Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Rivers are the waterways of our planet. They carry life to everything corners, being a source of valuable fresh water. In ancient times it was the rivers that became home to many nations, were considered the cradle of civilizations. Today, these are “helpers” for millions people living along the river banks. Some of the ponds in our truly enormous in the world, and then the oven will go about the most significant and largest. Your attention the ten longest rivers in the world.
Water giants of the planet: top 10 longest rivers in the world
|top 10 longest rivers in the world||1||Amur||4 444 km|
|4||Ob||5 410 KM|
|5||The yellow river||5,464 KM|
|6||Yenisei||5 539 KM|
|10||Nile||6 650 KM|
- Length: 4444 km
- Pool area: 1,855,000 km2
- Where flows: Sea of Okhotsk
One of the most famous and longest rivers in Russia flows almost on the border with China. The mighty waters of this fresh reservoirs for millennia have been key to peoples living in the surrounding lands. Landscapes off the Amur coast impress with the beauty and riot of colors, but do not underestimate force of nature: in the period of high water – in the spring, when Cupid is poured, he is capable of tearing everything in his path.
The variety of river inhabitants is amazing: about 140 live in Amur species of fish, among which there are also valuable commercial ones – sturgeon and salmon. This number of varieties is much larger than in most other Russian rivers. About three quarters of the whole the water entering the Amur basin is monsoon rains, and not at all melting glaciers, as is the case with other bodies of water in Russia.
The Amur Channel is constantly moving, slowly but surely paving a new path. The river is considered one of the few on planet, in the channel of which there are islands, and there are enough of them many and large including. The largest of them is the Big Ussuri. Its area exceeds the size of some states – about 350 km2. Cupid among most rivers of the world stands out by one more fact: it is navigable throughout its territory. For more than 150 years, Russian ships have been sailing on it.
Interesting fact. One of the tributaries of the Amur – Zeya – is so it’s great that a number of scientists are of the opinion that this is Cupid it should be considered a tributary.
- Length: 4700 km
- Basin area: 3680000 km2
- Where it flows: Atlantic Ocean
African river is considered the second largest in the continent after the Nile. Also known by another name (Zaire), albeit not is the largest on the planet, for many centuries it gives the lives of millions of people on a hot continent. Considered the most deepest in the world: in some places the depth of the Congo exceeds 230 meters.
But Congo is not only a deep and long river: there is little fresh the pond boasts such an impressive width reaching some places 15 kilometers. Upper course locals called Lualaba, but in the European classification the reservoir along with all tributaries are listed as Congo. Among all the long rivers planet Congo – the only one crosses the equator twice.
The reservoir cannot be called safe, because it lives in its waters goliath fish – a predator reaching 1.5 meters in length and without special think attacking a person who inadvertently entered the water. Congo surprises with its capabilities: its hydropower reserve has no equal in the world (3 hydroelectric power stations have already been built here and are still under construction), and the amount of minerals on the coast is simply huge. Here you can mine zinc, silver, nickel, radium, uranium ore and etc.
Speaking of the latter, one cannot but note an unusual fact: the state of the Congo, located on the banks of the river, could become one of the richest in the world. The thing is that it is located here 80% of the world’s uranium ore reserves. In fact, the Congo is one of the poorest countries in the world.
- Length: 4880 km
- Pool area: 2582672 km2
- Where flows: La Plata
Being the eighth longest river of the planet, Paraná on the South American continent is second only to the Amazon. This is the main waterway of South America, almost the entire length of which shipping is actively developed. Parana is quite restless: here floods are frequent, rapid powerful currents, etc. When the river spills over, it destroys buildings with its waters, demolishes the shores, crowds out the coastal animal population.
Translated from the Native American dialect Tupi, the name of the reservoir sounds like “as big as the sea”, another tribe calls it nothing other than “river unhappiness. “This South American river power feeds mainly rains and itself feeds many cities, like water resources and hydropower. Stretched along the coast of Parana many large cities and villages formed huge macroeconomic region.
- Length: 5410 km
- Basin area: 2,990,000 km2
- Where flows: Gulf of Ob
A mighty river, spreading its waters across the expanses of Siberia, It is considered the largest basin in terms of area among all the rivers of Russia. Its shores are not populated in many places. And all because the river is in the time of the spring flood completely sweeps everything in its path. By the way more than 200 days a year, the surface of the Ob is ice-bound.
Interesting fact. After the construction of a reservoir under water turned out to be many coastal settlements and even several areas. Over time, the pond became so huge that local the inhabitants began respectfully calling it the “Ob Sea”.
Unlike many other Russian rivers, the Ob does not flow from the north south and vice versa. By the way, the river is considered not only one of the most longest on the planet: its width in some places reaches 50 kilometers. About 500 species of fish live in the waters of the Ob. the number of fishing. It is in the Ob basin that about 1/3 is caught world catch of whitefish (salmon family).
The yellow river
- Length: 5464 km
- Pool area: 745,000 km2
- Where flows: Bohai Bay
Known around the world also called “Yellow”, the Yellow River flows through the territory of almost all of China and is considered the second largest in this country. And this pond is called yellow. It is by no means accidental: water really has a bright yellow color. The reason for this is the Shaanxi plateau, from which river flows are washed away silt, clay and a lot of sedimentary rock.
The water level of the Yellow River mainly depends on the monsoon. Periodically, this indicator is very high: the river comes first in the world by the strength of erosion of coastal soil. And frequent rains, monsoons and, accordingly, regularly rising water level – the reason no less frequent floods. That is why the river was built a huge number of dams – more than 5000. And the river regularly them breaks through. Due to her disasters, the river was named “Woe to China.”
