Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
It is difficult to imagine the normal existence of large cities in the world without such a convenient and fast transport system as the subway. The need to relieve busy streets was brewing since the beginning of the XIX century, and finally, the idea of underground transport It was first implemented in 1863. The first metro line was built in London, its total length was originally only 6 kilometers. After that, the subway began to develop rapidly. the pace, becoming more relevant due to the growing the popularity and affordability of tourism. Today, after a century and a half, there are about two hundred underground transport in the world systems that allow you to quickly and inexpensively move to any area cities. Some of them are really large-scale, possessing a huge number of stations, numerous lines hundreds of kilometers long and serving billions of passengers annually. Below are the ten largest metro in the world.
Rating of the largest metro in the world
|Nomination||a place||Metro||Length||Annual passenger flow|
|RATING THE BIGGEST METRO IN THE WORLD||10||Paris Metro||220 km.||1.5 billion people|
|9||METRO MEXICO||226 km.||1.5 billion people|
|8||Madrid metro||293 KM.||560 million people|
|7||METRO TOKYO||304 KM.||3, 2 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|6||Metro seoul||394 KM.||2.8 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|5||MOSCOW METRO||397 KM.||2.5 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|4||LONDON METRO||402 km.||1.2 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|3||METRO BEIJING||608 km.||3.2 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|2||SHANGHAI METRO||676 km.||3.4 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
|1||New York subway||1370 km.||1.7 BILLION OF PEOPLE|
The underground transportation system in Paris has existed since 1900, It was originally called the “Metropolitan Railway”. Gradually it was replaced by the metro designation, which in eventually settled down in many other countries. Paris metro network covers not only the capital of France itself, but also extends to the surrounding suburbs. It consists of 16 branches with a total length of 220 kilometers and has 303 stations. The annual passenger turnover is approximately 1.5 billion people. Most loaded is line number 1, it transports more than 160 million passengers per year.
Paris Metro is clean, tidy architecture and a high level of automation. One of the stations Madeleine boasts a special design using stained glass. It is also interesting that some stations are Russian names inherited from the hero cities of the Soviet Union: “Stalingrad”, “Sevastopol” and others.
Metro Mexico City
Mexico City Metro System has 12 branches with a total length of 226 km and 195 stations, of which 55 are terrestrial and 25 are located above the ground. This unusual structure is due to the location cities in the highlands. This is the largest metro in South America, more than 1.5 billion people visit it annually.
For the first time Mexico City metro began its work in 1969, then it there were only a few stations. It has a neat design and works without failures, but does not always cope with a huge flow of passengers, as a result of which at stations on duty to cops who help people squeeze into crowded wagons. During peak periods, the first three wagons trains are allocated exclusively for women and children. One more a curious feature of the subway in Mexico City is the duplication names of stations and other informational inscriptions in pictures. it made for the reason that among passengers there is quite a large the number of people who cannot read.
In 1967, during the construction of the subway was accidentally The remains of an ancient Aztec temple dedicated to God are discovered Ehakatlyu, they are still on display at the station Pinot Suarez.
Underground public transport network in the capital of Spain has been operating since 1919, it has a length of 293 kilometers, and consists of 13 lines on which 289 stations are located. Same, as in the subways of Moscow and Beijing, there are ring lines. 560 million are used by Madrid metro services per year person.
The capital of Spain is the record holder for the number of escalators – In total, there are 1,698 escalators and 522 elevators in the subway.
One of the metro stations, the Chambery, is a kind of museum, locals called her a ghost. This station was closed in 1966 as unnecessary, today it attracts tourists, wishing to plunge into the atmosphere of the subway of the mid XX century.
The capital of the country of the rising sun has a subway 304 kilometers long, which includes 13 lines with 285th stations. It is noteworthy that most of the stations are located operated by a private company however the difference in value tickets it has almost no effect. The Japanese themselves call the system “To: Kyo: Chikatetsu” subway. Subway cars are comfortable in they even have seats with a heating system.
For the first time, the Tokyo subway began its work in 1927, then it was the only branch with only two stations. Nowadays, its annual passenger turnover is more than three billion people. One of the busiest stations is Shinjuku, through it daily passes up to three million passengers.
The metro of the Japanese capital has a curious distinctive the feature that made him famous all over the world – here was Invented a special post called “Hosea”. Task of these workers is to push during rush hour passengers in crowded wagons, as well as monitor their luggage, which often falls between closing doors.
