Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Spiders are one of the most common types of animals; they found in almost all corners of the planet, with the exception of unless Antarctica, although it is quite possible that several dozen individuals live there, in the cozy walls of the polar stations. According to According to scientists, there are about 42 thousand different species of arachnids, all of them, with the exception of a few, are by predators. For most, the appearance of the spider is exclusively unpleasant emotions, and about 7 percent of people experience them real irrational horror called arachnophobia. However, despite the frightening appearance, there is only relatively a small number of poisonous species of these arthropods, the rest are not pose a clear danger to humans.
Most often we have to deal with miniature home spiders, occasionally with medium-sized representatives spider kingdom. In Russia and Europe mainly small spiders, for example, one of the largest species, South Russian tarantula, taking into account the paw span, usually does not exceed 7 centimeters. However, real giants live on the planet, meeting with which scares anyone. We present you the ten most huge spiders in the world.
- The biggest spider in the world: top 10 giants
- 10th place – camel spider
- 9th place – Brazilian wandering spider
- 8th place – Zerbal arabian
- 7th place – Royal Spider Baboon
- 6th place – Purple tarantula
- 5th place – Horse Spider
- 4th place – Salmon-pink tarantula spider
- 3rd place – Maxim heteropod
- 2nd place – Giant Crab Spider
- 1st place – Goliath Poultry Eater
The biggest spider in the world: top 10 giants
|Nomination||a place||Spider||Feet length|
|The biggest spider in the world: top 10 giants||1||Camel spider||15 cm|
|2||Brazilian wandering spider||17 cm.|
|3||Zerbal arabian||20 cm.|
|4||Royal spider baboon||20 cm.|
|5||Purple tarantula||24 cm.|
|6||Horse spider||25 cm.|
|7||Salmon Pink Tarantula Spider||27 cm.|
|8||Heteropod maxim||30 cm.|
|9||Giant crab spider||30 cm.|
|10||Goliath Tarantula||30 cm.|
10th place – camel spider
Camel spider or salpuga, also called phalanx, lives in deserts and steppe regions. They are found on all continents, except Antarctica and Australia, but most often they can be seen in Central Asia. The body of the salpuga has a length of 7 centimeters, and taking into account paws the size of large individuals reaches 15 centimeters. They have discreet yellow-brown color, which allows you to effectively mask among sand and stones. Although salpugs are arachnids, from other species are distinguished by the presence of an additional pair of paws.
Of all the spiders, the camel spider has the strongest and strongest cheliceras capable of biting wool, feathers and even thin bones victims. Salpugs of insects, lizards, young birds and rodents are eaten. They hunt most often at night, during the day they prefer to hide in burrows or between stones. At the time of the attack on the victim of the salpug reaches a speed of 16 kilometers per hour and is capable of jumping on distance to one meter. These spiders are aggressive they are not afraid of poisonous scorpions or larger animals. The salpuga bite does not contain poison, but can cause infection. transmissible infections.
9th place – Brazilian wandering spider
This species, also called banana spider, is found in South and Central America, mostly in rainforests or near them. The length of the body is 5-7 centimeters, and in a swing limbs he reaches 17 centimeters. Coloring is different, in depending on habitat: brown, reddish or black and brown. The spider leads an active lifestyle at night, and in prefers to hide somewhere in a secluded daytime place, most often under the stones. Sometimes they also penetrate nearby human dwellings, climbing into boxes, inside shoes and so on. Wandering spiders are divided into two types: running and jumping. The second is distinguished by the ability to perform fast jumps overtaking prey. The diet consists of insects, small spiders, amphibians, rodents, and bananas (for which they were actually called banana spiders).
A wandering spider does not try to catch prey in a web, instead of this he constantly moves, overcoming long distances in looking for food. He deals with his victim with the help of poison, injected with a bite. It is noteworthy that its poison is many times more toxic than the black widow and carries a health hazard person. Also, the banana spider venom causes an abnormal erection, and scientists have already begun to use its components for treatment erectile dysfunction.
8th place – Zerbal arabian
Arabian zerbal species of spiders were discovered by zoologists relatively recently – in 2010. Their habitat is limited to Israel and Jordan, there live specimens of hearts of sand dunes and near salt marshes. The reason for this late detection is primarily the behavioral factor of spiders, as they lead exclusively nightlife, and in addition, are more active parts in the hottest summer months. This mode is due to hot and arid climate of the Arabian Peninsula, forcing these predators hide from the hot sun, going hunting at night.
The body of the spiders has a silver-gray color, which is on the legs. alternating with characteristic black stripes. It allows him merge with the surrounding area, approaching the potential prey. Like many other spiders, females of Arabian zerbal much more than males. The largest individuals reach 20 centimeters taking into account the length of the paws.
7th place – Royal Spider Baboon
Royal baboon spider so nicknamed for some the similarities of its paws to those of monkeys, lives in Eastern Africa, most often this species can be found in subtropical forests Tanzania and Kenya. The color of the color ranges from orange-red to brown. The size of his body is an average of 8-9 centimeters, and taking into account the size of the paws, the spider is up to 20 centimeters in length. Rear the limbs are very thick, about 9 mm in diameter, their baboon spider uses for digging holes in which he spends almost everything time. These vertical burrows protect against heat, sun and large predators. The depth of such a shelter can reach two meters, it ends in a small residential chamber. Spider weaves the web all the space inside the hole and part of the territory near it, this way he can feel vibrations from passing by potential production. If it turns out to be small, then it is still leaves the shelter and hunts close.
