Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Monkeys are a suborder of primates, which includes humans. Many of them are evolutionarily close to people themselves – a common the ancestor of these animals and homo sapiens could exist in all several million years ago. The similarity of monkeys to humans noticed long ago and reflected in the culture. There are among these primates how very small and large, more than a person of height and weight. ABOUT the last – the biggest monkeys in the world – and will be told here.
- The biggest monkeys in the world
- 1st place: Eastern gorilla (height 185 cm)
- 2nd place: Western gorilla (height 170 cm)
- 3rd place: Sumatran orangutan (height 150 cm)
- 4th place: Kalimantan orangutan (height 150 cm)
- 5th place: Common chimpanzee (height 140 cm)
- 6th place: Dwarf chimpanzee (height 115 cm)
- 7th place: Bear Baboon (height 115 cm)
- 8th place: Siamang (height 90 cm)
- 9th place: Gulman (height 90 cm)
- 10th place: Mandrill (height 80 cm)
The biggest monkeys in the world
|The biggest monkeys in the world||1||Eastern gorilla (height 185 cm)||185 cm.||110 kg|
|2||Western gorilla (height 170 cm)||170 cm||160 KG.|
|3||Sumatran orangutan (height 150 cm)||150 cm.||135 kg.|
|4||Kalimantan orangutan (height 150 cm)||150 cm.||90 KG.|
|5||Common Chimpanzee (height 140 cm)||140 cm.||80 KG.|
|6||Dwarf chimpanzee (height 115 cm)||115 cm.||60 KG.|
|7||Bear baboon (height 115 cm)||115 cm.||45 KG.|
|8||Siamang (height 90 cm)||90 cm.||13 KG.|
|9||Gulman (height 90 cm)||90 cm.||11 KG.|
|10||Mandrill (height 80 cm)||80 cm||30 KG.|
1st place: Eastern gorilla (height 185 cm)
Eastern Gorilla (Gorilla beringei) – the largest and most massive monkey in the world. Although its growth is comparable to human, it weighs much more – males an average of 160 kg, but can gain 220 kg and more. Females are smaller – their height is only 150 cm, and body weight 70-110 kg. The wool is dyed black and grows on the whole body, except for the face, chest, feet and hands. Old specimens like people turn gray.
Representatives of the species inhabit the equatorial forests, on the plains and in the highlands of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and the southwest of Uganda. Eat fruit, stems and plant leaves, flowers, roots, bark and wood, invertebrates animals. There are two subspecies of eastern gorillas – flat and mountain.
They live in related groups, which average 35 individuals. At the head of the group is a male, it also includes several adult females and cubs born by these females from the main male. Young males leave the group at age 11, and by the time puberty – 15 years old – create their own. Females mature earlier, at 10 years old, two years before leaving for another, unrelated to them, a group. Gorillas live 40-50 years.
The number of this species of monkeys is declining. Mountain subspecies totals only 680 individuals. Flat subspecies more widespread, but its number is declining – in 1995 it was 16,900 individuals of the eastern lowland gorillas, now only 5,000 monkeys. The reason for their decline is the destruction of forests for clearing areas for agriculture, as well as killing gorillas for meat.
2nd place: Western gorilla (height 170 cm)
Western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) smaller than eastern – the growth of males is 160-170 cm, females 120-140 cm. Less western gorillas and by weight – 140-160 kg in males and 60-80 kg in females. There are two subspecies of the western gorilla – plain and river, river subspecies larger and in growth and mass can catch up with the western gorilla. Color the coat is dark but lighter than that of the eastern species.
This species lives in low-lying tropical forests, in Cameroon, CAR, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Gabon, Republic Congo and probably DRC, Angola. It feeds mainly on fruits. IN during the day, animals move 1-4 kilometers in search of trees from which the fruit has not yet been eaten. All movements occur within the individual section of the group – about 30 km². The size of “families” is smaller than that of the eastern gorilla – only 2-20 individuals.
The number of western gorillas is estimated at 150-200 thousand individuals. Although there are significantly more of them than eastern ones, the state of the species is considered critical. Small river subspecies – only 280 left representatives. To preserve them, the Government of Cameroon has created Takamanda National Park. The park is located on the border with Nigeria, on its territory there are 115 river gorillas.
3rd place: Sumatran orangutan (height 150 cm)
This species of monkeys, despite being smaller than humans, is much more massive. Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) at growth of one and a half meters reaches a mass of 135 kg. Females are smaller and easier – their height is only 1 meter, weight – 30-50 kg. This orangutan has long limbs – the size of the hands of males reaches 2.5 meter. Red-red hair, rare, only on the shoulders, neck and crown hair is thick and long. There is no hair on the face, males may have beard and mustache.
