Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Majestic, young, ancient, epochal – on the planet built hundreds of various temples of various religious beliefs and old cults. Some of them serve as a haven of faith, and some have become something more. But today it’s not about the newest or old ones. Your attention the ten largest temples of our the planet.
Temples that have become cult: top 10 largest in the world
|Temples that have become cult: top 10 largest in the world||10||Seville Cathedral||4.1|
|9||Temple of Amon||4.2|
|8||Temple of Saint Sava of Serbia||4.3|
|6||Temple of Solomon||4.5|
|5||Saint Paul’s Cathedral||4.6|
|3||Notre Dame de la Paix||4.8|
|1||Forbidden Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram)||5.0|
One of the largest and most beautiful temples in the world. Also wears another name – Cathedral of Maria de la Side. It is the largest religious A memorial to Andalusia and one of the most significant in all of Spain. Residents of the country consider the cathedral a source of pride. 500 years have passed from the moment of laying the first stone in its foundation, and monumental the building continues to amaze with its bewitching beauty and incredible architectural power.
The construction process of the cathedral took a little more than 100 years, which by then standards can be considered a real record (to for example, the Catholic Cathedral in Cologne was built as much as 600 years). Besides Moreover, the architectural plan of the temple is completely different from the classical version of the royal cathedral.
The temple is presented in the form of a huge hall with a rectangular the foundation that stands on the foundation of the mosque. Before she was on the place of the cathedral (in those days when Spain was captured Moors). The length of the structure as a whole is 126 meters, and the width the cathedral has no equal in the world – 82 meters. Extensions here carried out in various styles, but prevails among them Renaissance.
Interesting fact. Seville Cathedral was official the place to start and end the first trip around the world, perfect by Magellan.
Seville Cathedral opens to visitors no earlier than 11 hours in the morning and all because of the morning bell ringing: if you get into it time inside a religious building, you can simply go deaf. The bells beat so loudly that half a kilometer from Cathedral sound as if you are standing next to it.
Temple of Amon
The largest and most significant religious building in Ancient Egypt located near the famous city of Luxor, in a small the village of Karnak, which during the time of the Egyptian pharaohs was Thebes, the largest city and capital of the Kingdom of Egypt. The first the stone of the temple was laid 4000 years ago and the construction process to say, was by no means fast. Invested in its construction tens of generations: the temple was constantly being built and updated on for several centuries.
Each of the rulers ascending the throne, considered his duty to contribute to the construction of the temple of Amun: many not only complemented the structure, but also destroyed some of its parts. So, for example, Thutmose III entered, destroying the obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut and replacing them with a completely new building with carved on its walls descriptions of his military exploits.
Amon Ra Temple is dedicated to the ancient Egyptian supreme sun god – Ra. In ancient times, the entrance to it was available only to the elite: priests and rulers of Egypt. Today visit the famous temple the complex can be anyone. The temple is presented in the form rectangular structure with an area of about 30 hectares. Road to him guarded by sphinxes, and you can get inside only after passing 10 huge pylon gates. The largest of them is 113 meters long, and the height is about 30 meters. The “heart” of the temple is hypostyle (supported by columns) hall with an area of more than 5000 m2.
Temple of Saint Sava of Serbia
It can surely be called the largest Orthodox religious building in the world. Made in the Macedonian style the temple was erected on the very spot where in 1894 the Ottoman invaders put to fire the relics of St. Sava – the first Serbian Archbishop and national hero.
The construction began on the eve of World War II. war. After the deployment in Europe of active combat the construction of the temple was stopped and resumed only half a century later. Today the cathedral is fully completed (only trifles remained – small finishing work).
The Church of St. Sava is located in the Serbian capital – Belgrade. it – the largest church in the Balkans. The construction is amazing with its dimensions: the length of the structure is about 90 meters, width – 81 meters, and the internal area of the temple reaches 7400 m2. The main dome of the temple weighs about 4 tons. Stands on it 12-meter cross made of gilding. The construction is clearly visible from any points of the city, because it stands at an altitude of 135 meters above the level seas.
This Buddhist stupa (sacred place for Buddhists) is considered the largest in the world. There is an ancient religious building in one of the holy cities of Anuradhapura – the capital of Sri Lanka in ancient times and a real treasury of the country: here is a huge number of unusual and unparalleled monuments of the past.
Construction began under the Sri Lankan ruler Mahasene in the 3rd century and was completed in record time (and not only by the standards of antiquity, but also of our days) – for only 15 years. Archaeologists, architects, and with them thousands of tourists, annually visiting this incredible religious building, the stupidity is astonished: it is made in the form of a domed a building consisting of 100 million burnt bricks. Height the stupa reaches 122 meters with a whopping 100 meters diameter.
Temple of Solomon
Many Protestant churches have been built on the planet. One of the largest structures is considered the Temple of Solomon, located in Brazilian capital – Rio de Janeiro. Religious building the facility was commissioned by the Kingdom of God organization, the founder of which is one of the richest people on the planet – Edir Macedo.