The metro of the South Korean capital is modern, automation and a high level of comfort. It includes 436 stations (all exclusively underground) and 18 lines in total 394 kilometers long. Seoul Metro Annual Passenger Turnover – 2.8 billion people.
The metro was put into operation in 1974. Interesting that it is not the state that serves it, but three private companies actively contributing to the improvement and expansion of this public transport, as well as the introduction of new technologies. TO For example, for quite some time now at almost all stations Wi-Fi is free.
Seoul has the longest metro line in the world – it’s line number 5, the length of which is as much as 52 kilometers.
Metro in Moscow consists of 230 operating stations and 15 lines with a total length of 397 kilometers. It covers not only the capital itself, but even part of the Moscow region. Passenger flow Moscow metro is approximately 2.5 billion people in year. The location of the stations varies over a very wide range, so the Pechatniki stop is only 5 meters deep, and the station Victory Park is located at 84-meter depth.
Moscow Metro opened in 1935 and became the first underground transport in the territory of the Soviet Union. First line included 13 stations, on which 12 trains ran. Opening could have happened much earlier if not for the turbulent events Russian history, marking the beginning of the XX century. At present metro time continues to expand according to government plans capital, by 2023 will open another 55 new stations.
The main feature of the Moscow subway is its design, which is considered one of the best in the world. Stations are decorated refined stucco molding, magnificent chandeliers, impressive columns, paintings on the walls. Almost every one of them is a work of architectural art, not in vain, and the inhabitants of Russia and even tourists from other countries call them “underground palaces”
The oldest underground system in the world has 270 stations and 11 branches stretching for 402 kilometers. London metro annually allows up to 1.2 billion people. By the way, the British themselves usually do not use the word “metro”, it is customary to call the subway Underground or Tube (the latter comes from the shape of the tunnels, resembling pipes). But the international name originally appeared right here, at a time when Metropolitan Railway was engaged in the creation of the first branch of the underground transport messages. This event, which occurred in 1863, became possible in primarily thanks to an engineer named Mark Brunel, who came up with a mechanism for tunneling.
Now the London Underground is considered one of the symbols of the city and attracts the attention of tourists. Of additional interest is cultural development program project “Art in the subway.” Thanks to him, visitors subways can enjoy being broadcast on billboards images of masterpieces of world painting, as well as listening to reading poems and poems by famous authors.
Metro of the Chinese capital is often compared with the Great Chinese wall, and not surprising, because the total length of its 22 branches exceeds 608 km. The subway includes 370 stations and serves 3.2 billion passengers annually. She is also considered record holder for daily passenger flow, since during peak hours can pass up to 10 million people. But despite this, wagons remain crowded, so the Chinese authorities are planning further expansion of the subway system.
The Beijing underground transport system has been operating since 1969, Soviet experts took part in its construction. However before 1976 metro was used only for military and state needs, the general population, the entrance there was closed. From 1976 to 2002 it consisted of just a couple of lines, then there was a quick jump development. At present, the Beijing subway is considered one of the best in the world in terms of lighting and cleanliness.
Shanghai Metro is one of the most progressive and fastest developing underground public transport systems. Starting its existence only in 1993, today it is already totals 413 stations located on 16 branches of total 676 kilometers long. Underground services 3.4 billion annually passengers.
The speed with which the Shanghai subway was created is indeed impressive. In 2007 alone we spent 92 kilometers of new lines and opened 70 stations. In the coming years, the government going to build more than a hundred stations to fight with congestion.
Although during peak hours the metro is filled with people, there is always cleanliness in wagons and at stations is observed. Distinctive Shanghai subway features are non-fixed fee for travel (calculated according to distance) and availability on new stations of a transparent wall separating wagons from platforms.
New York subway
New York City Metro was launched in 1904 and consisted of at that time from just one line. Today it has 472 stations and 36 lines, the length of which is 1370 kilometers (although only 1,056 km are used for the carriage of passengers). IN about 1.7 billion people serve the metro year, and the daily passenger traffic reaches 5.7 million people.
A distinctive feature of this subway system is that approximately 40% of the stations are above ground. Highest of them – the platform “Ninth Street”, it is located on a 27-meter height. But there are also deep stations, for example, “191 street” located at a depth of about 50 meters underground.
It’s quite difficult for New York guests to navigate the subway, since all stations bear the names of the streets under which they are located, and the streets with the same name in the city are not so few. In view of this, the branch number is added to the station names, which only slightly eases the situation of those who have not yet learned navigate in the city.
The New York Metro operates around the clock, however use after midnight is not recommended for reasons security.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.