Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
China is an amazing and landscape-rich country. There are mountain ranges of Tibet, and wide rivers, and even sea straits. And there are a lot of people, cities and simply inhabited items that you want to somehow connect together. therefore China will be able to please lovers of impressive architectural facilities.
Especially for those who want to enjoy the achievements architecture and technology, we ranked the 10 longest bridges in China. The material includes buildings located as in People’s Republic of China (actually China), and so on Republic of China (also called Taiwan).
- Rating of the longest bridges in China
- 10th place: Bridge over the Hangzhou Bay, 35.7 km
- 9th place: Yanchun Viaduct, 35.8 km
- 8th place: Flyover of the First line of the Wuhan subway, 37.8 km
- 7th place: Beijing Viaduct, 48.1 km
- 6th place: Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, 55 km
- 5th place: Bridge over Wei, 79.7 km
- 4th place: Changdean Viaduct, 105.81 km
- 3rd place: Tianjin Viaduct, 113.7 km
- 2nd place: Zhanghua-Kaohsiung Viaduct, 157.3 km
- 1st place: Danyang-Kunshan Viaduct, 164.8 km
Rating of the longest bridges in China
|Rating of the longest bridges in China||1||Bridge over the Hangzhou Bay||35.7 KM|
|2||Yanchun Viaduct||35.8 KM|
|3||Flyover of the First line of the Wuhan subway||37.8 KM|
|4||Beijing viaduct||48.1 KM|
|5||Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge||55 km|
|6||Bridge over wei||79.7 km|
|7||Changdean Viaduct||105.81 KM|
|8||Tianjin Viaduct||113.7 KM|
|9||Zhanghua-Kaohsiung Viaduct||157.3 km|
|10||Danyang-Kunshan Viaduct||164.8 KM|
10th place: Bridge over the Hangzhou Bay, 35.7 km
The bridge across the Hangzhou Bay connects the cities of Jiaxing and Ningbo. is he crosses the gulf of the ocean, shortening the path between the two Chinese cities more than 16 kilometers. home the peculiarity of this bridge is that it is the longest transoceanic in the world.
The bridge is designed for car traffic. Cross it with speeds of about 100 km / h. In the middle of the path, an artificial the island where maintenance is carried out – as the most architectural structures, and passing vehicles.
The construction of this impressive building took about five years old. The project was approved in 2003, and in 2008 the finished construction has already been commissioned. He not only optimized China’s transport structure, but also was able to increase tourist flow to Ningbo city. This route is also supposed to help. include this city in a special economic zone called “Greater Shanghai.”
9th place: Yanchun Viaduct, 35.8 km
35.8-kilometer Yangchun Railway Bridge enters the line, connecting the two largest cities in China – Beijing and Tianjin. is he originally built specifically for high-speed trains. IN average trains are sweeping across it at impressive 350 km / h
Yanchun Viaduct Built on Mainland China and on Its Route practically does not cross any large reservoirs. The purpose of the bridge is completely different. It is created in order to the railway on which high-speed trains travel was flat and straight like an arrow. Only in this case will succeed enough accelerate.
The bridge was put into operation back in 2007. Itself high-speed highway – 117 km, and thanks to this a trip along the construction takes only about 30 minutes. Before the opening of the bridge to the Chinese who wanted to travel from Beijing to Tianjin (or vice versa), had to spend more on a trip hours.
8th place: Flyover of the First line of the Wuhan subway, 37.8 km
Wuhan has the longest elevated subway bridge in the world. On it completely – from start to finish, without tunnels – laid the first line of the local metro. The length of the metro bridge is an impressive 37.8 km but at the same time it is completely located in the one and only urban area – Hankou.
There are 32 stations on this bridge. Whole first line the subway of Wuhan is located on this metro bridge. In the future, several more branches were built, due to which the infrastructure has been greatly expanded. Total city passenger traffic in the subway of this city is 712 million person.
There are currently 12 lines in the Wuhan subway. Almost all they have been launched in the last few years. Planned to expand metro infrastructure to the “branches”, and, interestingly, quite a large part of the railways in Wuhan runs over the earth. That is, there are many bridges, but the longest is on the First lines.
7th place: Beijing Viaduct, 48.1 km
Beijing viaduct (also called the Beijing Giant Bridge, or Beijing Giant Bridge) – a huge railway span, which is part of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed line. His the length is 48.1 km. Trains streaming along this bridge, cross it in just 6-10 minutes – they are so fast. So it’s unlikely that you can admire the landscape outside the window.
Beijing-Shanghai high-speed line is one of the longest railways of China. It connects two major cities. Length the line is 1318 km, and together with the bridge it was built in total for 2 years.
There are several bridges on this high-speed railway line, but The Beijing viaduct is the longest of them. However, the most others are beautiful. For example, the arched railway bridge over the Yangtze or a viaduct through the Yellow River.
High-speed railway line is known only for its bridges. Despite the impressive acceleration, the interval between trains is only 3 minutes! Like in the subway.