It lives only on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Lives in the forest, in crown of trees, rarely descends to the ground. It eats fruit nuts, honey, bark of trees. Sometimes it eats animal food – for example, slow loris, which are rarely hunted. To quench thirst licks drops from plant leaves or drinks accumulated after rain, water in the hollows.
Individuals live alone, only females spend time with their by the cubs. This is due to the fact that fruit trees in forests there are few islands, and a large group of individuals, being in one place, would quickly eat the feed base. Life expectancy – average 30 years old, individual individuals live up to 60 years. Puberty occurs in 8-12 years in females and a few years later in males. Cubs leave their mother only at the age of 6-8, when they are completely ready live alone.
The abundance of this species is declining. In 2016, she was 14,600 individuals – 4 times less than 75 years ago. Because of the small the abundance and endemicity of the species is threatened with extinction. Indonesia creates orangutan protection programs, but with this continues tree felling for palm oil and poaching – local tribes use meat for food, and skulls as decorations. IN 2016 predicted the complete disappearance of orangutans by 2026 year.
4th place: Kalimantan orangutan (height 150 cm)
Kalimantan orangutan (Pongo pigmaeus) is equal in height Sumatran, however, behind in weight – males weigh 50-90 kg, rarely gaining 100 kg, females 30-50 kg. Endemic of Kalimantan, lives in the tropical rainforests of the island, in Indonesia and Malaysia. It feeds on plants, sometimes insects, bird eggs and chicks. Spends more time on earth than Sumatran.
Like Sumatran, Kalimantan orangutans live one by one. The males, seeing each other, depict aggressiveness, while the orangutans are not territorial. With females, males interact only for the purpose of reproduction. Only children are raised their mothers. Like the Sumatran orangutan, the period of the chest Feeding is long – 4 years or more. The female gives birth to the first child usually in 14-15 years.
The number of Kalimantan orangutan is greater than that of Sumatran – 54500 individuals. Nevertheless, in this species, it is reduced. because of deforestation reduced food supply for orangutans, which leads to falling birth rates. On Kalimantan is also common illegal hunting for orangutans for the sake of meat and trophy skulls. Because the mind predicts an imminent disappearance – within 10-20 years, like his Sumatran fellow.
5th place: Common chimpanzee (height 140 cm)
The fifth largest monkey among them is the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). He no longer catches up with a person either in height, but in massiveness – growth is 100-140 cm, individuals weigh 45-80 kg. The coat is dark brown, covering the entire body except the face and fingers. limbs. The chimpanzee is considered the smartest of the monkeys, he is also closest to man – a common ancestor of man and chimpanzees existed only 6 million years ago.
Chimpanzees live in the forests and savannas of West and Central Africa. Omnivores, feed on fruits and nuts, leaves, seeds and tubers plants, eat honey, insects, mushrooms. Can gather in groups and to hunt other monkeys, for example monkeys, or ungulates. Also kill leopard cubs to prevent breeding of this beast: leopard is the only predator hunting on a chimpanzee.
Among monkeys, only chimpanzees are capable of creating tools for hunting. To do this, they tear the branch from the tree, rip off her bark and sharpen her teeth. Such a tool is suitable, for example, for hunting small galago monkeys living in arboreal hollow. Mostly females and children do this.
Chimpanzees form communities of 20-150 or more individuals. Build nests on trees to sleep in, half day time also spend in crowns. They walk on the ground, usually in four limbs, but capable of standing up. Each group has its territory with which it seeks to expel others. Life expectancy of individuals – 50-60 years, puberty comes at 11 years old. Unlike gorillas, chimpanzees have young individuals Do not leave the group.
The number of common chimpanzees is 250,000 individuals. The hunt for them as well as trapping and sale are prohibited everywhere. Despite this, cases of trapping individuals and extermination of families are also being reduced habitat of the species due to plowing of land. Chimpanzees bought before prohibition, bought up and returned to the wild.
6th place: Dwarf chimpanzee (height 115 cm)
Dwarf chimpanzee, or bonobo (Pan paniscus) – smaller, than Pan troglodytes, kind. Males grow to 115 cm in height and weigh 35-60 kg, females are one meter tall and weigh 30 kg on average. Bonobo differs from ordinary chimpanzee in skin color: in bonobo he black, while P. troglodytes is pink. The wool is also dyed in the black.
Bonobo lives in Central Africa, in tropical forests between the rivers of Congo and Lualaba. The number is estimated at 29-50 thousand, type poorly understood. They live in communities, like ordinary chimpanzees, but, in the difference from them is headed by a female. Bonobos have rare conflicts between individuals of the same sex, typical of many other monkeys. Individuals constantly communicate with each other using a signal system that not yet decrypted by humans.
The ability of dwarf chimpanzees to master other signaling systems. In an experiment in the USA, male Kanzi bonobos taught to listen to 3,000 English words and use 500 of them using the keyboard with lexigrams – abstract graphic symbols denoting one or another word. Because bonobo is considered the closest to a person intelligence by the sight of monkeys.
