Some even in “our latitudes” are found (and it would be better not to have met). AND we have compiled a rating of the 10 longest snakes in the world.
- Overview of the longest snakes in the world
- 10th place: Gyurza (up to 1.9 m)
- 9th place: Eastern brown snake (up to 2 m)
- 8th place: Bushmeister (up to 4 m)
- 7th place: Black Mamba (up to 4 m)
- 6th place: Common boa constrictor (up to 4 m)
- 5th place: Indian (light tiger) python (up to 5 m)
- 4th place: King cobra (up to 5.71 m)
- 3rd place: Burmese (dark brindle) python (up to 5.74 m)
- 2nd place: Anaconda (up to 6.7 m)
- 1st place: Mesh python (up to 9.75 m)
Overview of the longest snakes in the world
|Nomination||a place||name||Maximum length|
|Rating of the longest snakes in the world – photos, names with descriptions||10||Gyurza (up to 1.9 m)||1.9 M.|
|9||Eastern brown snake (up to 2 m)||2 M.|
|8||Bushmaster (up to 4 m)||4 M.|
|7||Black mamba (up to 4 m)||4 M.|
|6||Common boa constrictor (up to 4 m)||4 M.|
|5||Indian (light tiger) python (up to 5 m)||5 M.|
|4||King cobra (up to 5.71 m)||5.71 M.|
|3||Burmese (dark brindle) python (up to 5.74 m)||5.74 M.|
|2||Anaconda (up to 6.7 m)||6.7 M.|
|1||Mesh python (up to 9.75 m)||9.75 M.|
10th place: Gyurza (up to 1.9 m)
Poisonous gyurza belongs to the family of giant vipers and is the longest representative of a kind. In fact, this is one of the largest snakes in the post-Soviet republics. Meets in Transcaucasia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
However, the love of aurza for arid climates led to the fact that this snake is most widespread in the territory North West Africa. So a chance to meet her by going to vacation to Georgia is practically zero.
The danger of gyurza to humans was noticed by the ancient Persians, who came up with its name. It is translated from the local language like an iron club. The venom of this reptile is the most toxic in to your family, therefore, after a bite, immediate health care. Given the habitats of this reptile, before few survive with a doctor. On the other hand, it is gyurzu most often bred in serpentariums and “milked” because of its poison highly effective medical and diagnostic facilities.
9th place: Eastern brown snake (up to 2 m)
Eastern brown snake, also called reticulated, is included in family of aspids and is one of its largest representatives. And at the same time – and very poisonous. Especially strong from This reptile affects the inhabitants of Australia, where in principle the fauna very unfriendly.
The main danger of this reptile comes from behavior and diet. The snake feeds primarily on rodents and therefore trying to stay close to human housing, where, in her mice are found in abundance. And also a lot of shelters. therefore reptiles are very common in sheds, rubbish heaps, hayfields and other secluded places.
When meeting, the snake sharply becomes aggressive. Even “ours” vipers try to crawl away from a person, and this aspid – on the contrary, rises above the ground like a cobra, sways and pounces, biting a person. A poison consisting of neurotoxins and coagulants spread quite quickly throughout the body. Mortality from bites in the absence of medical care is about 20%.
Australian researchers even released special recommendations describing the algorithm of actions in contact with this a snake. It is supposed to immediately call for help. But suck the poison It is impossible, since this can complicate the selection of medicines.
8th place: Bushmeister (up to 4 m)
Bushmaster is South America’s largest viper. Some instances of this highly toxic reptile can grow up to 3 meters in length. In addition, scientists report rare encounters with 4 meter reptiles.
Simultaneously with the length of the snake, teeth grow. In the “small” they are 2.5 centimeters in length and 4 cm in large ones. Therefore bites are dangerous not only because of the poison, but also because of their high injuries.
The Bushmaster knows how to “bully” the victim. Although she has no “rattle”, a special form of scales on the tail allows the snake to make characteristic noise by simply hitting them with trunks of plants. Therefore, walking through the jungle of Colombia or Ecuador, it is worth listening to the sounds of the world.