Food for baboon spiders are insects, small mammals, lizards and other animals. Sometimes they even attack on representatives of their own kind. Royal spider baboon known for his aggressive nature, with the slightest irritation he rises on its hind legs and makes a hissing sound with chelicera, and sensing danger, he can attack without warnings. For humans, poison is not fatal, but extremely painful, In addition, it causes swelling and muscle cramps.
6th place – Purple tarantula
For the first time, a purple tarantula spider was discovered by researchers in 1875 in Colombia, for this reason it is called also a Colombian tarantula. However, he lives in other countries. Latin America: Venezuela, Panama, Ecuador and Peru. Most the spider prefers moist rainforests, where many potential production. A distinctive feature of the species is unusual coloring: his fleecy paws have a bright purple color, sometimes part of the body is also a purple hue. Spider body size – about 10 centimeters, and taking into account the length of the paws – 23-24 centimeter.
Colombian tarantula, unlike most species arachnids, not weaving webs. Instead he he watches over his prey from a secluded place. To list potential victims include insects, amphibians, small rodents and birds. For humans, a spider is not dangerous, except for the fact that provoked bite can cause allergies. Now purple tarantula is considered a rare species and is listed in the Red Book.
5th place – Horse Spider
Representatives of this species live in the eastern part of Brazil, its discovered in 1917. Horse spiders love dense vegetation rainforests, constantly hunted, usually activated in night time. It is easy to recognize them by the coal-black color, sometimes with light gray or brown tint. Young spiders are significantly lighter than adults. The spider’s paw span is 23-25 centimeters, the length of his body is up to 10 centimeters. Pronounced sexual dimorphism: males have longer legs, and females superior to males in terms of body weight, they can weigh about 100-120 grams.
Horse spiders feed on insects, birds, amphibians and small reptiles. With quick reflexes, they are lightning fast attack their victims by injecting a lethal dose of poison. For of the human body, this toxin is not dangerous, but the spider also there are special hairs on the paws that cause an allergic reaction that he combes on the opponent at the moment threats.
4th place – Salmon-pink tarantula spider
This species of tarantula spiders is found on the territory Brazil, their habitat is limited to the eastern region of the country. It has a black or dark brown color, smoothly passing along the distance from the center of the body in a grayish tint. Called so the spider due to the unusual color of the joints of the paws with the body. On the the abdomen and paws have a dense hairline. The size the adult taking into account the paws exceeds 26 centimeters, the length of the torso – about 10 centimeters.
A tarantula hunts, hiding in an ambush, as a victim he chooses any prey available in size: snakes, birds, lizards and etc. By nature, salmon-pink spiders are enough aggressive and at the slightest sign of danger preparing for an attack, flicking poisonous hairs from limbs.
3rd place – Maxim heteropod
The appearance of spiders Heteropoda maxima became known relatively recently – it was found and described only in 2001. This one giant in southeast Asia, in remote caves of Laos Khammuan province. The length of his body is small, only 45 millimeters, but the scope of the paws is really huge – from 25 to 30 centimeters. The coloring of the spider is yellow-brown with black spots on the legs and to the head. Males and females are almost identical in appearance, except that the females are larger. The spider has large chelicerae, giving it a frightening appearance. Despite the dark environment habitat, eyes are not reduced, unlike other cave spiders.
The heteropod maxim is still a little explored species. It is known that he leads an extremely secretive lifestyle, only occasionally leaving deep caves. Thanks to the long legs, the spider can very move quickly and change direction dramatically, which makes him an unsurpassed hunter. The diet of individuals consists of large insects, reptiles and other spiders, including weaker individuals of their own species. The spider is poisonous, and after his bite may require hospitalization.
2nd place – Giant Crab Spider
The Australian giant crab spider was named so thanks to huge curved legs resembling the limbs of a crab. Such unusual structure of paws gives him the ability to move around with a large speed, and not only forward, but also to the sides, which allows attribute it to the family of side-walker spiders. Limb Span the largest representatives of crab spiders reach record thirty and a half centimeters. Coloring is light brown. either a grayish tint.
For living, they usually choose a forest area where arrange a home under the bark of trees or stones. Also spiders they like to climb into settlements located near the forest, finding shelter there in secluded places inside wooden structures (therefore, locals sometimes call them tree spiders). The diet includes insects, amphibians and various invertebrate animals. Female crab spiders are caring parents and extremely aggressively protect the hatched offspring.
1st place – Goliath Poultry Eater
Goliath tarantula or, scientifically speaking, Theraphosa blondi, considered the largest species of the entire arachnid family. This “monster” is found in South America, for the most part parts in the rainforest. Spider loses the previous one in a big way paws, amounting to about 28 centimeters, but significantly superior by other parameters. The length of the body of Terafosa Blond – 10 centimeters, and its mass reaches 170 grams. Complement the image arachnid creepy two centimeter fangs. Coloring can be any shades of brown, sometimes with white stripes on the legs.
As a housing, the spider usually chooses deep moist burrows, where spends most of the time. Goliath tarantula will hunt for hunting at night, he lies in wait for prey in a secluded place, abruptly lashes out poison is injected onto it with its huge chelicera. Food him mice, toads, snakes, occasionally small birds, like hummingbirds serve. For humans, the poison Theraphosa blondi is not fatal, only sometimes leads to an allergic reaction, comparable in strength to the consequences wasp sting.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.