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Volcanoes are natural geological formations, formed in places where there are cracks in the earth’s crust. They can be either active or extinct, although the latter are sometimes wake up, spewing gas, lava, ash and loose volcanic breed. On our planet at this time there are about a thousand volcanoes, and a significant part of them is located under water. Most of the world’s largest volcanoes are located in South America, but in Russia, too, there are many of these miracles inanimate nature. We present you the ten largest Russian volcanoes.
Rating of the largest volcanoes in Russia
|Nomination||a place||Volcano||Volcano height|
|Rating of the largest volcanoes in Russia||1||Karymskaya Sopka||1468 METERS|
|2||Volcano Sarycheva||1496 meters|
|3||Volcano sishel||2525 meters|
|4||Avacha hill||2741 meters|
|5||Shiveluch Volcano||3307 meters|
|6||Koryak hill||3456 meters|
|7||Kronotsky hill||3482 meters|
|8||Ichinskaya hill||3621 meters|
|9||Volcano Tolbachik||3682 meters|
|10||Klyuchevskaya hill||4900 meters|
Stratovolcano Karymskaya Sopka is located in Kamchatka, at 30 kilometers from the Pacific coast, and is part of the mountain system called the Eastern Range. It has a height of 1468 meters above sea level. At the foot of the volcano, the Karymskaya River flows, on on the right bank of which there is a volcanological station. For about 100 years of observations by scientists have been recorded more than twenty eruptions of varying degrees of intensity.
The formation of the Karymskaya Sopka volcano occurred 6300 years ago and accompanied by severe eruptions as well as seismic activity. Then he went into a sleeping phase for 2800 years. On the today the volcano is active and is considered one of most unstable in the region. Only in the last ten years there were four eruptions, one of them in 2009, then the pillars of ash above the Karymsky hill rose 3 kilometers in height. Last activity was recorded in mid 2016 of the year.
Located on the island of Matua, related to the Kuril Islands, 1496 meters high volcano was named after the famous Russian navigator and explorer Gabriel Sarychev. Volcano consists of many types of rocks, among which basalts and andesites. It is characterized by strong fumarole activity. (observed to date) and frequent, although short-term eruptions.
The peak of modern activity of Sarychev volcano occurred in 2009 the year when puffs of smoke rose to a height of 16 kilometers, and erupted lava flows up to one hundred meters wide and more than two long kilometers reached the sea. As a result, the coastline in some places receded by 400 meters, and the total area of the island increased one and a half kilometers.
Shield shield stratovolcano in the Middle Ridge on Kamchatsky peninsula, has a height of 2525 meters. It is located near the lakes. Deep and Intersectional. Sishel is an extinct volcano, time the last eruption is unknown, but apparently it occurred back in prehistoric period. A volcano formed in the Holocene era, most of it consists almost entirely of lava.
In shape, it is a gentle cone with an offset to west top. Frozen lava flows separated by layers pyroclastic material cover the western slopes hills, resembling a kind of cloak. Top has two the crater, of which the southwestern one stands out, its depth It is 80 meters and the diameter reaches 250 meters. Total the area occupied by the Sishel volcano is about 43 square kilometers.
One of the largest permanent volcanoes in Kamchatka, he rises above sea level by 2741 meters. Just like the famous Vesuvius, Avachinsky Sopka is a double volcano in which one a crater is located inside the cone of another crater. Translated from Itelmen language name Avacha translates as “fiery”, which quite appropriate given the activity of the volcano. Only from the middle of 18 century was recorded more than 15 eruptions. In 1827 and 1926 volcanic mud flows reached the ocean coast, and in 1991 there was a strong eruption, accompanied by two powerful explosions. It lasted for two weeks and led to almost complete filling of the crater cavity with lava. because of the ongoing activity of the volcano still continues to grow, since there is a lamination of lava flows.
At the foot of the Avachinsky hill, not far from the Dry River, There is a tourist camp and a ski resort. Due to its convenient location, the volcano enjoys a large popular with tourists.
Shiveluch – the northernmost of the active volcanoes of Kamchatsky peninsula. Its height is 3307 meters. Name Shiveluch comes from “Suelich”, which in the language of local residents means “steaming mountain.” Volcano formation began about 70 thousand years ago, after that a giant eruption led to the formation of calderas with a diameter of 9 kilometers. At the top of Shivelucha are glaciers that do not melt all year round, a little lower there are also large massifs of ice feeding several large and small rivers extending from the mountains.