During the Second War between Japan and China (1938) the government of the latter decided to blow up some dams on Yellow River to detain Japanese troops. Unfortunately, the consequences were deplorable both for the Japanese side and for the local residents. Such a rash decision led to a serious deterioration environmental situation. Over time, the situation was complicated by the fact that that many enterprises pour industrial waste, believing that due to its color this will not be noticeable. AND this could lead to environmental disaster not only in China but and all over the world.
- Length: 5539 km
- Basin area: 2580000 km2
- Where flows: Kara Sea
This is the longest river in Siberia, originating in the Mongolian territory and flowing into the Red Sea. The mighty pond is having influence not only on the local climate, but also on the climate situation in the world. Siberians respectfully call her “Yenisei the Father”. The coastal Yenisei fauna is incredible diverse: camels and white often come to drink river water the Bears.
Half of all Yenisei waters comes from melting snow. Besides In addition, the river basin feeds about 100,000 different lakes. By the way Yenisei – record holder in the number of rivers flowing into it – their number reaches almost 500. During the flood period, the water level in the Yenisei rises to 28 meters in places, the channel is clamped steep by the shores. Unfortunately, in connection with the activities located nearby the river of nuclear power plants the reservoir was polluted nuclear waste.
Interesting fact. Once in the Yenisei they saw a whale, which, throughout visibility, got lost and wandered into the river waters by accident.
- Length: 6275 km
- Basin area: 2980000 km2
- Where flows: Gulf of Mexico
North American record holder is the longest and largest the river of the continent. Mississippi flows through 10 American states, it was for her that the borders of some of them were established. Although the Mississippi River is flat, stormy manifestations are not uncommon for it. restless nature: in the spring, terrible things happen spills with disastrous consequences for local residents. In the time of such floods water consumption is colossal: up to 80,000 m3 / s
Interesting fact. Mark Twain called the Mississippi “the first in the world liar “: all because of its unpredictable and dangerous course.
Most of the Mississippian waters come from melt snow and precipitation due to snow coming down from the Rocky Mountains right tributaries are filled, due to precipitation – exclusively left.
It is interesting that the Mississippi is notable for its stubborn nature in a turbulent course, but also in the swiftness of its waters: satellite the survey showed that the river, after flowing into the Gulf of Mexico, did not mixing with salt water, it goes around the peninsula, then falls into Gulf Stream, turns north and there gradually dissolves into salty ocean water.
- Length: 6300 km
- Pool area: 1,800,000 km2
- Where flows: East China Sea
The largest in China, the longest and most full-flowing in Eurasia, The Yangtze originates from the Himalayan glaciers. River strategically important for the country: there are many cities on its shores. Yangtze flows through the whole of China, occupying its fifth part and actually dividing the country in half. The Chinese call the pond “Blue River”, although in fact its waters are dull yellow.
Water in a river almost never freezes throughout surfaces, with the exception of quiet areas located in headwaters. The pond has become home to several hundred species of fish along the coast is inhabited by many animals and birds (migratory number). Even endangered animals live in the waters of the Yangtze: here you can meet a Chinese alligator and a Korean sturgeon.
At the exit from the mountains, the river is held back by the Three Gorges Dam – this the largest hydroelectric power station on the planet. All the way The Yangtze is fed by endless tributaries (lakes and rivers). Having received water from more than 1000 Chinese lakes, the pond finally flows into East China Sea.
- Length: 6400 km
- Basin area: 7050000 km2
- Where it flows: Atlantic Ocean
The second river on the planet is considered one of the longest and, without doubt the largest pool. Formed by the merger two rivers, a pond in ancient times was a deity for local tribes. And this is quite true, given the frighteningly large size Amazons. Even in space imagery, the scale of the river is striking. imagination.
The Amazon is the deepest in the world, and its surrounding shores the jungle is the most unexplored. The tribes still live here, never in contact with civilization. In the Amazonian Jungle find unexplored species of plants and insects. Last to For example, there are more than 2500000 (!) species. And in the local forests about 3,000 kinds of fruits are growing.
The Amazon has a huge number of tributaries, 20 of which are very long (more than 1,500 kilometers). Amount carried in the ocean of fresh water is so great that the ocean coast desalinated at a distance of up to 160 kilometers from the coast. River considered one of the oldest: its age exceeds 9,000,000 years. In 2011, the Amazon was included in the official list of seven wonders Sveta.
Interesting fact. With the advent of the full moon on the river big wave moving from the ocean to the source. Many surfers managed to stay on her crest at a distance of as much as 10 kilometers.
- Length: 6,650 km
- Pool area: 3,254,555 km2
- Where it flows: Mediterranean Sea
The cradle of ancient civilization – the Nile – the great, historically significant river that saw the birth of African civilization. It is noteworthy that, although there are very few lands in Africa, suitable for agriculture, along the banks of the Nile, it grows in abundance. Before of how the Nasser Dam was built, many sections of the Nile were non-navigable. But the dam allowed to raise the water level in the reservoir to the right.
Like another participant in the ranking – Ob, Neil – one of the few rivers, the direction of movement of which is from south to north. In nile water inhabited by many crocodiles, as well as the largest on the planet perch is Nile. Its weight can reach an incredible 150 kilograms. Unfortunately, the numerous inhabitants of the river do not you will envy, because the Nile is the dirtiest river on the planet: on all of it lengths of coastal residents dumped in the water waste.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.