Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
The Russian Federation consists of several dozen territorial objects, among which are the territories, republics and separate areas. Each has its own characteristics. Among them and an impressive area. For example, in Russia there are areas that surpasses the size of some states. About such “overall” and We will discuss further.
Top 10 largest regions of Russia: territorial giants
|Top 10 largest regions of Russia: territorial giants||10||Vologodskaya Oblast||144 527 km2 (0.84% of the Russian Federation)|
|9||Murmansk region||144 902 km2 (0.85% of the Russian Federation)|
|8||Novosibirsk region||177 756 km2 (1.04% of the Russian Federation)|
|7||Sverdlovsk region||194 307 km2 (1.14% of the Russian Federation)|
|6||Tomsk region||314 391 km2 (1.84% of the Russian Federation)|
|5||Amur region||361 908 km2 (2.11% of the Russian Federation)|
|4||Magadan Region||462 464 km2 (2.7% of the Russian Federation)|
|3||Arkhangelsk region (with NAO)||589 913 km2 (3.44% of the Russian Federation)|
|2||Irkutsk region||774 846 km2 (4.52% of the Russian Federation)|
|1||Tyumen region (with joint-stock company)||1 464 173 km2 (8.55% of the Russian Federation)|
Area: 144527 km2 (0.84% of the Russian Federation)
Residence of Santa Claus (Veliky Ustyug) and location one of the two rivers of the planet that change direction in depending on the season, – the Vologda region opens our rating. The capital of the region – Vologda – was the first Russian city empire in which a public bank and pawnshop appeared.
The region is the leader of the country by the share of its population Russian population – 96.56% and one of the most famous for the number of monuments of wooden architecture. In this region is located one of the oldest cities in Russia – Belozersk, founded in 862 year.
In addition, the Vologda Territory is considered one of the few which managed to preserve to this day the ethnic monuments of Russian people of various stages of its history. It should be noted the fact that the region is the birthplace of many Russian athletes who have won glory to domestic sports in international arenas.
Area: 144,902 km2 (0.85% of the Russian Federation)
One of the most densely populated regions of Russia, 2/3 of which represented by the Kola Peninsula. On its territory also unique in its composition Baltic crystalline shield – a real treasury of the country (for example, half lithium stocks are concentrated here, and aluminum stocks almost unlimited). Some elements of the deposit are not found anywhere else on the planet.
The Murmansk region is rich in lakes – there are as many as 10,000 of them. If you stretch them in one line, she will be able to go around the whole globe. And here is the animal the world, unfortunately, is not happy with the variety and multiplicity that, however, it is not surprising for the Far North. For example, from 326 animals living in Russia in the Murmansk region There are only 32 species.
Here is a unique scientific facility – Kola an ultra-deep well that was part of an entire system of similar her in the Soviet Union. In 1997, hit the Guinness Book of Records as the deepest immersion in the crust of the earth (more than 12 km). Today – rather, it is a tribute to the unique scientific past – it is not is functioning.
Area: 177,756 km2 (1.04% of the Russian Federation)
The region was formed back in 1938 and today the day is one of the most non-standard economies in the country: about 60% of GRP (gross regional product) falls on the sphere services. This despite the fact that in the region there are more than 500 large mineral deposits. For example, peat region’s reserves are estimated at more than 7 billion tons, but the costs of its production is so great that no development is even underway.
The region is valued for its significant groundwater reserves. (fresh, mineral), as well as an impressive amount of wood from forest-forming species. In recent years, is booming food industry, mechanical engineering. Well developed military-industrial complex. In the region operates Russia’s only tin smelter.
Area: 194,307 km2 (1.14% of the Russian Federation)
Once the region was part of one of the most ancient regions (Ural Federal District), founded back in the days of the empire – in 1732. The administrative center is one of the largest cities countries – Yekaterinburg.
Sverdlovsk region is considered the most densely populated in Russia and one of the richest in useful mineral resources: here many deposits of gold, platinum, chromium, copper, nickel, asbestos and so on. Here is the largest chemical plant in the country – Uralchimplast. No wonder it is called the “reference edge”, because industry is developing at a tremendous pace.
Interesting fact: in Soviet times, the region was closed to foreigners (as an exception, Fidel Castro, who visited the region in 1963 as part of his tour, Indira Gandhi with her father – Jawaharlal Nehru and the Vietnamese president – Ho Chi Minh). Only after the collapse of the USSR in 1993, the Sverdlovsk region opened its doors to foreign guests.
The region is rightly called “multi-colored”: it is located here the only one in Russia and one of the three largest in the world emerald deposits. But the famous malachite in the Urals is no longer mined: it turned out to be cheaper to import patterned mineral from Africa.