Despite the large size and long teeth, the Bushmaster is not too dangerous for humans. Mortality from bites is up to 12%, and then in weak and sick people. This is because the Bushmaster injects quite a bit of poison – about 400 mg. Like u other vipers and aspids, it is largely composed of neurotoxins, having an extremely negative effect on the nervous system victims.
7th place: Black Mamba (up to 4 m)
One of the most dangerous African snakes, the black mamba, is impressive not only in size but also in toxicity. By lethality she occupies a leading position. The fact that she is very “generously shares “poison, sacrificing 10-30 lethal doses neurotoxins.
Since black mamba lives in areas with extremely low levels development of medicine and science, accurately determine its lethality and the danger is very difficult. Only individual cases can be described. AND they are not too joyful. For example, less known deaths than an hour after a bite.
This long snake got its name not because of the dark color scales, as it may mistakenly seem. Mamba’s mouth is black. Exactly therefore, the reptile bears its name.
Interestingly, the black mamba has very effective natural enemies. Yellow mongooses are very fond of enjoying this snake, and their the nervous system is resistant to neurotoxins. And it is from these Kiplingian Rikki-Tikki-Tavi was written off by animals. However, it’s not worth admiring the yellow mongooses – they carry tetanus and rabies. In general, South Africa is almost a place friendlier than Australia.
6th place: Common boa constrictor (up to 4 m)
The common boa is found primarily in terrariums. It is easy to grow, it is undemanding to the conditions of detention, just maintaining the right temperature and index ultraviolet light. In captivity, he feels very comfortable. and easily grows up to 4-4.5 meters in length.
In nature, this snake is not so long – it reaches up to 2-3 meters. It occurs mainly in South America, prefers Settle near water bodies. Like other boas, it’s not poisonous, and kills the victim by suffocation, wrapping rings around her body. However, aggressiveness is not different, so even the largest copies are completely safe for humans.
Moreover, in nature it is man who is one of the main enemies of an ordinary boa constrictor. This snake is caught rad skin and meat. The common boa differs in a bright, contrasting color, which makes it attractive to poachers. With color varies by habitat – Argentinean representatives are almost black, and Brazilian bright red tones.
5th place: Indian (light tiger) python (up to 5 m)
The light tiger python is a subspecies of the dark python that lives on territories of India, Pakistan and Bhutan. Actually, that’s why he and got its name. The snake, though large, but not poisonous, and therefore, perhaps only the size is impressive – individual specimens “swing” up to 5 meters in length.
Various small animals serve as food for this reptile, which are plentiful in the Indian jungle. Python pounces on victim, wraps her rings and strangles in this way. For a man despite its impressive length, it’s not dangerous – since aggressiveness is not different and does not try to destroy everything living.
At one time, this python suffered very much from poachers. On the he was hunted primarily because of the skin with a characteristic color in light brown tones. Now snake hunting is prohibited, equally as well as unauthorized international trade in leather.
4th place: King cobra (up to 5.71 m)
King cobra is the longest poisonous snake in the world. Actually, that’s why she got her name. However, she looks very impressive, so she is worth wearing title of “royal”: contrasting black and white color, characteristic hood, aggressive vertical stand.
In addition, the snake is very smart. So, she tries very sparingly spend your poison. In a collision with a person, she usually makes “single” bites, because he understands that it is two-legged she can’t swallow a mammal. And only in infrequent cases injects poison. Moreover, in quantities many times greater than lethal dose. Fatal outcome, according to observations, in in some cases occurs within 15 minutes after the bite.
The main distribution area of King Cobra is India and other asian countries. In zoos this reptile is very common. rarely – due to aggressive behavior and poor survival in captive conditions. However, the longest representative of the species was found in the London Zoo, its size was 5.71 m. In nature, it usually grows up to 3-4 meters.