In modern history, about 60 major eruptions have occurred. One of the most famous was in 1964, it entailed ash discharge to a height of 15 kilometers. In 2019, after a three-year hiatus, the Shiveluch volcano activated again, there was a large ash discharge, the column height of which exceeded 10 kilometers above sea level. Red level assigned to volcano aviation hazard.
Koryak hill is an active stratovolcano 3456 meters high. It differs in the correct cone shape, its slopes consist mainly of basalt and andesite rocks, and at the foot there were traces of activity in the form of huge lava fields. The northern slope is completely covered by glaciers and snowfields, which stretch to the foot for almost four kilometers. Crater in the diameter reaches two kilometers, but its depth is only 30 meters.
According to scientific studies, the most powerful eruptions in the history of this volcano occurred BC. Of the most modern large recorded in 1895 and 1956. Last case accompanied by an earthquake leading to the formation of a volcano A 15-meter crack, which was later bombarded with debris. Also significant emission of gases and ash over tens of kilometers occurred in 2008 year. Koryak hill is a local attraction and popular with climbers, but for lovers without special training the way to the top is closed as climbing the steep slopes of the volcano considered quite dangerous.
Kronotsky hill is considered one of the most picturesque volcanoes in Russia. It rises above sea level by 3482 meters, thanks which is visible even from ships sailing along the Pacific the coast. The top of the volcano is covered with melting snow and glaciers, and lush forest vegetation thrives on the slopes. From western side of the foot of a natural elevation with a diameter of 16 kilometers Kronotsky Lake is spread out. Also nearby the famous Geyser Valley, one of the largest geyser fields in the world.
Kronotsky volcano is considered relatively calm, its last the eruption dates from 1923, it led to the formation of a lava traffic jams with a diameter of one and a half kilometers. However on the slopes is still fumarole activity with the release of hot gases is observed.
This 3621 meter high volcano is located in the central part Kamchatka Peninsula, on the western slope of the Middle Ridge. His the basis is solidified lava flows with some clastic material. The formation of the Ichinsky volcano began occur about 10-15 thousand years ago, and for all the time existence, he threw 450 cubic kilometers of lava.
The last eruption happened in 1740, from then until present time Ichinskaya hill shows only a slight fumarole activity, which is projected to be gradual fade away. Vapor and gases with a temperature of about 90 degrees rise above slopes to a height of up to 250 meters. He is considered the most beautiful of all the peaks of the Middle Ridge.
Tolbachik is a volcanic massif consisting of two merged volcanoes. The first of them, Sharp Tolbachik has 3682 meters high, its top is covered with a layer of ice, and in the south the slopes is the Schmidt Glacier. The last eruption occurred in prehistoric era but scientific researchers find it difficult determine when exactly. Flat Tolbachek is active stratovolcano, from the mid-18th century it was recorded 12 eruptions, the latter occurring in 2012. Most powerful in the new history of the volcano is considered the eruption of 1975, which gave rise to huge lava fields.
The main feature of Tobachik is the fractured lava eruptions that do not emit huge puffs of smoke and ash with tops. Instead, large quantities of liquid lava. Such volcanic activity attracts a large number tourists, since it allows you to approach helicopter to the epicenter itself.
Klyuchevskaya Sopka is the oldest volcano in Russia, as well as the highest of the active volcanoes in Europe and Asia. Its formation happened about seven thousand years ago. Volcano height above sea level is 4900 meters. It is distinguished by frequent but relatively calm eruptions that usually occur with an interval of three to five years and lasts several months. From that moment, when scientists first began documenting Klyuchevskaya’s eruptions hills (what happened in 1737) and so far there have been more than fifty. The most powerful is a three-year eruption, started in 1984. It promoted the formation of a new peak. and was accompanied by the release of ash to a height of 15 kilometers, and descending from the slopes of a red-hot lava moving at a speed of up to 100 km / h
Klyuchevskaya volcano volcano is of great interest not not only in terms of tourism, but also for science. Therefore, since 1935 near it is a volcanological station, one of the first on the territory of Russia. In addition to scientific facilities, the station also contains Museum with geological exhibits.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.