The dimensions of the temple are surprising: a 12-story structure capable of accommodate up to 10,000 believers, reaches a length of 126 meters, and her width is 104 meters. The area of the building can be compared with 5 football fields. During religious services, what is happening in the building is broadcast on each of the two screens located inside. About 113 million were spent on the construction of the temple dollars, of which more than 13 million – only for a spectacular evening lighting.
Saint Paul’s Cathedral
The Roman Cathedral is rightfully considered one of the most famous, significant and large on the planet. Renaissance building It was built over a century (more precisely, 120 years). Several generations eminent masters put all their talent into the creation of one of the most iconic religious sites in the world: Raphael, Buanarroti, Michelangelo – geniuses of art were able to give internal filling the cathedral with an incredible, simply bewitching look.
The length of the building is about 220 meters, the width is 150. On the adjacent to Cathedral territory – St. Peter’s Square may be located up to 400,000 people at a time. The temple stands in the western part The Vatican is the smallest state in the world. In Roman times Empire on the site of St. Peter’s Cathedral was a circus (a place of horse horse racing and other shows held during the holidays), where in times Nero was martyred by the first Christians. Among them was Apostle Peter
The main dome of the cathedral can be seen for several kilometers – it the height reaches 138 meters, and the surface abounds with quotes from Gospel. At the entrance to the building, believers and travelers are greeted figures of the holy apostles – Peter and Paul. Holding this huge element on powerful columns. 5 are located behind the columns of the portico Gateway: Death, Good and Evil, Philaret, Sacraments and Holy Gates. The most notable of these are the Gates of Death, built later the rest (in the 20th century). It is through them in the last journey send all the pope of the Vatican.
Cult Sanctuary – An ancient Hindu complex dedicated to the supreme god in Hinduism is Vishnu. Huge temple complex located in Cambodia and is considered not only valuable cultural and historical memorial of the country, but also one of the most significant archaeological sites of the world.
Built more than 800 years ago, the complex is on the list today. UNESCO World Heritage Site. Earlier on the site of the temple was the majestic city of Angkor – the ancient capital of Khmer State area of 200 km2. But recent research show that this figure can be much larger: it is believed that the area of the ancient half-millionth reached 3000 km2. IN pre-industrial era times this city was considered one of the most large and developed.
The architecture of the temple is represented in the form of the mythical Mount Mera (the habitat of the ancient gods), consisting of 3 large rectangular buildings surrounded by a perimeter high wall, behind which is a water moat. Inside the temple, 5 towers were built, reminiscent of coupled lotus. The height of the central tower is 42 meters, the entire complex in total – 65 meters.
Notre Dame de la Paix
One of the largest Christian temples located in the capital one of the West African countries – Côte d’Ivoire. In translation the name of the structure means “Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace.” The temple is considered one of the youngest in the world: it was built in not so far 1990. The height of the Yamoussoukre Notre Dame is 158 meters. Notre Dame de la Paix is the record holder of the Guinness Book of Records two indicators at once: the height of the structure and the stained glass area surface (7400 m2).
The building with an esplanade and garden is a gift to the Pope. This is the property of the Vatican. It was built on the model of the cathedral St. Peter in Rome. It is noteworthy that the African temple is larger Vatican counterpart, but at the same time accommodates 3 times less than believers (total 18,000 people). The pope set a condition for his participation in the consecration of the cathedral: next to it should be a hospital. The condition was met, and the pontiff personally laid the first stone not far from the temple.
Interesting fact. The cost of operating the temple structure incredibly high. In this regard, full lighting is turned on just for one day a year – Christmas.
The German Cathedral, whose construction takes almost 5 centuries, earned the title of the highest on the planet. In 1543 he became Lutheran. The gothic temple was completely completed only in 1890. Ulm Cathedral differs near architectural features: these are chimeras, powerful arches, serrated walls, elongated panoramic windows. Overall outlines The cathedral can be called unique, very spectacular and strict.
Today, everyone can enjoy the magnificent view from the observation deck of the cathedral – a panoramic picture of the city and the sacred river of the Slavs – Danube. To do this, you must climb to the top the world’s highest religious building, breaking 768 steps.
Forbidden Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram)
The main mosque of the Islamic world and the largest among existing ones. It is not in its territory that the main shrine of religion is located – Kaaba. This is a monumental cubic building, inside of which there is a black stone (when the prophet Muhammad captured Mecca and cleansed her from idols, he graciously touched the stone with a cane). There is a religious building in Mecca. This is the main goal of all Hajj pilgrims.
It is believed that the first mosque near the Kaaba was erected in the 7th century. In its present form, it has been known since 1570. For long the years of its existence have repeatedly modified the mosque. In fact, there is no trace left of the primary version.
Interesting fact. The mosque originally had 6 minarets. But when The same number of blue mosques in Istanbul did, Imam Mecca called it blasphemy, since no Islamic building can follow the holy Kaaba. Then it was ordered to build in mosques 7th minaret.
For 5 years (2007-2012) a massive reconstruction was carried out by order of the king of saudi arabia. The territory of the mosque was increased north, after which the total area amounted to 400,000 km2. In this vast territory simultaneously accommodates up to 1,200,000 people.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.