3rd place: Burmese (dark brindle) python (up to 5.74 m)
The Dark Tiger Python is one of the largest pythons in the family. The maximum length of 5.74 m was recorded in Illinois Snake Safari Park nicknamed “Baby.” In the wild these reptiles are slightly shorter – 5 meter were recorded copies that weighed an impressive 75 kilograms.
Burmese python, as the name implies, is found in the first turn in Myanmar, Nepal, Cambodia, as well as some Indian regions. They deliberately try to grow him in American Florida, where it fits well with the local ecosystem.
Like the light tiger python, the dark one is neither dangerous for humans nor poisonous. The diet includes small and medium-sized mammals, of which these unhurried snakes catch mainly at night. Lashing out at the victim, the reptile either swallows it right away (if the prey is not very large), or at first suffocates, entwining with rings.
The reptile lives well in captivity. She can not be met not only in zoos and serpentariums, but also in private terrariums. Differs in simplicity in leaving, and also an interesting approach to feeding. Tiger python can’t stop eating food therefore, give him a “breakfast” should be no more than 1 time in several days. The snake breeds well in captivity, breeders even succeeded deduce several “breeds” (morph).
2nd place: Anaconda (up to 6.7 m)
Anaconda is the largest of the boas. This snake is surrounded by a huge the number of rumors and exaggerations regarding its size. AND habitat – rainforests and swamps in the Amazon, where a person’s foot hasn’t really stepped on – only spurs hoaxes.
According to unofficial information, it was possible to catch snakes long 8.43 m; 8.53 m; 11.43 m; even 18.59 meters and 24.38 meters. But all this is only falsification. In 2016, biologists and herpetologists conducted study and found that the maximum length that can reach the anaconda, is 6.7 m. The largest detected specimens were only a few centimeters higher mark at 6 meters.
But in what the anaconda definitely holds primacy among snakes, so it in weight. Even relatively “short” individuals, about 5 meters long, can reach a mass of 70 kilograms. Growing to 6 meters marks, they become the heaviest among reptiles.
That is why anacondas choose rain forests. In the eternal pools in rivers, marshy areas it’s easier to get over when you are one of the heaviest reptiles. True, anaconda feeds primarily mammals and birds, especially those who come to the watering hole. But with case can eat other snakes – there were cases when she ate python in the zoo.
One of the most interesting features of a snake is that it – ovoviviparous. That is, she has eggs, but they “mature” in the womb of the mother and are delayed only in rare cases. Besides, anaconda is able to hibernate during hunger periods – usually they come during a drought, when the reservoirs where this snake lives, dry up and cease to be interesting for those who come to a watering place animals.
1st place: Mesh python (up to 9.75 m)
Officially the longest snake in the world, as confirmed by the Book Guinness World Records – a reticulated python caught in Indonesian island in 1912. From the mouth to the tip of the nose, it was 9.75 m
The second place also belongs to the mesh python. This time a female named Samantha, kept in captivity. Measurements carried out in 2002, and another length was 7.5 meters.
And even the third place belongs to the reticulated python! Male by nicknamed Samantha, who lived in the American zoo Columbus, was able to grow to 7.3 meters.
In nature, however, they are not so large. After large-scale study in the south of Sumatra, and in which were measured thousands of snakes, managed to establish the average size of an adult reptile is from 2 to 6 meters. Largest the “wild” specimen turned out to be a 6.95-meter female. She really suffered from exhaustion – after three months of hunger, her weight was only 59 kg.
In the wild, reticulated pythons are found primarily in the jungle. In acute Java, they were found in a relatively Alpine forests – 1200 meters above sea level. The snake leads terrestrial lifestyle and swims beautifully, so sometimes it caught in the open sea.
The main part of the diet of reptiles is medium and large mammals. There are cases when reticulated pythons attacked livestock (e.g. goats and pigs), and also hunted dogs. Often bats are caught – right in the air, hanging from branches. Not dangerous for people – although, in theory, they can strangle, and have an aggressive disposition – cases of collision with a person do not registered. In addition, reticulated pythons are often kept in terrariums, zoos and serpentariums.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.