7th place: Bear Baboon (height 115 cm)
If all of the above species belonged to the hominid family, or large apes, then the seventh place is from another family – monkeys. Bear Baboon, or Chakma (Papio ursinus) reaches a height of 115 cm and a weight of 21-45 kg (average 31 kg). Females are smaller, their weight is 12-25 kg. Wool brown or gray, from other baboons the bear is distinguished by the absence of mane in males. Unlike anthropoids, has a tail, length which 45-84 cm.
It lives in southern Africa, from Angola, Zambia and Mozambique to South Africa. It inhabits forests and savannas, as well as deserts and grassy slopes. mountains At night, the monkeys climb to the tops of the hills, rocks and cliffs, where predators cannot get them. Omnivorous, eats fruit, grass, flowers, seeds and other plant foods, mushrooms, eats rodents, birds, can hunt small antelopes.
Baboons live in groups – either mixed or with one sexually mature male, females and their cubs. In mixed groups there is one dominant male that leaves offspring. It does not dominate for life, it can be replaced by another, which often kills offspring of the previous dominant. For baboons complex group behavior, communication with grimaces and poses, voices and bodily contact.
The bear baboon is numerous; extinction does not threaten him. Only some populations are declining, for example, in Cape Peninsula in South Africa, where they are hunted protected by extermination of lions and leopards, their habitat is destroyed. Many groups begin to roam nearby cities, picking up leftovers human food and attacking people and their locals shoot out. Despite the absence of a threat to the species as a whole, this the population is protected.
8th place: Siamang (height 90 cm)
Siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus) – anthropoid ape, the largest of the gibbons. The height of the siamang – 75-90 cm, weight – 8-13 kg Like all gibbons, it has very long arms – their span is 1.5 meter. The body is covered with black wool. Throat sac developed thanks to which the siamang can sing very loudly – his voice heard for 3-4 km.
Siamangs inhabit Sumatra and southern Malay peninsula. They live in forests at an altitude of 3800 meters, most of time are in the crowns of trees. They know how to swim well. Eat tree foliage and fruit, bird eggs, small animals. Live monogamous pairs, each pair has its own site, which is actively protects. Cubs feed on mother’s milk for the first 2 years, on parents leave their third year of life, become sexually mature in 6-7 years old. Siamangs live up to 40 years.
The Siamangs are not currently threatened with extinction. However their numbers are falling due to illegal hunting and deforestation. For conservation of siamangas and other animals in Sumatra and Malay Peninsula created protected areas.
9th place: Gulman (height 90 cm)
The second largest among the monkeys is the Muslims (Semnopithecus entellus), also called langur and hanuman. Male tall reaches 80-90 cm, while the tail has a length of 90-100 cm. male gulman up to 20 kg. Females are smaller, their height is 70-80 cm, weight is not more than 9-11 kg. The coat is gray or yellowish brown. The muzzle, hands and feet are black.
Langurs live in India, as well as in Nepal, Tibet, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh Habitats – tropical dry forests and dry shrubs in the subtropics and tropics. Eat plant foods insects, eggs from bird nests cause noticeable damage plantations.
Langurs live in large herds of male leaders females and their children. Each group has a plot of 30-60 km² and protects him fiercely. Females become adults in 3-4 years, males – in 4-5 years. After puberty, the males are expelled, after which can create their flock. Life expectancy of langurs – 20 years.
Gulmans are numerous, extinction does not threaten them. In India Muslims is considered a sacred animal, the personification of the god Hanuman. Because Indians don’t kill monkeys, even when they raid on their plantation. British colonists tried to kill them, however locals protested, hid monkeys and even killed the British.
Now gulmans have settled in many Indian cities, where they can form colonies of more than two thousand individuals. Indians leave food for these monkeys and do not try them drive away.
10th place: Mandrill (height 80 cm)
Completes the rating of the largest monkeys, another representative Monkey family – Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx). Second by size (after the bear baboon) family representative – growth males 80 cm, weight 25-30 kg, females height 55-60 cm, weight 12-15 kg. The tail is short – 3-6 cm. Males are brightly colored: nose is red, along blue bony furrows, white, yellow or red hair, brown body. Females are not so rich in colors possess.
Mandrils inhabit tropical rainforests on the territory Cameroon, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo. Often live among the rocks. They feed on plants, lizards, rodents. Hold in groups until several hundred individuals. Groups include females and children, sexually mature males live alone. Life expectancy – up 30 years, puberty at 4 years.
Mandrill is considered a vulnerable species, the reason for this is deforestation. However, at the moment, poaching is more dangerous for this type. The most threatened population in the Republic of the Congo. Meanwhile, captive-born monkeys are returned to the wild, and they successfully take root there.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.