6th place: Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, 55 km
It is worth noting that the sixth place of our rating was placed not quite a chinese viaduct. But very long and partially located in China. This bridge connects the Chinese city of Zhuhai, and also special districts of Macau and Hong Kong.
In addition, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao bridge is not yet fully bridge construction. The structure of this span also includes the tunnels. The main bridge is cable-stayed, has a length of 22.9 km and cuts through the South China Strait. There are three more viaducts with maximum duration of 500 meters. And crossing this road it is also supposed to sink under the sea – the structure also includes 6.7 km underwater tunnel.
In general, this traffic intersection is a real engineering miracle Sveta. It was launched relatively recently, in 2018, it consists from many spans and artificial islands. For construction eight years and $ 20 billion had to be allocated.
5th place: Bridge over Wei, 79.7 km
Wei is a river in China, the rightmost and largest tributary of the Yellow River. AND the fifth bridge in our ranking crosses it twice. Like many other extra-long viaducts in China, he used by rail and included high-speed line connecting the cities of Zhengzhou and Xi’an.
The bridge is 79.7 km long and is built specifically to there was as little as possible on the territory of the high-speed line winding (both horizontally and vertically) sections. At the end finally, trains sweep along it at an impressive 350-400 km / h. For turns or slopes of them are extremely dangerous sections of the road.
The bridge over Wei is impressive not only in size but also in speed construction. Its construction took only three years – from 2005 to 2008. True, after completion of work, he stood for some time without operation, since it was required to build the remaining iron the roads. As a result, the first train passed it only in 2010 year.
4th place: Changdean Viaduct, 105.81 km
Changdean Viaduct – one of the largest and longest bridges in the world. Its total length is 105.81 km! Like others super long bridges in our rating, it was specially designed for the high-speed rail connecting Beijing and Shanghai.
One of the most interesting features of the Changdean Viaduct lies in the fact that during its construction a new destructive technology earthquakes. He is able to withstand quite serious “tremors” without significant damage. In addition, it will be interesting to tourists, because it looks completely different from the rest of the railway viaducts – in including thanks to a seismically stable design.
The Beijing-Shanghai railway itself is also a kind of miracle Sveta. It connects the largest cities in eastern China, and trains on it “rush” at a speed of 350-380 kilometers per hour. AND at the same time “go” every 3 minutes. For motion control specially designed electronic system is used CTCS-3.
3rd place: Tianjin Viaduct, 113.7 km
Tianjin Viaduct is also part of the high-speed structure Beijing-Shanghai Railway. True, unlike its predecessor, It was built in a seismically stable area. Therefore such beauty can not boast. But it is very long – the general the length of the route passing over fields a few short by rivers and even through cities, is an impressive 113.7 km.
Tianjin Viaduct can also be considered a tourist route. The fact is that it passes through an area in which 5 main tributaries of the Haihe River converge. And also he is the closest super-long bridge to Beijing so when driving on a high-speed railway in the direction of Shanghai, in any case it will have to to cross. Even if you plan to get off in Tianjin or Cangzhou.
The Tianjin Viaduct, despite its length, was built only 3 years. This is due to the use of classic, proven technologies. Almost all bridges at high speed Beijing-Shanghai railway built on a single principle (except Changdean). Tianjin began to build in 2008, finished in 2010, and put into operation in March 2011.
2nd place: Zhanghua-Kaohsiung Viaduct, 157.3 km
The second longest bridge in the world, this viaduct is part of Taiwan’s high-speed rail network. And he is very popular with locals and tourists. By December 2012 – five years after commissioning – it was crossed by 200 million people.
The structure was built in a seismically dangerous area, therefore Equipped with many technologies and solutions that minimize earthquake damage. During any “shaking” passing through the trains just stop him. In addition, sections of the route, laid over known fault lines, able to withstand movement of tectonic plates without catastrophic damage. how Consequence, after earthquakes only a small repair is required.
The construction can withstand significant operational loads. In peak periods, up to 140 trains are brought onto the line – that is, each an hour passes up to 8 trains. At the intersection of the 157 km they need a little more than 30 minutes to build – so fast they are driving.
1st place: Danyang-Kunshan Viaduct, 164.8 km
The longest bridge construction in China, Asia and the world in general. It was launched in 2011, simultaneously with the opening Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, which it enters. Since 2010, is included in the Guinness Book of Records – and so far no one has beaten him (and couldn’t even get close).
Most of the structure passes above the ground. The meaning of all designs – to ensure uninterrupted movement of trains on huge speeds. Over the water passes only a 9-kilometer stretch, with the construction crosses Yangcheng Lake. Located in the last section Railway tracks in the immediate vicinity of the city of Shanghai.
They began to build the road in 2008. After a couple of years and an infusion from 8.5 to 10 billion dollars (exact figures are not disclosed, but this still government order) the construction is over. And in 2011 year the road was put into operation. Unlike some others sites, it is located in a seismically stable area, so special protection against earthquakes is not provided and is not required.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.