Area: 314,391 km2 (1.84% of the Russian Federation)
A very non-standard area in terms of natural features: more than 60% of its area is covered with dense forests, and swamps occupy about 30% – the marshland system is considered one of the largest in the world. Founded a year before the end of the Great the domestic region occupies the 6th place in the country in terms of area, and comparable in size to Poland.
Territories of the region are rich in natural resources, including – huge oil reserves, the largest coal deposits in the country, peat (2nd place in the country), as well as various metals. Right here the largest iron ore deposit on the planet (Bakcharskoe). It is noteworthy that it was discovered completely by chance just 50 years ago.
Interesting fact: at the beginning of the 20th century on the territory of Tomsk the provinces (at that time) lived 2 times more people than in the beginning of the 21st century. Only in the 1970s did gradual upward movement.
Area: 361908 km2 (2.11% of the Russian Federation)
The former part of the Khabarovsk Territory, now the Amur Region is absolutely independent. Here they build one of the most powerful and large gas processing plants in the world. The region is rich in useful fossilized and boasts colossal timber reserves. The area pleases pleasant surprisingly for the eastern region climate – it is temperate and light snow.
The territory is rich in dense forests, and the abundance of rainfall allowed the region to become one of the leaders in agriculture. Unfortunately, the abundance of impressive green areas has played in some degree of a cruel joke with the region: close trade relations with China contributed to excessive deforestation, which affected ecological situation in the region.
Area: 462,464 km2 (2.7% of the Russian Federation)
One of the largest regions of Russia, where the most “inhospitable” weather. And this is not surprising, the whole territory the region belongs to the Far North – long live the eternal permafrost. But this is not the only thing that stands out: here are one of the largest deposits of gold, silver and tungsten as well as the largest primary diamond deposit in Europe.
Magadan region is the birthplace of the famous historical personalities – the first natural scientist was born and raised here Russia – Mikhail Lomonosov. I visited the region, making pilgrimage to the local monastery, leader of the peasant Uprising of 1670-1671 – Stepan Razin.
Arkhangelsk region (with NAO)
Area: 589,913 km2 (3.44% of the Russian Federation)
The region opens our top three leaders with an area of almost 590 thousand. km2. According to this indicator, the Arkhangelsk region comparable to Spain or France and is considered the largest among existing provinces in Europe. Advantage part its territory belongs to the Far North, and weather conditions rather unstable: with a long winter and a constant change of air mass
It is in the Arkhangelsk region that the extreme northern the point of the country and Europe is Cape Fliegli, and the extreme eastern point Europe – Cape Flissing. The region boasts a large the number of lakes – there are about 2.5 thousand, and in the White Sea the collection of algae, including valuable ones, kelp has been developed.
Arkhangelsk Territory is the center of the country’s nuclear shipbuilding and in its development relies more on industry than on agriculture, although it is actively developing: it is here the most productive cattle breed was bred cattle.
In the region there is a diamondiferous province – the only one in Europe. About 1/5 is concentrated here all diamond reserves in Russia.
Area: 774846 km2 (4.52% of the Russian Federation)
Takes the second line of our rating and with an area of almost 775 thousand km2 is almost comparable in Turkey. In the region About 2.5 million people live. A couple of years ago, the region celebrated its 80th anniversary, and the regional capital (Irkutsk) may boast a much more ancient history – the city was laid in as a fortress about 350 years ago. By the way, the residents of Irkutsk themselves consider their city as the geographical center of the country.
Although part of the territory is located in a seismically active zone, in its entire history, not a single person died from earthquakes. Irkutsk region is an important supplier of petroleum products, coal and forests, and here is the legendary Lake Baikal – the most large among the freshwater bodies of the world.
Irkutsk region is the “think tank” of the east of Russia – it possesses powerful scientific potential: it is here that the largest the number of academic institutions, and in the scientific sector about 5,000 people, one third of them with advanced degrees.
Tyumen region (with joint-stock company)
Area: 1,464,173 km2 (8.55% of the Russian Federation)
The Tyumen region is rightfully considered the most impressive occupied territory among Russian regions. He is so large, which is comparable in area with several European countries taken together: Britain, Germany, France, Italy. Just imagine: the region stretched its territory from the North The Arctic Ocean and all the way to Kazakhstan.
Almost the entire territory belongs to the Far North, and the capital of the region is considered the first Russian city of Siberia. Tyumen the region is a real nugget of Russia, because it is here The main gas and oil deposits of the country are concentrated. Besides, It’s not the first year that the region holds the palm by the level of development and the quality of life of the population: the region was able to overtake this even the capital. According to one of the most influential consulting companies of the world (McKinsey & Company), by 2025 the capital of the region – Tyumen – will be included in the ranking of 600 leading cities the planet.
By the way, the Tyumen region is the birthplace of the famous and colorful tsar’s favorite – Grigory Rasputin and no less famous an innovator in chemistry – Dmitry Mendeleev.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.